You May Be Wondering Why WeChose This Topic..✤ Everlasting.✤ Bigger deal than made out to be.✤ Jeopardize our success in the future.✤ NOT FAIR!!
GENDER DISCRIMINATION INTHE WORKPLACE✤ Difference of pay between men and women.✤ Many examples shown in society.✤ Woman looked down upon in the workplace.✤ Discrimination in the workplace is shown through statistical discrimination.
DISCRIMINATION✤ Some people think that the wage gap will eventually close sooner or later however as of right now it is essentially in every occupational category.✤ Research done at the Centre for Gender Studies about wage differences.
HISTORY✤ Ratio of even pay in the 1950s compared to in the 1990s.✤ The Equal Pay Act (EPA) put into effect in 1963, required males and females doing the same job to be paid equally.
ROLE OF FAMILY STATUSAND CHILDREN✤ Relationship between family status and pay differs for both males and females.
RECENT WAGE GAP✤ Women working full time who are not on maternity leave are only earning 77 cents for every full-time male dollar.✤ A young woman who graduated last summer from high school will earn $700,000 less than a young man graduating in her same class.✤ A young woman will lose $1.2 million compared to a man in her same class.
MALE VS. FEMALE JOBS
HISTORY OF WOMEN IN THEWORKPLACE✤ Scholars generally regard cultural beliefs about gender as foundational to discrimination against women in the workplace (Ridgeway and England 2007,193).✤ Patriarchy: “A hierarchal system of power relations that is based on male privilege.✤ Women were viewed as the weaker, inferior sex.✤ Men were the breadwinners, women were the homemakers.
WOMEN WORING INFACTORIES✤ Factories became the main form of production at the end of the 19th century.✤ Bad conditions, long hours of work.✤ Essentialism: Assumes that everyone in some social category are the same and therefore have a shared experience.✤ Women were only supposed to work until they were married.✤ Having dreams for a career was considered unfeminine.
✤ Jobs were extensions of what they were stereotypically good at:✤ - Maids✤ - Dressmakers✤ - Teachers✤ - Seamstresses✤ - Tailors✤ - Housekeepers
WOMAN ROLES DURINGWORLD WARS✤ During WWI women replaced some of the mens jobs while the men went off to war, but were not paid the same wage. When the war ended, employers encouraged the women to leave the workforce and married women were legislated out so the men could have their jobs back.✤ When WWII rolled around, the same thing happened. This time, however, employers attracted women with incentives like free daycare. Once again, when the war ended, they encouraged the women to leave in part by removing the incentives.✤ The employers abused their power and used these women.
✤ The 1950s brought economic expansion, and women compromised 22% of the workforce (which was up from 13% in 1901). Due to rising prices, it became more acceptable for married women to enter the workforce because of the need for a two-income family.✤ While women were ﬁnally gaining some power to enter the workforce, they still faced discrimination.
WOMEN’S MOVEMENTS TOCHANGE MALE DOMINANCE✤ Development in the 1950’s✤ Family life effects on women in the workplaces
EFFECTS OF WAR✤ Positions war set up for men and women✤ The postwar growth
ORGANIZATIONS TO ENDMALE DOMINANCE✤ The National Organization for Women (NOW)✤ President’s Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW)✤ Women’s Liberation Movement (WLM)
ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THEWOMEN’S MOVEMENTS✤ Women elected to state legislatures has doubled from 604 to 1,261.✤ In the late 1980s, 1/4 of all law, medical and business school graduates were women compared to the 5% 20 years later. (Nancy F. Cott)✤ Most colleges and universities have established women&gender study courses.✤ 57% of college students are now women.✤ Movements have brought rethinking to what gender is and has resulted to less deﬁnition to the terms maleness and femaleness.
✤ Women make up 1/3 of physicians, 54% of accountants 45% of law associates and they about half of all employers at banking and insurance jobs. (Rosin)✤ For every 2 men that earn a B.A. degree, 3 women do. (Rosin)✤ Women are more than 50% of the workforce and more than 50% of managers. (Rosin)✤ It’s a new generation that appears to have men loosing their dominance.
MEN’S VIEW ON DOMINANCE✤ Many males look at dominance in the workplace as something that has surpassed us a long time ago.✤ We have asked multiple men on their views of male dominance in the workplace and these are their responses:✤ We also want to share some of our own personal experiences with male dominance.
WORKS CITED✤ "23 Vintage Ads That Would be Banned Today." Demilked. Demilked, 2011. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http:// www.demilked.com/vintage-ads-that-would-be-banned-today/ >.✤ "Is the sexism displayed on the TV show Mad Men even close to accurate? Played up? Toned down even?." 12 08 2011. MetaFilter Network Inc., Online Posting to Ask Meta Filter. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://ask.metaﬁlter.com/193431/Is-the-sexism-displayed-on-the-TV-show-Mad-Men-even-close-to- accurate-Played-up-Toned-down-even>.✤ LaBonceWillis, comp. "Mad Men - Peggy Olson - Women in the Workplace ." YouTube. N.p., 15 Jan. 2009. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxZ3A9giyIo>.✤ Needleman, Sarah E. "Is Workplace Advancement Gender Neutral? Men and Women Disagree." Juggle. (2010): n. page. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://blogs.wsj.com/juggle/2010/02/01/isworkplace- advancement-gender-neutral-men-and-women-disagree/>.
WORKS CITED✤ "Womens Movement." The Canadian Encylopedia. Historica-Dominion , 1 Sept. 2007. Web. 11 Mar. 2012. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/womens-movement>.✤ QMI Agency. "Canada Gender Pay Gap Among Worst in OECD." Toronto Sun. Canoe Network, 2010. Web. 14 Mar 2012. <http://www.torontosun.com/money/2010/03/08/13155136.html>.✤ Lips, Hilary. "The Gender Wage Gap: Debuking the Rationalizations." Expert advice for working meeting. Womens Media, 2001. Web. 14 Mar 2012. <http://www.womensmedia.com/new/Lips-Hilary-gender- wage-gap.shtml>.✤ The Council of Economic Advisers, . "Explaning Trends in the Gender Wage Gap." The White House. N.p., 1998. Web. 14 Mar 2012. <http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/EOP/CEA/html/gendergap.html>.