• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Sustainable101 For Stupa4 [Compatibility Mode]
 

Sustainable101 For Stupa4 [Compatibility Mode]

on

  • 3,760 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,760
Views on SlideShare
3,695
Embed Views
65

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
33
Comments
3

3 Embeds 65

http://stupa4.wordpress.com 53
http://www.slideshare.net 11
http://192.168.10.100 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

13 of 3 previous next Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Sustainable101 For Stupa4 [Compatibility Mode] Sustainable101 For Stupa4 [Compatibility Mode] Presentation Transcript

    • SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE & LIVABLE URBAN DESIGN
    • What is Sustainable Development ? • World Commission on Environment & Development ( p (1990) ) Development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs CONCEPT OF NEEDS: IDEA OF LIMITATIONS Needs of world’s poor, to -Ecology & environment limit which property should be -Technology given
    • Our Common Future Commission Bruntland
    • How to achieve a livable urban area? [JAKARTA] SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION CONSOLIDATION / COMPACT CITY / NEW URBANISM WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN GREEN URBANITY
    • JUMLAH PENDUDUK Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil: JAKARTA (Januari, 2008) : 8.500.000 jiwa BOGOR, DEPOK, TANGERANG DAN BEKASI : 15.000.000 jiwa TOTAL MEGAPOLITAN : 23.500.000 jiwa 23 500 000 TINGKAT SUBURBANISASI : 3.7%/TAHUN KENDARAAN BERMOTOR RASIO PRIBADI : MASSAL = 98 : 2 Polda Metro Jaya Jumlah Sepeda Motor (1998) : 1.500.000 unit Jumlah Penumpang : 17.000.000 jiwa Kendaraan Pribadi : 49.7% % Jumlah S Sepeda Motor (2002) : 2.400.000 unit ( %) ( ) (+60%) Massal : 50.3% Jumlah Mobil Pribadi (1998) : 1.000.000 unit DAYA TAMPUNG J U G JALAN Jumlah Mobil Pribadi (2002) : 1.400.000 unit (40%) Total Luas Jalan : 6% Jumlah kendaraan (2003) : 6.506.244 unit Daya Tampung : 150.000 kend/jam Motor : 3.276.890 unit Mobil Pribadi M bil P ib di : 1 464 626 unit 1.464.626 it Bus : 315.559 unit Truk : 449.169 unit
    • sustainable s stainable transportation
    • Peningkatan Kepemilikan Kendaraan Pribadi Perencanaan Transportasi berbasis kendaraan bermotor Pola Pembangunan Tersebar Alienasi Kendaraan Tersedianya Massal lahan parkir dalam jumlah besar b Terbatasnya Pilihan Moda Transportasi Perencanaan dan desain berbasis SUBURBANISASI/URBAN SPRAWL kendaraan bermotor Dan Degradasi Kualitas Hidup Kota
    • CAUSE ? STRIP MALL DESIGN (RUKO) DOMINATED CAR DROP OFF ON THE BUILDING FOREGROUND VAST PARKING (WALL MART’S EFFECT) SINGLED USE DEVELOPMENT LIMITED INTEGRATION TO PEDESTRIAN & PUBLIC TRANSPORT ACCESS ‘EXCLUSIVE’ MASSING EXCLUSIVE
    • Lahan Parkir Luas Pengadaan ruko (strip malls) dalam jumlah besar
    • Cheonggyecheon, Seoul Cheonggyecheon, Seoul BEFORE
    • Cheonggyecheon, Seoul Cheonggyecheon, Seoul AFTER
    • Cheonggyecheon, Seoul Cheonggyecheon, Seoul AFTER
    • NAMBA PARKS, OSAKA (JERDE) Station Entertainment + Office + Retail + Park + Garage integration Mixed use OFFICE
    • Compact Cit City New Urbanism
    • Anti sprawling – HOW ? 1. Converse Open Space 2. 2 Provide boundaries limiting the outward extension of growth 3. Provide compact, mixed use developments amenable to walking and transit 4. Revitalize ld d 4 R it li older downtown areas, inner-ring suburbs and rundown t i i bb d d commercial areas 5. Provide reliable public transport to reduce car dependence and support alternative development patterns 6. Coordinate regional planning 7. 7 Equitable share resources and burdens (including affordable housing) across metropolitan area 8. High Density
