T H E S E A R C H F O R THE SUSTAINABLE CITY Being a sustainable city means " improving the quality of life in a city, including ecological, cultural, political, institutional, social and economic components without leaving a burden on future generations”
SUSTAINABLE CITY SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY Minimum ecological disruption, practice conservation, maintain a constant population TRADITIONAL CITY Contemporary pattern of world urbanization = un sustainable
"Sustainable community development is the ability to make development choices which respect the relationship between the three "E's"-economy, ecology, and equity: Economy - Economic activity should serve the common good, be self-renewing, and build local assets and self-reliance. Ecology - Human are part of nature, nature has limits, and communities are responsible for protecting and building natural assets. Equity - The opportunity for full participation in all activities, benefits, and decision-making of a society." - Mountain Association for Community Economic Development (MACED): Hart Environmental Data
SUSTAINABLE CITY NOW ECOLOGICAL CITY 1970s GARDEN CITY 1900s
Urban sustainability as a perennial system of agrourbanism
Creator: Bill Mollison
Permaculture: is a urban design strategy over time that integrates community patterns with ecological imperatives, organizing indigenous knowledge and experience with resources available in a community.
Emphasize complex interlinked between landscape and the built environment through food, waste, water and energy
Nature’s own system
3 questions on PERMACULTURE PERMANENT AGRICULTURE
How do geology and geography interact with the sun, water, wind and nutrient cycling of the living landscape
How can water harvesting, food production, and other unique attributes influence and contribute to design of the housing space?
What can be done without disrupting the natural order of things?
Urban sustainability as the control of regional growth
Creator: William McDonough(1992)
Achieving a sustainable civilization is a design problem
NATURE’S 3 PRINCIPLES
Nature produces no waste – only food – Cradle to Cradle
Nature promotes maximum diversity
Nature relies on its solar energy account
HANNOVER PRINCIPLES A GUIDE TO THE SEARCH OF SUSTAINABILITY: Insist on human rights and sustainability. Recognize the interaction of design with the environment. Consider the social and spiritual aspects of buildings and designed objects. Be responsible for the effect of design decisions. Ensure that objects have long-term value. Eliminate waste and consider the entire life-cycle of designed objects. Make use of "natural energy flows" such as solar power and its derivatives. encourage open communic Be humble, and use nature as a model for design. Share knowledge, strive for continuous improvement, and encourage open communication among stakeholders.
The architects: Vicente Guallart, Abalos & Herreros, Manuel Gausa, Eduardo Arroyo, José María Torres Nadal, Sogo Arquitectos, Willy Muller, Antonio Lleyda / Eduardo de la Peña, Toyo Ito, MVRDV, Greg Lynn FORM, Duncan Lewis, José Luis Mateo, Kim Young-Joon, JM Lin, Jose Maria Lozano and Maria Colomer.
Residential Concepts the needs of the new types of family unit (young people, the elderly, single-parent families, etc.) both owner-occupied and rented in a quality urban setting in which the landscaped areas, social amenities and good architecture generate urban excellence.