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The Senate passes comprehensive legislation. What would be the business reforms if the legislation is adopted?

The Senate passes comprehensive legislation. What would be the business reforms if the legislation is adopted?

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Immigration reform paris june 26 2013 ppt Presentation Transcript

  • 1. LA GRANDE REFORME DE L’IMMIGRATION AMERICAINE: 2013 Eliot Norman Williams Mullen Washington, D.C. enorman@williamsmullen.com European American Chamber of Commerce 26 juin 2013 1
  • 2. Day after President cites immigration reform among policy priorities in his inaugural address. immigration advocacy groups urge Washington to act 2
  • 3. Janvier 2013: La Bataille Commence • President Obama’s Inaugural Speech , January 15, 2013 • Waiting for 4 years, • Et dans le Sénat • L’opinion publique? • Du progrès: janvier-avril 2013 • Le President un peu a la cote 3
  • 4. April 2013: Foreign Terrorists Attack • Boy, 8, one of 3 killed in bombings at Boston Marathon; 176 wounded April 18, 2013 • Bombing Manhunt for Chechen Brothers Shuts down City, 1 million persons locked in homes 4
  • 5. Nos héros dans la bataille 5
  • 6. Gang of Eight April 2013: 8 Senators Say Boston No Excuse To Nix Immigration Deal | Fox News ... 6
  • 7. “Gang of Eight” 7
  • 8. Why Bipartisan ? • republicans as vocal as democrats • la motivation des republicains… • Analysis of election returns.. 8
  • 9. 10
  • 10. 11
  • 11. 12
  • 12. Path to Citizenship 13
  • 13. 14
  • 14. Who is Responsbile 15
  • 15. The Grand Bargain • Path to citizenship for 11 million illegal immigrants • Seal the Border • Worksite Enforcement inside the USA 16
  • 16. Solves this Dilemna n 17
  • 17. 18
  • 18. 19
  • 19. 20
  • 20. 21
  • 21. Employer Compliance : Worksite Inspections 22
  • 22. Obama: The troubles I have seen 23
  • 23. 24
  • 24. Et le NSA….. 25
  • 25. Où sommes-nous fin juin 2013? • Gang of Eight Working away From April to June • • • • • • Absent from Scene: President Obama Judiciary Committee vote 15-5 Vote against Filibuster 82-17 200 Amendments: nearly all defeated CBO report: Deficit reduction $300 billion Final Vote : before June 30 . Comprehensive Legislation is becoming a reality? 26
  • 26. II L’Impact potentiel sur les compagnies francaises? 27
  • 27. Après tout, ce n’est pas notre affaire? • not our Gang of Eight or 7 Samurai • not our 11 million “sans papiers” • not our concern whether – Road to citizenship or – Border security? Not our billions to spend? • Interesting but maybe only of academic interest, • Like an American looking at reform of age of retirement in France or adoption of gay marriage 28
  • 28. 2 Bargains Le Grand •Path to citizenship for 11 million illegal immigrants •Seal the Border: •Worksite Enforcement inside the USA Le Petit (qui n’entre pas trop dans le grand débat) •acceleration and expansion of all sorts of business visas: goal of helping U.S. businesses recruit & retain global talent. “visa express” like Federal Express Both will have profound impacts on use of human capital for French companies in North American 29 market.
  • 29. Un cas pratique 30
  • 30. South Carolina 31
  • 31. The New Southeast U.S. Aerospace Cluster Eliot Norman enorman@williamsmullen.com Bill Benos bbenos@williamsmullen.com • • • • • • • Mobile, AL (Airbus) Savannah, GA (Gulfstream-General Dynamics) Charleston, SC (Boeing) Greensboro, NC (Hondajet) Durham, NC (GE Aviation) Richmond/Petersburg, VA (Rolls-Royce) Melbourne, Fla (Embraer 32
  • 32. The Big 3 • Rolls Royce • Boeing • Airbus 33
  • 33. Attention! Homeland Security remains in charge of immigration to the USA 34
  • 34. What Does it matter : Procedural Impacts • what does it have with French companies chasing business in the USA? • Procedural Changes impact moving personnel generally, slowdown like with 9/11 • Reform means l’incertitude et les delais • Already seeing it happening with sequestration and Ports of entry • CBP attitudes. 35
  • 35. IMPACT OF HOMELAND SECURITY • • • • Multiple Government Agencies ICE CBP Dept. of Labor ($$ and wages) • New Visa Controls at the Embassies • New Airport and Border Controls • Montoring Exits and Entries electronically
  • 36. Worksite Enforcement à l’Américaine 37
  • 37. Worksite Enforcement • • • • • • example of French company in NJ photo of boxes more of this, like in UK. Audits, particularly H-1Bs fines, criminal enforcement Problèmes avec 1099s, sous-traitants, IRS et ICE 38
  • 38. ICE, CBP and Homeland Security • à la douane • WSJ article: les délais • attitude de CBP 39
  • 39. USCIS: Service a la clientèle? • explain split of functions between U.S. Dept. of State and USCIS • Lack of resources? 40
  • 40. Embassy of the United States of America Visa Branch 2, Avenue Gabriel 75008 Paris, France VIA E-MAIL TRANSMISSION Date: 12-Jun-13 Mr. Eliot Norman Attorney at Law William Mullen (Richmond) 200 South 10th Street, Suite 1600 Richmond VA 23219 Reference number: 2013163 843 1 Treaty Investor/Treaty Trader Treaty Investor/Treaty Trader Dear Mr. Norman: As you are aware, as part of the visa application process, an interview at the embassy is required for visa applicants from age 14 through 79. As a consequence, Mr. and his spouse have been scheduled to come for an interview on 15-Jul-2013 at 01:30 PM. They will meet our Treaty Visa Officer. n a few days, using the above-noted reference number you may view the status of this application on our website at http://france.usembassy.gov Pending visas “Treaty Trader Investor visas.” Should you have any questions about this application or need to reschedule the appointment, please do not hesitate to contact us by e-mail directly to parisev@state.gov to ensure rapid processing. Sincerely, E Visa Unit Non Immigrant Visa Branch American Embassy Paris 41
  • 41. III L’Impact sur les compagnies francaises? Substantive Changes to Business Visas (Small Bargain) 42
  • 42. Titles II & IV to Senate Bill 744: Substantive Changes to Business Visas •New Rules for Business Visas •Liberalization of Quotas for H-1Bs •New Types of Visas: Business lobby has intervened successfully for multinationals •Relief for Backlogs in Green Cards (Title III) •IMPACT: Will affect Visa Choices •Will affect short-term and long term strategies 43
  • 43. This is where is all starts Quelle situation? Quel visa? 11/16/13 44
  • 44. LA PYRAMIDE DES VISAS AMÉRICAINS GREEN CARDS L-1A/L-1B, E1/E2 Investors/ Treaty Traders TN, H-1B/O-1 B-1/ F-1/J-1/H-3, H-2B 90 Day ESTA Visa Waivers B-1 Business Visitors (B/2) (tourists) 6693462 EB-1 Multinational Managers/Executives & EB-1 Extraordinary Ability and Outstanding Researchers; EB2/3 PERM Labor Certifications for professionals, skilled workers leading to Green Cards; EB2 Green Cards for National Interest Waivers, FAMILY SPONSORSHIP (marriage to U.S. Citizen or, Green Card Holder; Diversity Lottery. EB-5: $500,000 Investors EXECUTIVES, MANAGERS, Specialists and EssentialSkills Employees for U.S. Offices of International Companies PROFESSIONALS; Extraordinary Ability Scholars & Scientists TRAINEES & FOREIGN STUDENTS Research Scholars & Specialists; Temporary workers , VIE , Interns. BUSINESS VISITORS: Negotiate Contracts, Consult; Trainees, Install Equipment if Purchased Overseas; Visa Waiver B-1 au lieu de H-1B: 6 month project requiring professional services. 45
