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2030 Vision Book 01

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  • 1. The Vision
  • 2. Sustainable Sydney 2030 is a call to action. A response to the community’s ideas for creating a better Sydney. SYDNEY SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 1
  • 3. SYDNEY PEOPLE WANT A CITY... “where people walk” “ with vibrant culture and entertainment” “ that tells its history” “that offers “ with well “ with walkable affordability planned public streets” and social transport ” diversity” “ which lifts “ with well planned public transport” “ which celebrates outdoor life” the spirits” “ that provides public “ where public spaces “that is respectful access to the invite people to pause of diversity— harbour’s edge” and contemplate– where public space cultural, religious, invites humanity” age, gender, sexuality and family structure” “ with self “ which is a place “ which is not contained for people from all walks of life” clogged by cars” communities” 2 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 3
  • 4. INDIGENOUS STATEMENT The City of Sydney The City of Sydney acknowledges Aboriginal people as the first people acknowledges of Australia. The Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision recognises Sydney’s Indigenous heritage and contemporary culture. The City of Sydney Aboriginal people is deeply committed to establishing a process of reconciliation in as the first people partnership with its Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents. of Australia. Aboriginal people have lived in the area and around Sydney Harbour for many thousands of years, living near fresh food and clean water. Campsites were usually located close to the shore, especially during summer when fish and shellfish were the main foods. Many of the City’s main roads, such as George Street, Oxford Street and King Street, Newtown are constructed on what were probably Aboriginal walking tracks, which served as trading routes between farmed grasslands or bountiful fishing areas. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in the City were extensively consulted for Sustainable Sydney 2030. Many issues and ideas raised were consistent with those in the broader community such as improved transport, greater safety, more affordable housing and limiting cars in the City Centre. Ideas raised included supporting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and practice and providing economic development, employment and social opportunities for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community. The City of Sydney will involve the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities during the implementation of Sustainable Sydney 2030, consistent with the Principles of Cooperation signed between the City of Sydney and the Metropolitan Local Aboriginal Land Council in 2006. The City of Sydney will ensure ideas generated during the consultation process are attributed and will IMAGE: MURAL AT REDFERN COMMUNITY CENTRE, ARTIST ADAM HILL work cooperatively with the community during implementation. This process will be based on respect, trust and a spirit of openness and partnership. 4 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 5
  • 5. The Vision GREEN GLOBAL CONNECTED for Sydney is Sydney will be internationally recognised as Sydney will remain Australia’s most significant Sydney will be easy to get around with a local an environmental leader with outstanding Global City and international gateway with world- network for walking and cycling, and transit routes a Green, Global, environmental performance and new ‘green’ class tourism attractions and sustained investment connecting the City’s Villages, City Centre and Connected City industries driving economic growth. in cultural infrastructure, icons and amenities. the rest of Inner Sydney. The City will be easy to get to with an upgraded regional transit network The City will reduce its greenhouse The City will contain premium spaces for business that builds on the existing network, enhancing gas emissions, with a network of green activities and high quality jobs in the City Centre, access to Sydney’s centre from across the region. infrastructure to reduce energy, water and and support social, cultural and recreational waste demands, led by major renewal sites. facilities to nurture, attract and retain global talent. The City’s distinctive Villages will continue to be strong focal points for community life The City will help contain the Sydney Region’s The City will embrace innovation, and and will encourage a sense of belonging. The urban footprint by planning for new housing new generation technologies to connect Villages will be served by Activity Hubs where opportunities integrated with vital transport, it through new media and the web, services are concentrated, interconnected facilities, infrastructure and open space. stimulating creativity and collaboration. and make a significant contribution to the The City will protect native flora, The City will be a part of global cultural City’s liveability, which will increasingly fauna and ecologies. networks and an active participant in underpin its global competitiveness. global knowledge exchange. The City will be diverse and inclusive. Relative equality will be improved by an increased share of affordable housing and better access to community facilities, programs and services across the City, with a resultant improvement in social equity and wellbeing. Cultural vitality will flow from high rates of participation in artistic expression, performance, events and festivals. The City will celebrate and support its Indigenous people and their living culture. The City will commit to partnerships and cooperation between governments, the private sector and the community to lead change. The City is part of a wider national and global community and will pursue relationships with other Australian and international cities for cultural, trade and mutually beneficial exchanges. 6 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 7
  • 6. CONTENTS THE SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 VISION PAGE 2 Sydney people want a City... 4 Indigenous message 6 Green, Global, Connected 8 The Local Government Area 10 Message from the Lord Mayor 11 Message from the CEO 12 Introduction 14 The visionary—Jan Gehl 18 Viewpoint—Patrick Fensham 22 Partnerships 26 Vision at a glance 28 10 Targets 30 Climate Change 34 Five Big Moves 38 Big Move 1 City Centre 42 Big Move 2 Integrated Transport 48 Big Move 3 Liveable Green Network 54 Big Move 4 Activity Hubs 60 Big Move 5 Sustainable Renewal 64 10 Strategic Directions 68 Direction 1 A globally competitive and innovative City 74 Direction 2 A leading environmental performer 80 Direction 3 Integrated transport for a connected City 86 Direction 4 A City for pedestrians and cyclists 92 Direction 5 A lively, engaging City Centre 98 Direction 6 Vibrant local communities and economies 104 Direction 7 A cultural and creative City 110 Direction 8 Housing for a diverse population 116 Direction 9 Sustainable development, renewal and design 122 Direction 10 Implementation through effective partnerships 128 Ten Project Ideas 132 Idea 1 Western Edge 138 Idea 2 Three City Squares 144 Idea 3 Protecting the Centre 150 Idea 4 Eora Journey 156 Idea 5 Cultural Ribbon 162 Idea 6 Harbour to the Bay 168 Idea 7 Connecting Green Square 174 Idea 8 Affordable Housing 180 Idea 9 New Moves for Newtown 186 Idea 10 Green Transformers 196 Appendices 196 Snapshot of Sydney in 2008 197 2030 Vision Engagement Report 208 Acknowledgements 212 Glossary of terms The City of Sydney Local Government Area Published 2008 by the City of Sydney, Town Hall House, 456 Kent Street Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. ISBN 978-0-9751196-6-2 For more information on Sustainable Sydney 2030, including audio and video content: Please visit: www.sydney2030.com.au Should you require this information in an alternative format please contact: City of Sydney 9265 9333, TTY: 9265 9276, council@cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au Translation service (TIS) 13 14 50 8 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 9
  • 7. MESSAGE FROM MESSAGE FROM THE LORD MAYOR THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER After more than a year discussing and listening to our diverse community, Sustainable Sydney 2030 is the City of Sydney’s Vision for making consensus on the way forward for making Sydney a greener, more global this City, among other things, more economically sound, more liveable, and connected City has emerged. more accessible, more inclusive—a more vibrant and captivating place Adopting an exciting new Vision for Sydney’s City Centre and its Villages for the to live and work. next 20 years has involved the most comprehensive consultation ever undertaken It is a necessary scoping for how the City Centre and its surrounding in the City, with thousands of residents, business people, those involved in the Villages can enhance and reinforce Sydney’s Global City status by arts, cultural and educational institutions and many community organisations. taking on bold initiatives to improve and sustain its natural assets Overwhelmingly, people told us they want a City that by 2030 is smarter, and wellbeing—and build across-the-board prosperity. more open, more hospitable, more inclusive; cleverer in the ways it does Its timing is compelling. Sydney, its people and businesses, as with business locally and internationally, and less congested. other major capitals around the world, are facing a host of challenges generated by external forces—from economic globalisation to climate Ninety-seven per cent said they wanted us to address global warming. change, from petrol price fluctuations to competition for enterprises So we’ve made sustainability the overarching theme. Indeed, one of the major objectives of the Vision is to help position Sydney as one of the and creative talent. world’s leading green cities in the race to address climate change. This Vision provides “step change” progressions toward a more sustainable future, while protecting and preserving those aspects of This presents substantial challenges, but equally, exciting opportunities to the City that are much loved and which underpin its medium to long- rethink the way we live and work as the green revolution takes place over term potential. the next few years and decades. The Vision—based on a strong foundation of consultation, research If we don’t actively pursue this goal, we are going to be left behind—the reality and analysis—mirrors a wealth of ideas from people of all walks of is as stark as that. Just as the industrial revolution transformed the world in the life and generations. 19th century, a new green revolution is set to transform the 21st century. As a progressive and forward-looking City, we need to be ready for the Apart from road-mapping changes to infrastructure, the Vision sets transition to a new green economy with new values and priorities. new parameters for the way Council delivers and facilitates services, development and public domain improvements. It also gives direction With sustainability as a central focus, the 2030 Vision addresses global warming on renewal and transformational projects aimed at driving enterprise, through the three big levers of building emissions, transport and energy (generation). cultural excellence and social cohesion. As the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases, cities are also the source of the While a range of directions and actions apply to core business biggest savings and the key to achieving post-Kyoto emission reduction targets. areas of the City, other larger and more complex projects and But the Vision also embraces social and cultural sustainability, and seeks to programs will be viewed, assessed and implemented on a promote a vibrant, creative and diverse community. progressive, long-term basis. Cities are much more than a collection of buildings and an economy. Integral to the Vision is a commitment by the City of Sydney to enter The most successful cities are those which value their culture, their history into partnerships with the community, business and government and their people. These positive sentiments and beliefs shone through to realise the program through to 2030—while continuing to take in the public response and the submissions received. advice and soundings on an ongoing basis. The Vision sets the agenda for the City’s Corporate Strategic With the Vision established, the task now is to engage all the major stakeholders in its implementation—its success will depend on effective partnerships, with Plans and Capital Works in the years to come. all tiers of government, with the private sector and with the community. Importantly, while Sustainable Sydney 2030 reflects the strategic thinking of the current City of Sydney Council, it is vital that the Vision endures MONICA BARONE through future administrations regardless of who is in power at the CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER City, State and Federal level. To secure Sydney’s future, its prosperity and liveability, we sought and have achieved a broad alliance of support—now we need to keep moving and undertake practical implementation. CLOVER MOORE MP LORD MAYOR 10 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 11
  • 8. The 2030 Vision was developed with broad community involvement and support during 2007 and 2008. As the world grasps the urgent need to respond to climate change and rising fuel prices, the City of Sydney is offering leadership through the 2030 Vision now being implemented to address urgent issues facing Sydney. THE CHALLENGES • Climate change • Global economic competition • Transport congestion • Decreasing affordability • Leisure and cultural experience We can either drift into the • Persistent social disadvantage future or we can take hold • Maintenance of living standards of the future with our own • Replacing aging infrastructure hands and shape the future. • Greater accessibility and inclusiveness Kevin Rudd People from all walks of life, across all generations and Prime Minister of Australia an extensive range of organisations have given ideas and suggestions to inform the Vision. The innovative and transformative ideas in the Vision will progressively make necessary and positive changes to city life. As it is implemented, Sydney will be a stronger community and better place to live in the future. The Vision does not just focus its ideas on the CBD but offers a broader concept of city economy and life as a City Centre supported by a series of thriving interconnected Village economies and communities. The community's ideas and the work of the 2030 team were supported by the strong voice of international urbanist, Jan Gehl, whose study Public Spaces, Public Life Sydney 2008 provided a policy framework for the 2030 Vision. 12 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 13
  • 9. THE VISIONARY Danish architect and All great cities have a The City of Sydney has great edges: its magnificent harbour, the green spread of the Domain and Royal heart. They attract people Botanic Gardens. But where is its heart? to their centres —not just urbanist Jan Gehl has Its heart is congested, choking on the noise and fumes of the internal combustion engine. That is to work and to live, but to shop or meet people, to focused on improving not healthy, either for the City, or for the citizens. So now that Gehl Architects has finished our Public dine, to visit a library or Spaces, Public Life study, commissioned by the City a gallery, to be part of the life of their City. the quality of urban life of Sydney, we have one question for this City: what do you value more—your people, or your cars? for millions of people If you say people, then you need to unlock the centre of your City, so that it becomes a place people will want to go, and a place that welcomes everybody worldwide. —workers, children, old people, students. To do this, you need a long-term plan. Two great acts would symbolise this change in thinking: to demolish the Cahill Expressway and train station that sever the City from its harbour (the trains then go underground); and bury the Western Distributor whose spaghetti-tangle throttles Darling Harbour and cuts it off from the life-blood of the City. We have produced our ideas and vision of what Sydney could become— now it’s up to the people of Sydney, and the actions of government. George Street Spine, concept by Jan Gehl, December 2007. Jan Gehl 14 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 15
  • 10. THE VISIONARY Set your thinking for the long-term, and these tasks Parking is confined to the city edges, freeing the city Gardens and Domain Trust and the Sydney Opera will not be impossible. Indeed, other harbour cities like streets for cyclists, pedestrians and a light-rail system. House Trust. All this in just a few square kilometres. Boston and San Francisco have already done it. There, There is room, too, for great public art, for fountains and It makes it much harder to organise and all levels of government worked together to make it play-areas for children (who know how to use space co-ordinate the necessary improvements. But happen and here, there could be a similar recognition spontaneously), and there are quiet places for people when the City commissioned our report, the Lord of the benefits that will flow for greater Sydney. Freed to sit and watch the world go by. No city should be Mayor asked us to look at what should be done from these constricting bands, the City Centre will “off-limits” to either the very young or the older people, for Sydney’s long-term improvement, not just at breathe again and be open to its harbour. It will be a and all cities should provide delight and surprise. what was immediately possible. For no matter what welcoming place for people from all over greater Sydney. their system of governance, all great cities need a From Pitt Street Mall—which should be renamed Meanwhile, there are other steps to take. Pitt Street Plaza to signal it is a place for people focused, long-term vision, for without it they wither. Sydney needs a coherent, attractive, walkable north- as well as shops—you can still see the curve of We were asked to see our Public Life, Public Spaces south link. All great cities have such a street—think of the Harbour Bridge, reminding you that you are in study as an integral part of the City’s Sustainable the Champs Elysees, or the Ramblas in Barcelona. It one of the world’s great harbour cities. But there Sydney 2030 project to make Sydney a more liveable, could be George Street, the City’s most historic street, are other reminders of the reasons for Sydney’s workable and sustainable city over the next generation. linking the two great doorsteps of Circular Quay and founding and the city should celebrate them. Central Railway. But who would dream of walking this We have produced our ideas, our vision of Why not bring the Tank Stream to the surface in parts great street, clogged as it is with buses and angry traffic? what Sydney could become. Now it is up to of the city? Purified, it could become a living symbol of the city of Sydney’s commitment to be a “green” and the people of Sydney, and the co-operative But close it to vehicles, allowing only buses and actions of government, what becomes of that bicycles, provide wider footpaths, canopies of trees, healthy city. It would extend the harbour’s reach into mid-town, cool the air and bring delight to the city streets. vision. Who knows, with a new Prime Minister who and three great public squares at Circular Quay, Town is interested in the future of Australia’s cities, you Hall and Central Station, and watch what will happen. Green spaces like Hyde Park should better connect might get some Federal help to make it happen. to the city and to each other, with distinctive There will be human life along the whole length of it; plantings around them and a more generous In Sydney, it seems to me, you sometimes say people in cafes, people sitting on benches under the connection to their surrounding streets. “This is too hard, it can’t be done.” In Copenhagen, trees, people walking to their offices and shops. too, 30 years ago, people of my own car- Sydney has a peculiar difficulty because so many dominated city said much the same thing. George Street becomes the great organising spine, arms of government have a finger in the city pie: the with a network of vibrant lanes like Angel Place City of Sydney itself, and also the NSW Government Today, it is a city of pedestrians and We want a city of people; and small plazas like Regimental Square running through City Rail, State Rail, Sydney Ferries, Roads cyclists, a city where the people, and not a city where people feel safe; off it. It is edged with interesting small shops and Traffic Authority, Sydney Harbour Foreshore the cars, come first. I hope that by 2030, a city that is interesting and bars and places for people to sit and rest. Authority (running The Rocks and Darling Harbour Sydney, too, will be a city for its people. and lively. and Barangaroo). Then there are the Royal Botanic Jan Gehl Town Hall Square, concept by Tony Caro, March 2008 16 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 17
  • 11. VIEWPOINT A Global City is more than a CBD PATRICK FENSHAM The economies of the world’s great cities are more 2 A liveable green network for moving between rail modes and complementary Barangaroo, adjacent to the City Centre, is expected than a collection of office towers in so-called ‘central walking and cycling road and car parking management initiatives. to be a world class district of economic activity, business districts’. Think of London’s financial district Around 50 per cent of trips by City residents are by with a variety of large and small businesses, in the city, new office precinct at Canary Wharf, theatres 4 Activity Hubs as a focus for the City’s combined with cultural and leisure activities. The walking and cycling, compared to an average of around village communities and transport in the West End, government activities at Westminster 20 per cent across the metropolitan Sydney. The City’s NSW Government has responsibility for this area. and arts venues and museums at South Bank. compact urban environment supports these already In Sydney, the city’s economic, creative, entertainment Sustainable Sydney 2030 proposes that all these Think of New York’s Wall Street, Lower East Side, sustainable travel patterns, and these will be further and cultural activities are spread throughout its Villages. and other new developments should host ‘green Greenwich Village and Times Square. Global cities strengthened by the proposed liveable green network. Education and health facilities are at the core of transformers’. These are gas-fired, low emissions contain diverse precincts and neighbourhoods employment concentrations in Darlinghurst (around electricity plants, initially gas-fired, which could Green corridors linking parks and reserves would St Vincent's Hospital) and Camperdown (around the connected by high quality and dense public transport. also provide local area heating, cooling, water be integrated with liveable streets, providing a Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and University of Sydney). Their economies are underpinned by the creativity recycling and waste-to-energy capacity. separate, safe and pleasant way for pedestrians and constant innovation that occurs where skilled and cyclists to move across the city. Surry Hills and Chippendale are buzzing with small, Ultimately, a network of green transformers would service people mix in social, business and cultural activities. creative businesses in converted warehouses, galleries, most of the City’s buildings. This is intended to not only The City of Sydney’s Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision 3 An integrated Inner and shops, amidst great residential diversity. significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but recognises these prerequisites for a successful city. Sydney transport network Kings Cross, Oxford Street, Newtown and Glebe also make the City energy self sufficient by 2030. The Importantly, it also anticipates that Sydney’s competitive The centres of other global cities are crisscrossed have their own distinctive, small business cultures. City’s density should make this a viable proposition. advantage in the 21st century will derive from its by fixed rail public transport (typically light rail or The 10 Activity Hubs proposed in Sustainable Sydney A key imperative is to integrate these renewal world renowned liveability, and increasingly from the metro lines, like the London Underground). 2030 are about fostering these local economies, as areas into the fabric of the city, so they contribute extent to which it is environmentally sustainable. In central areas the same size as the City of Sydney, well as providing a focus for the residential oriented to overall liveability and sustainability. New streets Sustainable Sydney 2030 has identified Five Berlin has 220 kilometres of track, London 200 community and cultural facilities and local retailing. with pedestrian and cycle ways should connect to Big Moves to Transform the City that are kilometres, Barcelona 140 kilometres, Toronto existing streets, high quality public spaces should 50 kilometres and Singapore 35 kilometres. Each of the identified Hubs will be strengthened through be a focus for activity, and a mix of premises underpinned by this understanding. local planning and business development initiatives. Notwithstanding its generally lower density, should provide for a range of business types. 1 A revitalised City Centre at the the Sydney figure of 23.5 kilometres of track 5 Transformative development In the future, Sydney’s globally oriented economy will be heart of global Sydney. appears far from world class in comparison. sustained by a strong City Centre and diverse precincts and sustainable renewal The old ‘CBD’, north of Central Station, is re-cast as Inner Sydney desperately needs a comprehensive elsewhere hosting high quality, innovative businesses. and integrated light rail or metro rail network, which Significant change and development has occurred the ‘City Centre’, to recognise that a thriving economy in the last 20 years or so with, for example, Liveability and sustainability will be fundamental needs a diversity of activities alongside pure business Sustainable Sydney 2030 proposes, to connect Darling Harbour, Walsh Bay, Woolloomooloo, to the City’s competitive advantage. uses. Sufficient floorspace for business activities will the City Centre with the surrounding villages, but also to connect the villages with each other. Pyrmont, and the old showgrounds at Moore Patrick Fensham, Director SGS Planning and Economics, led be provided, but ground level cafes and shops to Park all transformed in this period. the consortium that worked with the City of Sydney’s Strategy activate street life will be required in new developments. Key corridors for early action are those connecting Sustainable Sydney 2030 lifts the sustainability bar for and Design team and across the organisation to create the 2030 Distinctive retail, civic and entertainment districts will George Street through Redfern, to Green Square the next 20 years of renewal and redevelopment. Vision. He gives a snapshot of Sydney in 2008 and the changes be promoted. Laneways and under-utilised areas will and Botany, along Regent Street and Botany Road, Frasers Broadway, on the old CUB site, is proposing proposed in a Green, Global and Connected City by 2030. be activated with bars and cultural-activities. The great and between Surry Hills and Rosebery. The other key transport proposals are those which seek to ambitious sustainability initiatives. Development at physical asset of the City Centre is its harbour. Bold Green Square will make a significant contribution to ‘protect the centre’ from the noise, congestion proposals to removal the Cahill Expressway and bring affordable housing, and provide a shopping, business and disruptive impact of vehicular traffic. the Western Distributor to ground, would allow the City and cultural focus for communities south of Redfern. Centre to be reconnected to the waterfront, thereby re- Travel by car to and through the City Centre can establishing Sydney’s credentials as the Harbour City. be minimised by a world class light rail loop, efficient and iconic interchange facilities for 18 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 19
  • 12. We have adopted an exciting new Vision for Sydney’s City Centre and its Villages for the next 20 years and beyond. It will be delivered in partnership with the Sydney community. 20 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 21
