Politics Of The City

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Politics Of The City

  1. 1. POLITICS OF THE CITY
  2. 2. Heidegger: Polis  Politics Space is inherently political; politics is inherently spatial. Foucault: Space is fundamental to any exercise of power City is A Political Artifact Merlyna Lim
  3. 3. What Makes a good city ? Who should decide ? Is a good city the product of a whole set of individual decisions largely uncoordinated, or does one attempt to coordinate them? What are the opportunity costs for working one way or another? IDEALISM
  4. 4. How far should the controlling authority (public or private) go in defining the specification of ends and means ? What are the limits, if any, to the rights of individual developers and their architects to build what they want, where they want and how they want ? CONTROL PLANNING
  5. 5. How can we ensure the fiscal responsibility ? FINANCE
  6. 6. How is the development to be phased ? Where does one begin ? How disrupted will the lives of those who inhabit the first phase be as the project moves into another phase of construction ? Whose responsibility is it to ensure that those people’s lives are disrupted as little as possible ? DEVELOPMENT
  7. 7. THE CHALLENGE OF POLICY PLANNING: Bureaucracy – Inflexibility – Lack of Innovation CREATIVE POLITIC
  8. 8. CURITIBA Creative Policy
  9. 9. CURITIBA – BEFORE
  10. 10. <ul><li>Innovative Planning </li></ul><ul><li>By. Jaime Lerner (1964-1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Sprawl Control </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of Traffic In Downtown Area </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation of Historic Area </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient and Affordable Public Transport System </li></ul>
  11. 14. HOW ?
  12. 15. <ul><li>Close Rue XV de Novembro </li></ul>
  13. 18. 2. Rede Integrada de Transporte (RIT)
  14. 20. <ul><li>the Trinary Road System = </li></ul><ul><li>two one-way streets moving in opposite directions which surround a smaller, two-lane street where the express buses have their exclusive lane. </li></ul><ul><li>Five of these roads form a star that converges to the city centre. </li></ul><ul><li>Land farther from these roads is zoned for lower density developments, to reduce traffic away from the main roads. </li></ul>
  15. 21. 3. Diverting Water from lowlands into park
  16. 23. Competition between Cities SYDNEY VS MELBOURNE
  17. 24. Pre-Federation: TRADE BATTLE (Free Trade VS Protective Trade) 1901: Trade for Capital City (Melbourne become a temporary capital (1901-1927) 19 th century: The biggest city: Melbourne 20 th century: The biggest city: Sydney 21 st century: Battle continues
  18. 25. Difference: LANDSCAPE LIFESTYLE ORIENTATION DENSITY: SYDNEY : 1900/Km2 (4.2millions) MELBOURNE : 1500 / Km2 (3.7millions)
  19. 30. COMPETITION GIVES YOU:
  20. 36. What HAPPENED Next ?
  21. 37. Sydney Morning Herald, 2008-09-14

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