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LL Lower Primary 1A - Short Monophthong
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LL Lower Primary 1A - Short Monophthong

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Short Monophthongs is the fastest and shortest sound amongst vowel phonemes. Learn them here.

Short Monophthongs is the fastest and shortest sound amongst vowel phonemes. Learn them here.

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  • 1. Reading and Writing 101 Short Monophthongs
  • 2. Learning Objectives  To read and write Short Monophthongs to familiarise ourselves with vowel sounds.
  • 3. Introduction   You can easily read and spell when you are familiar with letter sounds. Do you have these challenges? 1) Slow down when you have bigger words 2) Say out a big word when you spell 3) Confused between letter sounds, such as 'en' or 'on' , 'ir' or 'er', 'tion' or 'sion', when you spell This topic will help you avoid these problems.
  • 4. Letter Sounds     To be effective in reading and spelling, letter sounds must be mastered. Letter sounds are called Phonemes. A Phoneme is the smallest sound unit produced when you read a word. These words all have 3 sounds. 1)'cat' - /c/ /a/ /t/ 2)'tad' - /t/ /a/ /d/ 3)'con' - /c/ /o/ /n/
  • 5. Phonemes  In English, there is a total of 44 phonemes from 26 alphabets – 5 vowels and 21 consonants. 1) 5 vowels – 20 phonemes 2) 21 consonants – 24 phonemes  They represent 95% of how words are spelt and read.  The rest of the words must be memorised.  These words are called Sight Words.
  • 6. Sight Words   Sight Words are words that you recognise immediately as it is commonly used. They don't need you to know phonemes. 1) yacht 6) like 2) eye 7) there 3) why 8) yes 4) this 9) boy 5) That 10) the
  • 7. Phonemes and Graphemes    If phonemes are letter sounds, graphemes are letters representing these sounds. Example: 'cat' has /c/ , /a/ , /t/ phonemes shown by the graphemes 'c' , 'a' , 't'. Sounds of music are shown by the notes too. Watch this video - http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=1RW3nDRmu6k
  • 8. Learning Activity 1  Read each phoneme one-by-one. 1) /c/ , /a/ , /t/ 6) /t/ , /o/ , /n/ 2) /s/ , /u/ , /n/ 7) /c/ , /a/ , /n/ 3) /p/ , /o/ , /t/ 8) /d/ , /o/ , /g/ 4) /l/ , /e/ , /t/ 9) /g/ , /e/ , /t/ 5) /h/ , /o/ , /t/ 10) /h/ , /i/ , /m/  What are the words you can make from each question?
  • 9. Vowel Phonemes 5 vowels can create 20 different phonemes or letter sounds For example, for the letter 'a', these are the usual 6 different phonemes: /a/ nt ban /a/ na sw /a/ n b /a/ by zebr /a/ b /a/ ll
  • 10. Learning Activity 2   Read each phoneme /a/ produced by the grapheme 'a' in each word one-by-one. You must be able to read all the vowel phonemes correctly. 1) /a/ nt (short sound) 2) b /a/ by (high and low) 3) ban /a/ na (long) 4) zebr /a/ (short) 5) sw /a/ n (short) 6)b /a/ ll (long)
  • 11. Short Monophthong  All vowel phonemes are voiced the similarly.  Air goes through our vocal cords without blocking.  Short Monophthong is the fastest and shortest sound.
  • 12. Learning Activity 3  Read and hear the sounds of these SMs : 1) /a/nt 5) b/i/n 2) /a/pple 6) fr/o/g 3) b/e/d 7) p/u/ll 4) li/o/n 8) b/u/s  Write the SMs from the Vowel Phoneme Chart in your Learning Guide Primary 1A in Page 9.
  • 13. Discussion  What are phonemes?  What are graphemes?   Why is it important to learn phonemes and graphemes? How do we apply this knowledge?
  • 14. In Summary     Phonemes are letter sounds or sounds made by letter/s. Graphemes are the letters representing the sounds. For example, for phoneme /f/, /ph/ is another grapheme for the same phoneme. Being familiar with phonemes will help us greatly in spelling and reading. With this knowledge, we know the right grapheme when spelling and we know the right phoneme when reading.