  • 13. PARTNERSHIPS The City of Sydney cannot achieve the Vision on its own. The success ingredient Healing Sydney’s scars MARIA ATKINSON KEN MAHER A share of the proposed actions “Living in a sustainable city is a success ingredient. “Great cities don’t just happen. They are the result of a gateway from the south can be established by a necklace need to be led by others. To be globally competitive we, business in particular, sometimes serendipitous combination of design and of parks and squares surrounding the station precinct. The City of Sydney is committed need diverse talented and inspired and informed culture. By design I refer to beautiful parks, fine streets The really exciting opportunity at Central is healing to working with the State and people that are internationally connected and aware. and elegant architecture, and by culture I refer to the the scar of the railway lines to the south of the station. Federal Governments, local life of the city— street life, cafes, theatres, markets, Image, image, image—facilities, social, affordability, By building over the rail lines, we can establish a new Councils, community and events and interesting places to work and live. lifestyle, diversity, clean and green city. So green neighbourhood, where streets and parks can provide a business groups to implement innovation—we’ve got to adapt to the changes and the Cities also need to be regularly nurtured, adjusted, public network that will provide much needed connections the Vision over the long-term. impacts of climate change. We need to reduce water and strategically guided towards the future. Most between Surry Hills, Chippendale and Redfern. usage. We need to maximise our water collection—no great cities are very public and vital places. A mixed-use precinct with twice the capacity for housing doubt, it rains a lot in Sydney. We need to have treatment The new challenge facing all cities at this time is and offices and shops at Barangaroo has the potential to and reuse of that water—we need to avoid waste. responding to the demands of climate change. If we are create a more diversified community, evolving over time. Transport congestion—we provide choices. The city is to manage our carbon emissions responsibly we will an ecosystem. We need to extend the boundaries, we There is also the potential for a major venue immediately need to radically modify the way we live, the way we move need to manage it as a total catchment. We need to south of the station in this precinct—perhaps a site around (by public and not private transport) and also significantly improve the environmental performance of for an entertainment centre to liberate the current change the way we think about the design of our cities. existing buildings and we need things to make it easier. site in Haymarket for parkland or a new theatre. Let’s all of us focus and go for best and let’s collaborate. The Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision is a timely and A major public square on Cleveland Street at the significant initiative. It takes the sustainability challenge The Sustainable Sydney 2030 plan is one of the George Street intersection can be a threshold to head on, especially in the areas of energy and transport. most exciting leadership activities I know.” the central city from the south. Running along the It provides a framework for turning the balance away west side of Prince Alfred Park, between Belmore Maria Atkinson is Global Head of Sustainability, Lend Lease, from cars in favour of pedestrians, away from a private Park and Elizabeth Street, and on to Hyde Park, a and spoke at a Sydney 2030 Forum in 2007 in favour of a genuinely public city, and away from grand promenade for pedestrians and cyclists would consumption towards responsibility in the use of limited provide a new alternative journey into the city. resources. Through this Vision, Sydney can become an international exemplar, but it will only work if the If our city is to be more liveable, more amenable, leadership shown by the City Council is supported by and more engaging for its citizens, then we need to all levels of government and the business community. reclaim the public spaces, provide better connections between the parts, and “heal” the built fabric.” Sustainable Sydney 2030 proposes to reclaim Railway Square from the dominance of the car, giving over more Ken Maher is Chairman of Hassell, and Professor in space to pedestrians. George Street, which under Jan Architecture at the University of New South Wales. Gehl’s ideas would be a major pedestrian boulevard, can This article was published in the Sydney Morning Herald in 2008. be continued past Railway Square to re-connect south of Cleveland Street and beyond to Green Square, while cross city traffic can be diverted below the square. A new green 22 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 23
  • 14. PARTNERSHIPS Looking after the cultural feeding grounds Creative learning NEIL ARMFIELD ELIZABETH ANN MACGREGOR “By 1970 I was 15, and venturing into town by myself. As a kind of enlightenment dawned in the 80s and the 90s “As cities all over the world are recognising the importance that merge into public spaces where more informal I found the delicious satisfactions of Rowe Street, down and beyond, some bold and generous advances were of the role of culture, what should Sydney do to secure a kinds of activities can take place, breaking down the hill from Richards and the old Theatre Royal, and I made. A string of remarkable performance and cultural distinctive place as one of the world’s great cities in 2030? the boundaries between the formal and informal. saved up my money from my Saturday morning job in venues has spread across the city, the Sydney Theatre, We have incredible artistic talent this country—we should the Burwood Paint and Paper store, and had my hair The creative aspect of the city will be fundamental to the the MCA, Angel Place, the Museum of Sydney, the use it. By 2030 I would love to see our artists getting the cut at Lloyd Lomas. I bought records at Rowe Street prosperity of Sydney in 2030—not because of the need to Conservatorium, Belvoir Street Theatre, the Carriageworks. kind of public recognition we give to our sports stars Records, cards at the little art shop next door. I bought attract tourists but because of the need to retain residents. We’re rather good at destinations, at monuments. But and celebrities. Let’s get more artists to help visualise my gear at Merivale and Mr John and the even more who’s looking after the breeding grounds, the grasses at There is increasing recognition that creativity in business our public places and institutions—public and private. groovy In Shop around the corner. The details of that the end of the creek, where you find the little fish feeding, will be important in generating economic wealth in Artists could make contributions to all kinds of things little street were everything, built up layer after layer the place from which a culture can grow with safety and the future. At a time when an idea can spawn a billion in the life of the city—if we treated them as critical across I guess, a century or so of use—and then it went. with strength. This is what needs our attention now. dollar company, innovation and creativity is a bankable contributors, I believe we would have a richer, more Along with the Theatre Royal, the Australia Hotel— commodity. There is a strong correlation between The Sydney Opera House was conceived around 1950 distinctive city. We need to provide our artists with places concreted over by the banality of Seidler’s MLC Centre. arts training and creative thinking and innovation. As out of a conversation between Sir Eugène Goossens to live and work. We need to support them at all levels Australian writer Tim Winton asks us what are we businesses look for ways to develop creativity in their and Premier Joe Cahill. Between then and the opening of their careers, not just when they are young. We can all afraid of, what are we hiding, covering up, in this very workforce, the role of artists and arts organisations as in 1973 lay some 23 years. Between now and 2030 point to examples of vibrant arts quarters in other cities, Australian desire to pull down, to rebuild, to obliterate a source of inspiration will be increasingly recognised. lie some 23 years. Clover Moore imagines Sydney where the artists are key. Why should artists be forced our past. This obliteration goes way back of course, the in 2030 alive with artistic ferment. The work to be Arts education plays a valuable role in developing out into the outlying suburbs to work as the price of real harbour city, as the architect Peter Myers has pointed done in securing that place, in making these feeding the skills required by successful individuals in an estate increases? Why can’t we invest in studio space out, is the second city, built over that first harbour grounds is, compared with the monumental grandeur increasingly sophisticated knowledge economy. as the British Lottery has just done in London? We need city of the Gadigal people. And of course, there’s of the Opera House, more subtle and detailed and artists in the city itself, not just spearheading urban For Sydney to be a world class creative city in 2030, money to be made. It has been the engine of growth complex. But when it’s done, it will be no less heroic.” regeneration in outer suburbs. we need to invest strongly now in the institutions in this town since 1788. But how do we factor into the Neil Armfield is one of Australia’s leading Theatre that can provide creative learning opportunities. Arts To be a sustainable city, Sydney needs to be a city equation the cultural and spiritual value of place? Directors and Artistic Director of Belvoir Street organisations can provide the stimulating atmosphere of ideas as well as a city of pleasure. To be sustainable, Theatre and spoke at a 2030 City Talk in 2007. that helps to foster ideas that go on to become the Sydney will need to attract the kind of educated and innovations of the future. Sydney could become a global creative workforce that will drive the economy. We don’t leader in creative learning for people of all ages. want to live in a city of commuters—we need to create a city with and for artists and creative people of all kinds. By 2030 Sydney will need a thriving cultural sector, Sydney should be a world leader in a new kind of cultural generating economic activity day and night along investment—one that has long term objectives, not its harbour frontage. Recent developments along short terms fixes. A city that fosters creative learning and the waterfront have created more spaces for cultural involves artists at the core of its activities is a city that activity as well as bringing economic activity to looks to the future. And who knows, by 2030, we may previously dormant parts of the city. Much more could just have the edge over London.” be done to create the kind of ‘porous’ spaces that allow people to easily access a range of cultural Elizabeth Ann McGregor is Director of the Museum of experiences. By porous I mean spaces that open up Contemporary Art and spoke at a 2030 City Talk in 2007. more to the outside, that incorporate social activities, 24 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 25
  • 15. VISION AT A GLANCE A snapshot of the 2030 Ten Five Ten Ten Vision Targets Big Strategic Project Moves Directions Ideas 1 TARGET 1 1 A Revitalised City Centre at 1 A Globally Competitive and 1 Western Edge Reduce 1990 green house gas the Heart of Global Sydney Innovative City 2 Three City Squares emissions by 50 per cent 2 A Leading Environmental 2 An Integrated Inner Sydney 3 Protecting the Centre 2 TARGET 2 Transport Network Performer 3 Integrated Transport for 4 Eora Journey Capacity to meet local electricity 3 A Liveable Green Network a Connected City and water demand 5 Cultural Ribbon 4 Activity Hubs as a Focus for the City’s 4 A City for Pedestrians 6 Harbour to the Bay 3 TARGET 3 Village Communities and Transport and Cyclists 48,000 Additional dwellings 7 Connecting Green Square 5 Transformative Development 5 A Lively, Engaging 4 TARGET 4 City Centre 8 Glebe Affordable Housing and Sustainable Renewal 7.5 per cent of all housing 9 New Moves for Newtown social housing—7.5 per cent Full outline on page 34 6 Vibrant Local Communities and Economies 10 Green Transformers affordable housing 7 A Cultural and Creative City Full outline on page 128 5 TARGET 5 97,000 additional jobs in the City 8 Housing for a Diverse Population 6 TARGET 6 9 Sustainable Development, 80 per cent of City workers commuting Renewal and Design on public transport—80 per cent of work trips by City residents in non 10 Implementation through private vehicles Effective Partnerships Full outline on page 64 7 TARGET 7 10 per cent of trips made in the City by cycling—50 per cent of trips made by walking 8 TARGET 8 Every resident within a 10 minute (800m) walk to a main street 9 TARGET 9 Every resident within a 3 minute (260m) walk of continuous green link 10 TARGET 10 45 per cent of people believing most people can be trusted Full outline on page 28 26 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 27
  • 16. 10targets Specific targets 10 TArGETS fOr 2030 • TARGETthe City will reduce greenhouse gas By 2030, 1 emissions by 50 per cent compared to 1990 levels, and by 70 per cent compared to 1990 levels by 2050. to make the • TARGETthe City will have capacity to meet up to 100 per By 2030, 2 City more cent of electricity demand by local electricity generation and 10 per cent of water supply by local water capture. sustainable. • TARGETthere will be at least 138,000 dwellings, 48,000 3 By 2030, additional dwellings in the City for increased diversity of household types, including a greater share of families. • TARGET7.5 per cent of all City housing will be social By 2030, 4 housing, and 7.5 per cent will be affordable housing, delivered by not-for-profit or other providers. •TARGETthe City will contain at least 465,000 jobs By 2030, 5 including 97,000 additional jobs with an increased share in finance, advanced business services, education, creative industries and tourism sectors. •TARGETthe use of public transport for travel to By 2030, 6 work by City Centre workers will increase to 80 per cent and the use of non-private vehicles by City residents for work trips will increase to 80 per cent. •TARGETat7least 10 per cent of City trips will be made By 2030, by bicycle and 50 per cent by pedestrian movement. •TARGETevery resident will be within a 10 minute (800m) By 2030, 8 walk to fresh food markets, childcare, health services and leisure, social, learning and cultural infrastructure. •TARGETevery resident in the City of Sydney will be By 2030, 9 within a three minute walk (250m) of continuous green links that connect to the Harbour Foreshore, Harbour Parklands, Moore or Centennial or Sydney Parks. •TARGETthe level of community cohesion and social By 2030, 10 interaction will have increased based on at least 45 per cent of people believing most people can be trusted. 28 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 29
  • 17. Climate change The Target set by the Vision aims for The main technological component of Green Global warming a 70 per cent reduction of greenhouse Transformers is cogeneration, the simultaneous gas emissions against the City’s generation of electricity and harvesting of waste current performance by 2030. heat. Natural gas, a much cleaner fuel than TEN TARGETS The Target is the same as a 50 per cent coal, is used to generate electricity, emitting represents a reduction in green house gas emissions less carbon dioxide for the same amount of compared to the level in 1990. This base year electricity. Also, rather than wasting two thirds is sometimes used to be consistent with the of the energy by blowing it into the atmosphere language of the Kyoto Protocol, the international through large cooling towers at coal-fired massive challenge framework to reduce greenhouse gases. power stations, Green Transformers will use The data used to estimate greenhouse gas that waste heat to provide low greenhouse emissions for the City for the year 1990 is not heating and cooling homes and workplaces. as reliable as information currently available, This will lead to an overall energy efficiency of which Sydney and underestimates emissions. The Vision used approximately 85 per cent—at least twice as accurate data from 2006. This figure was then efficient as the best coal fired power station. used to determine a more realistic 1990 baseline. Combined with other supply and demand side The target for emissions in 2030 is policies in renewables, energy efficiency, and must face in its 1.6 mega tonnes of carbon dioxide transport, Green Transformers will bring about 50 per cent less greenhouse gas emissions. compared to 5.4 mega tonnes in 2006 and 3.2 mega tonnes in 1990. At the same time a Green Transformer network will work towards securing 100% of the City’s electricity future planning. 1 Green Transformers supply by 2030 compared to current levels. The 2030 Sustainable Sydney Consortium teams A major achievement of 2030 is that the individual and the City of Sydney, developed the Green greenhouse footprint of City residents will shrink Transformer concept and analytical framework used from over 35 tonnes to under 12 tonnes of carbon to assess its effectiveness as part of the 2030 Vision. dioxide per year—a 66 per cent reduction. The 2030 Vision calls for the City to re-imagine While Green Transformers are based on robust and well tested and established technology, the the way society and industry produce and innovative approach adopted by Sustainable use our energy. It proposes to build a network Sydney 2030 is a radical departure from the current of ‘Green Transformers’ that would cut the approach to energy provision within New South carbon content of electricity, provide low Wales and will not come without its challenges. greenhouse hot water, heating, and cooling Under an optimistic growth scenario, the use for both new and existing buildings. of Green Transformers means the City would Green Transformers will also be configured to not be reliant on any coal fired electricity. If all use the waste heat to transform sewage into major urban centres followed suit, NSW would recycled water. Within the next two decades not need any new base-load power stations it is also possible that half of the City’s waste and could plan for the decommissioning could be digested and returned as electricity of existing coal-fired power stations. into the local distribution network. 2 Electricity Green Transformers will be integrated into Renewable electricity will also be essential urban renewal projects, installed into existing to any meaningful emissions reduction plan, buildings, or possibly stand alone as their own and is expected to comprise 25 per cent sustainability showpiece. The benefits of low of the City’s electricity supply in 2030. carbon electricity and low greenhouse heating A fully renewable future is a desirable goal— and cooling provided by the Green Transformers however, this cannot happen overnight. The will be distributed throughout large parts of the Vision offers a transition technology and fuel that City through a new underground green reticulation will significantly reduce emissions and that is network facilitated by the City of Sydney. available for large-scale use at an acceptable cost. Cogeneration and gas is such a combination. Importantly, existing development will get the opportunity to connect to a low-cost, low- carbon solution. 30 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 31
  • 18. 3 Transport 5 Waste 7 Appliances 50 per cent of trips in the City are The relatively clean and separated waste A drop of 10 per cent in electricity consumption THE KYOTO PrOTOCOL made by walking and cycling and stream of the City is ideal for re-use. The is projected through a meaningful commitment The Protocol, established in 1997, the use of public transport is high. Vision recommends a Green Infrastructure to lowering the power use of major and minor is a legally binding international plan to: TEN TARGETS However, more needs to be done. Plan. The City and adjoining Councils could appliances in the home and office, including Over 70 per cent of City Centre workers work together to identify a potential waste standby electricity consumption. The introduction ➾ Reduce greenhouse gas emissions travel to work by public transport, the highest transfer station and conversion site with of a policy of minimum energy performance ➾ Set targets for industrialised countries proportion of any Australian City. The City a view to creating energy from waste. standards would eventually affect all buildings. to reduce their pollution, and has a high share of residents (59 per cent) The City could also seek partnerships with ➾ Establish an international who live and work in the City, travel shorter waste services companies and research 8 Car parking strategies distances and are less likely to drive. institutions to assist in the development emissions trading system Though current City planning controls do not require any However, in the last five years the City’s energy of waste-to-energy technology. parking to be provided, in new developments, on current The Protocol includes a major program, demand increased by almost 20 per cent. This could result in the collection and trends, all new multi-unit residential buildings will have the Clean Development Mechanism, to conversion by 2030 of 50 per cent of the 1.1 car park spaces per dwelling. Under the 2030 Vision, allow developed countries to invest in 4 Water waste stream to electricity or green gas effective alternative transport options will enable a 40 clean energy and emissions reduction Although water consumption has been through the Green Transformer Network. per cent reduction on this allocation would lower energy projects in the developing world, reduced in the last five years through The Green Infrastructure Plan has a consumption for lighting and ventilation in car parks. and use the emissions reductions to restrictions, the general trends have central focus on developing sustainable help meet their domestic targets. been increasing consumption. technologies, infrastructure and transport. 9 Housing strategies The first commitment period for emissions Based on current trends, the City’s water Savings will flow from an increased inner-city cuts runs from 2008 to 2012, and targets for use will increase by 22 per cent by 2030, 6 Lighting population. Based on transport patterns remaining post 2012 are currently being negotiated. green house gas emissions increase by A 10 per cent overall reduction in emissions the same, for each person living in the City instead 41 per cent and waste by 50 per cent. is possible by phasing out incandescent of the wider Sydney metropolitan area produces Preventing this means setting new targets. It light bulbs with progressively more efficient savings of 1.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide from lower means innovation and investment in new ways lighting technologies. This can be achieved transport emissions, especially private car use. of approaching the infrastructure of City planning through a reduction across all building and the infrastructure encompassing transport, types (six to nine per cent in dwellings and water, energy and waste management. 12 per cent for non-residential buildings). The City of Sydney’s LGA Emissions. Reduction targets. The graph below shows how the proposed strategic actions will Source: Kinesis, 2008 based on Environmental Management Plan. individually and collectively achieve emission reductions by 2030. Source: Kinesis, 2008 based on Environmental Management Plan. CO2 millions tonnes per annum CO2 millions tonnes per annum 7m 7m 7m 6m – 20% 57% 5m 6m 6m 4m – 3% 70% REDUCTION ON 2006 LEVELS 5m – 7% 5m 3m – 7% 2030 REDUCTIONS 2m – 1% – 4% 4m 4m BUSINESS AS USUAL EMISSIONS 2030 – 13% 1m MINIMUM ENERGY APPLIANCES 0 3m – 2% 3m 2006 Emissions Business As Usual 2030 Target 2030 Emissions RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY GREEN TRANSFORMERS LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY – 17% CAR PARK REDUCTION (CO/TRIGENERATION) HOUSING STRATEGY 2m DEFICIT 2m WASTE TO ENERGY EMISSIONS 2006 TRANSPORT 1m 1m TARGET 0 0 32 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 33
  • 19. FiveBig Moves Transforming the City Embodying the aspirations set by the community in the 2030 consultation, the big moves of the 2030 Vision are intended to “remake the City” into one that is green, global and connected. The Big Moves will secure Sydney’s future growth prospects while improving its attractiveness and liveability. They will ensure the sustainability of the City environmentally, socially and economically. 34 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 35
  • 20. Five Big Moves Harbour BIG MOVE 1 A REVITALISED CITY CENTRE AT THE HEART OF GLOBAL SYDNEY Lively, people-friendly and premium business centre reconnected to the harbour. Kings BIG MOVE 2 Cross AN INTEGRATED INNER SYDNEY TRANSPORT NETWORk Harris Street New sustainable transport connecting Haymarket Inner Sydney, the City Centre and the City’s Villages, with congestion removed Glebe from the City Centre and Villages. Point Road Oxford BIG MOVE 3 Street A LIVEABLE GREEN NETWORk Continuous green corridors integrated with liveable streets, providing dedicated pedestrian Crown Street and cycle ways and new ways to King Street explore the City and its Villages. Redfern Street BIG MOVE 4 ACTIVITY HUBS AS A FOCUS FOR THE CITY’S VILLAGE COMMUNITIES Green AND TRANSPORT Square Sustainable places for communities in the City’s distinctive Villages to meet, create, learn, work and shop. BIG MOVE 5 TRANSFORMATIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABLE RENEWAL Initiatives to re-make the City, including energy and water efficient infrastructure, affordable housing, high quality public space and design and access to essential transport choices. CITY CENTRE METRO RAIL LIGHT RAIL LIVABLE G TWORK PUBLIC TRANSPORT ACTIVITY HUBS CORRIDORS 36 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 37
  • 21. Big Move 1 A lively, people-friendly global business A revitalised centre, reconnected to the waterfront. City Centre at the heart of global Sydney 38 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 39
  • 22. The City Centre is a hub of ➾ New waterfront and more cultural, tourism, business space for global Sydney and retail intensity. 1 ➾ Stronger City Centre economy The Opera House, the Bridge, the Harbour and and tourism through precinct night skyline have iconic status. Reinforcing and cluster development Sydney’s prestigious role in the life of the ➾ Distributed green infrastructure nation means providing a continuing sense of delight and surprise as people live, ➾ A central spine and three major work, visit and walk through the City. squares to provide a focus ReVITALISed CITy CeNTRe for public life in the City Centre Successful contemporary cities are alive and inviting by day and by night. They offer art, ➾ High quality light rail design, culture and entertainment, attractive loop to easily get around public spaces and workplaces, great shopping the City Centre experiences and easy access. A series of ➾ Revitalise and reclaim the western initiatives under the 2030 Vision will work edge of the City Centre to create together to revitalise Sydney’s City Centre new public spaces and residential, focusing on building on the existing tourism, visitor and business uses cultural, retail, residential and public domain experiences offered in the City Centre. ➾ ‘Fine grain’ retail, hospitality The Public Spaces, Public Life Sydney and mixed-use precinct recommendations by renowned Danish Architect west of George Street Jan Gehl, as adopted by the City as part of ➾ A cultural ribbon from Darling the 2030 Vision, offer strategies to improve Harbour to Bennelong Point the design of the public domain, make the and Macquarie Street City more inviting and easier to move around. The liveability of the City Centre is of critical ➾ Sydney’s Indigenous story importance to achieving the future economic and culture acknowledged growth targets of the Metropolitan Plan for and celebrated Sydney and the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision. ➾ Green zones and pedestrian- The redevelopment at Barangaroo provides friendly streets the opportunity to accommodate commercial growth and to create a sustainable new City precinct at the harbour’s edge. The creativity needed to support a dynamic economy is dependent on the interaction and connection of creative people, on a stimulating environment, on affordable accommodation and access to invigorating work, production and event performance spaces. The City Centre will be walkable, not dominated by cars, attractive around the clock and unique for making easy connections to one of the world’s great harbours. 40 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 41
  • 23. Big Move 2 New sustainable transport connecting An integrated Inner Sydney, the City Centre and the Inner Sydney City’s Villages, with congestion reduced. transport network 42 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 43
  • 24. Sydney Harbour Dawes Point Walsh Bay Balmain The Rocks Millers Point Circular Garden Quay Island Rozelle Project Idea Green SquarePoint Wynyard City Centre Light Rail Potts Integrated Transport Initiatives Sydney 2030 provides an Lilyfield Pyrmont Darling Harbour Elizabeth Bay opportunity for integrated Cockle Town St James Woolloomooloo Darling transport renewal on a Hall Point 2 Bay Kings Cross major scale. Inner Sydney Annandale Museum East Sydney Rushcutters Bay needs better transport Chinatown Darlinghurst connections into the City Glebe Ultimo Taylor Square Paddington Forest Harbour and between Activity Lodge Railway Square Woollahra Hubs and Villages. Camperdown Broadway Central City Centre iNTEGRATEd iNNER CiTy TRANSpoRT NETwoRk The City wants to work in partnership Inner West Chippendale Surry Hills with government andothers to Bays Darlington develop and implement new Stanmore Redfern sustainable transport initiatives. Eveleigh Major public transport routes are at Eastern Newtown Suburbs Beaches Kings capacity and it can be difficult to move Waterloo Moore Park Centennial Cross Parklands efficiently around the City. Congestion Enmore Alexandria Harris inhibits economic development and Zetland Street private vehicle use is a major source Erskineville Green Haymarket of green house emissions. Buses and Victoria Square Park Kensington Glebe taxis are impacted by congestion and Point Road Randwick make pedestrian movement and cycling Oxford Beaconsfield Street unpleasant and sometimes dangerous. A sustainable and integrated transport Crown Street network requires planning for the right Rosebery Redfern St Peters mode of transport in the right UNSW Street place with easy transfer and Mascot suitable, accessible pricing. Eastlakes Kingsford King Street R An integrated Inner Sydney transport strategy R Public transport corridors Sydney Airport Green R A cycle network Square R The City Centre light rail loop R Town Hall transport plaza R Northern and southern interchanges R Community transport R Parking strategy R Managing parking and cars in the City of Sydney Rethinking transportation is essential, we need to dramatically change the way people move about, the 50 years of cheap gasoline is over. METRO RAIL CBD LIGHT RAIL LOOP ACTIVITY HUBS PUBLIC TRANSPORT EXISTING LIGHT RAIL Jan Gehl CORRIDORS/LIGHT RAIL Gehl Architects NETWORK UNDERGROUND EXPRESSWAYS CYCLING AND WALKING ROUTES 44 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 45
  • 25. Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision 4 Advocacy for regional 6 Investigate and plan for Town Hall 9 Provide community transport for Transport Initiatives transport connections transport plaza • rovide services for people experiencing P • nsure that the capacity of the transport E • reate a mid-city transport plaza along Park C transport disadvantage across the City, including 2 1 Integrated Inner Sydney Transport Strategy network to support travel to the City and George Streets, catering for links to older people and people with a disability. Centre from across the Sydney region east-west and north – south public transport • stablish the right transport modes E • uild on existing shuttle bus routes provided by B is increased. Support the planning and routes, minimising the need for bus and for the specific needs of existing and early implementation of metro rail lines. the City to address gaps in the existing transport vehicle access across the City Centre. future travel in Inner Sydney. links between Villages and Activity Hubs. • upport the existing and proposed S • ive priority to light rail, cycling and pedestrian G • o-ordinate the plan across Inner Sydney C upgrades to the heavy rail network. activity, while ensuring the interchange plaza is 10 Parking strategy iNTEGRATEd iNNER CiTy TRANSpoRT NETwoRk Councils and with State and Federal integrated with commercial, retail, entertainment and • ntegrate new stations with commercial I • educe existing parking as new public transport R Governments, including advocacy for cultural activities to create a lively City precinct. and retail development and develop infrastructure and services are provided. essential infrastructure funding. as transport interchanges. • rovide for an upgraded Town Hall Station P • stablish planning policies that enable E 2 Public transport corridors and possible new train station at Park some existing public and private parking 5 Support and plan for a City • dentify nine corridors connecting the City I and Pitt Streets to accommodate new structures to be designed in a way they can Centre light rail loop Centre with the villages and other Inner underground metro rail or heavy rail. be converted to alternative uses over time. • mprove access in the City Centre with I Sydney areas. These corridors should 7 Northern and southern interchanges • stablish policies and pricing mechanisms for car E a high frequency north – south light contain more sustainable, higher volume and parking that support and fund green transport. rail loop connecting with Barangaroo, • evelop high quality transport interchanges in the D frequent public transport services, including Circular Quay and Central Station. north and south of the City Centre, linked with the • evelop options for encouraging energy D surface light rail or underground metro lines. • ntegrate the City Centre light rail loop with I metro rail stations and the City Centre light rail loop, to efficient vehicles, car-pooling, trading schemes • nsure all corridors link to the City E minimise the need for buses to enter the City Centre. for car parking in new development spaces key radial public transport corridors through Centre light rail loop and regional efficient public transport interchanges. for car share, and parking rates linked to public transport connections. • ntegrate the two transport interchanges to create I accessibility to public transport and services. • new light rail loop could provide the A connections to pedestrian and cycle connections to • nsure a cross- regional corridor connecting E opportunity to remove the monorail pedestrian and cycle networks, and opportunities 11 Plan to underground the Western Distributor Green Square to the East and Inner West. which adversely impacts on the quality for bicycle hire and care share pods. of the pedestrian experience. • educe the need for cars to travel unnecessarily on R • Ensure corridors from the City Centre to: • ntegrate the interchanges with commercial, I surface roads through the City Centre by establishing - Green Square and Rosebery • lan for attractive walking links and P retail, entertainment and cultural activities better connections between existing roads. - Oxford Street and Bondi Junction quality signage between the new loop to create lively City precincts. and wider transport routes across the • emove the Western Distributor flyovers R - Victoria Road 8 New Links and replace with a connection to the City and metropolitan Sydney. - Glebe and Parramatta Road Cross City Tunnel and Darling Drive. • lan for interchanges at Central, Town Hall P • ealign Regent Street to Harris Street with an R - Pyrmont and Glebe underground connection off Darling Drive, • xplore connecting Darling Drive to Broadway E and Circular Quay to enable people to - King Street Newtown move easily in a north and south direction. making an easy link to the Cleveland Street and / or Cleveland Street through a tunnel and - Redfern and Botany Road intersection, south of Central Station. connecting Darling Drive to the Anzac Bridge approaches on the western side of Pyrmont. - Inner North Green Square Light Rail • nvestigate the potential for a small park I and link to Frasers Broadway. 12 Cahill Expressway 3 Implement the cycle network A key focus of the Vision is the need for an integrated high • educe traffic on Abercrombie Street; R • mprove public amenity at Circular Quay and I • evelop the current strategy to create a D transform Wattle Street to a park road and comprehensive, high quality cycle network volume public transport mass reduce vehicles travelling through the City Centre. Harris Street to a liveable, main street. that is safe enough for children to use. transit system. There is a need • ive priority to separated, dedicated G to connect the City Centre area • educe traffic on Botany Road to promote R to Green Square, as this area liveable, main street use and encourage traffic cycle lanes. to use O’Riordan Street and Wyndham Street. has a growing population. • ork with Inner Sydney Councils to W The City of Sydney proposes introduce a public bicycle transport a Green Square light rail system for everyday, easy cycling. connection for funding by State • ntegrate bike hire nodes with transport I and Federal Government as part interchanges and Activity Hubs, as of infrastructure improvements well as shopping, entertainment, for Inner Sydney. work and cultural opportunities. 46 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 47
  • 26. Big Move 3 Continuous green corridors linked A liveable with liveable streets, dedicated green network pedestrian and cycle ways and new ways to explore the City and its Villages. 48 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 49
  • 27. Liveable Green Network The liveable green network is made up of streets and lanes with pedestrian priority. Ten green corridors are proposed across North Sydney 3 the City linking the villages and hubs to Central to provide safe and attractive paths. Millers The “Connected City” is an aspiration of Balmain Point large City economies dependent on the mobility of people, products and ideas. Balmain to Garden Island Jan Gehl’s Public Spaces, Public Life Sydney Barangaroo Study of the City Centre made a series of LiVEABLE GREEN NETwoRk recommendations to transform the City Centre Sydney Harbour Sydney Potts Point into a hub for pedestrians and cyclists. Foreshore Walk Darling Lilyfield Rozelle Pyrmont Point To be a truly “Connected City” people must Central Spine Elizabeth be able to get around easily and meet face to Circular Quay to Woolloomooloo Bay face as well as have access to the vital road, 2030 provides the framework Botany Bay air and rail transport systems that link them for turning the balance away Haymarket with other major centres and global cities. from a private to a genuinely Rushcutters public city. Pyrmont to Darlinghurst Bay Separate cycle paths, shaded footpaths, Glebe Centennial Park streets lined with trees, reduced vehicle Ken Maher Ultimo flows are all hallmarks of the green corridors Chairman Hassell Woolloomooloo that will invite people to walk and cycle. Annandale Forest to Botany Bay Lodge Central Surry Paddington Camperdown Hills Chippendale Woollahra Glebe to Rosebery Darlington Moore Stanmore Park Redfern Redfern Glebe to Eveleigh East Centennial Park Newtown Enmore Waterloo Centennial Park Erskineville Alexandria Newtown to Randwick Zetland Kensington Beaconsfield Randwick St Peters Cook’s River to Kingsford Centennial Park Rosebery Mascot How the Green Corridors will MAIN GREEN CORRIDORS HARBOUR TO THE BAY CENTRAL SPINE interconnect the City of Sydney. SYDNEY HARBOUR LIVEABLE GREEN NETWORK FORESHORE WALK 50 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 51
  • 28. Green corridors Sydney Harbour Foreshore Pyrmont to Centennial Park • rovide Sydneysiders and visitors with a P • ink the Harbour at White Bay to Centennial L continuous 15 kilometre foreshore walk Park from Central Station to reinforce the 3 from Glebe to Rushcutters Bay connecting station’s role as a City Centre transport hub. many of the City’s cultural attractions and This will provide connections to Harris Street, destinations such as the Fish Markets and a liveable main street, Ultimo Activity Hub, the Circular Quay weekend markets. Powerhouse Museum, ABC studios, Sydney The walk will link with the City Centre, the Institute of Technology, University of Technology Cultural Ribbon and Eora Journey Indigenous Sydney, Central Station, the ridge of Surry cultural interpretation walk of City landmarks, Hills to Centennial Parklands and Fox Studios LiVEABLE GREEN NETwoRk from Mrs Macquaries Chair to Redfern. and beyond to the eastern beaches. Circular Quay to Botany Bay Glebe to Centennial Park • rovide a north-south spine connecting the P • rovide a link from the Harbour at P harbour to the bay and the City Centre to Jubilee Park, along Glebe’s main street Botany, along George Street and Botany Road. to the Glebe Activity Hub, University of Sydney, Carriageworks, Redfern’s This spine will have a pedestrian focus liveable main street and Activity Hub. with dedicated cycle and public transport facilities and may over the long-term have Connecting the Eastern Suburbs and sections with no private vehicular traffic. Centennial Parklands sports and recreation facilities to Redfern and the Inner West. All green corridors will cross or meet this ‘central spine’ providing a network of alternative Glebe to Rosebery paths to move around and enjoy the City. • rovide a connection from the Harbour to P North Sydney to Central Rosebery following Orphan School Creek. • rovide a cycle and pedestrian link to P It will link up with activities at Jubilee Park, join the two halves of Global Sydney, Camperdown Hospital site, Royal Prince Alfred North Sydney and the City Centre. Hospital, Sydney University, Carriageworks, Australian Technology Park, Erskineville Park, This route is already heavily used by walkers Ashmore Precinct, Sydney Park. Also to and cyclists and could be further improved. provide access to future long-term renewal investigation areas around the Alexandra Quiet streets, shops, Woolloomooloo Bay to Botany Bay art galleries, links to Canal through to Rosebery, connecting • rovide a corridor to connect the north P institutions, workplaces and to the Central Spine and Centennial Park homes could all be on the and south of the City via Bourke Street. corridors at Redfern Activity Hub. walking and cycling journey This will also link through to Green Square and other areas in the south. Newtown to Randwick of the green network. • rovide a southern city connection P Rod Simpson Balmain to Garden Island Simpson+Wilson from the Inner West to the Eastern • rovide a corridor to connect Balmain P Suburbs and beaches. Architecture+Urban projects and Woolloomooloo to the City Centre It will connect Newtown, through Erskineville, The future of Sydney is a and the other corridors across the City. to Green Square along the Green Square pedestrian-oriented future. Balmain has the potential to be within Boulevard and water channel beneath walking distance of the City Centre. The Rachel Neesom Southern Cross Drive to Kensington and Neesom Murcutt Architects Glebe Island closure provides the opportunity the University of New South Wales. to investigate a lightweight bridge across the eastern end of White Bay direct to Cooks River to Centennial Park the main centre of Balmain, resulting in a • onnect Cooks River and Botany Road C direct connection across to Pyrmont. to Green Square, Centennial Park and beyond to the Eastern Beaches. It will create a green corridor along the tributary channels of the Alexandra Canal that over the long-term could be investigated for mixed- use residential and business activities. 52 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 53
  • 29. Big Move 4 Places for people to meet, be part of Activity Hubs as a their community, to shop, work, learn focus for the City’s and be creative. Village communities and transport 54 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 55
  • 30. Activity Hubs Future sustainability means It also proposes two new Activity essential local services need Hubs—Harbour (Hickson Road) to be in walking distance, with and Green Square—to join: 4 convenient public transport to the ➾ Crown Street ➾ Kings Cross Harbour City Centre and other Villages. Ten Activity Hubs would provide a focus ➾ Oxford Street ➾ Redfern Street for doing business, healthcare, taking ➾ Harris Street transport, shopping, meeting people and ➾ Glebe Point Road having cultural and learning experiences. ➾ King Street ACTiViTy huBS The 2030 Vision builds on the work of ➾ Haymarket creating eight Village Hubs as part of the The Activity Hubs are places with Local Action Plans developed in 2007 in distinctive and diverse character around partnership with local communities. key community main streets. ACTIVITY HUBS Kings Cross Core Support Harris Transport Health/medical Recycling centre Street interchange/hub City of Sydney service centre/ Community garden Haymarket Business hub shop-front Glebe Point One-stop governance Road Primary school Fresh food (market) shop (including other Oxford government services) Library Bike parking, showers Street Community space and lockers Car share pod Public spaces Cultural live sites Redfern Learning centre Street Wi-Fi hotspot Workshops/studios Crown Childcare Secondary school Street Places of worship King Street Recycling Bike Hire, Local Transport Community Housing Centre Lockers, Shops Link Centre Showers Library Green Square c a e Fresh Food Markets Public Space ACTIVITY HUBS NORTH-SOUTH SPINE ACTIVITY HUBS SUPPORTING 15,000 TO 25,000 RESIDENTS Park Café Bakery MAIN ACTIVITY STREET FUTURE ACTIVITY HUBS Local School 56 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 57
  • 31. Activity Hubs will better recognise • ransform Oxford Street into T Glebe Point road Green Square the economic role of the key job a liveable main street. • romote Green Square as an exemplar P • ursue further ‘dual use’ opportunities for Glebe P centres outside the City Centre and Public School to enable broad community to of sustainable development. • Identify fresh food market opportunities. 4 nurture the conditions for further access the school’s open space and facilities. development. Core elements of • evelop as a cultural, creative D • evelop as a residential and employment area. D an Activity Hub include transport and safe precinct through precinct • reate connections to affordable housing site, C Introduce an economic development strategy interchange, primary school, business management strategies. Blackwattle Bay and the new foreshore park. to support development controls to attract and centres, library, community space, support emerging environmental, creative and • artner with Woollahra Council P • Identify fresh food market opportunities. childcare, Wi-fi hotspot, fresh food knowledge oriented industries. Replicate the small on the Hub concept. market, bike parking, health and • reate walking links and stronger community C business and residential mix of Surry Hills. ACTiViTy huBS medical, City of Sydney service centre redfern Street connection with the University of Sydney. • nsure substantial social community and E and a range of optional activity centres, cultural infrastructure is delivered upfront and dependent on local character and need. • upport Aboriginal and Torres Strait S King Street Islander business, training and cultural acts as a catalyst for further development. • upport local arts, creative and live music S Crown Street initiatives, including an Australian • ncourage investors, designers, owners and E through the City’s economic and cultural Indigenous Cultural Centre, as called occupiers to add diverse character similar to • evelop the Crown Street civic hub D development strategies and grants programs. for in Indigenous consultation. that found in the City’s existing Villages. around Shannon Reserve and the • artner with Marrickville Council to investigate options P new library and community centre. • ontinue the revitalisation of C • rovide a variety of employment spaces P for improving the public spaces and links to Newtown Redfern and Regent Streets. and residential building types. • Identify fresh food market opportunities. Station, Australia Street and Newtown Square. • nvestigate business opportunities for I • rovide substantial contribution to the 2030 target P • nvestigate opportunities for mixed- I • rovide access to Newtown Station from P creative and new cultural activities such as of increasing access to affordable housing. use renewal of Redfern Mall/Surry Erskineville Road and integrate Erskineville markets, studios and performances at nearby Hills Shopping Village at the corner Road with the King Street Activity Hub. • mprove access from Rosebery to the Green I CarriageWorks, as a focus of economic of Cleveland and Crown Streets. and cultural development strategies. • ork with local residents, businesses, artists W Square Activity Hub and maintain long term • s part of Council’s economic development A and community and cultural groups to develop options for an additional Hub on Botany Road to • ursue fresh food market P support growth and change in this corridor. program, support creative industries and a community and creative hub, retail or fresh opportunities at CarriageWorks. start-ups in nearby ‘SOGO’ (south of food market in the station precinct. Harbour Goulburn Street) by encouraging adaptive • ncourage Redfern Park for E • Support affordable housing for artists and students. re-use of existing warehouse buildings sports and recreation focus. • nsure sufficient residential development to E and ground level activation in SOGO. • ork collaboratively with Marrickville council to W support a new Activity Hub at Baranagroo, north • ncourage low cost and affordable E support Newtown as a cultural and creative hub. of the main commercial office precinct. Kings Cross housing for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community near Redfern. • ntegrate adaptive re-use and redevelopment of I • Include affordable housing. • upport Kings Cross as a key, entertainment S Newtown Tram Sheds into the Activity Hub. and tourist destination, including • mprove walking links and business I • evelop the Activity Hub to service new residential D planning for a range of accommodation, opportunities for the Redfern community Haymarket development, and the established Millers Point, while recognising and protecting its at Australian Technology Park and Rocks and ‘north’ City centre communities. Eveleigh Railway Workshop precinct. • uild on Haymarket’s proximity to Central B important residential character. Station and Belmore Park in planning for the • ncourage a focus for cultural activities around E • enew the public square around Fitzroy R Harris Street redevelopment of Central Station precinct. Walsh Bay, and a foreshore connection between Gardens and El Alamein Fountain. Circular Quay and Darling Harbour, and • upport the expansion of enterprise S • ontinue to celebrate Sydney’s Chinese C investigate opportunities for the regional cultural Oxford Street clusters of culture, media and education. communities through extension of support infrastructure project as a Hub catalyst. initiatives like Chinese New Year. • etain and support the precinct as R • ransform Harris Street into a T the historic centre of Sydney’s gay liveable main street and promote • mprove pedestrian connections to George I lesbian, bisexual and transgender mixed-uses around Fig Street. Street and World Square and improve access communities as part of precinct and to the open space around Darling Harbour. • onsolidate civic, social and community C economic development planning. facilities around Ian Thorpe Aquatic Centre • romote a mix of retailing along Oxford P and Community Centre, with Hub focus Street and side streets, ranging from on the Powerhouse forecourt area. start-ups to boutique tenants through the • evelop student housing for University of D City’s Economic Development Strategy. Sydney, Sydney Institute of Technology and University of Technology Sydney. 58 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 59
  • 32. Big Move 5 Initiatives to re-make the City, Transformative including energy and water efficient development infrastructure. and sustainable renewal IMAGE: CHILLER ASSEMBLY, MACQUARIE BANK. KING STREET WHARF. PHOTOGRAPHER MARTIN VAN DER WAL 60 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 61
  • 33. Transformative Initiatives Sydney has significant areas for These and other key renewal future renewal that are outside the sites provide immediate Barangaroo City of Sydney’s direct planning opportunities to plan for collective 5 control. The 2030 Vision proposes and innovative approaches to strategic directions to guide and energy generation, waste treatment influence the shape of these major and affordable housing. redevelopment sites within the City. They also provide people- The current redevelopment of the former Carlton oriented development—new and United Brewing site on Broadway by Frasers public domains, housing and will exemplify 2030 sustainability objectives. work places that are accessible TRANSfoRmATiVE dEVELopmENT ANd SuSTAiNABLE RENEwAL It will introduce a world leading approach to to and inclusive of everyone. carbon neutral energy supply and sustainable water use and waste management; reuse of historic buildings and design by leading Darling Australian and world architects. Harbour The City’s response to the sustainability challenge means redevelopment of Barangaroo at East Darling Harbour, Green Square and sites around Redfern and Waterloo, including Australian Technology Park, can now be guided Central by the broad sustainability principles and To Redfern strategic directions of Sustainable Sydney 2030. Frasers Broadway (Former CUB Site) Eveleigh Redfern – Railway Waterloo Workshops Ashmore Green Square Alexandra Canal/ Botany Road CUB site, City of Sydney achives. An $800 million concept plan proposes to transform the former Carlton and United GREEN TRANSFORMERS Breweries (CUB) brewery site into a vibrant new precinct with office space, apartments and a 5,400 square metre community park. This replaces a 5.8-hectare disused RENEWAL AREAS industrial site on the western edge of the Sydney CBD, close to Central Station. LONG-TERM INVESTIGATION AREA 62 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 63
  • 34. BLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEM SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS A globally A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging competitive and environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre innovative city performer population A globally A leading Integrated transport 6 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 |and SECONDARY and competitive STYLEGUIDE | environmental A cultural ELEMENTS | a connected city for ICONS ViBRANT Vibrant local SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS innovative city performer LoCAL creative city communities CommuNiTiES ANd and economies ECoNomiES 5 A LiVELy, A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging ENGAGiNG CiTy CENTRE and environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre city performer EY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS population A globally A leading Integrated tra A globally A leading Integrated transport Housing competitive and A lively, engaging environmental for a connect competitive and environmental for a connected city for a diverse 4 innovative city city centre performer innovative city performer population A CiTy foR A culturalCity had a “conversation”Vibrant local The and creative city SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARYANdcity for with thousands of workers, communities Sustainable development, pEdESTRiANS walking A ELEMENTS | ICONS and cycling CyCLiSTS Implementation through effective residents and students— and economies renewal and design governance this combined with extensive 1 and partnership9 research by Sydney's leading A GLoBALLy 8 SuSTAiNABLE planners, architects, thinkers A globally ANd CompETiTiVE A cultural A leading and Vibrant localIntegrated transportdEVELopmENT, Housing houSiNG foR A Sustainable and designers ledA globally to the A leading competitive and iNNoVATiVE CiTy Integrated transport environmental creative city Housing a connected cityRENEwALlively, engaging for diVERSE popuLATioN communities A ANd development,for a diverse competitive and 10 Strategic Directions. environmental innovative city for a connected city performer for a diverse and economies city centre dESiGN population renewal and design innovative city performer population 3 nd Vibrant local iNTEGRATEd Sustainable A city for walking Implementation y A leading communities development, Integrated transport TRANSpoRT foR A Housing and cycling 7 A lively, engaging effective through environmental economies and for a connected cityand design for a diverse renewal CoNNECTEd CiTy city centre governance 10 A CuLTuRAL ANd A cultural and CREATiVE CiTy Vibrant local Sustainable performer A cultural and Vibrant local population Sustainable A city for walking creative city and partnership impLEmENTATioN Implementation communities ThRouGh development 2 creative city communities development, A LEAdiNG and cycling EffECTiVE effective through and economies pARTNERShipS renewal and Aand economies globally A leading and design renewal ENViRoNmENTAL Integrated transport governance Housing A lively, engagin competitive and pERfoRmER environmental for a connected city and partnership for a diverse city centre innovative city performer population A cultural and Vibrant local Sustainable A city for walki A cultural and Vibrant local creative city Sustainable communities A city for walking development, Implementation and cycling creative city communities development, and economies and cycling renewal and design through effective and economies renewal and design governance and partnership 64 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 65
  • 35. Framework Each Strategic Direction reflects aspirations and qualities that the City for action: must build on. The Directions have been identified to provide 10 Strategic a framework for action. These accurately reflect the community’s Directions for aspirations for the City. The City of Sydney cannot achieve the Vision on its Sustainable own. A share of the proposed actions need to be supported and led by other agencies Sydney and stakeholders. 66 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 67
  • 36. Direction 1 keeping Sydney globally competitive A globally is central to Sydney’s and Australia’s competitive and SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS future. The City must focus on the global innovative City economy and sustained innovation to ensure continuing prosperity. A globally A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging competitive and environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre innovative city performer population A cultural and Vibrant local Sustainable A city for walking Implementation creative city communities development, and cycling through effective and economies renewal and design governance and partnership 68 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 69
  • 37. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The City is an acknowledged global city wESTERN EdGE A revitalised western edge 1 with natural assets, a strong economy and globally competitive businesses of the City Centre “that is globally “that attracts “of diversity, a connected” “which is an investment world recognised The City Centre is at the heart of Sydney’s global and national economic innovation hub, international and workforce” destination Global Sydney as identified in the focus will be reinforced by extending the with housing commercial core to connect the City Centre for tourists” Metropolitan Strategy and employment with Barangaroo, positioning Sydney—and opportunities A globally competitive City is critical to Australia—for the next wave of global for a wide variety “that has A GLoBALLy CompETiTiVE ANd iNNoVATiVE CiTy Australia’s economic prosperity economic development. This development “that is a globally of people” global impact” A globally competitive City expands must be supported by improved transit, renowned culture “that is an pedestrian movements and cycling hub for arts, music, opportunities for residents, business, food, architecture” international connections. gateway city workers and the broader society to Asia” The “fine grain” parts of the city will increasingly become desirable destinations why ACTioN iS NEEdEd for shopping, leisure and urban living, Reversing slow and ineffective adjustments supporting the global economic focus to a sustainable economy The concept explores a more sustainable Responding to the next wave of future for Darling Harbour—transformed to parklands supporting an expanded residential globalisation community—once the current buildings Boosting innovation reach the end of their useful life and need developing effective partnerships upgrading. dealing with looming macro-economic See page 132. imbalances Increasing interstate and global city competition Intensifying global competition in service industries Reversing a lack of investment in strategic economic infrastructure and amenities Responding to inequality, affordability and social stress Accelerating investment in green economy and technology The consultations undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 recognised that an outward looking, globally oriented city is important. 70 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 71
  • 38. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 1.1 OBjECTIVE 1.3 OBjECTIVE 1.5 plan for growth and change in the City Centre. plan for global city support functions. Strengthen business competitiveness. 1 CITY NOW CITY NOW CITY NOW Constraints on future capacity to accommodate new Lack of coherent direction for critical City support Many businesses are mobile. jobs in the City Centre. area in City’s south. Insufficient opportunities for active business leadership. Insufficient recognition of the characteristics and activity Uncoordinated planning for airport and port activities. clusters in city precincts. CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 Costs kept competitive with other cities. Sufficient development potential for Global City The City Centre is reinforced as the heart of Global Sydney. support activities is available. More opportunities for business leadership in the A GLoBALLy CompETiTiVE ANd iNNoVATiVE CiTy City Centre. Sufficient capacity is available to accommodate growth Areas in transition to residential and other uses are well of globally oriented economic activities. planned and support public transport. ACTION Undertake continuous improvements A robust planning and governance framework 1.5.1 to approvals and licensing processes. ACTION Ensure the City Plan provides capacity for 1.1.1 employment growth in the City. for the areas around the Airport is established. ACTION Develop mechanisms to strengthen business ACTION Undertake precinct and structure planning in the 1.5.2 leadership in the City Centre. ACTION Ensure the City of Sydney’s economic 1.1.2 development strategies strengthen the economic 1.3.1 southern mixed use employment area. roles of the City Centre precincts. OBjECTIVE 1.6 ACTION Work with partners to prepare a planning and ACTION Plan for long-term increased development 1.3.2 development framework for managing the impact Enhance tourism infrastructure, assets 1.1.3 opportunities and improved connections to the of airport growth. and branding of the City. Western waterfront. OBjECTIVE 1.4 CITY NOW ACTION Advocate for a new foreshore precinct at Unfulfilled tourism promise. 1.1.4 Barangaroo with a lively waterfront parks, develop innovative capacity and global boardwalks, cafes, culture and entertainment. Fragmented marketing and branding of Sydney. competitiveness. ACTION Establish a Precinct Management CITY IN 2030 CITY NOW 1.1.5 Team to work with landowners, businesses and Underutilised location links between education providers. Effective partnerships for delivering world-class tourism other stakeholders to strengthen precincts. and cultural infrastructure and amenities are established. Underdeveloped relationships between education Consistent branding for Sydney backed by the State ACTION Establish development strategies in the precinct institutions and creative and innovative capacity. Government and the City of Sydney. 1.1.6 west of George Street to activate the street level with cafes and retail and upper floor apartments CITY IN 2030 ACTION Work in partnership with the Tourism Industry and small workplaces, in the European tradition. A physically and technically linked City. 1.6.1 and State Government to develop visitor facilities A City with a strong ‘innovative milieu’. and attractions, including new hotels and accommodation opportunities. OBjECTIVE 1.2 ACTION Support local community economic 1.4.1 development and continuous learning ACTION Work towards a single marketing organisation— Strengthen globally competitive clusters and networks 1.6.2 Global Sydney—as a partnership between and develop innovative capacity. ACTION Identify, develop and support the creation industry and other governments. CITY NOW 1.4.2 of innovation precincts across the City, for ACTION Develop strategies to assist visitor orientation example at Ultimo-Pyrmont Education and Insufficient knowledge about Sydney’s competitive Cultural precinct. 1.6.3 and movement around the City. attributes and industry clusters. Lack of a formal networks and cluster development strategy. ACTION Support the growth of the Australian 1.4.3 Technology Park (ATP) and precincts. CITY IN 2030 Strategies and actions for cluster development based on a strategic vision. Industry and activity clusters developed through stakeholder partnerships. ACTION Investigate the establishment of the ‘Sydney 1.2.1 Partnership’ with the private sector, research and educational institutions. ACTION Develop the City’s strategic economic 1.2.2 development and research capabilities. ACTION Foster economic collaboration and knowledge 1.2.3 exchange with other national and global cities. ACTION Foster industry networks in a selected group of 1.2.4 high growth globally competitive industries. 72 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 73
  • 39. Direction 2 The City of Sydney has adopted ambitious A leading greenhouse gas emission reduction environmental SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS targets and will work performer towards a sustainable future for the City’s use of water, energy and waste. A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging d environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre performer population Vibrant local Sustainable A city for walking Implementation communities development, and cycling through effective and economies renewal and design governance and partnership 74 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 75
  • 40. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The City of Sydney has adopted ambitious GREEN TRANSfoRmERS Converting environmental 2 greenhouse emissions reduction targets in response to mounting evidence of a warmer, targets to real change “which has more “which is a more unstable climate “with greater green space” healthy city” The City of Sydney aims to reduce its dependence on coal-fired electricity, and self-sufficiency” Global warming is the most important “with efficient use urban management issue for the City in shift to low carbon energy and sustainable of energy, water water supplies to and beyond 2030. the 21st century “with clean, healthy, and reduced waste” The City of Sydney will facilitate the A LEAdiNG ENViRoNmENTAL pERfoRmER effective action is required across a efficient, sustainable, “which uses renewable development of Green Transformers— low-carbon footprint” energy for most number of fronts infrastructure hubs which will reinvent the energy needs” All levels of government, the private sector supply of energy and water in the City. “…which is less “with environmental and the community have a vital role congested” leadership” These systems could be installed in a number of configurations in urban why ACTioN iS NEEdEd renewal areas and existing residential and commercial areas. Green Transformers will Stabilising emissions to maintain an lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduce acceptable global climate potable water consumption, and guarantee ensuring the City can cope with the impacts a level of self-sufficiency for the City. of rising sea levels and increased flooding See page 186. Reducing the unsustainable growth in energy, water and waste resource demands ensuring the City has greater energy security The downward move of total greenhouse emissions as the result of the City of Sydney’s reductions portfolio. CO2 millions tonnes per annum 6m 2030 5m BUSINESS AS USUAL 4m TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS 3m 2m 2030 TARGET WITH MEASURES 1m 0 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 The consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 consistently highlighted that the community’s environmental concerns focus heavily on climate and water issues. By and large most stakeholders are aware of their own responsibilities, but are unsure about which tier of government is responsible for addressing these issues. 76 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 77
  • 41. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 2.1 OBjECTIVE 2.3 increase the capacity for local energy generation improve the environmental performance 2 and water supply within city boundaries. of existing buildings. CITY NOW CITY NOW Reliance on centrally provided infrastructure An urban management strategy that focuses on what outside of the City. is easier—new development. CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 A network of Green Transformers in the City. An urban management strategy that focuses on sustainable new development and retrofitting existing development. A LEAdiNG ENViRoNmENTAL pERfoRmER Continuous improvement in resource efficiency. ACTION ACTION Prepare a Green Infrastructure Plan for the City. Investigate ways to accelerate retrofitting of existing 2.1.1 2.3.1 buildings for better environmental performance. ACTION Investigate the development of Green Transformers. ACTION Investigate ways to accelerate the uptake of the 2.1.2 2.3.2 Green Power purchase within the City. ACTION Increase the use of recycled water. ACTION Extend the work of existing programs that make a 2.1.3 2.3.3 positive contribution to improved resource efficiency ACTION Integrate Green Transformers throughout the across the City. 2.1.4 City by using the City’s streets for reticulation. ACTION Improve environmental reporting and disclosure OBjECTIVE 2.4 2.1.5 against published targets. demonstrate leadership in environmental performance through the City of Sydney’s operations and activities. OBjECTIVE 2.2 CITY NOW Reduce waste generation and stormwater A commitment to strategic environmental initiatives. pollutant loads to the catchment. CITY IN 2030 International recognition for environmental leadership across CITY NOW all areas of the City of Sydney activities. Invisible drains that quickly remove water which is treated like waste. City generated waste is generally beyond City of Sydney control. ACTION Investigate the application of carbon minimisation CITY IN 2030 2.4.1 criteria to procurements and contracts. Water is celebrated and retained for re-use. A City that sees waste as a valuable resource. ACTION Investigate best practice initiatives to prepare the 2.4.2 City for the social and other impacts of global warming, such as peak fuel impacts, storms and ACTION Renew stormwater infrastructure by installing water flooding. 2.2.1 sensitive urban design in the catchment. ACTION Work with other sectors to promote sustainable ACTION Develop an integrated waste management strategy 2.4.3 environmental industries and develop economic 2.2.2 with other Inner Sydney Councils and identify sites and educational benefits. for associated processing infrastructure. ACTION Continue to develop and implement education and 2.4.4 support initiatives to assist residents, businesses, workers and visitors to reduce their environmental impacts. 78 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 79
  • 42. Direction 3 Quality transport will be a major driver to Integrated sustainability—the City must offer a variety of transport for a E | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS effective and affordable connected City transport options. Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging for a connected city for a diverse city centre population Sustainable A city for walking Implementation development, and cycling through effective renewal and design governance and partnership 80 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 81
  • 43. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... Quality transport will strengthen the pRoTECTiNG ThE CENTRE 3 sustainability and liveability of the city . Transport measures to support Sydney must be connected, accessible, public life in the City Centre “with public transport to easily get around “with one ticket to easy to get to and easy to get around ‘Protecting the Centre’ proposes innovative Inner Sydney” “with easy travel on all modes” The City of Sydney has a role in advocating, and ambitious measures to reduce the access in and impact of traffic on public space and improve around the City” sharing and presenting a sustainable vision “with car amenity in the City Centre. free areas” Heavy rail, metro rail, light rail, busways, “with user friendly and Staged measures include a reliable, frequent iNTEGRATEd TRANSpoRT foR A CoNNECTEd CiTy buses, ferries, private cars, motorbikes, seamless transport” and affordable light rail loop to easily get scooters, taxis, bicycles and pedestrians all around the City Centre linked to upgraded have a role in the City rail stations, new metro rail lines and public “where activities “with less traffic Transport to and within the City must be transport corridors that connect Central congestion” are close considered at the Sydney regional scale, the Sydney with Inner Sydney. to transport” Inner Sydney scale, the city scale and the This transit initiative will be supported by City Centre scale transport management actions to reduce the number of private vehicles in the City Centre. why ACTioN iS NEEdEd See page 144. Minimising greenhouse gas emissions and managing the impacts of global warming Maintaining economic competitiveness Reducing the negative impacts of congestion Improving health and wellbeing Managing the growth in freight traffic Matching transport to user needs Integrating the elements of Sydney’s transport system ensuring reliable transport supports an ageing population and people with a disability The consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 highlighted the desire for a City that is connected, accessible, easy to get to and easy to get around. 82 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 83
  • 44. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 3.1 OBjECTIVE 3.3 Support and plan for enhanced access by Reduce the impact of transport on public space in the 3 public transport from the Sydney Region to the City City Centre and Activity hubs. of Sydney. CITY NOW CITY NOW Pedestrian experience in the City is poor. The radial rail and bus networks perform a major role moving Lack of clear connections for pedestrians in the City. commuters to work in the City Centre, but the system has Public transport operation is constrained. failed to keep pace with growth. The road network is congested, particularly during the CITY IN 2030 weekday peaks. Active management of travel demand. iNTEGRATEd TRANSpoRT foR A CoNNECTEd CiTy Ferries serve a niche market and have an iconic role. An integrated approach to traffic management, public transport and public domain. CITY IN 2030 Public transport is the mode of choice for all trips to ACTION Improve public transport circulation in the City the City from other parts of the Sydney Region. 3.3.1 Centre. ACTION Support upgrades to the existing regional rail ACTION Increase the amount of street space dedicated to 3.1.1 system and new metro rail lines. 3.3.2 sustainable transport modes and urban space. ACTION ACTION Investigate development opportunities at and Manage car travel demand. 3.1.2 around existing and new stations in proposed 3.3.3 Activity Hubs. ACTION Develop sustainable travel initiatives. ACTION Improve the operation of existing City Centre 3.3.4 3.1.3 stations, including their interchange role. ACTION Investigate transport pricing mechanisms to 3.3.5 encourage sustainable travel. OBjECTIVE 3.2 develop an integrated inner Sydney public transport network. OBjECTIVE 3.4 CITY NOW manage regional roads to support increased public City residents travelling within Inner Sydney rely on a range transport use and reduced car traffic in City streets. of transport modes, and planning for this requires more sophisticated transport policy responses. CITY NOW Lack of integration between transport modes and inefficient The regional road network is a major part of the City’s information and ticketing systems. transport system, but the amenity of some key City streets in the network is severely compromised. CITY IN 2030 Freight is placing new demands on the City’s road network. Enhanced opportunities for Inner Sydney residents to take public transport for travel to the City Centre. Traffic congestion impedes Sydney’s economic development. Increased tourist and event accessibility between the City CITY IN 2030 Centre, Activity Hubs and Villages. Innovative demand management could reduce congestion on An accessible network for older people and people with regional road network. a disability. Freight demands managed to protect residential amenity. ACTION Develop an Inner Sydney Transport Strategy. ACTION Develop a road hierarchy and management 3.2.1 3.4.1 plan for major corridors. ACTION Improve integration of cross-regional public 3.2.2 transport services, including light rail and metro rail, ACTION Ensure opportunities to improve amenity and the quality of transport hubs. 3.4.2 are provided as part of future regional road management. ACTION Develop modal interchanges. 3.2.3 ACTION Identify a network of local bus services. 3.2.4 ACTION Develop an integrated accessible community 3.2.5 transport network. 84 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 85
  • 45. TS | ICONS Direction 4 A safe and attractive walking and cycling A City for network linking the City’s streets, parks ort ity pedestrians Housing for a diverse population A lively, engaging city centre and open spaces. and cyclists A city for walking Implementation and cycling through effective gn governance and partnership 86 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 86 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : :THE VISION 87 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 THE VISION 87
  • 46. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... Residents of the City walk or cycle for nearly LiVEABLE GREEN NETwoRk harbour to the Bay 4 half of their average weekday trips “which is a place “with public People who live in the City are less likely The Liveable Green Network is a safe and where people walk.” access to the “which is to own a car, less likely to have a driving attractive walking and cycling network harbour’s edge.” “which celebrates not clogged linking the City’s streets, parks and open outdoor life.” by cars.” licence, and less likely to use a car for “with walkable short trips spaces. streets.” Many services are local in the City, which The Liveable Green Network links the Activity Hubs, mains streets, major activity “with transport that A CiTy foR pEdESTRiANS ANd CyCLiSTS makes walking and cycling a real option spans the City in “with public precincts and the City Centre. “with connections access to the The relatively high residential density a human scale.” between the harbour’s edge.” Streets (active main streets as well as “with ribbons surrounding the City Centre suggests of green.” villages and parks.” quieter streets) and lanes in the network that within a 10 kilometre area there is a will have pedestrian and cyclist priority significant potential pool of people who and good amenity with traffic calming and could cycle for work and other activities densely planted street trees. Some streets and lanes will have the why ACTioN iS NEEdEd capacity to incorporate storm water treatment and accommodate the Minimising greenhouse gas reticulation system for sustainable energy, emissions and managing the impacts water, district hot water and district cooling. of climate change A potential corridor connecting the Reducing reliance on traditional transport Harbour to the Bay, from Glebe to Rosebery energy sources and beyond, is shown as a Project Idea Maintaining economic competitiveness connecting the waterfront, major parks and urban activities. Reducing City congestion See page 162. Improving health and wellbeing Consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 consistently highlighted people’s desire for a City where walking and cycling were a genuine, enjoyable and safe alternative to the car. 88 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 89
  • 47. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 4.1 OBjECTIVE 4.2 OBjECTIVE 4.3 develop a network of safe, linked pedestrian and cycle Give greater priority to cycle and pedestrian promote green travel for major workplaces 4 paths integrated with green spaces throughout both the movements and amenity in the City Centre. and venues in the City. City and inner Sydney. CITY NOW CITY NOW CITY NOW Unrealised potential as a walkable City Centre. Insufficient end-of-trip facilities for cyclists and Discontinuous cycling routes which share the road space Few effective transport alternatives for short trips in the pedestrians. with cars. City Centre. Tax and other salary incentives favour cars over Disconnected green spaces with potential for greater use as Lack of information and knowledge about City Centre public transport, pedestrian movement and cycling. cycling and pedestrian routes. connections. CITY IN 2030 A CiTy foR pEdESTRiANS ANd CyCLiSTS Much loved ‘main streets’ choked with cars. CITY IN 2030 City of Sydney facilities provide ‘end of trip’ facilities for Inner Sydney bicycle and network planning hampered by The City will be a great walkable City. walkers and cyclists. multiple agencies with responsibility. Employers offer a range of incentives to encourage Pedestrian movement and cycling are integrated into CITY IN 2030 transport planning. walking and cycling. A connected City. The tax system actively encourages walking and ACTION Manage the road space to encourage walking, cycling. A City that is attractive for pedestrian movement and cycling. Taking action through effective partnerships. 4.2.1 cycling and the use of public transport. ACTION Establish or improve end of trip facilities ACTION Re-time traffic signals and phasing to give 4.3.1 to encourage walking and cycling. 4.2.2 priority to pedestrians. ACTION Deliver the Cycle Strategy and Action Plan and ACTION Require Green Travel Plans for major 4.1.1 plan for an expanded network beyond 2017. ACTION Reduce the speed limit in the City Centre to 4.3.2 development. 4.2.3 40kph to improve safety and amenity. ACTION Prepare design plans for a continuous foreshore ACTION Provide bike parking, showers and 4.1.2 path between Glebe and Rushcutters Bay and from ACTION Implement part-time or full-time road lanes 4.3.3 change facilities for walkers and cyclists the harbour at Glebe, to Botany Bay, Rosebery and 4.2.4 and street closures where outdoor activities at approved City of Sydney buildings. beyond. can be encouraged. ACTION Establish and encourage incentive ACTION Work with partners to develop and implement ACTION Improve directional signs and education about 4.3.4 programs for employees who take 4.1.3 the ‘liveable network’ in the City and extend it to 4.2.5 pedestrian networks in the City Centre. sustainable transport to work. Inner Sydney. ACTION Implement a public bicycle scheme. ACTION Continue to ensure walking and cycling facilities 4.2.6 4.1.4 and networks are designed so that they are safe and meet the needs of everyone. 90 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 91
  • 48. Direction 5 The City Centre's international A lively, iconic status will be maintained and engaging enriched with an City Centre inviting streetscape and vibrant public spaces. A lively, engaging city centre Implementation through effective governance and partnership 92 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 93
  • 49. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The City Centre has a unique ThREE CiTy SquARES Linked City Squares for public Life 5 natural setting It has special significance for A new north-south ‘central spine’ with priority “which lifts “which has a “with well planned for public transport, cyclists and pedestrians the spirits” “that provides human scale” Indigenous Australians new public public transport” is proposed. This would transform George The City Centre contains a positive Street as the City’s premier street, linking access to the harbour’s edge” “which has a legacy of open spaces, a street network, City Squares at Circular Quay, Town Hall and distinctively heritage and landmarks Central Station. urban identity” A LiVELy, ENGAGiNG CiTy CENTRE “that is beautiful” The City Centre’s iconic status The City Squares will be activity, service and “which celebrates “not clogged needs to be preserved civic hubs for the City Centre communities of outdoor Sydney” by cars” “where public spaces “that tells residents, workers and visitors. invite people to pause its history” why ACTioN iS NEEdEd The linked City Squares will be active and contemplate, public spaces for large public gatherings where public space Protecting the City Centre’s role and celebrations with improved transport invites humanity” as Australia’s iconic location connections and interchange. “where people walk” Opening and re-connecting the See page 138. City Centre to the water Reclaiming the City Centre from traffic Creating more and better spaces for people to enjoy the City Preserving and extending the City’s ‘fine grain’ — the small scale and diverse spaces providing for small retail and service tenancies, set in vibrant and attractive streets Increasing life on the street Creating a more diverse and mature night time culture The consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 revealed how attached the people of the City are to the City Centre. They acknowledge that it is the focus for business, cultural and recreational activity. They want to see its status preserved. 94 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 95
  • 50. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 5.1 OBjECTIVE 5.3 OBjECTIVE 5.5 Strengthen the City’s public domain identity and create manage and strengthen precincts in the City Centre. Assist appropriate small businesses to locate and 5 more places for meeting, rest and leisure. thrive in the City Centre. CITY NOW CITY NOW Insufficient variation in height and built form controls leading CITY NOW Lack of distinctive streets. to overshadowed streets and insufficient protection for fine grain Diminishing opportunities for start-up or young Lack of open space network. areas. entrepreneurs to establish in the City Centre. Dominated by noisy and polluting traffic. Underdeveloped cultural and leisure precincts. CITY IN 2030 Under-recognised underground life and activity for low rent spaces. Precinct identities and economic specialisations are CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 developed and underpinned by a wide cross-section of A strong City identity—a central north-south spine linking A LiVELy, ENGAGiNG CiTy CENTRE businesses including start-ups and niche operators. major public squares. Fine grain protected in key precincts, for example, in the Retail An inviting streetscape—a strong hierarchy of significant Core west of George Street south of Erskine Street to Chinatown and City South. ACTION Develop ‘City Centre Business Diversity’ public spaces. 5.5.1 criteria to attract and encourage businesses Cultural and hospitality precincts develop in the vicinity of in the City Centre. ACTION Plan for a north-south central spine in the City Centre cultural venues. 5.1.1 connecting three new squares at Circular Quay, Town Sydney’s laneways and underground spaces are part of the ACTION Investigate the merits of a Small Business Hall and Central; with priority for public transport, attraction of the City Centre and complement street life. 5.5.2 Development Fund to provide grants to cycling and pedestrians. businesses that meet the ‘City Centre Business ACTION Develop a public space improvement strategy to ACTION Ensure the City Plan continues to preserve mixed Diversity’ criteria. 5.1.2 enhance streets and squares in the City Centre. 5.3.1 uses and ‘fine grain’ development, in particular west of George Street, south of Erskine Street to Chinatown ACTION Investigate creating City of Sydney assisted and in the City South. 5.5.3 or funded business incubators. OBjECTIVE 5.2 ACTION Undertake cultural mapping to identify opportunities for provide an activity focus for the City Centre 5.3.2 cultural, entertainment and hospitality precincts around OBjECTIVE 5.6 existing venues, and facilitate by appropriate development worker and visitor communities. controls, street level lighting, signage and paving. Support the development of diverse, new CITY NOW bars and restaurants in the City Centre. Lack of a focus for the City’s worker, student and visitor ACTION Investigate use of underground spaces for 5.3.3 cultural venues, public art and exhibition spaces, CITY NOW communities. entertainment and hospitality. An unsophisticated late night bar and hospitality culture. CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 The three new squares on the north-south spine are service ACTION Promote laneway precincts such and activity hubs for the City Centre’s communities. 5.3.4 as Angel Place. A thriving and quirky array of ‘out of the way’ choices for late night dining, drinking and continued conversations. ACTION Prepare a City Centre Community Facilities and OBjECTIVE 5.4 ACTION Establish a liquor licensing working group to 5.2.1 Programs Strategy and review the City Plan to increase the supply of small scale spaces for retail and 5.6.1 monitor and assist in the implementation of new deliver the three squares as a focus for City Centre liquor licensing laws and promote the further community life with services such as childcare, small businesses on streets and lanes. reforms needed. libraries and information services. CITY NOW Diminishing supply of independent and specialist retailing. CITY IN 2030 Australia’s premier retail destination with a great variety of offerings. ACTION Prepare a retail strategy focused on expanding small 5.4.1 scale capacity across the City Centre and reinforcing high-end shopping in the retail core. ACTION Investigate planning controls requiring new and 5.4.2 redeveloped buildings to be built to the street edge with active, externally focused frontages for small retailing. ACTION Develop ways to encourage existing building owners 5.4.3 to build to street edges. Fill in empty colonnades and activate blank building edges with retail activity on streets and laneways. ACTION Investigate conversion to ‘grand retail’ or 5.4.4 ‘grand hotels’ for landmark city buildings. 96 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 97
  • 51. E SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS Direction 6 Building the sense of community and local Vibrant local economy by attracting and clustering communities A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging nd environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre y performer population innovative enterprises and economies in the City's Villages Vibrant local Sustainable A city for walking Implementation communities development, and cycling through effective and economies renewal and design governance and partnership 98 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 98 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : :THE VISION 99 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 THE VISION 99
  • 52. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The City is made up of diverse communities, NEw moVES foR NEwTowN Building on the Creative hub 6 with diverse lifestyles, interests and needs “with diverse “which is The City is made up of a ‘City of Villages’ King Street is Newtown’s great public “with markets and communities inclusive, fair, of different character asset and its strongest urban element— cultural festivals sharing together” and affordable” a fine-grained and sinuous retail strip that and sports events” The Villages have an important economic traces the ridge-line. It is a socially diverse, “which is a place and employment role in the City public promenade, serviced by two train for people from all walks of life” The City’s local communities and lines (Newtown and Erskineville Stations) “which offers “for children” ViBRANT LoCAL CommuNiTiES ANd ECoNomiES A LIVELY, ENGAGING CITY CENTRE economies can be even stronger and multiple bus routes. affordability and social diversity” “with vibrant The consistent narrow frontages with culture and relatively few large retail tenancies, create “with self contained why ACTioN iS NEEdEd entertainment” “which is communities” a collage of interesting retail, fashion, friendly” Reducing the disparity between restaurant and entertainment venues “where there was a rich and poor—enhancing social reflecting the local cosmopolitan community connection “with places to wellbeing and relative equality and its role as a regional attraction. to the local “where different eat, drink and Village” Villages offer Meeting the needs of a diverse population The future of these streets should give different socialise” “with improved priority to pedestrians, enhance public small businesses ensuring equitable distribution and access “with a sense specialities” in Villages” space and improve the links between the to social infrastructure railway station and Australia Street. Ideas of belonging” enhancing the distinctive character to encourage spaces for small businesses, of Villages fresh food markets and creative activities should be explored. Providing spaces for small and local businesses See page 180. ensuring all communities have opportunities to participate The consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 consistently highlighted the community’s desire for a vibrant, inclusive, and accessible City where people feel a sense of belonging. 100 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 101
  • 53. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 6.1 OBjECTIVE 6.3 OBjECTIVE 6.4 maintain and enhance the role and character of provide a rich layer of accessible develop and support local economies 6 the Villages. community-level social infrastructure, services and and employment. CITY NOW programs across the City. CITY NOW The City of Villages concept has successfully highlighted the CITY NOW Unrealised potential for Villages to accommodate niche distinct character of the City’s local residential and commercial Social programs and services typically focus on minority businesses, start-ups and diverse retailing. precincts, but needs refinement given the new context of group needs. Role of robust local economies in global economy not Sustainable Sydney 2030. sufficiently recognised. Social planning needs to be better integrated with other CITY IN 2030 aspects of the City of Sydney’s activities. CITY IN 2030 ViBRANT LoCAL CommuNiTiES ANd ECoNomiES The Villages sustain a mix of local jobs and services and each The aspiration for relative equality in the City is poorly served Villages and Activity Hubs encourage and foster has a distinct character. by uncoordinated inter-governmental responsibilities. entrepreneurial spirit and employment growth. Growth pressures are putting pressure on social Villages and Activity Hubs integrated into Global Sydney. ACTION Ensure that City of Sydney planning policies and infrastructure. 6.1.1 programs support a Sustainable City of Villages. Community facilities are unevenly distributed across ACTION Investigate economic development strategies the City and some are in a poor condition. 6.4.1 for Activity Hubs. CITY IN 2030 OBjECTIVE 6.2 Community and social planning is broad based, ACTION Include initiatives for work and training for local recognising all the dimensions that contribute to quality 6.4.2 unemployed and disadvantaged people in Create a network of Activity hubs as places Activity Hub development plans. of life. for meeting, shopping, creating, learning and Strategic social planning and implementation capacity is ACTION Investigate the establishment of a Sydney working for local communities. strong and integrated across the City of Sydney’s activities. 6.4.3 Employment Mentoring Program. CITY NOW The City of Sydney is a partner in services provision and ACTION Support initiatives to expand job opportunities Lack of identified locations for a more intense mix of activities multi-disciplinary programs addressing inequality, social 6.4.4 for Indigenous people. to provide a focus for new strategic investment in established disadvantage and homelessness. areas and support local level sustainability. Specific standards and guidelines will guide facility and Narrow view of the role of the City Centre as Global Sydney. service provision, based on robust research and planning OBjECTIVE 6.5 frameworks and public debates. CITY IN 2030 Equitable and accessible: Community facilities are Build opportunities for lifelong learning in A recognised layer of Activity Hubs for meeting, shopping, provided so that Villages and Activity Hubs are the focus new literacies. creative activities, learning and working. for new and redeveloped facility provision. CITY NOW City Centre, Villages and Activity Hubs for an integrated Integrated and innovative: The City of Sydney is a leader in Global Sydney. Lack of opportunities to meaningfully engage new models of social infrastructure provision and delivery. with ‘new literacies’. CITY IN 2030 ACTION Develop plans for each Activity Hub to support ACTION Prepare a city-wide integrated communities 6.2.1 community needs, the role and future character 6.3.1 strategy to ensure services meet local A City with command of the new literacies. of community life at Crown Street, Kings Cross, community needs. Oxford Street, Redfern Street, Harris Street, ACTION Establish and promote an accessible Glebe Point Road, King Street and Haymarket. ACTION Establish partnerships and programs to 6.5.1 information literacy program in every 6.3.2 improve social conditions and outcomes Activity Hub. ACTION Plan for new Activity Hubs at Green Square among particular communities. 6.2.2 and Harbour (Hickson Road). ACTION Establish free Wi-Fi networks in all City libraries ACTION Establish standards and guidelines for the form 6.5.2 and ensure City libraries offer access to global ACTION Plan for development to support the core 6.3.3 and nature of community facilities needed to communications. 6.2.3 elements of future Activity Hubs. meet emerging social needs in the City, based on analysis and research. ACTION Plan for community assets, facilities and elements ACTION Prepare a Future Community Facilities Plan 6.2.4 consistent with the future role and character of 6.3.4 to direct investment in new or redeveloped the Activity Hubs. community facilities in the Villages or Activity Hubs. 102 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 103
  • 54. SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 | STYLEGUIDE | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS Direction 7 A creative life where people can A cultural and share traditions and lifestyles — creative City A globally A leading Integrated transport Housing A lively, engaging competitive and environmental for a connected city for a diverse city centre innovative city performer population celebrating Indigenous culture, diversity and community. A cultural and Vibrant local Sustainable A city for walking Implementation creative city communities development, and cycling through effective and economies renewal and design governance and partnership 104 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 105
  • 55. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The City provides a platform for EoRA JouRNEy pathways from the harbour to Redfern 7 creative expression The City’s culture extends beyond Eora Journey will celebrate and share the “that the arts to lifestyle, heritage and story of the world's oldest living culture. In “which has a network celebrates “that is a response to the ideas of the Indigenous of cultural precincts artists” learning City” the natural environment and broader community, Eora Journey “that has room across the City providing for artists not The City has a concentration of was developed by Merrima Indigenous just stars” affordable, subsidised world class cultural destinations design studio, part of the New South Wales studio spaces” A CuLTuRAL ANd CREATiVE CiTy Government Architect's Office. The Journey The City has culturally diverse communities “where art is “that is will be a shared and participative cultural cosmopolitan, “with soul” Arts and cultural activities are fundamental for everybody” walk from Redfern through Prince Alfred vibrant and to liveability, tolerance and quality of life and Park, Hyde Park and on to Mrs Macquaries active” increasingly to economic development Chair. An Indigenous Cultural Centre is also proposed along the route. The City has a large and growing cluster of businesses engaged in creative industries See page 150. Cultural Ribbon why ACTioN iS NEEdEd Linked to the Eora Journey, the Cultural Learning more about and celebrate Ribbon will be a cultural walking link around Aboriginal heritage and culture. the foreshore connecting significant places and interpreting the cultural importance of Supporting culture and artists for the those places. City to enjoy a thriving cultural life. See page 156. Supporting the cultural needs of the City’s diverse communities need to be met. encouraging and fostering innovation and creativity. encouraging emerging technologies. Fostering cultural vitality, participation and engagement. 84 per cent of City residents believe a diverse mix of people and cultures in the City is important. Residents highly value and respect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, with 87 per cent of City residents surveyed having this view. 106 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 107
  • 56. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 7.1 OBjECTIVE 7.3 OBjECTIVE 7.4 Encourage the appreciation and development of Support the development of creative industries. provide cultural leadership and 7 Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander cultural heritage CITY NOW strengthen cultural partnerships. and its contemporary expression. CITY NOW Only recent recognition of strength of creative industries. CITY NOW Continuing challenges to sufficient investment in the Lack of appropriate space for creative industries. Insufficient connection between appreciating Indigenous City’s cultural infrastructure. culture and links to social justice and economic and CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 employment opportunities. A City which fosters a globally competitive cluster of creative industries. A leading Global City in the provision of cultural CITY IN 2030 infrastructure, assets and resources. A CuLTuRAL ANd CREATiVE CiTy Heritage and culture of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders A City which understands, plans and provides space for respected and celebrated. creative industries. ACTION Develop a creative framework for Public Art in A City linked through Aboriginal culture and heritage. 7.4.1 the City. ACTION Identify the location and infrastructure needs of ACTION Extend cultural mapping beyond the City Centre ACTION Develop a City of Sydney Indigenous Cultural Plan, 7.3.1 various creative and innovative industries. 7.4.2 to inform the City of Sydney’s Cultural Plan. 7.1.1 covering Indigenous arts, public art and design. ACTION Develop creative industry and cultural precinct ACTION Foster formal partnerships with other 7.3.2 strategies. 7.4.3 governments to coordinate support for the ACTION Establish a formal City of Sydney Aboriginal Advisory 7.1.2 Group. ACTION Establish a Creative Spaces Register cultural calendar of major events. 7.3.3 to provide access to studio spaces in the City. ACTION Establish Partnerships with other governments ACTION Establish an Australian Indigenous Cultural Centre. 7.1.3 ACTION 7.4.4 to coordinate support cultural development. 7.3.4 Establish a Creative Industry Forum. ACTION Investigate creating a centre for Sustainable ACTION Continue consultation and initiate partnerships to bring 7.4.5 Sydney in the City to showcase design, culture 7.1.4 a new focus on the understanding and celebration of ACTION Develop a pilot program that encourages start-up and the built environment as well as providing Indigenous culture in the City. 7.3.5 cultural and creative enterprises. exhibition and forum space. ACTION Establish an Indigenous cultural interpretation trail from ACTION Establish active partnerships with best practice ACTION Develop partnerships with the universities, to 7.1.5 Redfern to Mrs Macquaries Chair. 7.3.6 adaptive reuse heritage spaces. 7.4.6 involve them in community cultural development and creating the Activity Hubs. OBjECTIVE 7.2 Support cultural activity, participation and interaction. CITY NOW Sydney is recognised for its cultural energy and creativity but there are gaps in opportunities for participation. CITY IN 2030 Increased opportunities for cultural participation. ACTION Promote use of a temporarily unused city buildings as 7.2.1 affordable space for artists, arts and cultural studios. ACTION Prepare an Integrated Cultural Events Strategy 7.2.2 to identify opportunities for community-based management and programming of events in Activity Hubs, and create links with the creative economy. ACTION Use Sydney’s streets, laneways and public spaces to 7.2.3 showcase different art forms. ACTION Prepare a Cultural Infrastructure Plan for the City that 7.2.4 assesses future needs, and identifies opportunities for best practice delivery of cultural programs through community centres. ACTION Ensure that the use of the City’s streets and public 7.2.5 places for busking and performance licences is accessible and affordable. 108 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 109
  • 57. Direction 8 A wider range of housing so people Housing for a who provide vital City services can afford diverse population TS | ICONS to live in the City. ort Housing A lively, engaging ity for a diverse city centre population A city for walking Implementation and cycling through effective gn governance and partnership 110 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 111
  • 58. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... The current City housing stock is growing houSiNG diVERSiTy 8 and offers a reasonable diversity of type Affordable housing initiatives The City hosts a diverse population The City of Sydney has signed a “that is respectful “which provides of diversity— “that offers “that is a place for Housing affordability is a major problem for Memorandum of Understanding with the affordability affordable people that works cultural, religious, spaces for State Government, committing the City and social for people from many residents and for people who aspire and Housing NSW to work corroboratively age, gender, diversity” creative people” all walks of life” sexuality and to live in the City, particularly those in lower to develop a feasibility study to provide family structure” paid service industries affordable housing on a 3.6 hectare “that is inclusive, houSiNG foR A diVERSE popuLATioN site in Glebe. fair, affordable” The State and Federal Governments share responsibilities for housing policy, including Affordable housing close to the City is “with housing the provision of housing for lower income needed to ensure people employed in for the homeless” households. The City of Sydney can support essential services like nursing, health and State and Federal Government initiatives to teaching can afford to live close to where they work. expand affordable housing opportunities, without accepting a mainstream role in The City of Sydney and Housing NSW provision or stock management will share the strategic planning for any proposed developments, utilise existing under-used land and potentially will why ACTioN iS NEEdEd redevelop existing public housing. The affordable housing project will take full Providing an adequate supply of housing advantage of Federal Government initiatives for a range of lifestyle choices and aimed at increasing affordable housing. household types, including the City’s A joint master planning process involving diverse communities through culturally community consultation will develop appropriate housing guidelines for the affordable housing ensuring that housing is available for low model. This initiative will efficiently utilise to middle income workers in ‘essential’ urban land, demonstrate best practice in activities such as teaching, nursing, police environmental sustainability, excellence in urban design and architecture, high quality and emergency services vibrant public spaces and encourage Preserving the share of public housing for alternative transport solutions and minimal very low income households and additional car use. needs groups where access The project is intended to be a mix of one to services is good third social housing, one third affordable Addressing homelessness among housing and one third market housing. groups at risk See page 174. Improving social cohesion Including the City’s diverse communities The community has expressed though culturally appropriate housing strong support for the future Sydney Providing accessible housing, applying to provide affordable housing for a universal design principles diverse population. In a Sustainable Sydney 2030 survey, 74 per cent of respondents agreed that affordable housing should be distributed across the City of Sydney 112 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 113
  • 59. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 8.1 OBjECTIVE 8.3 OBjECTIVE 8.5 facilitate the supply of housing by the private market. Ensure that a substantial proportion of housing facilitate and promote growth in the social housing 8 CITY NOW is aimed at the lower end of the market. sector to provide housing opportunities for those Housing supply is not keeping pace with demand. CITY NOW with very low incomes. The City shares control over future residential development Pressure on low cost housing from gentrification CITY NOW with State Government agencies. processes. Declining share of social housing. Development controls and approval processes can Loss of low cost housing stock including boarding Concentration of disadvantage in areas of social housing. constrain efficient supply side responses. houses. Risk of homelessness for vulnerable groups. CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 houSiNG foR A diVERSE popuLATioN Future land supply for residential development is The market provides a mix of housing types, including maximised, consistent with provision for employment uses Social housing in its various forms maintains its share of for people with low to moderate incomes. all dwellings. and environmental and other objectives. Strong housing growth occurs in areas serviced ACTION Encourage the development industry to provide by infrastructure. ACTION Work in partnership with the Department of 8.3.1 lower priced housing. 8.5.1 Housing on its public housing renewal projects. Ongoing monitoring and a regional response to housing demand. ACTION Ensure there are no unnecessary barriers to the ACTION Identify and initiate social housing and affordable 8.3.2 supply of lower cost accommodation types. 8.5.2 housing projects for people with additional needs, ACTION Address unnecessary barriers including people who are homeless, young ACTION Develop a strategy to maintain a supply of Aboriginal people, and artists on low income. 8.1.1 to residential development by the private market. 8.3.3 boarding house accommodation in the City. ACTION Ensure substantial, future residential development at ACTION Advocate increased investment in social housing 8.1.2 major renewal sites. 8.5.3 in the City by other governments. OBjECTIVE 8.4 ACTION Provide physical and social infrastructure to meet 8.1.3 the needs of residents in a timely way. facilitate and promote growth in the ‘affordable housing’ sector including by Not-for-profit (Nfp) OBjECTIVE 8.6 ACTION Monitor the availability of private and public land for and other housing providers. 8.1.4 residential development. promote partnerships and develop advocacy CITY NOW strategies for the delivery of housing for very low ACTION Work with Inner City Councils and State Government through to moderate income households. 8.1.5 to ensure a good supply of land for residential Limited involvement by the NFP sector in the delivery development. of affordable housing. CITY NOW Pressure on low cost rental housing. Lack of community understanding and acceptance of Housing stress for low income working households. housing for low income groups. OBjECTIVE 8.2 CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 Ensure that housing developments provide a diversity The NFP sector and other providers supply housing A pro-active role by the City of Sydney in explaining the of housing opportunities for different lifestyle choices ‘at cost’ or in some instances below cost to needy benefits of a diverse housing stock, including housing households. for low income groups. and household types. CITY NOW ACTION Support the NFP sector in providing affordable ACTION Work with all stakeholders to develop models Small households and younger residents dominate in the City. 8.4.1 housing. 8.6.1 of construction and delivery of affordable Housing choice is falling. ACTION Investigate an affordable housing pilot project in housing to demonstrate how partnerships CITY IN 2030 8.4.2 partnership with NFP sector and Department of could work across the City. The market provides diversity and caters for a range Housing. For example, in areas such as Glebe, of lifestyle choices and household types. Barangaroo and Redfern and Waterloo, with ACTION Investigate the benefits and opportunities Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority and 8.4.3 of expanding existing included zones for Redfern- Waterloo Authority. ACTION Develop and promote an Affordable Housing affordable housing to fund the NFP sector, such as expansion in future renewal areas or on all ACTION Develop an effective communications strategy 8.2.1 Strategy for Sydney and inner Sydney. commercial developments across the City. 8.6.2 to promote the need for and benefits of housing ACTION Ensure the City Plan requires a mix of housing types diversity and low income housing. 8.2.2 to suit a wide range of people and a wide range of ACTION Ensure programs and services are in place social diversity. 8.6.3 to support people with low incomes in public ACTION Ensure new residential development is well housing. 8.2.3 designed for people with a disability or limited mobility, the elderly and is adaptable for use by different household types. 114 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 115
  • 60. | SECONDARY ELEMENTS | ICONS Direction 9 High quality urban design will bring Sustainable liveability and greater sustainability. development Integrated transport for a connected city Housing for a diverse population A lively, engaging city centre renewal and design Sustainable A city for walking Implementation development, and cycling through effective renewal and design governance and partnership IMAGE: BOVIS LENDLEASE, THE BOND, 30 HICKSON ROAD 116 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 117
  • 61. CiTy CoNTEXT ACTioN R pRoJECT idEA What the community said: people want a city... Good urban design contributes to the CoNNECTiNG GREEN SquARE 9 liveability of the City and plays a major role in Connecting Green Square aims to ensure “with design maintaining and improving Sydney’s status environmental improvements in this renewal quality relative to other cities area also improve the environmental “with humanity excellence” “that is and a human scale” “that is lively, beautiful” While most of the City that will exist in 2030 performance of the City as a whole. thoughtful is here now, some parts of the City will The area around the Green Square Town “that is and edgy” creative, edgy “with a soul” undergo significant change and renewal Centre has the potential to have the and gritty” vibrancy and diversity of Surry Hills, but with “this is sustainable SuSTAiNABLE dEVELopmENT RENEwAL ANd dESiGN Renewal sites provide the opportunity to with a low-carbon the added advantage of a linked network of “that supports design greatly improve the social, economic and parks, including the major Sydney Park. footprint” “with for self sustaining environmental performance of the City and distinctively buildings” Sydney Region The 2030 Vision proposes the Green urban identity” Square Town Centre be strengthened and supported by the addition of residential, why ACTioN iS NEEdEd retail and business activities and improved Responding to Sydney’s changing public transport connections. The urban economic circumstances design of development adjoining Green Square will adopt the fine grain character of ensuring renewal areas become extensions traditional street patterns. of the City integrated with the existing urban fabric The Vision sees the southern part of the City as an opportunity for growth, infrastructure Presenting a coherent City-wide vision to improvements and redevelopment over guide individual projects the next 20 years and beyond. It proposes ensuring development controls and a long-term approach to preserving approvals are clear and well justified and do opportunities for future development and renewing the life of the Alexandra Canal and not add unnecessarily to the cost of renewal its historic warehouse as a lively waterfront and development precinct, with direct links to Sydney Park, Recognising the role of the streets, Green Square Town Centre and Moore Park. parks and squares in public life See page 168. Increasing the opportunities presented by renewal sites to achieve City-wide environmental targets Promoting a ‘fine grain’ subdivision and ownership pattern that supports mixed use, Throughout the consultation diversity and a strong identity undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030, people from Aspiring to design excellence across local communities and the City business placed emphasis on the need for authenticity, diversity and sustainability in the design of existing and renewal areas. 118 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 119
  • 62. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 9.1 OBjECTIVE 9.3 OBjECTIVE 9.5 Ensure renewal areas make major contributions to the plan for a beautiful City and promote Ensure new development is integrated with the sustainability of the City. design excellence. 9 diversity and ‘grain’ of the surrounding City. CITY NOW CITY NOW CITY NOW Renewal projects are typically untested for broader Sydney’s ‘beauty’ threatened by poor development. New large scale development typically not integrated into sustainability and community impacts. Design excellence of individual developments will not surrounding City areas. Collective approaches to potential benefits not realised. necessarily result in a coherent and attractive whole. CITY IN 2030 CITY IN 2030 Insufficient consideration of desirable built form and street New development is integrated and connected into the edge conditions and an over-reliance on Floor Space Ratio surrounding neighbourhood. The City’s renewal areas are sustainability exemplars. controls. Renewal areas meet aggressive sustainability targets. The ‘grittiness’ and authenticity of the City is extended into SuSTAiNABLE dEVELopmENT RENEwAL ANd dESiGN Collective solutions to achieve sustainability aims are utilised in CITY IN 2030 new development by providing for multiple owners and renewal areas. Beauty and design excellence encouraged by reference investors. to simple rules related to scale and a move toward ‘Block ACTION Set sustainability targets for individual renewal areas. Planning’ controls. ACTION Establish Development Integration Principles 9.1.1 Design excellence and strategic objectives are met 9.5.1 Guidelines. through public investment. ACTION Review development controls against Development ACTION Undertake broad economic analyses of urban renewal in 9.1.2 order to prioritise sustainability. 9.5.2 Integration Principles and Guidelines. ACTION Prepare Public Domain Interface Guidelines to define 9.3.1 desired street edge conditions. ACTION Review current planning for renewal areas against the ACTIONRequire key sites such as Barangaroo, Frasers Broadway, 9.5.3 Development Integration Principles. 9.1.3 Ashmore and Green Square to demonstrate step changes ACTION Move towards ‘block planning’, including simple in environmental performance, housing affordability, 9.3.2 building envelope controls for heights, setbacks ACTION sustainable transport and reduction in car ownership. and bulk. 9.5.4 Review models of delivery for major renewal areas. ACTION Develop performance-based criteria to supplement 9.3.3 building envelope controls. OBjECTIVE 9.2 OBjECTIVE 9.6 ACTION Continue to protect the heritage values of objects, define and improve the City’s streets, squares, parks and 9.3.4 buildings, places and landscapes. plan for the longer term structure of the City. open space, and enhance their role for pedestrians and in ACTION Encourage the reuse and adaptation of heritage and CITY NOW public life. 9.3.5 other existing buildings. Planning for future growth and change needs a longer CITY NOW ACTION Work to establish competitive design processes for all term outlook. Additional open space provision is highly constrained. 9.3.6 public buildings. CITY IN 2030 The City’s streets are not sufficiently acknowledged ACTION Ensure the design of major infrastructure contributes Current planning decisions do not preclude longer term as public space assets. 9.3.7 to the public domain. options. Large areas of open space separated from surrounding residential communities. ACTION Identify and plan for longer term renewal areas in OBjECTIVE 9.4 9.6.1 a City-wide, integrated way to maximise social and CITY IN 2030 A comprehensive, continuous and legible network of Continually improve development controls and economic benefits. pedestrian-friendly streets linking parks, squares and public approvals processes to minimise compliance and ACTION Investigate railways, including above Central Station, buildings is provided. supply side costs. 9.6.2 where the potential for entertainment, exhibition and New and more intense development is supported by high convention facilities would benefit from co-location quality, additional open space where possible. CITY NOW with Central Station. Institutional or ‘private’ open space is available for ‘dual use’. Development controls may impact on the cost and diversity ACTION Identify development opportunities in airspace of development. 9.6.3 above roads, rail and other infrastructure in Darling Car parking increases the cost of development. Harbour in conjunction with long-term planning for ACTION Prepare a comprehensive Public Domain Plan to define 9.2.1 the long-term street and lane network, location of squares CITY IN 2030 Barangaroo. and public places and open space system, initially Developments in the City are carried out as cost effectively ACTION Identify renewal and regeneration opportunities in focussing on renewal areas. as possible. 9.6.4 and around Department of Housing areas. ACTION Develop agreements for dual use of institutional and other 9.2.2 open space, such as schools and universities. ACTION Regularly review and streamline ACTION Work with the Redfern-Waterloo Authority to support 9.4.1 development controls. 9.6.5 social regeneration and initiatives and a physical ACTION Undertake strategic land purchase or require dedication of 9.2.3 land to implement Public Domain Plan. ACTION Regularly review the development approval process renewal of Redfern and Waterloo including exploring 9.4.2 for applicants. the potential for a new train station at Bourke Street. ACTION Investigate ways to increase community engagement in 9.2.4 improving local streets and lanes such as ‘Beautiful Lanes, ACTION Review car parking requirements to reduce Green Streets’ program. 9.4.3 development costs and improve affordability with an initial focus on Green Square. ACTIONInvestigate further strategies to activate the 9.2.5 public domain. ACTION Create generous channel-side open space and parkland 9.2.6 links to Green Square along water canals. 120 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 121
