RESTORING THE GREEN URBAN LANDSCAPE GREEN LEADERSHIP GREEN RESTORATION GREEN URBANITY GREEN BUILDINGS GREEN ROOFS GREEN WALLS GREEN ATRIUMS
GREEN LEADERSHIP GREEN LEADERSHIP Green leadership is not just a BRAND Promote Green Innovation , not Greenwashing Community Participation Think Globally, Act Locally
GREEN LEADERSHIP BASIX environmental standard: Bruce Taper www. basix .nsw.gov.au/ The Building Sustainability Index, is the online assessment tool used by development applicants to make sure new homes meet the NSW Government's requirement Simplified green building design guideline for common people
GREEN LEADERSHIP GREEN POLICIES @ ISLINGTON COUNCIL, UK green construction the relationship with other buildings and uses public accessibility security and safety for users energy efficiency variety of uses and facilities planting, landscaping and nature conservation impact in terms of noise, traffic, wind turbulence and air pollution use of environmentally friendly building materials
GREEN LEADERSHIP A GREENER APPLE – STEVE JOBS Apple completely eliminated the use of CRTs in mid-2006. Apple products met both the spirit and letter of the RoHS restrictions on cadmium, hexavalent chromium and brominated flame retardants years before RoHS went into effect. Apple plans to completely eliminate the use of arsenic in all of its displays by the end of 2008. Apple plans to completely eliminate the use of PVC and BFRs in its products by the end of 2008. All the e-waste we collect in North America is processed in the U.S., and nothing is shipped overseas for disposal. Apple products are designed using high quality materials that are in high demand from recyclers.
GREEN RESTORATION GREEN RESTORATION REMEDIATION WASTE MANAGEMENT URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT PUBLIC REALM REVITALISATION
GREEN RESTORATION Olympic Clean Up: John Pym Site Remediation Waste Management Water Sensitive Urban Design Nature Conservation
GREEN RESTORATION Treatment and/or containment of waste to reduce exposure to contamination Stormwater capture and water recycling to re-use and conserve resources Installation of new wetlands to reduce flood levels, provide habitat, irrigation, aesthetics, restore creek catchment function Restoration of a "natural" creek line for Haslams Creek from a concrete stormwater channel plus removal of in-channel "chokes" to manage stormwater flows, reduce flooding, provide habitat and improve aesthetics Monitoring and conservation plan development for key species or communities, Green building guidelines, which considered the entire life cycle of materials, waste management and use of energy.
GREEN RESTORATION REMEDIATION Removal of pollution and contaminants from environmental media, such as SOIL, GROUNDWATER, SEDIMENT, SURFACE WATER FOR General protection of human health and the environment or from a brownfield site intended for redevelopment. Brownfields are abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contaminations. Land/field that is previously used for industrial purposes of certain commercial uses that maybe contaminated by low concentrations of hazardous wate or pollution and has the potential to be reused once it cleaned up
GREEN URBANITY GREEN URBANITY Heat Island OR Green Oasis Urban heat island ( UHI ) metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings . CAUSE: A. modification of the land surface by urban development : building, road, paves surfaces B. Waste heat generated by energy usage Combustive process, industrial activity, heat from electronic appliances C. Tall Buildings (Canyon Effect) provide multiple surfaces = reflection + absorption, wind blocking Study by Berkley: US Nationwide energy costs due to Summer UHI: US$ 1.000.000/hour
GREEN URBANITY SINGAPORE’S GARDEN CITY Handbook on Skyrise Greening in Singapore: http://www.nparks.gov.sg/book_2.asp
GREEN URBANITY REDUCED TEMPERATURE BEFORE: Roof surface= 58ºC @ day @ night heat re-radiated into the surroundings Created Vertical Thermal Movements AFTER: With Rooftop Greenery: 31ºC@day Reduce re-radiated Ambient air temperatures: reduced 4.2ºC THE IMPACT
GREEN URBANITY IMPROVED AIR QUALITY VEGATATION AS AIRBORNE FILTER Reduce temperature = reducing thermal air movement IMPROVED RAINWATER RETENTION RETAIN STORMWATER & FILTERING RAINWATER CONTAMINANTS SLOWING DOWN THE RUN-OFF INTO STORMWATER SYSTEM REDUCED CO2 AND INCREASED OXYGEN XCH Singapore = 20 tonnes CO2/person/year 155 m² plant surface = O2 for 1 person/24 hours THE IMPACT
GREEN URBANITY THE IMPACT IMPROVED WATER QUALITY FILTER FOR heavy metal and nutrients present in precipitation REDUCED COOLING RESOURCES Through better insulation Insulation value = increased up to 10% Reduction of RTTV = up to 80% for 5 storeys building. BETTER ACOUSTIC INSULATION IMPROVED CORPORATE IMAGE IMPROVED AESTHETIC APPEAL
GREEN BUILDING GREEN BUILDING Building Efficiency: Energy, Water, Resources Reduce building impacts on HUMAN & ENVIRONMENT Complete Building Life Cycle: Better Sitting, Design Consideration, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, Removal Improve Public and Occupant Health Reduced operating costs by increasing productivity and using less energy and water
GREEN BUILDING HUNDERTWASSER For A More Human Architecture in Harmony with Nature 4 July 1958: Mould Manifesto Against Rationalism in Architecture: AGAINST straight lines DECOMPOSE sterile architecture
GREEN BUILDING <ul><li>CURING SICK ARCHITECTURE: </li></ul><ul><li>Grass Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Planting trees and woodlands on roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Creeping plants on walls </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Tenants </li></ul><ul><li>Window rights of occupants </li></ul><ul><li>Organic and diversified skyline </li></ul><ul><li>No straight edges </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven floors </li></ul><ul><li>Putting in windows out of line </li></ul><ul><li>Letting windows dance </li></ul><ul><li>Building on turrets and bays </li></ul><ul><li>Reinstating window rights </li></ul><ul><li>Using colours </li></ul>
GREEN BUILDING GREEN TOWER: William McDonough Buildings consume 40 percent of our energy and can have life spans longer than humans.