    • Hill Thallis: East Darling Harbour Redevelopment Entertainment + Office + Retail + Park
    • Water Sensitive Urban Design Sensiti e
    • TRADITIONAL APPROACH IN WATER ENGINEERING DESIGN • Drain/fill land to allow development – pipe everything ‐ ends up in rivers and  i thi d ii d ocean • Construct trapezoidal drains (modify  • Construct trapezoidal drains (modify waterways) leading to sumps • Separate systems for water supply,  Separate systems for water supply, wastewater and stormwater • Use potable water for everything • Water issue – left too late in the  planning process, for example: Puri Indah,  Taman Palem
    • BASIC STORMWATER MANAGEMENT Amount of stormwater run‐off ⇔ Intensity of Development Increased overland flow ⇔ Increased natural pollutants Stormwater drains ⇔ City’s waterways Site to “hold and use the rain where it falls” Objectives: To integrate stormwater detention with the provision of open space and the  To integrate stormwater detention with the provision of open space and the urban landscape To minimize the effect of stormwater pollution on receiving waters, encourage  To minimize the effect of stormwater pollution on receiving waters, encourage water conservation and reduce stormwater runoff to minimize flooding To encourage the re‐use of rain and grey water g gy
    • Early concepts
    • MELBOURNE DOCKLAND
    • VICTORIA PARK
    • Green Urbanit Urbanity
    • GREEN URBANITY Heat Island OR Green Oasis Urban heat island (UHI) metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings. CAUSE: CAUSE A. modification of the land surface by urban development : building, road, paves surfaces B. Waste heat generated by energy usage Combustive process, industrial activity, heat from electronic appliances C. Tall Buildings (Canyon Effect) provide multiple surfaces = reflection + absorption, wind blocking Study by Berkley: US Nationwide energy costs due to Summer UHI: US$ 1.000.000/hour 1 000 000/hour
    • SINGAPORE’S GARDEN CITY Handbook on Skyrise Greening in Singapore: http://www.nparks.gov.sg/book_2.asp
    • THE IMPACT REDUCED TEMPERATURE BEFORE: Roof f R f surface= 58ºC @ day d @ night heat re-radiated into the surroundings Created Vertical Thermal Movements AFTER: With Rooftop Greenery: 31ºC@day Reduce re-radiated re radiated Ambient air temperatures: reduced 4.2ºC
    • THE IMPACT IMPROVED AIR QUALITY VEGATATION AS AIRBORNE FILTER Reduce temperature = reducing thermal air movement IMPROVED RAINWATER RETENTION RETAIN STORMWATER & FILTERING RAINWATER CONTAMINANTS SLOWING DOWN THE RUN-OFF INTO STORMWATER SYSTEM REDUCED CO2 AND INCREASED OXYGEN XCH Singapore = 20 tonnes CO2/person/year 155 m² plant surface = O2 for 1 person/24 hours GREEN URBANITY
    • THE IMPACT IMPROVED WATER QUALITY FILTER FOR heavy metal and nutrients present in precipitation REDUCED COOLING RESOURCES Through better insulation Th h b tt i l ti Insulation value = increased up to 10% BETTER ACOUSTIC INSULATION IMPROVED CORPORATE IMAGE IMPROVED AESTHETIC APPEAL GREEN URBANITY
    • Non Accessible Roof
    • GREEN ROOF
    • Fukuoka Prefecture Hall Emilio Ambasz 1. Kompensasi Lahan Hijau 2. Penurunan Suhu Regional 3. 3 Pemanfaatan air hujan 4. Pemanfaatan sinar matahari secara maksimal dengan orientasi bangunan Accessible Roof
    • STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE PASSIVE DESIGN LANDSCAPE : VERTICAL & ROOF GARDEN
    • passive passi e design
