Languagelab 2.1 - Digraphs and Trigraphs


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Digraphs and Trigraphs are 2 letters producing 1 sound and 3 letters 1 sound respectively.
They are common in words and mastering them helps in spelling
Download free worksheets from (Book 2)

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Languagelab 2.1 - Digraphs and Trigraphs

  1. 1. Languagelab Chapter 2.1 Discriminate Digraphs & Trigraphs
  2. 2. Introduction • As you can recall, a phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word. • Phonemic Awareness is part of listening skill that shows how sensitive you are to phonemes. • Phonology is the knowledge system guiding spelling. Skill Training Knowledge Learning
  3. 3. Phonemes and Spelling • Words with three and four phonemes: 3 Phonemes 4 Phonemes cat milk sun stop cake sleep short small  Q: Some have more letters than others. Why?  Ans: Digraphs and Trigraphs
  4. 4. Digraphs and Trigraphs  Just as a flower with 3 petals is no more or less than a flower with 2 petals, a single sound can be represented by more than 1 grapheme. • Digraph – 2-letter sound: ph or /f/ sound – phone and phonics kn or /n/ sound – know and knife • Trigraph – 3-letter sound: igh or /i/ sound – light and plight tch or /ch/ sound– match and catch
  5. 5. Digraphs and Trigraphs • In digraphs and trigraphs, consonants join together to form a kind of consonant team, which makes a special sound. • You cannot read digraphs or trigraphs separately: 1) Phone ≠ /p/ , /h/ , /o/ , /n/ , /e/ 2) School ≠ /s/ , /c/ , /h/ , /o/ , /o/ , /l/  Or spell them as one letter: 1) Phone ≠ fone 2) School ≠ skool
  6. 6. Phonemic Awareness and Phonology  Phonemic awareness and phonology work hand in hand with your regular reading.  New words come to you naturally if you have heard or seen them (reading) and you are skillful in listening to their parts (phonemes) and knows spelling system (phonology).
  7. 7. Learning Activity 1 Rewrite the passage: it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. If you can rewrite the passage with corrected spelling, it shows you have good phonemic awareness and phonology.
  8. 8. Discussion • What are digraphs and trigraphs? • Why do we learn digraphs and trigraphs?
  9. 9. In Summary Digraphs and Trigraphs represent 2-letters, 3- letters that produce one sound. They help us to identify the combined sound we need to spell and read correctly.
  10. 10. More on Digraphs & Trigraphs Download free worksheets from: (Look for Learning Guide 2) OR Download 'Playwerkz' from Google Playstore: