Green Initiative
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Green Initiative Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RESTORING THE GREEN URBAN LANDSCAPE GREEN LEADERSHIP GREEN RESTORATION (GREEN CITIES – SUSTAINABLE CITIES) GREEN URBANITY GREEN BUILDINGS GREEN HOMES GREEN ROOFS GREEN WALLS GREEN ATRIUMS
  • 2. GREEN LEADERSHIP Green leadership is not just a BRAND Promote Green Innovation, not Greenwashing Community Participation Think Globally, Act Locally y, y GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 3. BASIX environmental standard: Bruce Taper i tl t d dB T www.basix.nsw.gov.au/ www basix nsw gov au/ The Building Sustainability Index, is the online assessment tool used by development applicants to make sure new homes meet the NSW Government's requirement SG Simplified green building design g g g g guideline for common people GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 4. GREEN POLICIES @ ISLINGTON COUNCIL UK COUNCIL, green construction the relationship with other buildings and uses public accessibility security and safety for users energy efficiency variety of uses and facilities planting, landscaping and nature conservation iimpact iin terms of noise, t ffi wind t b l tt f i traffic, i d turbulence and air pollution d i ll ti use of environmentally friendly building materials GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 5. A GREENER APPLE – STEVE JOBS Apple completely eliminated the use of CRTs in mid 2006 mid-2006. Apple products met both the spirit and letter of the RoHS restrictions on cadmium, hexavalent chromium and brominated f flame retardants years before RoHS went into effect. Apple plans to completely eliminate the use of arsenic in all of its displays by the end of 2008. Apple plans to completely eliminate the use of PVC and BFRs in its products by the end of 2008. All the e-waste we collect in North America is processed in the U.S., and nothing is shipped overseas for disposal. Apple products are designed using high quality materials that are in high demand from recyclers. GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 6. Toyota Prius is T t P i – i it really green ? ll OR False Idols? GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 7. Toyota Prius is T t P i – i it really green ? ll Green Mythology ? Politics ? Expensive and rare materials ( (Nickel, Lanthanum, Cobalt) ) Complicated & Costly Gas-Electric Propulsion System GREEN LEADERSHIP
  • 8. GREEN RESTORATION REMEDIATION WASTE MANAGEMENT URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT PUBLIC REALM REVITALISATION GREEN RESTORATION
  • 9. Olympic Clean U J h P Ol i Cl Up: John Pym Site Remediation Waste Management Water Sensitive Urban Design Nature CConservation GREEN RESTORATION
  • 10. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 11. Treatment and/or containment of waste to reduce exposure to contamination Stormwater capture and water recycling to re-use and conserve resources Installation of new wetlands to reduce flood levels, provide habitat, irrigation, aesthetics, restore creek catchment function Restoration of a quot;naturalquot; creek line for Haslams Creek from a concrete stormwater channel plus removal of in-channel quot;chokesquot; to manage stormwater flows, reduce flooding provide habitat flows flooding, and improve aesthetics Monitoring and conservation plan development for key species or communities, Green b ildi guidelines, which considered th G building id li hi h id d the entire life cycle of materials, waste management and use of energy. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 12. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 13. REMEDIATION Removal of pollution and contaminants from environmental media such as media, SOIL, GROUNDWATER, SEDIMENT, SURFACE WATER FOR General protection of human health and the environment or f G f from a brownfield site intended f for redevelopment. Brownfields are abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contaminations. Land/field th t L d/fi ld that iis previously used f iindustriall purposes of certain commerciall uses th t il d for d t i f ti i that maybe contaminated by low concentrations of hazardous wate or pollution and has the potential to be reused once it cleaned up GREEN RESTORATION
  • 14. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 15. PUBLIC REALM REVITALISATION Greening Downtown EDAW INTERN GREEN RESTORATION
  • 16. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 17. GREEN RESTORATION
  • 18. GREEN URBANITY Heat Island OR Green Oasis Urban heat island (UHI) metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings. CAUSE: A. modification of the land surface by urban development : building, road, paves surfaces B. Waste heat generated by energy usage Combustive p process, industrial activity, heat from electronic appliances , y, pp C. Tall Buildings (Canyon Effect) provide multiple surfaces = reflection + absorption, wind blocking Study by Berkley: US Nationwide energy costs due to Summer UHI: US$ 1.000.000/hour GREEN URBANITY
