Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAW) is an act created under the Parliament ofthe United Kingdom in 1974. The act was created to enhance the health and safety inthe workplace to prevent employees from injuries or harm.The act is divided into 9 sections which give individual general duties to be carried out byemployers and business owner.For example, supplying necessary training for an employee free of charge andcompleting risk assessments in order to measure risks in the workplace and preventfuture injuries.
The Headteacher is required to give employees and staff training that may relate therearea of work for free and would only be allowed to employ staff that have suitablequalifications to encourage health and safety seeing as they could be trusted.First aid facilities must be provided to staff and students in the case of any emergency orincident, the headteacher would make sure he has a number of staff that are qualified infirst aid that can be available at all times during school hours.The equipment and premises needs to be monitored and improved if necessary to avoidharm to the environment, staff and student.The headteacher would need to encourage the staff and student to take their own andother’s health and safety into consideration.
This act is based on the HASAW(Health and Safety at Work Act) 1974. The purpose ofthe establishment of this act in 1999 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom is so that itcan do into more detail on what employers and business owners are required to do tomanage health and safety in the workplace.This law is considered to be really important seeing as it covers all activities run by abusiness day to day.From this regulatory act the main approach of managing health and safety requirementss to complete a risk assessment.To cover this act businesses should make sure;There is emergency procedures for use in emergencies.Work on risk assessments results to try clear all possible risksProvide the right safety equipment for employers and employees andMonitor the premise thoroughly.
Risk assessments would need to be carried out to determine any risks or injuries that arelikely to occur in a certain area or workplace and work towards prevention of these risks.One approach of this is by enhancing the emergency procedures such as Fire Drills.These would have to be regularly practiced to ensure staff and students know the routineto the drill. By applying fire extinguishers in the hall ways and classrooms the staff andstudent can have control on minimising the chances of fires which could lead toexplosions this is why all electrical wires would need to be covered. No wires should beexposed and shouldn’t be in direct sunlight.The school could also improve on this by having hazard awareness posters and signsaround the school especially in Technology and Science Department where chemicalsand hardware equipment are accessible by students.
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 is an act under theParliament of the United Kingdom that was established in 1992. The act is formed toprotect employees and visitors/customers in a businesses premises by covering a widerange of basic heath, safety and welfare concerns.The act can be simply split into three sections;Health – it is important that a workplace has the right facilities to cater to the healthrequirement of it’s employees or visitors such as toilets with sinks for hygiene.Safety – is simply the point of which lowering the risk of injury in the workplace relieson. In other words equipment such as Fire Alarms and Fire Extinguishers must beavailable for use in cases of fires.Welfare – Facilities that are supplied by the premises to encourage of ease of access.For example, for the welfare of wheelchair users businesses would be required to haveramps and elevators accessible.
The Headteacher is responsible of ensuring that this act is in authority in the schoolpremises.He would need to make certain that the facilities in the school support the health, safetyand welfare needs of his staff and students such as;guaranteeing that there is enough toilets and washing facilities so that they are easilyaccessible to the whole school so that they are capable of maintain hygiene levels toprevent illnesses being passed around in school.For the safety of visitors and students, the Headteacher would need to guarantee thatentering the school by either car or walking is risk free by ensuring there’s clearpedestrian paths to tend to the needs of walkers and road routes with speed limits forprevention of road accidents and incidents.HSE states that the Headteacher would need would need to do whatever is possible toensure temperatures in indoor workplaces are at least 16celsius where work is mainlysedentary such as classrooms and 13celsius in rooms where physical activities takeplace such as P.E. Halls. For this he would need to ensure there is Air Conditioning is insuitable rooms.All these facilities would need to be clean and supervised if necessary.
RIDDOR (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations) isan act that was passed by the Parliament of United Kingdom in 1995.RIDDOR was made in order to support employees, any individual(s) in control of thepremises or employers by allowing them to be legally obliged by the act to report any ofthe following injuries as soon as they may take place;DeathGas incidentsOccupational diseasesDangerous occurrencesMajor injuriesor any injuries resulting to 3 days off workRIDDOR attempts to ascertain the most common injury in the workplace so that they canprovide support for prevention of them to occur once more.
