URBAN DESIGN POLITICS AND POLITICS OF PUBLIC REALM
QUESTIONS – PUBLIC REALM Does the physical public realm simply consist of all the open spaces outside the private domain of building interiors, secluded courtyards and gardens ? Is it everything that can be perceived by senses from places to which everybody has right of access ? Do public has FREEDOM of ACCESS ?
URBAN DESIGN IN AUTOCRATIC & DEMOCRATIC SOCIETIES
Autocratic Society Centralized Planning Based Government / Leader Opinions Not Subject to any Control from Citizens Large Scale Ruthless Example: Haussmanisation of Paris Redevlopment of Bucharest under Ceausescu Berlin Olympic under Hitler Via della Conciliazione under Mussolini Democratic Society Legislated Planning Based on mutual decisions Subject to any Control from Citizens Urban Renewal to Large Scale Example: Postdamer Platz – Renzo Piano Guggenheim Bilbao – Frank Gehry
TOTAL URBAN DESIGN Urban designer is part of the development team that carries a scheme through from inception to completion ALL-OF-A-PIECE URBAN DESIGN Urban design team devises a master plan and sets the parameter within which a number of the developers work on components of the overall project PIECE BY PIECE URBAN DESIGN General policies and procedures are applied to a precinct of a city in order to steer development in specific directions PLUG IN URBAN DESIGN The design goal is create the infrastructure so that subsequent developments can ‘plug in’ to it or, alternatively, a new elements of infrastructure is plugged into the existing urban fabric
TOTAL URBAN DESIGN LARGE SCALE DEVELOPMENT DESIGN FOR PUBLIC REALM AND BUILDINGS Design/Planning holds total development and design control Infrastructure and buildings designed as a unit POWER IN FINANCIAL AND POLICY
Boulevardul Victori Socialismului (Avenue of the Victory of Socialism) NOW Unirii Boulevard
PIECE BY PIECE URBAN DESIGN Improving the Quality of Precincts of existing cities Begins with generalized mental image of how an area should perform What it should to get that performance ? District Design / Specific Building Types and/or other facilities within a particular percinct