  • 45. 3 questions importantes Les Leçons à Tirer • What will change? • What will not change? • What will be new? 46
  • 46. Un Sommaire • • • • • • • • Le Régime Actuel B-1 ESTA Visa Waiver E-2/E-1 H-1B L-1A ou L-1B TN Green Cards – EB1 – EB2 and EB3 – EB 5 • • • • • • • • La Réforme B-1 ESTA Visa Waiver E-2/E-1 H-1B L-1A ou L-1B TN Green Cards – EB1 – EB2 and EB3 – EB5 47
  • 47. 48
  • 48. Le regime actuel: Use of L-1Bs, L-1As, H-1Bs and E-2 for Intra-Company Transfers X&Z Aerosupply SA Toulouse , France Managers, Executives Software Developers Electrical Engineers Project Managers and Specialists Composites Engineers X&Z Aerosupply, Ltd. Bucharest, Romania 11/16/13 X&Z Aerosupply , Inc. Mobile, Alabama USA (AIRBUS VILLAGE) 49
  • 49. La Grande Réforme • E-2 et Treaty NAFTA (L’ALENA), Free Trade Agreements • Supériorité des traités • Pensez à l’Amérique du Nord • Leçons a tirer: 50
  • 50. 51
  • 51. Case Illustration: Sous la Grande Réforme: NAFTA TN ou E-2, B-1? X&Z Aerosupply SA Toulouse , France Managers, Executives Software Developers Electrical Engineers Project Managers and Specialists Manufacturing Managers & Engineers X&Z Composites Manufacturing Monterey, Mexico 11/16/13 X&Z Services d’Ingénierie, SA Montréal, Québec Engineers X&Z Aerosupply , Inc. Mobile, Alabama USA (AIRBUS VILLAGE) 52
  • 52. E-1/E-2 Treaty Trader/Trader Investor Visas • avantages, •critères, • procédures, • cas pratiques et exemples 53
  • 53. NAFTA (l’ALENA) TN le Canada, Le Mexique • avantages, •critères, • procédures, • cas pratiques et exemples 54
  • 54. Canada (Le Québec) Mexico • TNs for Canadians: Works if Well Documented – Advantages: Visa Issuance at the Border – Use of self-employed consultants – Management consultants – Scientific/engineering technologists – Systems analysts with 2-year degrees • Mexican TNs: – requires visa and application at U.S. Consulate – Same or similar criteria
  • 55. Visas: Practical Solutions for Business Visitors • Reforms in use of « Shengen » type visas – Visa Waivers (ESTA); – Can work under B-1 in support of interntional supply agreement – B-1 in lieu of H-1B (ex. design engineers) • professionnel • projet de 6 mois ou moins • compensation: de France ou d’outre-mer 56
  • 56. Les Avantages d’un Multinational • l’emploi des traités • Chile, Australia and Singapore: Special H-1Bs or E-3s under FastTrack FTAs (Free Trade Agreements) • Canada and Mexico (l’ALENA ou NAFTA) 57
  • 57. IV L’Impact sur les compagnies francaises? Problematique ou Amelioration? Les L-1Bs? L-1As? Les H-1Bs 58
  • 58. L-1B et L-1As (Intra-Company Transfers) Le Régime Actuel (ask: ) Sous La Grande Réforme •avantages, ?? • critères, • Work at client sites to be • procédures, prohibited? • cas pratiques et exemples •Specialized knowledge • Blanket Procedures standards will be impractical • % of Requêtes (RFE ou ? Requests for Evidence) •Problèmes de définitions de « Specialized Knowledge » •Problèmes de travail au tiers •FIND materials sent to TAJ 59
  • 59. CAS SPECIAUX • • • New Office L-1, L-1 Blanket Visas. E-1/E-2 Visas Accelerés, 60
  • 60. H-1B Visas for Specialty Occupations: • • • • • avantages, critères et le rðle du « DOL », procédures, cas pratiques et exemples. Problemes de CAP ou Quota – 2011 – 2012 – 2013 61
  • 61. H-1B Visas for Specialty Occupations: La Grande Réforme • Avantages : Quotas or Caps de 65,000 a 115,000; 20,000 a 25,000. 180,000 en total ? • Mais le nouveau rðle du « DOL » exigera une augmentation des salaires (20%-30%) – Audits et enquêtes – Délai de 30 jours – Preuve du recrutement sans succès des candidats américains • Les épouses auront le droit à travailler Leçons à tirer : résultats mixtes à cause des compromis politiques. 62