  • 63. Direction 10 Partnerships across government, business Implementation and community; leadership in local, through effective A lively, engaging city centre national and global governance and City forums. partnerships Implementation through effective governance and partnership IMAGE: CUSTOMS HOUSE 2030 EXHIBITION 122 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 123
  • 64. CiTy CoNTEXT why ACTioN iS NEEdEd OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 10.1 The City of Sydney has a special role Responding to Global warming presents Align corporate planning and organisational arrangements to deliver Sustainable Sydney 2030 priorities. 10 at the centre of the metropolitan region an urgent need to replace ageing and The City of Sydney has core service and unsustainable infrastructure CITY NOW regulatory roles and has a wider role as Increasing service and infrastructure Local Action Plans have established a locality-based planning structure that needs further development. an advocate and partner with other levels expectations of Local Government, while Sustainable Sydney 2030 localities not fully reflected in current organisation of government effective power and control is eroded arrangements or in relations with State agencies. The City of Sydney is in a strong financial Tightening access to additional revenue CITY IN 2030 EffECTiVE GoVERNANCE ANd pARTNERShipS position with an appreciating asset base but increasing costs City of Sydney organisation structure reflects the priorities of Sustainable Sydney 2030. The City of Sydney has a leadership role Articulating a strategic agenda for in forums such as the Council of Capital other agencies with responsibilities ACTION Investigate and establish place making arrangements for delivery of Activity City Lord Mayors and the international in the City of Sydney 10.1.1 Hubs and renewal areas in accordance with the strategic directions of Sustainable Sydney 2030. C40 Climate Change Leadership Group Addressing fragmented local governance ACTION Establish project and location-based partnerships with senior officers from arrangements for more effective 10.1.2 State Government. metropolitan planning ACTION Incorporate Sustainable Sydney 2030 principles, objectives and actions in 10.1.3 City of Sydney Corporate Plan and in budgets. What the community said: people want a City... OBjECTIVE 10.2 Give priority to community involvement, engagement and partnerships with the City of Sydney. “with simplified and CITY NOW “with a whole “that takes “with partnerships” transparent decision a leadership role” Strong community involvement based on diverse consultation, engagement and of government making” information strategies, with more innovation possible. approach” CITY IN 2030 “with local government “with a Charter between levels “with fewer City of Sydney is a leader in practical and innovative strategies for partnering playing a big role in with the community in planning, service delivery and decision making. of government” authorities” community networks and connections” ACTION Maintain and extend community roles in decision-making and in current 10.2.1 consultation, engagement, education and information procedures. The consultation undertaken for Sustainable Sydney 2030 consistently highlighted the community’s desire for strong City leadership and new ways of thinking about governance. 124 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 125
  • 65. OBJECTIVES OBjECTIVE 10.3 OBjECTIVE 10.5 OBjECTIVE 10.7 Ensure the long-term financial sustainability of the City of Sydney. Consider innovative financing and funding approaches. participate in broader governance reform processes. 10 CITY NOW CITY NOW CITY NOW Strong financial position but increasing costs and constrained new revenue Reliance on rates and traditional revenue sources. Lack of recent effective coordination between different levels opportunities. CITY IN 2030 of government. Diversified income base. National sustainability and economic productivity hampered by CITY IN 2030 current arrangements. World-class financial and asset management. Role as a partner or facilitator in major projects involving public private financing combinations. Current Local Government arrangements hampering effective Expanded revenues for identified strategic priorities strategic planning for Sydney Region. for a sustainable financial footing. ACTION Expand revenues from commercial operations, property CITY IN 2030 EffECTiVE GoVERNANCE ANd pARTNERShipS 10.5.1 portfolio and other income generating assets. ACTION Upgrade and expand financial planning and asset management capability in Metropolitan governance reforms enhance integrated planning 10.3.1 line with best practice. ACTION Investigate ‘capital capture’ where rezoning will increase 10.5.2 land values and ways to share revenue. and investment in Sydney. ACTION Extend financial planning horizon to 10 years and beyond. Strategic outcomes for sustainable urban development agreed 10.3.2 ACTION between levels of government and incentives provided for ACTION Investigate special rate levies for environmental and social and economic 10.5.3 Review property development levies. achievements. 10.3.3 development priorities. ACTION Work with partners to prepare a position paper on new 10.5.4 infrastructure financing approaches such as through ACTION Lead public debate on the future of local government ACTION Review scope of existing City of Sydney operations and ensure they deliver 10.7.1 in Sydney. 10.3.4 value for money against public sector benchmarks. bonds to finance Sustainable Sydney 2030 projects. ACTION Work toward a system of Federal Government funding ACTION Establish criteria for better agreements with other governments and agencies 10.7.2 to local Councils for achievement on agreed strategic 10.3.5 regarding funding. outcomes. OBjECTIVE 10.6 Review and monitor the development and implementation OBjECTIVE 10.4 of Sustainable Sydney 2030. Establish and monitor partnerships for change. CITY NOW Evolving systems for monitoring policy and service outcomes CITY NOW against objectives and targets. Limited City of Sydney capacity to deliver major projects of strategic interest. Many worthwhile partnerships with other agencies and stakeholders but a need for CITY IN 2030 a strategic approach. New, sophisticated models and technologies for monitoring implementation against targets. CITY IN 2030 Expanded role for partnerships involving City of Sydney in delivering strategic ACTION Prepare a financial plan to implement the 2030 Vision, 10.6.1 including possible State and Federal Government projects. funding roles. ACTION Establish agreements between City of Sydney and State Government for ACTION Establish a monitoring and review process for the 2030 10.4.1 delivery against Metropolitan Strategy, State Plan and other State policy 10.6.2 Vision, Objectives and Actions. objectives. ACTION Establish models to identify how and where Sustainable ACTION Continue work with Council of Capital City Lord Mayors and engage with the 10.6.3 Sydney 2030 targets are going to be achieved. 10.4.2 Federal Government on investing in capital cities. ACTION Adopt new digital and mapping capabilities to assist ACTION Review organisation capacity to establish and monitor relationships required 10.6.4 in monitoring. 10.4.3 to implement Sustainable Sydney 2030. ACTION Assess new partnership opportunities with reference to achieving the ACTION Review the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision every 10.4.4 Sustainable Sydney 2030 principles and objectives. 10.6.5 five years. ACTION Continue to engage with other governments, inner Sydney councils and 10.4.5 national and global cities. ACTION Align the City of Sydney’s Corporate Plan, Financial Plan 10.6.6 and Development Plans with the 2030 Vision. 126 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 127
  • 66. How the 2030 Vision could be delivered 1 Western Edge 2 Three linked City Squares 3 Protecting the Centre 4 Eora Journey 5 Cultural Ribbon 6 Harbour to the Bay 7 Connecting Green Square 8 Affordable Housing 9 New Moves for Newtown 10 Green Transformers 128 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 129
  • 67. North Sydney 10 Project Ideas Sydney Harbour Dawes Point Walsh Bay Balmain The City’s leading Cultural Ribbon Millers The Rocks architects and urban Point Circular Quay Garden Island Three linked designers applied their City Squares ideas across the City Rozelle to demonstrate how Wynyard City Centre Potts Point future urban projects Western Edge Lilyfield Pyrmont Darling and infrastructure Harbour Elizabeth Bay Protecting St James Woolloomooloo projects could deliver the Centre Cockle Bay Town Hall Darling Point the transformation to Kings Cross a green, global and East Rushcutters Bay Annandale Museum Sydney Eora Journey connected Sydney. Glebe Chinatown Darlinghurst The project ideas propose long-term solutions Affordable Glebe Ultimo Taylor Square Paddington Forest to renew past development, to re-integrate Housing Lodge Railway parts of the City that have been disconnected Square Woollahra Camperdown Broadway and to show the potential benefits of a plan Green Central for step change renewal across the City. Transformer Surry Hills Inner West Chippendale The ideas acknowledge that long-term Bays infrastructure and development needs of the Harbour to Darlington City will involve commitment from all levels Stanmore the Bay Redfern of government, the business community and the wider residential community. Eveleigh The project ideas bring to life the 2030 Vision Newtown Waterloo and offer a new view of the City by 2030. Moore Park Centennial New Moves Parklands ➾ Western Edge of the City for Newtown Enmore Alexandria ➾ Three linked City Squares Zetland ➾ Protecting the Centre Erskineville ➾ Eora Journey Connecting Green Square Victoria Park Kensington ➾ Cultural Ribbon Green Square ➾ Harbour to the Bay Randwick ➾ Connecting Green Square Beaconsfield ➾ Glebe Affordable Housing ➾ New Moves for Newtown ➾ Green Transformers Rosebery St Peters UNSW Mascot Eastlakes Kingsford Sydney Airport 130 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 131
  • 68. Idea 1 Western Edge A revitalised Western Edge of the City. The 2030 Vision places a new emphasis on the Western Edge as a place of great future opportunity. IMAGE: SYDNEY HARBOUR FORESHORE AUTHORITY 132 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 133
  • 69. Sydn Harb Dawes Western Edge Point Connecting the Western Walsh Edge of the City to the water Bay A series of related project ideas would Balmain 1 integrate the State Government’s proposed development of the former wharves at The Barangaroo into surrounding City areas. Rocks Millers Lowering the Western Distributor to ground Point level, or just below, and covering it would Circular enable reinstatement of the traditional east- Quay Barangaroo west connections through the City Centre. wESTERN EdGE A new creative business Replacing the massive freeway with a precinct for working, living, traditional street pattern would enable the shopping and leisure residential communities of Barangaroo and Millers Point to form a new distinctive Activity Hub with easy connections to the Rozelle City Centre and the waterfront. Western Distributor Replacing the Western Distributor with a traditional Wynyard City Pot street pattern and covering it would improve connections Centre Poi to the new Barangaroo Lilyfield precinct and Hickson Road Pyrmont Darling and the Cultural Ribbon. Harbour “Fine Grain” heritage St James The character of the streets Woolloomooloo west of George Street will Cockle Town be preserved and enhanced Bay Hall and connections to Darling Harbour improved. King Cros Darling Park East Annandale The 2030 Vision proposes Museum Sydney It is the ordinary day to day lived larger parkland at Darling urban experience of people’s basic Harbour and better integration Darlinghurst needs that counts. Can I walk from into the City Centre. where I live or work to a public Chinatown space where I can just be rather than having to buy something? Glebe Taylor P Ultimo Square Desirable places fulfil the Forest need for just being, enabling Lodge us to experience the moment, a chance for an encounter, Railway a space for coincidence. Square Charles Landry Camperdown Broadway Central The Art of City Making Central Station Surry Rethinking Central Station Hills Inner West would include making better Chippendale Bays links to the western waterfront. Darlington Stanmore 134 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION Redfern SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 135
  • 70. Other outcomes include: • Creation of a large park at Darling Harbour • variety of workspaces from large A with easy connections from Barangaroo, floor plate commercial development at Pyrmont, Ultimo and the City Centre and 1 a role as a new neighbourhood park. This Barangaroo offering premium office space, BO US STON to a new creative business precinct for would integrate with open space at the northern end of Barangaroo and create an retail, residential and business activities enjoyable boardwalk experience from the A around York, Clarence, Kent and Sussex Streets. Characteristic human scale park to Barangaroo with many connections buildings, sunny streets and walking to the City Centre. connections to the harbour. wESTERN EdGE Initial Step • ntegration of Darling Harbour into city life I by broadening its visitor focus to a mixed ➾ Establish a precinct management team community with commercial, residential to work with government, landowners, and public buildings surrounding a park business and stakeholders to with a traditional street edge. strengthen precincts and connections and3 expansion to the west and • evelopment controls to preserve the D THE BIG DIG 1980-2007 preserve capacity for jobs growth. western precinct around Sussex Street. The project to underground an elevated ➾ A two bridge crossing of the Charles River. R Improved pedestrian six lane freeway began construction in ➾ The crumbling elevated highway was links west from late 1991. Preliminary design started in the City Centre and demolished and in its place is open space along the Darling the 1980s and final design began in the and eventually modest development. Harbour foreshore. late 1980s. Substantial completion of the project took place in early 2006. The Challenges R A new urban park 80 The Central Artery/Tunnel Project was owned per cent the size of ➾ The Central Artery Tunnel Project was Hyde Park at Darling and managed by the Massachusetts Turnpike Harbour. public works on a scale comparable Authority (MTA). The project was funded to some of the great projects of the R City Centre growth by Federal and State Governments. last century—the Panama Canal, the with premium commercial floor- English Channel Tunnel, the “Chunnel”, The Problem and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. space west of the City Centre. ➾ World-class traffic problem. ➾ The unique challenge was to construct R A distinctive retail, ➾ An elevated six-lane highway called this project in the middle of Boston residential and small the Central Artery that ran through without crippling the City. business precinct west of George the centre of downtown. ➾ Designed to maintain traffic capacity and Street. access to residents and businesses— ➾ The elevated highway displaced 20,000 residents when it was built. keeping the City open during construction. ➾ Cut-off Boston’s North End and The Benefits Waterfront neighbourhoods from the downtown, limiting these areas’ ability to ➾ Improving mobility. participate in the City’s economic life. ➾ Reconnected neighbourhoods. ➾ A continuous economic and ➾ Better quality of life. quality-of-life drain on Boston. ➾ 12 per cent reduction in City-wide The Solution carbon monoxide levels. ➾ The Central Artery project replaced the ➾ Creation of more than six-lane elevated highway with an eight- 105.22 hectares of open land. to-ten-lane underground expressway directly beneath the existing road. Source: www.masspike.com/bigdig/background 136 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 137
  • 71. Idea 2 Three City Squares Three civic squares as outdoor meeting places on the George Street grand thouroughfare. Town Hall Square would become a new civic meeting place in the heart of the City. CONCEPT BY JAN GEHL, ARCHITECTS 138 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 139
  • 72. Sydney Harbour 05 THREE LINKED Dawes Three City Squares CITY SQUARES Point Linked City Squares for Public Life Walsh 05 THREE LINKED CITY SQUARES Now Vision Create a flat stone 'carpe Connect the town hall ca Few cities in the world enjoy a natural Bay church to Create apublic s primary flat ston ain Building Connect theaddr facades to tow setting as spectacular as Sydney’s. 2 space church to primary The series of peninsulas and coves MaintainBuilding facades the corridor of P and inlets provide a unique setting The Connect Clarence, Kent space railway station Rocks Maintain the cor for a major city with views to the Unite Sydney square wit Connect Clarenc water and landscape beyond. Millers at east end (new public bu railway station The City Centre positioned on two Point Circular Garden school) Unite Sydney sq Design at east end (new activated edges hills offers constant surprises. A Quay Island new buildings around Syd school) New uses under Town H Design activated long narrow City Centre means short ThREE CiTy SquARES pedestrian network aro new buildings distances to cross from east to west, New uses under Create gateway thresho pedestrian networ entertainment precinct to while moving south from Circular Open town hall gateway Create station c Quay presents more challenges. entertainment pre accessibility and natural l Open town hall s New building heights to accessibility and n and streetNew building he façade podium 2030 Vision Introduce undergrowth u The spine and street façade 2030 Vision renascentIntroduce underg Blackwattle stu The spine Concept by FJMT Architects, 2008 Introduce landscaping th renascent Blackw Circular Quay open front gateway to the city CIRCULAR QUAY - FJMT monuments and create a Introduce landsc Circular Quay could be renewed as a new harbour gateway to the City with the design ofCIRCULAR QUAY - FJMT a Park and Darling Harbour City Circular Quay open front gateway to the city monuments and c Town hall high point and pivot Wynyard Town hall high point and pivot Potts new public square with better access and views to the water. Customs House Square would be Park and Darling Centre Central southern gateway Central southern gateway Peripheral car park, possible bus layover and intersection celebrated as a natural gathering place in a harbour City, renewing Sydney’s image nationally Point and internationally. Concepts for Circular Quay propose removal of the Cahill Expressway Peripheral car park, possible bus layover and intersection celebrating the station as an arrival and interchange to a proposed light rail city loop. with cross city tunnel and with cross city tunnel Pyrmont Darling Harbour Elizabeth Bay Benefits Now Vision A legibleBenefits and unified sand St James the city A legible and unif Woolloomooloo the city A place where everyday l Town Darling A place where ev Cockle Active public spaces and The traffic on George Hall Bay Point Active public spac Street should be simplified A sense A sense of place of place defined and changed into a public monuments transport street with zones Kings monuments for public transport, cyclists Cross and pedestrians only. East Rushcutters Bay Jan Gehl Museum Sydney Public Spaces Public Life, 2008 Darlinghurst A network of newnetwork of new public space that unifies the great A public space that unifies the great Chinatown monuments monuments Concept by Tony Caro, 2008 Taylor Create well scaled settingsscaled settings for the monuments Create well for the monuments Glebe Paddington TOWN HALL SQUARE - TONY CARO ARCHITECTURE Ultimo TOWN HALL SQUARE - TONY CARO ARCHITECTURE Square Town Hall Square is proposed as a new civic meeting place creating a civic centre A place where pedestrians have priority have priority A place where pedestrians Forest A place for large public gatherings and celebrationsin A place for large public gatherings and celebrations the European tradition. The plaza would be dominated by the Victorian architecture of Lodge the Town Hall, Queen Victoria Building and St Andrew's Cathedral, but new development Improve the design quality of the transport interchange Railway Improve the design quality of the transport interchange of sustainable buildings would create a contemporary edge. Redesign of the station and Square Primary traffic corridors to become a shared pedestrian Primary traffic corridors to transport a shared pedestrian and public become environment and public transport environment Woollahra a light rail stop would make Town Hall Square a gateway to the southern entertainment precinct and Chinatown Haymarket to the south. The square would be a focal point midway own Broadway Central along the City’s pedestrian thouroughfare—George Street—in the centre of the City. Surry Hills Chippendale 140 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 141 Darlington
  • 73. Harbour Dawes Point Walsh Bay Three City Squares The George Street spine would combine sustainable Balmain Now transport such as light rail, walking and cycling; enliven and The improve the experience of walking along George Street, while Rocks 2 the squares would transform the public life of the City Centre. Millers Point Circular Garden Danish architect, Jan Gehl, in his 2008 study, Public Spaces, Island Public Life Sydney, proposed transforming George Street from a Quay clogged, noisy street to a central north-south spine for pedestrians and public transport linking three major public gathering places. The idea has been developed as part of the 2030 Vision. ThREE CiTy SquARES Rozelle R Strong City Centre identity R Priority for sustainable public transport, walking and cycling Wynyard City Potts R Reduced noise and Centre Vision Point improved environment on the City’s main street Lilyfield R New gathering places in the City Pyrmont Darling Elizabeth B Harbour R City squares as a focus for St James City Centre services and community development Woolloomooloo Cockle Town Bay Hall Kings Cross East Rushcutters Annandale Museum Sydney Concept by Hassell and Hill Thalis Architects, 2008 Central Station will be re-cast as an important Darlinghurstgateway to the City southern arrival and a place for significant redevelopment over Chinatown the rail lines and around a series of redesigned public squares. Redesign of the public domain Taylor Glebe Ultimo Paddington would create easy walking connections Square Forest above ground to surrounding areas, including Lodge Haymarket, Ultimo, Devonshire Street and Railway Surry Hills, Chippendale and to City South. Square Through development of the airspace over the rail lines the suburbs surrounding Central Camperdown Broadway Central Station would be reconnected through new development, with walking links following the traditional street pattern. Access by rail means Surry future redevelopment could include major Hills Inner West Chippendale public facilities, including a Convention Centre. Bays Darlington Stanmore Redfern 142 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 143
  • 74. Idea 3 Protecting the Centre Rethinking the use of city streets to give priority to people, not traffic, to improve the public life of Sydney. To become a more sustainable city it must become easier for pedestrians and cyclists to move around the City. 144 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 145
  • 75. Protecting the Centre Many of Jan Gehl’s key recommendations to protect and enhance the City Centre 3 have been included in the 2030 Vision. They include: ➾ A waterfront city—increased access and views to the water ➾ A green connected city A REVITALISED CITY CENTRE AT ➾ A better city for pedestrian THE CENTRE OF GLOBAL SYDNEY pRoTECTiNG ThE CENTRE movement and cycling Lively, people-friendly and premium business centre reconnected to ➾ A strong public transport city the harbour. ➾ A traffic calmed city including 40km/h speed limits ➾ A strong city focal point with a central spine and three main linked squares Harbour ➾ An inviting streetscape with a AN INTEGRATED INNER SYDNEY hierarchy of significant public space TRANSPORT NETWORk ➾ A diverse, inclusive, New sustainable transport accessible and lively city connecting Inner Sydney, the City Centre and the City’s Villages, To improve Sydney’s liveability, the with congestion removed from 2030 Vision suggests a series of the City Centre and Villages. changes, including a reliable, frequent and affordable light rail loop to enable people to get around the city easily. It is proposed the loop would travel along the George Street spine to link to A LIVEABLE GREEN NETWORk upgraded rail stations at the three City Continuous green corridors Squares, and to new metro rail lines and integrated with liveable streets, public transport corridors that connect providing dedicated pedestrian the City Centre to the Villages of Sydney. and cycle ways and new ways to explore the City and its Villages. Protecting the centre is aimed at gradually changing travel patterns, introducing “green zones” for walking and cycling, more pedestrian-only streets, fewer cars Harris in the City Centre and fewer parked cars. Street Haymarket Glebe Point Road Oxfo Stree Crown 146 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION Street SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 147 King Street
  • 76. 3 pRoTECTiNG ThE CENTRE Light Rail Loop proposed to service Barangaroo precinct. A NEMST TH ER ER DA LA M ND S METrO/LIGHT rAIL NETWOrK George Street Harbourside Circular Quay The Problem ➾ A major exercise was needed to replace ➾ A new terminal has been completed at R Improved City access its antiquated fleet of 234 trams. Almost the key interchange at Centraal Station, R More attractive and a quarter of the fleet was out of service where five lines converge, and this pleasant streets was brought into use in June 2000. at the time the order was placed and the R Increased public balance were increasingly unreliable. ➾ A new tram line opened on 31 May transport options The Solution 2005: Line 26 from Centraal Station R Reduced carbon to Ijburg. This line links the centre of emissions ➾ Amsterdam now has an extensive Amsterdam with the new housing area R Improved productivity network of a combination of (40,000 people) on the artificial islands from reduced tramway and light rail routes. in Ijmeer. The line is 8.5km long and runs congestion delays on a reserved track bed for most of the ➾ Amsterdam is promoting light rail as an route which includes a 1.5km tunnel. attractive form of transport, encouraging people to leave their cars at home, and will ➾ The system is governed by multiple-aspect be reviewing its performance in 2008-2009. colour light signals integrated with the road traffic signals for the street running sections. ➾ Further route developments are planned including a proposed extension to Amsterdam Airport. 148 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 149
  • 77. Idea 4 Eora journey Eora journey will enable us all to share in and celebrate Indigenous culture. Indigenous, knowledge, culture, history and stories will be ingrained into the public domain of the City. IMAGE: MURAL AT HUGO STREET RESERVE IN REDFERN, ARTIST BRONWYN BANCROFT 150 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 151
  • 78. Eora journey Pathways from the Harbour to redfern The idea of Eora Journey was developed 4 by the City of Sydney in consultation with Sydney’s Indigenous community. Bennelong Point Merrima Indigenous design studio within the New South Wales Government Architects Office designed the pathway Mrs Macquaries Chair concept. It was a response to the strong call from the Indigenous community EoRA JouRNEy and broader community to celebrate The Aboriginal Cultural Centre should Circular Quay contain: a Keeping Place, films, art, and share the story of the world’s bush tucker, talks and walks, political oldest living culture through a cultural workshops, books, historic documents, walk from Redfern to the harbour. photography, oral history, dance, Work has already started to establish boomerang throwing and cultural a City of Sydney Aboriginal Advisory preservation for the current aboriginal group to develop this project idea. generation especially the young. Woolloomooloo Hyde Park Celebration of identity and culture should be visable at all international entry and exit points. Indigenous people want to make themselves visible to Australian Hall the broader community and Australian Hall,150–152 Elizabeth encourage cross cultural Street, Sydney. Venue for the first awareness by hosting an national Aboriginal civil rights inclusive Indigenous Festival gathering—Day of Mourning and Protest in the centre of Sydney conference on 26 January 1938. Dillon Kombumerri Prince Alfred Park Merrima Design CarriageWorks is a contemporary arts space in historic industrial tram sheds. Redfern CarriageWorks Route of the proposed Eora Journey. Embracing links from the harbour foreshore and City Centre through Hyde Park to Prince Alfred Park to Redfern CarriageWorks. 152 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 153