    • CIRI IKLIM DI INDONESIA - Panas, sinar matahari sepanjang tahun. - Suhu rata - rata antara 20ºC - 36°C - Radiasi matahari berlimpah -NNegara 2 musim, penghujan d k i h j dan kemarau - Curah hujan tinggi - Ada daerah dengan hujan sepanjang tahun tahun. - Angin siang hangat/panas. - Kelembaban tinggi (RH tinggi) gg ( gg ) - Perbedaan suhu yang relatif kecil antara siang dan malam (low diurnal change)
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Natural Ventilation: NV bergantung semata mata pada pergerakan udara untuk mendinginkan bangunan Cross Ventilation: Metode desain dimana strukturnya diatur sebisa mungkin memaksimalkan p g y g pergerakan air melalui bangunan Stack Effect
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Skematik gambar cross-ventilasi
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Orientasi Jendela terhadap arah angin
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Skematik gambar inlet – outlet pada cross-ventilasi
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Skematik gambar clear way – blocked way
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN Skematik pembelokan angin karena shading/barrier
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN GUIDELINES 1.Proses desain harus teliti. 2.Posisi 2 Posisi & orientasi bangunan yang diletakkan dengan tepat sehingga pergerakan udara dapat dimaksimumkan. 3.Penempatan pintu dan jendela yang berukuran besar untuk mengarahkan cross entilasi cross-ventilasi. 4.Konsep desain yang Open plan, lebar dan ruang -ruang bebas pada interior 5.Kanopi/ Overhang/ terasan yang lebar untuk melindungi ruang2 dalam dari radiasi matahari.
    • A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN A. VENTILASI BANGUNAN 6. Jendela kawat nyamuk dapat dipasang, agar aliran angin tetap dapat masuk. p 7. Sesedikit mungkin menggunakan thermal mass 8. Tempatkan lubang ventilasi pada daerah atap 9. Gunakan insulasi pada atap p p 10. Minimalkan sekat dalam ruang (internal spaces). 11. Jangan meletakkan pohon dimana batang dan daunnya dapat menghambat ( g (blocking) angin untuk masuk ke dalam bangunan. g) g g 12. Idealnya,bangunan bermassa banyak berjarak minimum 5x tinggi bangunan untuk memaksimalkan penetrasi angin. 13. Strategi no 1-12 semuanya dapat memfasilitasi te jad ya c oss 3 St ateg o se ua ya e as tas terjadinya cross- ventilasi, namun untuk memaksimalkannya harus di hubungkan dengan LOKASI dan ORIENTASI bangunan.
    • B. KULIT BANGUNAN B. KULIT BANGUNAN Fungsi dari kulit bangunan: mempertahankan suhu dalam bangunan t t pada zona comfort. b tetap d ft Untuk iklim panas berarti: meminimalkan internal heat gain. Kemampuan kulit bangunan untuk mentransmisikan radiasi matahari dalam bentuk energi panas dan cahaya adalah gp y faktor yang sangat penting bagi keseluruhan konsep perhitungan energi di sebuah bangunan.
    • B. KULIT BANGUNAN B. KULIT BANGUNAN GUIDELINES 1. Double glazing system atau sistem double layer glass façade 2. Warna muda/cerah dan material yang cenderung reflektif meminimalkan solar heat gain, terutama pada atap dan sisi barat b b bangunan. 3. Insulasi panas secukupnya pada atap & kulit bangunan 4. Pilih material dengan Nilai Embodied Energy yang rendah g gy y g (Low Embodied Energy).
    • C. PENCAHAYAAN ALAMI C. PENCAHAYAAN ALAMI Desain bangunan dan jendela yang memanfaatkan pencahayaan alami mendapatkan keuntungan dari penghematan penggunaan energi listrik, memotong beban listrik puncak pada siang hari, dan mengurangi energi yang dibutuhkan untuk mendinginkan bangunan
    • D. EVAPORATIVE COOLING D. EVAPORATIVE COOLING Evaporative cooling menurunkan suhu dalam ruang dengan air yang berevaporasi. Pada musim kemarau sangat berguna, dapat berupa kolam dengan air yang bergerak yang diletakaan di sekitar bangunan.