The school should encourage reporting injuries and incident to the enforcing authoritiesso that to they can identify where and how risks arise so that investigation can run toprevent them.The act states that the department of the school and the headteacher should keep recordof; the time, date, and place of the incident the date and method of reporting All the details of those involved in the incident or injured and Provide a description of the illness/disease or how the incident took place.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) is an act under the Parliament ofthe United Kingdom established in 2002 for businesses that use or control hazardoussubstances.This act holds employers and business owners responsible of controlling exposure totheir substances to protect the health of employees and customers. The main aim of theact is to alert businesses what has been considered a hazardous substance and for themto acknowledge all the methods of intake or possible harm it can cause.Something from as little as beauty products to wood can be considered hazardous in abusinesses plant, but major concerns are substances such as;ChemicalsDustGasesVapoursBiological AgentsFumes etc
Good practice of using hazardous substances should be encouraged to enhance theprevention of injuries or disease. So teachers, especially those who teach sciences andtechnology, should make sure that students are informed on how to use the hazardoussubstance supplied to them or when they are using them themselves.They could also try to control the amount used or in the premises so that it prevents thewaste that could build up.The Headteacher is also responsible of confirming that all the staff that are acquired ofusing the chemicals or other hazardous substances are qualified and trained to do so.Substances that may cause cancer through exposure are not allowed to used under thisact.
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (EAW Regulations) is an act under the Parliament ifthe United Kingdom established in 1989.This act was created to ensure the safety of plants to reduce risk of electrocution, fires orburns from live currents.HSE states that the main hazards are; faults which could cause fires contact with live parts causing shock and burns fire or explosion where source of ignition is electricity in a potentially flammable or explosive atmosphere (e.g. spray paint booths)The main method used to lessen death and injuries is to run risk assessments.http://www.hse.gov.uk/lau/lacs/19-3.htm
Risk Assessments would need to be completed so that the risks are identified.From this the Headteacher can reduce risks by; Ensuring all the rooms in the premises are in safe conditions. Providing enough sockets so that they wouldn’t be overloaded which may cause fires. Use sockets with switches so they could be easily switched off in case of an emergency Encourage using sockets nearest to the machine to prevent injuries and easily disconnected. The right warnings and awareness is displayed to ensure that staff and students know what they should in case of emergency and prevent hazards such as burns, fires and explosions.
The Display Screen Equipment Regulation Act 1992 is an act under the Parliament of theUnited Kingdom established in 1992. The main aim of the act is to prevent healthdamage to employers or employees from the use of display screen equipments.The most commonly reported ill health from use of display screen equipment is;Visual fatigueBack painMental stress andUpper limb disorder.Although others consist of;Facial Dermatitis andEpilepsy
The act requires that a rightly experienced person(s) or headteacher needs to access theequipment and should make sure;The brightness is suitable enough to not affect the eyesight of staff, students, or visitorsThe display is to be persistent and must not do the following; •jump, •jitter or •swim.The screen must be adjustable for the person(s) viewing can adjust it to fit their needsto prevent straining or neck damage.The premises where is the equipment is situated is large enough to prevent damagethrough the tasks that are carried out.
Manual Handling Operations Regulation (MHOR) is an act under the Parliament of theUnited Kingdom.This act covers a wide range of handling activities such as;loweringlifting,carryingpulling orpushingIt provides advice for managers and employers on how to reduce the risk of injury fromthese manual handling situations.This is mostly important in workplaces that required a lot of hard labour or carrying heavyequipment and is made to protect employees.
The headteacher can supply equipment such as lifting aid for departments that this actrelates to such as technology or where it is required.The minimum requirement is to ensure that the layout of a room is clear enough toprevent trips or falls when carrying this is a job given to a caretaker but expected to bemaintained by staff and students whilst using the facilities.The correct footwear, eye or head safety could be supplied by the headteacher to thecaretaker or anyone required to do any heavy lifting.