  • 79. The Eora Journey creates a participative located along the walk and will nurture cultural Indigenous interpretation experience in regeneration and cultural understanding the City via a cultural walk from Redfern among visitors and the Sydney community. 4 to Mrs Macquaries Chair. Artworks and messages about traditional and contemporary The detailed development of the Eora Indigenous culture at intervals along the Journey and Knowledge and Cultural Centre walk would teach and share stories. will involve broad consultation with local An Indigenous Knowledge and Cultural Aboriginal peoples and Aboriginal and Centre was called for by Sydney’s Indigenous Torres Strait Islander art organisations and community, which is seeking a place of artists and other levels of government, and learning, employment, cultural celebration, a range of initiatives—including training and EoRA JouRNEy understanding and innovation. It will be education—to culminate in the Eora Journey. R Recognising Indigenous culture R Re-interpreting the City R Enriches the walking network of the City R Contributes actively to reconciliation R Strengthens Redfern’s cultural identity R Provides a keeping Place, archive, community gathering place and resource centre for the Indigenous community R Creates commercial opportunities R A hub for Indigenous people in the City to link with other Indigenous communities 154 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 155
  • 80. Idea 5 Cultural Ribbon The Cultural Ribbon will support the City's identity with a Sydney harbourside cultural walking trail. Sydney will continue to offer internationally recognised, unique cultural experiences. 156 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 157
  • 81. Syd Cultural Ribbon Har The cultural ribbon will link 5 Sydney’s leading cultural landmarks along the harbour’s edge, such as The Wharf Theatre, the MCA, The Opera Wharf House, Customs House and Balmain Theatre other cultural attractions. Sydney The cultural ribbon will focus on Sydney Opera CuLTuRAL RiBBoN Theatre House improved directional signage for Company Sydney's many cultural attractions in the City Centre and form links to strengthen and support Museum of Contemporary the cultural life of the city. Arts (MCA) Barangaroo The Dictionary of Sydney will provide historical stories, facts Farm and information about Sydney Cove as a community resource Customs for the Cultural Ribbon. House Rozelle Museum of Sydney (MOS) Sydney Conservatorium of Music Mitchell Library Pyrmont Lilyfield Sydney Aquarium The Mint Art Gallery of NSW Australian (AGNSW) Maritime Hyde Park Museum Barracks Darling Woolloomooloo Harbour Australian Museum Annandale Forest Powerhouse Museum Lodge 158 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 159 P
  • 82. The Cultural Ribbon will identify walking trails with historic landmarks and interpretation and attractions. These include: 5 ➾ Powerhouse Museum ➾ Police and Justice Museum ➾ Maritime Museum and Aquarium ➾ Museum of Sydney at Darling Harbour ➾ Royal Botanic Gardens ➾ Theatres on Hickson Road ➾ Mitchell Library ➾ Sydney Dance Company ➾ The Mint Sydney Theatre Company CuLTuRAL RiBBoN ➾ ➾ Hyde Park Barracks ➾ Bangarra Dance Theatre ➾ Australian Museum ➾ Sydney Observatory ➾ Art Gallery of New South Wales ➾ Argyle Square and the Argyle Cut in the Rocks ➾ Sydney Conservatorium of Music ➾ Circular Quay with the Museum of Contemporary Art; Customs House and the Opera House R Boosting Sydney’s image as a cultural City R Building participation in Sydney cultural institutions R Helping people find their way around the City R Encouraging sustainable recreational activaties R Better information and interpretation of Sydney’s rich history and culture for visitors and tourists R Reinforces equity, connectedness and social wellbeing 160 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 161
  • 83. Idea 6 Harbour to the Bay The liveable green network will be a comprehensive network of safe, attractive and leafy paths across the City. The 2030 Vision aims to transform Sydney into a cyclist and pedestrian-friendly City. 162 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 163
  • 84. Harbour to the Bay Ten main pathways have been proposed for further investigation to create the green network. 6 They aim to allow people Balmain Millers Point to move easily around their neighbourhood from Village to Village, between major attractions and cultural institutions and the Barangaroo universities, the City Centre and Sydney the lively Village main streets. Potts hARBouR To ThE BAy Point The design of the Liveable Darling Green Network is intended to Lilyfield Rozelle Pyrmont Point encourage walking and cycling as Elizabeth Woolloomooloo Bay the preferred mode of travel. When the City is undertaking work on the Liveable Green Haymarket Network it will take opportunities to Darlinghurst Rushcutters Bay incorporate storm water treatment Glebe and accommodate the reticulation Ultimo system for sustainable energy, water, district hot water and cooling. Annandale Forest Lodge To support the Liveable Green Paddington Central Surry Network, the City of Sydney Council Camperdown Chippendale Hills Woollahra will ensure cycling and walking amenity is integrated into development. Darlington Moore Stanmore Park Harbour to the Bay A potential 12.6 kilometre corridor connecting the Sydney Harbour to Redfern Redfern East Botany Bay, from Glebe to Rosebery and Eveleigh beyond, linking the waterfront, major Newtown parks and major City destinations. The Enmore Waterloo Centennial corridor would be designed to ensure Park safe crossing at major intersections, Erskineville Alexandria minimise waiting times and provide easy access to public transport. Zetland Main green corridors ➾ Sydney Harbour Foreshore Kensington ➾ Circular Quay to Botany Bay Beaconsfield ➾ North Sydney to Central ➾ Woolloomooloo Bay to Botany Bay ➾ Balmain to Garden Island Randwick ➾ Pyrmont to Centennial Park St Peters ➾ Glebe to Centennial Park Kingsford ➾ Glebe to Rosebery Rosebery ➾ Newtown to Randwick Mascot ➾ Cooks River to Centennial Park GREEN CORRIDORS HARBOUR TO MAIN GREEN CENTRAL SPINE SYDNEY HARBOUR LIVEABLE GREEN THE BAY CORRIDORS FORESHORE WALK NETWORK 164 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 165
  • 85. SAN frANCISCO BAY WALK The Problem The Benefits ➾ In the 1800s and first half of the 1900s, ➾ The Bay Trail provides easily accessible as the Bay Area grew, industrial and opportunities for recreation and commercial activities proliferated along exercise that are removed from the 6 the shoreline of San Francisco Bay. By the hazards of motor vehicles. 1950s, 85 per cent of the Bay’s wetlands ➾ The Bay Trail offers a setting for enjoying and had been filled in, dried out or converted to preserving flora and fauna and for broader salt ponds, and an astounding four square environmental and cultural education. miles of Bay were being filled each year. ➾ The Bay Trail improves access to the ➾ In 1965, responding to citizens’ demands for waterfront and many natural, recreational, protection of the Bay’s natural environment, historic and cultural resources along the hARBouR To ThE BAy the State Legislature established the Bay shoreline, increasing respect and San Francisco Bay Conservation appreciation for the natural environment. and Development Commission with ➾ The landscaping of the Bay Trail creates responsibility for planning for the long- a green environment in built up areas CO term use and protection of the Bay and is a friendly, comfortably scaled NCIS ➾ In 1987, planning began for the place that brings people together. FRA “Ring around the Bay”—a continuous ➾ The Bay Trail offers a transportation SAN hiking and bicycling trail extending alternative by providing bike and pedestrian A around the perimeter of San access to residential neighbourhoods, US Francisco and San Pablo Bays. shopping an business centres, schools ➾ The plan included a specific trail route; and universities, places of interest, the relationship of the route to parks and parks and entertainment places. other recreational facilities; links to existing ➾ By reducing traffic the Bay Trail helps and proposed public transportation reduce air pollution and water pollution. facilities; an implementation and funding ➾ By connecting to public-transport, program for the trail; and provisions for including ferry terminals, bus stops, implementing the trail without adversely rail stations—the Bay Trail serves as R Reduced carbon emissions affecting the natural environment of the bay. an alternative transport route. through less car use ➾ By 1999, slightly more than half the Bay ➾ The Bay Trail connects nearly one Trail’s ultimate alignment, approximately hundred waterfront parks. R Encouraging an active lifestyle 338 kilometres, had been developed. ➾ By focusing attention on the to improve community health and wellbeing waterfront, the Bay Trail spurs planning The Challenge efforts, which contribute to the R Reduced carbon emission through ➾ The scale of the project and the need revitalization of neglected areas. tree-planting along pathways for implementation over the long R Improved community safety term and over the term of successive governments and authorities. R Emphasises City of Sydney’s commitment to protection of native fauna, flora The Solution and ecologies ➾ When complete, the Bay Trail will be a continuous 644 kilometres recreational corridor that will encircle the entire Bay Area, connecting communities to each other and to the Bay. 166 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 167
  • 86. Idea 7 Connecting Green Square A new Town Centre designed for people that connects with local community life. Green Square can make a major contribution to a sustainably renewed City. 168 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 169
  • 87. The area around the Green Square The Vision sees the southern part of the City Town Centre has the potential to have as an opportunity for considerable growth, the vibrancy and diversity of Surry infrastructure improvements and redevelopment 7 Hills but with the added advantage over the next 20 years and beyond, to contribute of a linked network of parks, significantly to Sydney’s sustainability. It including the major Sydney Park. proposes a long-term approach to preserving The 2030 Vision proposes the Green Square opportunities for future development for a Town Centre be strengthened and supported Centennial Parklands range of uses, so that the City can adapt by the addition of residential, retail and and evolve over time. This will include the CoNNECTiNG GREEN SquARE business activities and improved public transport connections. The urban design of renewal and conversion of the Alexandra Canal development adjoining Green Square will and its historic cluster of warehouses into a Redfern adopt the “fine grain” character of traditional lively residential and mixed-use waterfront street patterns to evolve naturally into a precinct, with direct links to Sydney Park, Green Square vibrant and diverse inner urban community. Green Square Town Centre and Moore Park. Town Centre Take advantage of existing open spaces, Perry Park and Sydney Park Long-term links to and from Rosebery Long-term potential for new hub near Sydney Park Open space and liveable streets along tributaries The area around Green Square has the potential to have the vibrancy and diversity of other City Villages, via a linked network of open spaces, including a revitalised Alexandra Canal. 170 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 171
  • 88. JAVA IS R Improved environmental R Quieter and more attractive AMSTE LAND R NETHE DAM performance of the City walking and cycling streets 7 R Preserving long-term R More well designed RLAND development opportunities for Sydney affordable housing S R Adaptable and resilient R Support for public transport buildings networks R An authentic place where R Increased pedestrian movements buildings, streets and public and cycling with health benefits landscapes are varied in CoNNECTiNG GREEN SquARE design and character R More jobs closer to home OOSTELIJK HAVENGEBIED THE EASTErN HArBOUr The Problem The Benefits ➾ The site was a disused industrial ➾ Now a mixed-use neighbourhood harbourside and islands with key of some 1,350 dwellings with proximity to the City of Amsterdam. 500sqm of commercial space. ➾ The City was experiencing the need for ➾ New design approach with apartment housing expansion across all housing blocks up to nine storeys to form types and saw the opportunity to remediate a wall around the island. disused industrial land and to create a car free environment accessible by ➾ Traffic has been kept to the quayside to provide central walking, cycling and public transport. pedestrian-friendly courtyards. The Solution ➾ The idea of opening up the market to ➾ A close working partnership between public individuals rather than developers. authorities and the private sector enabled ➾ Partnership—the role of the local 8,000 houses and apartments to be built authority as land assembler. over the past 10 years, creating a lively neighbourhood and community that has ➾ An ‘open-book’ system allows the become a world model for urban design. City Council to monitor the financial performance of the development as Green Square can be ➾ The public sector, the landowner, set the it is designed and developed. designed to connect into design and financial terms for renewal, the traditional fine grain allowing the private sector to bring finance ➾ Concern about privacy is transformed into character of surrounding and development expertise to the table. a positive approach to neighbourliness, neighbourhoods. health and safety regulations to the community and self-responsibility. Rod Simpson Simpson+Wilson ➾ Traffic orientated development to Architecture+Urban projects pedestrian-friendly environment. ➾ Strong guidance on materials, height, massing, landmarks, but flexible enough to create a canvas for imaginative and innovative responses to terraced houses. (Source: www.amsterdamdocklands.com) 172 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 173
  • 89. Idea 8 Affordable Housing A partnership project to deliver access to affordable housing for key City workers. All levels of government, not-for-profit organisations and the private sector are working together in the 2030 Vision for a Sustainable Sydney. 174 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 175
  • 90. One of the most urgent issues confronting For the City’s economy to grow key workers, the City of Sydney is the need for such as teachers, nurses and police and R Additional affordable, accessible housing quality affordable housing, to ensure specialist tradespeople must be able to afford 8 the City can continue as a diverse, to live in the City and benefit from the broad R Maintaining social diversity inclusive and fair city, open to everyone. range of quality services offered by the City. Affordable Housing includes long-term R Best practice in design, Rents in the City have risen over the past environmental and social rental housing, subsidised community three years and the vacancy rate for rental initiatives housing and lower cost housing. It is properties has reached a record low at 1.7 estimated the City needs around 450 per cent. Of 16 apartment developments R Maintains and improves existing Department of dwellings a year to solve the affordable for sale in the City in the June 2007 quarter, Housing dwellings AffoRdABLE houSiNG housing shortage facing Sydney. only two units were less than $500,000. The City’s housing stock is 74 per cent R Creates new partnership A high proportion of the population spend more and models for providing flats and apartments with 20 per cent than 30 per cent of income on rent or mortgages. affordable, accessible semi-detached dwellings or terraces Housing stress is defined as those spending housing and five per cent separate houses. more than 30 per cent of their income in this way. Low housing The 2030 Vision, in keeping with the goals The 2030 Vision aims for a coordinated and affordability makes it of the Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney, sets strategic approach to facilitating delivery increasingly difficult the targets of at least 134,000 dwellings. This of affordable housing by all levels of for people employed includes 48,000 new dwellings in the City government and the not-for-profit sector. in essential services catering for an increased diversity of household The City wants to establish a subsidised to live in the City they types, including a greater share of families. work in. This puts level of long-term rental to give key workers pressure on their The aspiration is for 7.5 per cent social housing the security of affordable housing in the work-life balance and and 7.5 per cent affordable housing delivered by City and to ensure inclusiveness and results in less time not-for-profit organisations and other providers. diversity of the residential population. spent with family due to travelling times. Clover Moore MP Lord Mayor Partnership in progress: Glebe Affordable Housing Project The 2030 Vision proposal is to build 700 new take full advantage of Federal Government affordable housing units in Glebe to begin to initiatives aimed at increasing affordable address the City’s housing shortage. housing. The City of Sydney has signed a The site includes the City of Sydney’s Memorandum of Understanding with the 20,000sqm Bay Street Depot Site and an State Government, and Housing NSW to work adjacent 16,000sqm site (bounded by Bay, collaboratively to develop a feasibility study Wentworth and Cowper Streets, Glebe) to provide affordable housing on a 3.6 hectare owned by Housing NSW and already site in Glebe. containing existing social housing. Affordable housing close to the City is needed A joint master planning process involving to ensure people employed in essential community consultation will develop services like nursing, health and teaching guidelines for the affordable housing model. can afford to live close to where they work. This initiative will efficiently utilise urban land, The City of Sydney’s land value is more than demonstrate best practice in environmental $30 million in an area containing some of sustainability, excellence in urban design the most expensive land in Sydney. and architecture, high quality vibrant The City of Sydney and Housing NSW will public spaces and encourage alternative share the strategic planning for any proposed transport solutions and minimal car use. developments, using existing under-used The project is intended to be a mix of one land and potentially redevelop existing public third social housing, one third affordable housing. The affordable housing project will housing and one third market housing. 176 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 177
  • 91. DON Delivering housing targets LON Uk INCOME HOUSING 8 SPECTRUM TENURE OBJECTIVES HIGH−MODERATE Private Expand supply and choices of private INCOME Housing housing for owners and purchasers HOUSEHOLDS and the rental market. •Owners •Purchasers ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.1 Facilitate the supply •Renters of housing by the private market. AffoRdABLE houSiNG ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.2 Ensure that housing developments provide a diversity of housing opportunities for different lifestyle choices and household types. ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.3 Ensure that a substantial proportion of housing is aimed at the lower end of the market. HOUSEHOLDS Not-for-profit Expand supply of housing at cost and below IN FINANCIAL Housing cost for households in financial stress. MAYOr’S DIFFICULTY ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.4 Facilitate and promote growth DrAfT HOUSING in the ‘affordable housing’ sector including by STrATEGY, 2007 Not for Profit and other housing providers. The Problem The Solution ➾ Greater London has a population of ➾ The use of planning and 8 million people with high demand development control plans to deliver for council housing and priority affordable housing targets. VERY LOW INCOME Social Housing Maintain share and supply of social housing. given to those most in need. ➾ 33 London boroughs are responsible for HOUSEHOLDS •Public Housing ➾ 42 per cent of housing stock in the housing issues and own more than 500,000 •CSAH Funded ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.5 Facilitate and promote growth Greater London Area is “affordable housing,” houses and flats—one in six homes. in the social housing sector to provide housing but this is still not meeting demand. Each is required to have the equivalent opportunities for those with very low incomes. of the NSW Local Environment Plan to The Challenge enforce provision of affordable housing. ➾ oBJECTiVE 8.6 Promote partnerships and develop advocacy strategies for the delivery of housing for ➾ The City of London has set a goal that very low through to moderate income households. 50 per cent of all new housing should be The plan defines: affordable and this is to be delivered through 1. The affordable housing level to be planning and development controls. 20,000 provided by a developer (in most cases units per annum being delivered in this way. this is when 15 or more units are built). 2. The number of units to be provided by the developer as a percentage of the total, depending on location. 3. The type of housing needed, for example, social or intermediate level income housing. The Benefits ➾ A long-term strategy to meet housing needs. ➾ Retaining diversity and key workers in the City. ➾ Addressing the homelessness problem. (Source: www.london.gov.uk) 178 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 179
  • 92. Idea 9 New moves for Newtown Improved access to the Villages surrounding King Street, Newtown that will support community life, the arts, retail and creative enterprise and the live music scene. Newtown can demonstrate the 2030 Vision's concept of an Activity Hub in the heart of the local community. 180 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 181
  • 93. Building on the creative hub, the 2030 Initial steps Vision proposes a series of projects ➾ Partner with Marrickville Council. to improve access to the Villages 9 surrounding King Street, Newtown ➾ Undertake a feasibility study. that will support community life, the ➾ Advocate to State Government agencies. arts, retail and creative enterprise ➾ Prepare urban design concept. and the live music scene. A natural extension would involve transforming In partnership with Marrickville Council and Erskineville Road as a new park spine to State authorities, New Moves for Newtown amplify the existing leafy character of the would redesign the station square, create Erskineville Village Centre and improving the NEw moVES foR NEwTowN links to Newtown Station from Enmore Road connection before Erskineville and Newtown. and Australia Street and adapt the railway tram sheds for use by small businesses, Action fresh food markets and creative activities. Create a network of Activity Hubs The project allows for adding a major public as places for meeting, shopping, square around the station and integrating creating, learning and working. future redevelopment of the Newtown Tram sheds into the Newtown Activity Hub. It aims to build the local economy, add to the appeal and liveability of Newtown and maintain the area’s distinctive authentic, quirky and historic character. Missing elements of the Activity Hub that could be part of the redevelopment of the tram-sheds are food markets, a library, child care, learning, studio spaces and cafes. R Enriching the unique character of Newtown by creating a cohesive hub around the station R More public meeting places, community facilities and places for recreation R More attractive walking environment R Opportunities for affordable, accessible housing at Newtown Square along Erskineville Road Newtown Activity Hub idea that would link activities in R Upgraded transport interchange and around Newtown Station and Australia Street. for Newtown 182 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 183
  • 94. 9 NEw moVES foR NEwTowN LO Uk ND ON THE rOUNDHOUSE CAMDEN TOWN Problem The Benefits ➾ The Roundhouse was built in 1847 as a ➾ Finding a contemporary long-term turntable engine shed at Chalk Farm near use for a purpose designed 19th Camden Town. Within 20 years, locomotives century industrial building. became too large for the facilities to handle, ➾ Supporting contemporary music culture. and the Roundhouse underwent a number of changes of use. For years it was a gin ➾ Provides a highly flexible and adaptable store for the firm of W A Gilbey Ltd. performance space that gives audiences opportunities and experiences The Challenge they cannot find elsewhere. ➾ A building of great heritage value needed ➾ Programming work that reflects the a long-term use. The Roundhouse had excitement and diversity of 21st century stood unused since before World War II. culture including music, theatre, By 1966, it was grimy and derelict. dance, circus and digital media. We are imagining Activity Hubs as the old-style town square, The Solution the centre of the community. ➾ The Roundhouse became a well-known Patrick Fensham arts venue, starting in 1966 when the Director, SGS Economics and Planning freehold was taken up by the new Greater London Council. It first opened as a conversion to a theatre in the late 1960s. In the late 1960s and 70s it was a pivotal venue in the UK Underground Music industry. ➾ By the 1980s the building was closed as a venue and given to the Camden Council. ➾ Purchased by the Norman Trust, it opened in 2006 to create one of London’s hip local night spots for live music. 184 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 185
  • 95. Idea 10 Green Transformers Re-inventing the supply of energy and water, securing supply for the City with state-of-the-art gas turbine generation. The by-products of this generation could provide greenhouse-free hot water, heating, and cooling. IMAGE: SOLAR ENERGY PANELS 186 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 187
  • 96. Sydney Millers Point Sydney Harbour Green Transformers Converting environmental generation. When combined with other targets to real change demand reduction measures they will provide Global warming is the most important urban 70 per cent of the electricity requirements Balmain 10 management issue for the City, and reducing for the City in 2030 and lower greenhouse carbon emissions is central to the 2030 intensity by approximately 35 per cent. Vision. All of the strategies in the Vision seek The by-products of this generation could to reduce the carbon footprint of the City. provide greenhouse-free hot water, heating, Rozelle The Vision proposes the introduction of Green and cooling to approximately 35 per cent of City Centre Potts Transformers to re-invent the supply of energy all dwellings in the City and 43 per cent of all Pyrmont Town Point GREEN TRANSfoRmERS Hall and water in the City, securing supply and nonresidential buildings in the City, thereby Lilyfield reducing dependence on coal-fired electricity. reducing overall gas and electricity consumption. Woolloomooloo Major renewal sites across the City present an The Vision proposes intervention from 2010 with Elizabeth Bay Darling opportunity to develop Green Transformers Point small green transformer installations; increasing to lead a shift to energy generated by gas to 25 MW by 2015, and then by an additional Chinatown East Rushcutters Bay as a low carbon energy, recycled water Annandale Sydney 20 MW each year for the next 15 years. use and waste to energy conversion. The Green Transformers offer leadership by As owner of the streets, the City has the capacity implementing fast and effective transition Forest Paddington to extend the environmental outcomes achieved Lodge to a low carbon economy by 2030. Surry in renewal sites to other areas. By using the Hills Woollahra streets to develop a reticulation system, renewal The first step by 2009 will be to complete a Camperdown sites could provide efficient water reuse and Green Infrastructure Plan to identify suitable sites for Green Transformers across the City. Inner West waste-to-energy supply to other sites. Bays Chippendale Green Transformers are intended to produce Implementation is proposed through Stanmore 330 megawatts of natural gas fuelled electricity partnerships with energy and water utilities. Redfern Newtown Sub Greenhouse Gas Emissions The Challenge Centennial Parklands For the City of Sydney City of Sydney Greenhouse, Water, and Waste Source: Kinesis, 2008 based on various sources. Business As Usual (BAU) Projections. Enmore Proportional Increase Green 150% Square Kensington 7.5% Gas 140% 5.5% 2030 2030 Randwick Waste 120% 2030 67.9% 100% 9.4% 2006 2006 2006 Non–residential Electricity Transport 10% St Peters Residential Rosebery UNSW Electricity Mascot Eastlakes Greenhouse Water Waste Kingsford Indicative locations for Green Transformer installations. Sydney Airport 188 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 189
  • 97. R Long-term energy security Green Transformer Concept: how it works R Stabilising emissions to Fuelled by natural gas, tri-generation or cogeneration plants, can be 10 maintain global climate around the size of a shipping container. In Europe they are often in a R Reducing unsustainable growth basement or on the side of a building. Cogeneration plants supply hot in energy, water and waste water for heating and chilled water for cooling and cleaner electricity resource demands to the building and the neighbourhood, using the street network. R Generating 330 megawatts of electricity from natural gas combined with demand reduction GREEN TRANSfoRmERS strategies will provide 70 per cent of City energy needs by 2030 ATMOSPHERE R Lowers the greenhouse intensity of electricity by 35 per cent State-of-the-art high efficiency gas turbine technology used as part of the POLLUTION R Provides greenhouse free hot Green Transformer system that can CONTROL water, heating and cooling to be located within buildings or shared 36 per cent of all dwellings and between surrounding buildings. EXHAUST HEAT USED FOR: 43 per cent of nonresidential EXHAUST HEAT • Space heating buildings EXHAUST GASES • Water heating To the atmosphere • Airconditioning chilling R Reduces carbon emissions Apartment building with cogeneration generator via pollution control • Pool and spa heating by 20 per cent less than 2030 business as usual projections in basement R 10 per cent of City’s water supply from within its own area FUEL R Bundles existing technologies to consolidate infrastructure ELECTRICITY GENERATED ON SITE TURBINE GENERATOR Allan Jones, former head of the London Climate Change Agency speaking at a City of Sydney City Talk in 2008. 190 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 191