    • E. ORIENTASI BANGUNAN E. ORIENTASI BANGUNAN Tujuan: - Orientasi ke arah sinar matahari yang benar dan tepat tepat. - Sesuai dengan arah angin, bangunan menerima angin. UTARA SELATAN
    • E. ORIENTASI BANGUNAN E. ORIENTASI BANGUNAN GUIDELINES 1. Arahkan bangunan menghadap arah angin datang, sehingga angin berhembus sejajar (pararel)/ segaris dengan lubang masuk g j j (p )g g g dan keluar ventilasi. 2. Perhitungkan shading bangunan (kedok bayangan) pada saat memperhitungkan orientasi orientasi. 3. Orientasikan sisi terpendek bangunan ke arah timur dan barat. 4. Hindarkan bukaan (tanpa kedok bayangan) pada sisi timur dan barat sebisa mungkin. b bi ki
    • F. SHADING  KEDOK BAYANGAN F. SHADING ‐ KEDOK BAYANGAN GUIDELINES 1. Gunakan elemen - elemen bangunan yang dapat menciptakan bayangan bagi dirinya sendiri/ meneduhkan diri sendiri :teras/lantai kantilever, b lk t k til balkon, taman/innercourt. /i t 2. Pasang elemen shading pada bagian luar jendela. 3. Lindungi fasade bangunan bagian barat dari sinar matahari g g g langsung 4. Tanaman yang digunakan sebagai shading peneduh bangunan dapat diletakkan pada sisi barat timur dan utara barat, utara.
    • F. SHADING  KEDOK BAYANGAN F. SHADING ‐ KEDOK BAYANGAN
    • F. SHADING  KEDOK BAYANGAN F. SHADING ‐ KEDOK BAYANGAN LANDSCAPE - SHADING CONDITION TEMPERATURE Tree shading 3 – 6⁰C ⁰ Shaded Wall – direct sunlight 11 – 14⁰C Shaded Wall – Sh d d W ll no direct sunlight di t li ht 3 – 6⁰C  3 6⁰C Wall + Shrub – direct sunlight 11 – 14⁰C Wall + Shrub – no direct sunlight Wall + Shrub no direct sunlight 3 – 3 6⁰C Wall + Tree – direct sunlight 17⁰C Wall + Tree  direct sunlight Wall + Tree – direct sunlight 6C 6⁰C Forest 14⁰C Neighborhoods with large trees with large trees 6C 6⁰C
    • LANDSCAPE GREEN WALL + ROOF GARDEN
    • GREEN WALL URBAN Aesthetic Urban Forest Vertical Landscape p
    • THE AIR TREE: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS
    • THE AIR TREE @ MADRID
    • THE AIR TREE: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS
    • THE AIR TREE - ECOBOULEVARD ‐Social Revitalizing ‐Recycled Materials ‐Solar Trees ‐Cooling Effect for Urban Environment ‐Tree Nursery ‐Dismantling structure + Moveable Structure ‐Dismantling structure + Moveable Structure
    • BIO LUNG: Aichi Expo 2005 p
    • PARABIENTA: Shimizu Corp + Minoru Ind.Co. p A light-weight + low-cost wall greening system. Flexible + Panel System Water Retention
    • HILTON SYDNEY - JPW
    • GREEN ATRIUM ATRIUM CASE STUDY: IAN INNES GREEN ATRIUM IN AN OFFICE BUILDING WITH AC: ‐ Minimum soil depth: 600mm ‐ Auto Irrigation  + Overhead Spray ‐ Organic Compost: 50 mm thick  ‐ Maintenance requirement : minimum 4hr/week
    • CHANGI TERMINAL 3 ATRIUM SOM
    • - 919 skylights: automatic light modulation systems and aluminum louvers - At night: artificial light is reflected off the louvers to provide a uniform pattern of ill mination illumination - 300 Meters of Green Walls and comprises 25 species of climbing p p p g plants - 5 m (16 ft)-high quot;Green Wallquot; with hanging creepers and waterfall
    • STUDY CASE 1
    • GREEN TOWER: William McDonough Buildings consume 40 percent of our energy and can have life spans longer than humans.