  • 19. GREEN URBANITY
  • 20. GREEN URBANITY
  • 21. SINGAPORE’S GARDEN CITY Handbook on Skyrise Greening in Singapore: http://www.nparks.gov.sg/book_2.asp GREEN URBANITY
  • 22. THE IMPACT REDUCED TEMPERATURE BEFORE: Roof surface= 58ºC @ day @ night heat re-radiated iinto th surroundings i ht h t di t d t the di Created Vertical Thermal Movements AFTER: With Rooftop Greenery: 31ºC@day Reduce re-radiated Rd di t d Ambient air temperatures: reduced 4.2ºC GREEN URBANITY
  • 23. THE IMPACT IMPROVED AIR QUALITY VEGATATION AS AIRBORNE FILTER Reduce temperature = reducing th Rd t t d i thermall air movement i t IMPROVED RAINWATER RETENTION RETAIN STORMWATER & FILTERING RAINWATER CONTAMINANTS SLOWING DOWN THE RUN-OFF INTO STORMWATER SYSTEM REDUCED CO2 AND INCREASED OXYGEN XCH Singapore = 20 tonnes CO2/person/year 155 m² plant surface = O2 for 1 person/24 hours GREEN URBANITY
  • 24. THE IMPACT IMPROVED WATER QUALITY FILTER FOR heavy metal and nutrients present in precipitation REDUCED COOLING RESOURCES Through better insulation Insulation value = increased up to 10% Reduction of RTTV = up to 80% for 5 storeys building. BETTER ACOUSTIC INSULATION IMPROVED CORPORATE IMAGE IMPROVED AESTHETIC APPEAL GREEN URBANITY
  • 25. GREEN BUILDING Building Efficiency: Energy, Water, Resources Reduce building impacts on HUMAN & ENVIRONMENT Improve Public and Occupant Health Reduced operating costs by increasing productivity and using less energy and water Complete Building Life Cycle: Better Sitting, Design Consideration, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, Removal GREEN BUILDING
  • 26. HUNDERTWASSER For M H F A More Human Architecture in Harmony with N t A hit t i H ith Nature 4 July 1958: Mould Manifesto Against Rationalism in Architecture: AGAINST straight lines DECOMPOSE sterile architecture GREEN BUILDING
  • 27. GREEN BUILDING
  • 28. GREEN BUILDING
  • 29. CURING SICK ARCHITECTURE: -Grass Roof Grass -Planting trees and woodlands on roofs -Creeping plants on walls -Tree Tenants TT t -Window rights of occupants -Organic and diversified skyline Organic -No straight edges -Uneven floors -Putting in windows out of li P tti i i d t f line -Letting windows dance -Building on turrets and bays Building -Reinstating window rights -Using colours GREEN BUILDING
  • 30. GREEN BUILDING
  • 31. GREEN TOWER TOWER: William McDonough Buildings consume 40 percent of our energy and can have life spans longer than humans. GREEN BUILDING
  • 32. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Form and function Curved forms increase structural stability and maximize enclosed space; this reduces the amount of materials needed for construction. t ti The shape is also aerodynamic, diffusing the impact of wind GREEN BUILDING
  • 33. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Treetops p Traditional rooftops, covered in asphalt and tar, create heat-absorbing surfaces that contribute to the quot;urban heat islandquot; effect—higher temperatures that can urban island effect higher alter weather patterns and intensify smog. A layer of ground cover on this building s roof helps to regulate temperature building's temperature, protects waterproof coatings, and absorbs and cleans storm water. GREEN BUILDING
  • 34. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Soil and Green The western side of the building is a series of three-story atrium gardens. The greenery brings the outdoors inside, providing a breath of nature. Plants clean the interior air, and as leaf colors change, the building reacts air change in step with natural cycles. The th f d ( Th north façade (unseen) is clear glass covered with positively-charged )i l l d ith iti l h d mosses that absorb particulates of the air. GREEN BUILDING
  • 35. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Water, Water water Water is recycled in the building several times over. Greenhouses treat wastewater from sinks and bathtubs for reuse as irrigation in the building's gardens, a process made possible when nontoxic cleaning products are used. Cleansed by th gardens, the water can be used again as non-drinking water—for Cl d b the d th t b d i d i ki t f example, in toilets. GREEN BUILDING
  • 36. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Street smarts After a close study of the sun and shadows, the shape and orientation of the building are tailored to the site. This building faces south toward a park, so it can capture maximum sunlight, and its irregular form allows more daylight to reach the street street. Gardens circle the base, contributing to the quality of life at street level. GREEN BUILDING
  • 37. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Solar power p The southern façade, made of about 100,000 square feet of photovoltaic panels that convert sunlight into electricity, collects enough energy to provide up to 40 percent of the building's building s needs. Costing at least 20 cents per kilowatt-hour—several times as much as coal or natural gas— solar PV is expensive today today. But the trends are good: Solar is getting cheaper, and the relative economics will improve as more states and countries regulate th production of greenhouse gases. tt d ti l t the d ti f h GREEN BUILDING