GREEN BUILDING GREEN TOWER: Form and function Curved forms increase structural stability and maximize enclosed space; this reduces the amount of materials needed for construction. The shape is also aerodynamic, diffusing the impact of wind
GREEN BUILDING GREEN TOWER: Treetops Traditional rooftops, covered in asphalt and tar, create heat-absorbing surfaces that contribute to the "urban heat island" effect—higher temperatures that can alter weather patterns and intensify smog. A layer of ground cover on this building's roof helps to regulate temperature, protects waterproof coatings, and absorbs and cleans storm water.
GREEN BUILDING GREEN TOWER: Soil and Green The western side of the building is a series of three-story atrium gardens. The greenery brings the outdoors inside, providing a breath of nature. Plants clean the interior air, and as leaf colors change, the building reacts in step with natural cycles. The north façade (unseen) is clear glass covered with positively-charged mosses that absorb particulates of the air.
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Water, water Water is recycled in the building several times over. Greenhouses treat wastewater from sinks and bathtubs for reuse as irrigation in the building's gardens, a process made possible when nontoxic cleaning products are used. Cleansed by the gardens, the water can be used again as non-drinking water—for example, in toilets.
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Street smarts After a close study of the sun and shadows, the shape and orientation of the building are tailored to the site. This building faces south toward a park, so it can capture maximum sunlight, and its irregular form allows more daylight to reach the street. Gardens circle the base, contributing to the quality of life at street level.
GREEN BUILDING GREEN TOWER: Solar power The southern façade, made of about 100,000 square feet of photovoltaic panels that convert sunlight into electricity, collects enough energy to provide up to 40 percent of the building's needs. Costing at least 20 cents per kilowatt-hour—several times as much as coal or natural gas—solar PV is expensive today. But the trends are good: Solar is getting cheaper, and the relative economics will improve as more states and countries regulate the production of greenhouse gases.
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Building skin The structure is built up in layers of materials that perform different functions, from weatherproofing to insulation to transparency. These surfaces are becoming thinner, lighter, and smarter.
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Productive workspaces Under-floor air distribution improves air quality. Flexible communal spaces replace fixed individual stations. Chairs and workstations are ergonomic. Smart monitors detect the presence of people and adjust temperature, light, air, and sound as needed. This allows individuals to control their environment. Our motto: "We don't heat or cool ghosts."
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Waste equals food In nature, nutrients are cycled and recycled endlessly. "Eco-effective design" seeks to mimic those cycles. All products, from building materials to furnishings, are designed to return safely to the earth or to be reused—like office chairs that can be disassembled into components and sent back to the manufacturer to become another product.
GREEN TOWER: GREEN BUILDING Heating and cooling They account for almost 30 percent of a building's energy use. By transferring heat between the building and the earth using a system that circulates heat-absorbing liquid through underground wells, a building can reduce energy usage. A combined heat-and-power plant, fueled by natural gas, operates at up to 90 percent efficiency and supplies the power that the solar panels cannot.
GREEN ROOF GREEN ROOF Provide amenity space for building users Reduce heating by adding mass and thermal resistance value Reduce cooling loads on a building by evaporative cooling Reduce the UHI Increase roof life span Reduce storm water run off Filter pollutants and CO2out of the air Filter pollutants and heavy metals out of rainwater Increase wildlife habitat in built-up areas
GREEN WALL THE AIR TREE - ECOBOULEVARD <ul><li>Social Revitalizing </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling Effect for Urban Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Nursery </li></ul><ul><li>Dismantling structure + Moveable Structure </li></ul>
GREEN WALL A light-weight + low-cost wall greening system. Flexible + Panel System Water Retention PARABIENTA: Shimizu Corp + Minoru Ind.Co.
GREEN ATRIUM GREEN ATRIUM <ul><li>ATRIUM CASE STUDY: IAN INNES </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN ATRIUM IN AN OFFICE BUILDING WITH AC: </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum soil depth: 600mm </li></ul><ul><li>Auto Irrigation + Overhead Spray </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Compost: 50 mm thick </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance requirement : minimum 4hr/week </li></ul>
GREEN ATRIUM <ul><li>919 skylights: automatic light modulation systems and aluminum louvers </li></ul><ul><li>At night: artificial light is reflected off the louvers to provide a uniform pattern of illumination </li></ul><ul><li>300 Meters of Green Walls and comprises 25 species of climbing plants </li></ul><ul><li>5 m (16 ft)-high "Green Wall" with hanging creepers and waterfall </li></ul>