    • GREEN TOWER: Form and function Curved forms increase structurall stability and maximize C df i tt t bilit d ii enclosed space; this reduces the amount of materials needed for construction. The shape is also aerodynamic, diffusing the impact of wind
    • GREEN TOWER: Treetops Traditional rooftops, covered in asphalt and tar, create heat-absorbing surfaces that th t contribute t the quot; b heat iislandquot; effect—higher t t ib t to th quot;urban h t l dquot; ff t hi h temperatures th t can t that alter weather patterns and intensify smog. A layer of g y ground cover on this building's roof helps to regulate temperature, g p g p , protects waterproof coatings, and absorbs and cleans storm water.
    • GREEN TOWER: Soil and Green The western side of the building is a series of three story atrium gardens three-story gardens. The greenery brings the outdoors inside, providing a breath of nature. Plants clean the interior air, and as leaf colors change, the building reacts in step with natural cycles. The north façade (unseen) is clear glass covered with positively-charged positively charged mosses that absorb particulates of the air.
    • GREEN TOWER: Water, water Water i W t is recycled in the building severall ti l d i th b ildi times over. Greenhouses treat wastewater from sinks and bathtubs for reuse as irrigation in the building's gardens, a process made possible when nontoxic cleaning products are used. Cleansed by the gardens, the water can be used again as non-drinking water—for example, in toilets.
    • GREEN TOWER: Street smarts After a close study of the sun and shadows, the shape and orientation of the building are shadows tailored to the site. This building faces south toward a park, so it can capture maximum sunlight, and its irregular form allows more daylight to reach the street. Gardens circle the base, contributing to the quality of life at street level.
    • GREEN TOWER: Solar power The southern façade, made of about 100,000 square feet of photovoltaic panels that convert façade 100 000 sunlight into electricity, collects enough energy to provide up to 40 percent of the building's needs. Costing at least 20 cents per kilowatt-hour—several times as much as coal or natural gas— solar PV is expensive today. But the trends are good: Solar is getting cheaper, and the relative economics will improve as more states and countries regulate the production of greenhouse gases gases.
    • GREEN TOWER: Building skin The structure is built up in layers of materials that perform different functions, from weatherproofing to insulation to transparency. These surfaces are becoming thinner, lighter, and smarter. thinner lighter smarter
    • GREEN TOWER: Productive workspaces Under floor Under-floor air distribution improves air quality. Flexible communal spaces replace fixed individual stations. Chairs and workstations are ergonomic orkstations ergonomic. Smart monitors detect the presence of people and adjust temperature, light, air, and sound as needed. This allows individuals to control their environment. Our motto: quot;We don't heat or cool ghosts.quot;
    • GREEN TOWER: Waste equals food In nature, nutrients are cycled and recycled endlessly. nature endlessly quot;Eco-effective designquot; seeks to mimic those cycles. All products, from building materials to furnishings, are designed to return safely to the earth or to be reused—like office chairs that can be disassembled into components and sent back to the manufacturer to become another product.
    • GREEN TOWER: Heating and cooling They account for almost 30 percent of a building s energy use building's use. By transferring heat between the building and the earth using a system that circulates heat- absorbing liquid through underground wells, a building can reduce energy usage. A combined heat-and-power plant, fueled by natural gas, operates at up to 90 percent efficiency and supplies the power that the solar panels cannot.
    • STUDY CASE 2
    • NAMBA PARKS, OSAKA (JERDE) Entertainment + Office + Retail + Park
    • ROPPONGI HILLS, TOKYO (JERDE) Residential + Office + Retail + Hotel + Cultural + Entertainment
    • SAN FRANSISCO GOVERNMENT BUILDING (MORPHOSIS) OFFICE
    • RED CENTER - FJMT EDUCATION STACK EFFECT + TURBINE BRIDGE + SKYLIGHT MOVABLE VERTICAL LOUVRES DOUBLE FACADE
    • Skematik Natural Ventilation & Daylighting
    • Cross Ventilation & Stack Effect
    • GENZYME CENTER (BEHNISCH & PARTNERS) OFFICE Reduce 32% water consumption Light Shaft: 75% office – naturall light ffi t li ht Reducing 42% electricity cost
    • Bank of America Tower, NY Architect: COOK+FOX - LEED: PLATINUM Mixture concrete: 55% cement and 45% slag Reduce Thermal Loss CO2 Sensor Ice C li S t I Cooling System Cogeneration Power Plant Water Sensitive Design Air Filter