  • 38. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Building skin The structure is built up in layers of materials that perform different functions, from weatherproofing to insulation to transparency. f These surfaces are becoming thinner, lighter, and smarter. g g GREEN BUILDING
  • 39. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Productive workspaces Under-floor air distribution improves air quality. Flexible communal spaces replace fixed individual stations. Chairs and workstations are ergonomic. Smart monitors detect the presence of people and adjust temperature, light, air, and sound as needed needed. This allows individuals to control their environment. Our tt quot;We don't heat O motto: quot;W d 't h t or cooll ghosts.quot;h tquot; GREEN BUILDING
  • 40. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Waste equals food q In nature, nutrients are cycled and recycled endlessly. quot;Eco-effective designquot; seeks to mimic those cycles. Eco effective design All products, from building materials to furnishings, are designed to return safely to the earth or to be reused like office chairs that can be disassembled into components and reused—like sent back to the manufacturer to become another product. GREEN BUILDING
  • 41. GREEN TOWER TOWER: Heating and cooling g g They account for almost 30 percent of a building's energy use. By transferring heat between the building and the earth using a system that circulates heat- absorbing liquid through underground wells, a building can reduce energy usage. A combined heat-and-power plant, fueled by natural gas, operates at up to 90 percent efficiency and supplies the power that the solar panels cannot. GREEN BUILDING
  • 42. Clinton Park Ten Arquitectos Terrace farming GREEN BUILDING
  • 43. GREEN BUILDING
  • 44. GREEN TOWER+URBANITY GREEN BUILDING
  • 45. GREEN BUILDING
  • 46. GREEN BUILDING
  • 47. GREEN BUILDING
  • 48. GREEN BUILDING
  • 49. GREEN BUILDING
  • 50. GREEN BUILDING
  • 51. GREEN BUILDING
  • 52. GREEN MODULAR GREEN BUILDING
  • 53. GREEN BUILDING
  • 54. GREEN ROOF Provide amenity space for building users Reduce heating by adding mass and thermal resistance value Reduce cooling loads on a building by evaporative cooling Reduce the UHI Increase roof life span Reduce storm water run off Rd t t ff Filter pollutants and CO2out of the air Filter pollutants and heavy metals out of rainwater Increase wildlife habitat in built-up areas GREEN ROOF
  • 55. GREEN TOWER TOWER: GREEN ROOF
  • 56. VEGETATION INSTALATION TAKETO SHIMOHIGOSHI/AAE GREEN ROOF
  • 57. UCHIMIZU PAVE: Hiroyuki Ak PAVE Hi ki Akagawa - Reduce 20ºC - Wet Pavement GREEN ROOF
  • 58. Chicago Cit Hall Chi City H ll GREEN ROOF
  • 59. GREEN ROOF
  • 60. GREEN ROOF
  • 61. SunCorp B ildi SC Building GREEN ROOF
  • 62. GREEN ROOF
  • 63. Vancouver Convention & Exhibition Centre V C ti E hibiti C t GREEN ROOF
  • 64. GREEN WALL URBAN Aesthetic Urban Forest Vertical Landscape GREEN WALL
  • 65. THE AIR TREE: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS TREE GREEN WALL
  • 66. THE AIR TREE @ MADRID GREEN WALL
  • 67. THE AIR TREE: URBAN ECOSYSTEMS TREE GREEN WALL
  • 68. THE AIR TREE - ECOBOULEVARD -Social Revitalizing Social -Recycled Materials -Solar Trees -Cooling Effect for Urban Environment C ff f -Tree Nursery -Dismantling structure + Moveable Structure GREEN WALL
  • 69. GREEN WALL
  • 70. GREEN WALL
  • 71. GREEN WALL
  • 72. GREEN WALL
  • 73. BIO LUNG Ai hi E LUNG: Aichi Expo 2005 GREEN WALL
  • 74. PARABIENTA: Shimizu Corp + Mi PARABIENTA Shi i C Minoru I d C Ind.Co. A light-weight + low-cost wall greening system. g g g gy Flexible + Panel System Water Retention GREEN WALL
  • 75. GREEN GLASS THE MODE GAKUEN SPIRAL TOWER
  • 76. Table 1.Thermal resistance of glazing systems Thermal resitance Window RSI R Double glazed  0.31 1.76 clear glass Double glazed  0.53 3.01 soft coating Double glazed  0.47 2.67 hard coating Triple glazed,  low emissivity  0.56 3.18 coating on  thin film thin film Note: The lower the emissivity, the higher the thermal resistance (RSI) of the glazing.
  • 77. GREEN ATRIUM ATRIUM CASE STUDY: IAN INNES GREEN ATRIUM IN AN OFFICE BUILDING WITH AC: - Mi i Minimum soil d th 600 il depth: 600mm - Auto Irrigation + Overhead Spray - Organic Compost: 50 mm thick - Maintenance requirement : minimum 4hr/week GREEN ATRIUM
  • 78. GREEN ATRIUM
  • 79. CHANGI TERMINAL 3 ATRIUM SOM GREEN ATRIUM
  • 80. GREEN ATRIUM
  • 81. - 919 skylights: automatic light modulation systems and aluminum dl i dl i louvers - At night: artificial light is reflected off the louvers to provide a uniform pattern of illumination - 300 Meters of Green Walls and comprises 25 species of climbing plants - 5 m (16 ft)-high quot;Green Wallquot; with hanging h i creepers and waterfall d t f ll GREEN ATRIUM
  • 82. GREEN ATRIUM