  • 98. The Challenge Change Strategies ➾ International and national targets have been ➾ Use of sustainable combined heat 10 set to address the issue of climate change. and power sources of energy in the borough, discouraging the ➾ Contribution to UK target reduction in production of CO2 type gases. greenhouse gases, expressed as CO2 equivalent emissions, should be 60 per ➾ Increased use of photovoltaic cent by 2050 and 80 per cent by 2100. and renewable energy. ➾ City of London aiming to get 25 ➾ Incorporating, at the next review of the Local GREEN TRANSfoRmERS per cent of residents off the grid by Plan, planning policies which will ensure 2025 and 50 per cent by 2050. that new development in the Borough reduces CO2 equivalent emissions of ➾ The Climate Change Strategy for Woking greenhouse gases (80 per cent less than aims to build on the Council’s current its impact would have been in 1990). environmental success and to take a carbon neutral approach to the future of ➾ Introducing a local award scheme to services and activities within the Borough. recognise any developments that incorporate features which contribute to the long-term G kIN The Solution aim of sustainable development, including WO ➾ The strategy sets out a range of options which reducing CO2 equivalent emissions and Uk aim to reduce CO2 equivalent emissions and mitigating against climate change. take further measures to enable the habitats ➾ Adopting a target of purchasing 100 per cent within Woking to adapt to Climate Change. of the Council’s electrical and thermal energy ➾ In 1990 it was estimated that Woking produced requirements from sustainable sources and 20 CLIMATE CHANGE STrATEGY one million tonnes of CO2 emissions per per cent from renewable sources by 2010/11. year—the aim is to reduce this output ➾ Pursuing, in the management of Council Woking is believed to be the first UK The Problem to 200,000 tonnes per year by 2090 land, the use of irrigation systems that authority to have adopted a comprehensive ➾ Developing a guidance on Climate Neutral integrate the re-use of storm water. Climate Change Strategy on a scale that ➾ For the South East of England it is predicted that over the next 80 years Development. The guidance encourages ➾ Adopting best practice in the management is likely to meet The Royal Commission developers to design and build new on Environmental Pollution targets there will be an increase in average of the Council’s own land and buildings and annual temperatures of between development which does not contribute working with the Environment Agency, Thames of 60 per cent reductions of CO2 by to the causes of climate change, and is 2050 and 80 per cent by 2100. 2.0-2.5 degrees and 4.0-4.5 Water and developers to create wetlands degrees and decreases in annual resilient to future changes in climate. in or near existing floodplains, with a view Allan Jones, former head of the London average rainfall of 0-10 per cent. The result to enhancing capacity of the floodplain. Climate Change Agency, was responsible for the Woking Climate Change Strategy ➾ This masks seasonal variations ➾ Woking achieved a 70 per cent reduction ➾ Exploring means of creating and is now advising the City of Sydney predicted—wetter winters and drier in greenhouse gas emissions in 10 years. environmentally-friendly energy from waste on the reduction of strategies to achieve summers with rain increasing by 20 Woking has a population of 92,000. and encouraging the avoidance of landfill. greenhouse gas emissions in the City. per cent in winter and a decrease of ➾ They installed over 80 heat and power ➾ Maintaining the Home Energy Conservation In the City of London all new between 8-23 per cent in summer. stations and made energy 10 per cent Act target of 30 per cent improvement in development is to include 20 per cent ➾ An expected changing pattern of energy efficiency by 31 March 2006. decentralised production of energy, cheaper than that supplied by the grid. more extreme weather with floods, otherwise no planning consent. ➾ Woking is a partner in the South East and droughts becoming “normal”. Climate Change Partnership. The partnership A Waste to Energy proposal to collect ➾ If action is not taken to reduce includes public, private and voluntary sector all London’s household and restaurant greenhouse gases (CO2 equivalent organisations which are working together to organic waste and convert it to biogas emissions) within 30 years there investigate, inform and advise on the threats to produce electricity for two million could be an irreversible effect and opportunities arising from the impacts of households is due to begin in 2009. on the global climate. climate change in South East England and to promote adaptive planning in the region. (Source: Woking Borough Council Website) 192 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 193
  • 99. 2030 Vision to the The Corporate Plan 10 Strategic Directions: The next City of Sydney Corporate 1 A GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE AND INNOVATIVE CITY Plan will be developed to support delivery of the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision. The four year 2 A LEADING ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMER Corporate Plan will enable first stage implementation of the Vision as the 3 INTEGRATED TRANSPORT FOR A CONNECTED CITY focus of Council’s future activities. 4 A CITY FOR PEDESTRIANS AND CYCLISTS 5 A LIVELY, ENGAGING CITY CENTRE 6 VIBRANT LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND ECONOMIES 7 A CULTURAL AND CREATIVE CITY 8 HOUSING FOR A DIVERSE POPULATION 9 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, RENEWAL AND DESIGN 10 IMPLEMENTATION THROUGH EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE AND PARTNERSHIPS ➾ The Corporate Plan 2009–2012 is the City of Sydney’s current Management Plan. ➾ It will be reviewed and the next Corporate Plan 2010–2013 will be written to meet the 2030 Targets for sustainability. ➾ A system for monitoring and reporting progress against the targets, including contributions by all levels of government, will be established. Sydney Town Hall 194 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 195
  • 100. - APPENDICES Contents Snapshot of Sydney in 2008 A vision based on broad input 1 Snapshot of Sydney in 2008 ➾ The City of Sydney provides the image of Australia to the world. It is home to The engagement and consultation program for Information on the 2030 Vision project placed in 19 Council 2 2030 Engagement Report 165,000 residents and provides 380,000 jobs, and on an average day, including Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision was the most extensive venues across the Local Government Area is estimated to visitors and students, it is estimated that there are approximately one million in the City of Sydney’s history. have reached many of the 245,000 visitors to the venues. 3 Acknowledgements people in the City. The City of Sydney is a focal point for activities and services at The consultation began in June 2007 and continued During the exhibition period 547 people were briefed on 4 Glossary of Terms the local, national and global level. throughout 2008. details of the Vision at 11 sessions conducted by the City ➾ In the last two years employment in the City of Sydney has grown by 15,000 jobs, Engagement team. The City talked to a full spectrum of interested groups almost a quarter of the total for metropolitan Sydney, although migration into and individuals, including school children, young people, A City Talk to launch the Vision held in April 2008 was metropolitan Sydney has recently been in decline. business leaders, artists, educators, community activists, attended by 1,200 people, while information sheets were ➾ During 2007- 08 the estimated value of economic activity in the City Centre was residents, shop keepers, small businesses, councillors, distributed to more than 2,000 people attending Sydney’s $78 billion, representing 8.1 per cent of Australia’s GDP In 2008, Sydney has been . church and sporting groups. Primo Italiano festival. ranked 9th as a global finance centre, 10th in the MasterCard Index of Commerce Some 12,000 people were directly consulted at more than The the Lord Mayor, the City’s Chief Executive and members Cities and 9th in the Mercer Quality of Living Index. 30 community forums. A further 4,000 people were directly of the City Strategy team provided a series of briefings for ➾ Sydney is head office to almost half the top 500 companies of Australia and New consulted through City Talks and 2,000 gave comments Local, State and Federal Government leaders and business Zealand, and 60 out of the top 100 largest corporations in Australia and New on the 2030 Future Phone at public events, schools and executives. Zealand are located here. Two thirds of the Asia-Pacific regional headquarters of educational institutions. The Vision exhibition attracted substantial interest. As at global corporations are located here. Comprehensive media coverage of Sustainable Sydney June 2008, the 2030 website had received a total of 18,854 ➾ The Banking and Finance sector is a key driver of the Sydney economy. Almost 2030 in 2007 and 2008 has touched hundreds of individual visitors. 80 per cent of international and domestic banks with an Australian head office are thousands of people. Ongoing engagement will be maintained as a foundation based in Sydney and importantly 65 per cent of all banking and finance industry The Vision’s public exhibition, held over six weeks at principal to delivering the Vision over the next 20 years business and 70 per cent of the nation’s financial services are in Sydney. Customs House, attracted well over 50 per cent of the and beyond. ➾ In terms of its global economy, Sydney is 26th in world city terms and the Sydney 157,000 visitors to the venue over that period. CBD is in the top 15 in global CBD size. During the consultation period 2030 branding was extensive ➾ More than 15 per cent of Australia’s exporting Advanced Business Services, in the City through bus shelter advertising and banners including banking, investment and IT, are located in Sydney. together with magazine and internet advertising. IMAGE: IAN THORPE AQUATIC CENTRE 196 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 197
  • 101. APPENDICES Submissions Signposts to the future Business and Analysis of the public submissions shows broad support for integrated transport, greater environmental Cultural Representative workshop Some 89 individuals and organisations made OCTOBER 2007 leadership, more opportunities for walking and formal submissions responding to the 10 Strategic cycling and a more lively City Centre. Directions of the Vision, in addition to 157 email Attendees proposed actions and discussed the ideas comments and 93 written comments. emerging from the consultation work so far, and provided feedback on hopes and aspirations for Sydney. Sectors Number of submissions Analysis of the public submissions revealed represented included property, business and finance, the 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 broad support for integrated transport, greater cultural industries including film, visual and performing environmental leadership, more opportunities for arts, professional services, peak industry groups, Strategic a globally competitive walking and cycling and a more lively City Centre. Local Government, Municipal Mayors from adjoining Direction and innovative city In calling for a sustainable City, a majority of people councils and State Government representatives. a leading environmental performer called for social sustainability, a City that is fairer, Speakers at the Forum included, Peter Thompson family-friendly, inviting and accessible to everyone. ABC; Stephen Loosely, Committee for Sydney; integrated transport for a connected city The values of all sections of the community Roy Green, MGSM; Maria Atkinson, Bovis Lend gathered during the consultation process Lease; Amrita Cheema, SBS; Greg Smith, Animal a city for pedestrians and cyclists underpin the final 2030 Vision. Logic; Peter Holmes à Court, Rabbitohs; Nicholas Wolff, Fraser’s Property Group, Brendan Crotty a lively and engaging city centre futures forum and Ken Morrison, Property Council of NSW. JUNE 2007 Signposts to the future Forum Executive Report vibrant local communities and economies More than 500 people from all walks of life and across Sustainable Sydney 2030 Business and Cultural a cultural and creative city a spectrum of age groups attended the Forums to Representatives Forum Report October 2007 discuss the seven focus areas for the Vision. housing for a diverse population The focus question for the forums was “What kind Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander of City do you want Sydney to be in 2030?” forum and Consultation sustainable development, SEPTEMBER 2007 renewal and design Business and Community Forums Report An intensive community consultation process with effective governance and partnerships Executive Summary—July 2007 Appendix the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community was conducted between 15 August and 5 October Signposts to the future Community 2007. Over 200 people were interviewed or surveyed workshop by peer consultants; 12 leaders attended the Lord SEPTEMBER 2007 Mayor’s Roundtable Luncheon and a further 60 attended consultations at Glebe, Woolloomooloo and At a major community workshop in September, participants from the community were asked to Redfern with a total attendance of over 60 people. STATISTICS workshop ideas and projects that could deliver on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision principles. Workshop report Summary October 2007 ➾ The most extensive consultation in the City of Sydney’s history ➾ More than 12,000 people consulted They were also asked to make a choice of how they would allocate funds to projects, indicating Roundtables ➾ Nine roundtable discussions JULY, AUGUST 2007 their priorities. The conversation was led by five ➾ Two major community workshops leaders from the Sydney community, who each The Lord Mayor hosted 10 roundtables explored themes of importance to making Sydney ➾ Live Green panel discussions with representatives and leaders from the a more liveable and sustainable City by 2030. community, business, social, education, built ➾ Two Signposts to the Future forums Signposts to the Future Community Forum Workshop environment and civic and cultural life. ➾ A six-week formal public exhibition period Report Summary October 2007 Appendix The conversations were wide ranging with participants ➾ 18,854 website hits up to June 2008 offering commitment to the process of developing ➾ 157,000 visitors to Customs House during the 2030 exhibition period a vision and to its future implementation. ➾ 3,552 website downloads ➾ Six forums with Indigenous community ➾ Eight primary school workshops 198 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 199
  • 102. APPENDICES City Talks Art About Highlights from Newtown festival Between mid 2007 and 2008 the City’s program 2007 the Future Phone DECEMBER 2007 of City Talks had a focus on exploring the The City’s Art About program included a project run by The Red Room Company’s poet’s workshop. April 2008 “I think King Street Newtown should be turned into a car- issue of Sustainable Sydney 2030. free space with a tram and buses only, with cars diverted Children from City primary schools gave their view around the space itself. I think it would be so much nicer it In 2007, playwright Neil Armfield; Director of the of the future in verse and artwork. Called “Child’s City of Sydney foyer DECEMBER 2007 is such a cultural hub as it is. But it would be so beautiful Sydney Festival, Fergus Lineham; and Director of the Eye 2030,” the poems and paintings were projected to have seating out in the street and to have more public Museum of Contemporary Art, Liz Ann Macgregor, on the wall of the AMP Building at Circular Quay, “I think what is critically important is the public domain giving a colourful, imaginative view of the future. space to have a little bit of an area where people can lead the series with a focus on Sydney’s cultural life. reinvigorating the streets, the squares, making the parks wonder around and more greenery because it is a really Child’s Eye 2030 Art and About 2030 October 2007 dynamic parts of the City as well as fantastic green spaces beautiful area. More dog parks and more community International architect and urban design guru Professor as part of the City. Public transport has to be an absolute art and art devoted to local members of the community, Jan Gehl—whose Public Space and Public Life study recommendations are central to the thinking of the A poem from Art About priority and the City should get the State Government remembering the quintessential characters of the to be creative about lots of public transport… we are community that people wouldn’t necessarily remember.” 2030 Vision—presented his recommendations. BRAVO CHILD Year 3 4 Newtown Public School decades behind. That is the most important thing.” In 2008 the draft 2030 Vision was presented by authors untitled Live Green Patrick Fensham from SGS Economics and Planning; Warn the people that they have to be rich. Customs house AUGUST 2007 Rod Simpson from Simpson+Wilson Architects; OCTOBER 2007 and environmentalist Bruce Taper from Kinesis. Use organic petrol. “A City of the future will be a City of green links. Be ready to be micro-chipped. “I would like Sydney to be a place where people could One where the City can use design to activate We are all running, if time stops we stop. come into City squares with their families, where they spaces, will have liveable streets and an emerald Live Green Tall or small, down we fall. could enjoy family time together in an environment necklace that runs from Moore Park around to AUGUST 2007 where they can enjoy also the beauty of our City Buildings will be invisible, Victoria Park via Green Square. East-West links.” Live Green is a vibrant, new event for the City Transport will be in the sky, including its harbour. I would like to see walking tracks, that demonstrated how the community as a Everyone will do Science. I would like to see cycle ways as well. I am obviously Customs house whole can learn to live green. The event included If you die, I die. aware that business needs to continue and I would OCTOBER 2007 talks about Sustainable Sydney 2030, Visions of …I hope they have cakes that are good for you. hope that the walkways and cycleways could be joined effectively with business. I would like a clean and green “I think the City should have much more affordable Sydney history display and the future phone. housing so that people can have the opportunity to live in ‘Sustainable Sydney 2030: A plan to take us there’ was The future phone City that caters for people in all areas of their life.” the City. I also think the buses and public transport should a workshop hosted by Peter Thompson with community A fun way for young people to leave a message about Glebe Street fair be a lot cheaper, much more efficient. I think that the members interested in Sydney’s future growth and change the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision, the Future Phone NOVEMBER 2007 spaces there should be a lot more open spaces, grassy and how it can respond to environmental challenges. was located across a range of City venues. The future play areas for children particularly in various suburbs in the phone included a comfy armchair in a private booth with “We would like to see rent a bicycle where you can pick-up City, for example Paddington, Glebe Newtown. Much more Visions of Sydney Exhibition hand set, allowing people to leave a recorded message bicycles for a limited amount of time and use them on the safe open public places for children and families to play.” describing the kind of City they want Sydney to be in 2030. constructed bicycle ways in the City and the Inner West.” The Vision of Sydney exhibition was created for Live Locations included high schools, universities and City Talk Green but was exhibited in City venues throughout Customs house SEPTEMBER 2007 2007 and 2008. The multimedia exhibition was prominent business district areas. Students, workers, OCTOBER 2007 developed by the City Strategy and Engagement residents and visitors to Sydney took a couple of “I would like to see more open spaces and better team with the City Historian. It used archival materials “What I would like to see is our City to be more preservation of Sydney’s architectural heritage because minutes to say what they wanted for Sydney’s future. people-friendly. Get rid of the cars as much as we to place Sustainable Sydney 2030 as a visioning it is one thing to have a good City to walk through or a process towards a long-term plan for the future. can to provide walking spaces, make certain that good City to visit but if we do not preserve the buildings we do not lose any of our parks and make it a place that made the City through its different time periods then The project aimed to encourage residents, workers and for people and children particularly so it is friendly we are losing part of the City and we are missing I think visitors to reflect on past visions and imagine the Sydney and we make the most of our wonderful City.” some of what the vision for Sydney 2030 is all about.” they want for the future. Sydney’s growth and development patterns were tracked from 1788 to 2000, identifying the significant events that shaped the City as it is today. 200 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 201
  • 103. APPENDICES Highlights from the Future Phone martin place St Scholasticas 2030 Exhibition period April 2008 (continued) OCTOBER 2007 NOVEMBER 2007 information briefings “I want less coal and more energy “For the year 2030 we think there should be better danks Street festival efficient things in the City.” public transport and more of it so it is more reliable, so OCTOBER 2007 less carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere • ultural, Design, Economy, Environment, C Customs house and less cars and traffic and will help global warming Transport, Education and Social sectors “I live in the Alexandria area and I think that the Green and be safer for pedestrians. We also want to protect • hinese community, C Square Centre is going to be a great asset for our area OCTOBER 2007 parks and stuff that are sometimes being sold-off to • ommunity stakeholders C and I also think that perhaps we need a few more parks “I would like more parks and more bike developers because they are important public space.” • ity Indigenous community C and cafes with the new apartments precinct that are ways so I could bike around the City and not • eople with Disabilities P coming up that are actually opened on Sundays as a lot rely on public transport. Thank you.” Sydney university • ay and Lesbian and Transgender community G of the cafes aren’t open and it would be great that you OCTOBER 2007 • oung professional and young people Y could have somewhere to go with families or with friends • ommittee for Sydney C Surry hills festival “The economy has got to be one of Australia’s biggest • ydney Chamber of Commerce S on a Sunday so parks and cafes are what I am up for.” 2007 challenges in the coming decades. With China on the • SW Local Government Conference N City of Sydney foyer “I would like more cool little bars and pubs and more boom with their population and industrialisation. I believe • roperty Council of Australia P DECEMBER 2007 places to ride your bike, more money for public schools.” that the key to achieving a better economy for Australia • rban Task Force U is to expand ties within the Asia-Pacific region.” • ustralia Council for the Arts A “My idea for the future of Sydney is that we should start exploring the underground city centre. In particular, St Vincent's College • vents NSW E 2007 • he Royal Australian Institute of Architects T getting in some bars, working overnight. I think we • lanning Institute of Australia P should improve our train lines, particularly Central “In the future I hope that Sydney is more • ustralian Institute of Landscape Architects A and Town Hall. I think we should kind of go towards ecologically sustainable, upholds the values of • rban Development Institute of Australia U the direction that Melbourne is heading in the café multiculturalism but keeps our Australian identity.” culture—a lot of the small alleyways and lanes that can be used for different purposes and styles.” Newtown festival Government briefings December 2007 Live Green “Don’t underestimate the importance of live music 25 AUGUST 2007 particularly when it is free, because independent Between March and May 2008, the City of Sydney briefed musicians will do anything to get their music State and Federal stakeholders on the 2030 Vision. “I believe in 2030 we should have an integrated transport out there. Encourage art in any form whether system. That we need to give pedestrianise more of Minister Anthony Albanese, Federal Minister for Infrastructure it is street art, fashionable art, anything.” Minister Tanya Plibersek, Federal Minister for the City and improve the light rail and increase cycling Housing, Minister for Status of Women access to the City in a safe and durable way.” St Scholasticas Malcolm Turnbull, Shadow Federal Treasurer NOVEMBER 2007 Morris Iemma, Premier of NSW City of Sydney foyer “I want Sydney in 2030 to be a place where Minister Frank Sartor, Minister for Planning NSW DECEMBER 2007 everyone is treated equally and a place where Minister John Watkins, Minister for Transport NSW “I think we need to have community gardens where we can all feel safe in our homes and a place Minister Ian McDonald, Minister for Primary Industries, people can grow their own food. It is going to be a huge where I can feel safe and respect everyone.” Minister for Energy, Minister for Mineral Resources and Minister for State Development NSW problem to get more locally grown food. You have to really encourage that because once the price of oil goes through Newtown festival Minister Matt Brown, Minister for Housing and Tourism NSW December 2007 Minister Paul Lynch, Minister of Local Government NSW the roof the price of food will go up with it. That is my idea.” Minister Verity Firth, Minister for Environment and Housing NSW “I would like to see Sydney being run by green Erskineville youth Centre energy. Renewable energy sources are very Council of Capital City Lord Mayors OCTOBER 2007 important because eventually coal is going to run Inner City Mayors out and obviously polluting forms of energy and that Mr Barry O’Farrell, Leader of the Opposition NSW “I think that we should have a couple of more facilities is not a very sustainable way to run the City.” Ms Gladys Berejiklian, Shadow Minister for Transport and Citizenship for young people in the area, not just Erskineville, Mr Barry Buffier, Director-General of Tourism NSW but Redfern, Waterloo, Newtown and all the inner Mr Mike Allen, Director-General of Housing NSW City areas, and I think we need a pool and some Mr David Richmond, Coordinator-General NSW more creative ideas, more cultural background, Mr Warwick Neilly, NSW Premiers Office Ms Kathy Roil, Department of Housing NSW you know Indigenous days, stuff like that.” Mr Sam Haddad, Department of Planning NSW Mr Rob Lang, Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority Central Sydney Planning Committee Councillors—City of Sydney Former Prime Minister, Paul Keating 202 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 203
  • 104. APPENDICES Guiding Principles for GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE ENVIrONMENTAL LEADEr CONNECTED AND ACCESSIBLE Sustainable Sydney 2030 The City will contribute to maintaining Sydney’s position The City will minimise its energy and water use, its waste The City will enjoy a comprehensive walking and cycling as the premium destination in Australia for global and generation and its air quality impact through the City network that provides access to and between the City Centre, Vision were developed national investment, high quality connectivity and high of Sydney’s own activities and by working with other the Villages and surrounding areas. This should be supported through consultation. quality employment. The City Centre and its Villages will be stakeholders. The City of Sydney will plan for the future by a high capacity, quality integrated public transport system destinations of choice for international and national visitors, impacts of climate change. that connects the City Centre to the Villages and to other major events and conferences. parts of the Sydney Region. SENSE Of PLACE LIVEABLE The City will respect and respond to its beautiful setting and LEADING CAPITAL CITY GOVErNANCE The City of Sydney will balance increased numbers of inherited landscape between Sydney Harbour and Botany The City of Sydney will be a leader in policy development residents and employees with improved access to high Bay, and value its rich cultural and urban history and heritage. and debates, advocacy, environmental management, public quality amenities, an attractive and safe public domain, Outdoor activities and lifestyles will be encouraged to take sector administration and as an employer. The City of Sydney design excellence in the built environment, an active street advantage of Sydney’s mild and attractive climate. will actively seek partnerships with other councils, other levels life and cultural vitality. These aspects will be foundations of government, and community and business stakeholders for both its urban villages and a strong economy. for Sydney and national policy aims. The City of Sydney DIVErSE AND INCLUSIVE will maintain the highest standards of due process, due The City of Sydney will respect and value its Indigenous and diligence, efficiency and transparency in its decision making CULTUrALLY rICH multicultural heritage. The City will encourage a range of to ensure long-term financial sustainability. The City will continue to be a leading cultural centre and different living styles, ages and household types and promote an international cultural leader, fostering the development respect between its communities. of and participation in cultural activities, events and performances, by and for its diverse resident, worker and visitor communities. EqUITABLE The City of Sydney will act to improve social and income equalities and access to affordable services and facilities INNOVATIVE, EDUCATED at the local community level. This will build high levels AND SKILLED of trust, improved health, greater enterprise, creativity The City will be a world leader for knowledge and and resourcefulness, building a sense of belonging and information sharing, creativity and skills development connection among the City’s residents, workforce and by fostering a culture of enterprise, lifelong learning and visitors. achievement. 204 SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION SUSTAINABLE SYDNEY 2030 : THE VISION 205
  • 105. 206                                                                                                                                                                            