  • 62. V L’Impact sur les compagnies françaises? Temporary Business Visas: What’s New under La Grande Réforme? 63
  • 63. What’s New under La Grande Réforme? • Multinational Managers/Executives: – Can come for up to 180 days to oversee U.S. operations – Salary: from France or from U.S. entity • Z visa to benefit airlines, other transportation companies, ex. MRO facilities, repair or warranty work on foreign equipment for up to 180 days. – Parallels U.S. State Department Initiative: B-1 in lieu of H-1B: up to 180 days for profesionals working on short-term projects 64
  • 64. What else is New: Nonimmigrants • W Visas: Sponsorship of low and middle-skilled positions – example: assemblers, welders for our aerospace company – 20,000 to 75,000, up to even 200,000 per year? – Eliminates proving seasonal need 65
  • 65. What’s New under La Grande Réforme? (temporary visas) • EB-6 Entrepreneurs and X visas: – For Start-ups – Venture Capital $100,000 66
  • 66. VI L’Impact sur les compagnies francaises? Business Green Cards 67
  • 67. 68
  • 68. What’s New? Instant or Accelerated Green Cards • STEM foreign graduates from U.S. Universities with M.S. or Ph.D. – enormous change and benefit – compare with 4-6 year PERM to GC process. • Multinational Managers and Executives can selfpetition; so can Ph.Ds. • EB-1 Multinational Managers/Executives still a strong option • Reference: Green Chart 69
  • 69. EB-1 Multinational Manager/Executive Green Cards • • • • avantages, critère, procédures, cas pratiques et exemples. 70
  • 70. Timing: All 3 steps: 3-6 years + for EB3 from India 71
  • 71. What’s New: Green Cards • Elimination of per country quotas • Elimination of counting family members towards green card quotas: big problem • Result: acceleration of Green Card issuance: – For EB3 , from 4 years to 1year – For EB2, from 2 years to 1 year • Leçons à Tirer: Des Nouvelle Strategies (mettre les cartes vertes en avance) 72
  • 72. Cas pratique sous la Reforme: Use of Green Cards for Intra-Company Transfers X&Z Aerosupply SA Toulouse , France Managers, Executives Software Developers Electrical Engineers Project Managers and Specialists Composites Engineers and Assemblers X&Z Aerosupply, Ltd. Bucharest, Romania 11/16/13 X&Z Aerosupply , Inc. Mobile, Alabama USA (AIRBUS VILLAGE) 73
  • 73. Green Card Quotas and Priority System • Per country quotas abolished • 40% for Graduate Degrees, EB-2 or higher • 40% for EB3 (B.S. or B.A. degree or skilled workers) • 10% Enterepreneurs and investors • 10% special immigrants • Family members not counted in quotas 74
  • 74. What’s New: Investment Green Cards • EB-6 Entrepreneur Green Card 10% of total: requires venture capital investment of at least $100,000 etc. • EB-5 $500,000 Investment Green Card made permanent – can be source of financing for U.S. projects – Investors sold minority interest, limited partnership units 75
  • 75. VII L’Impact sur les compagnies francaises? Visas Divers Sous La Grande Reforme 76
  • 76. J-1 Interns and Practical Trainees (incluant VIE) •Les accords de stages, échanges de jeunes professionnels, •avantages, •critères, •procédures, •cas pratiques et exemples. •Le programme (sous Le Département d’Etat) exigerait la conformité a ses règles 77
  • 77. State Dept. Reforms • eliminate visa interviews? • revalidate visas without leaving the USA? • time limits on adjudication of visas, and waiting times for visa interviews? 78
  • 78. FOREIGN STUDENTS AND SCHOLARS 700,000 F-1s F-1s and J-1s • • 170,000 J-1s graduate students • Shared Responsibility between ICE (SEVIS) and USCIS (Applications and Extensions) • The OPT to H-1B “timing game”
  • 79. “VISA WAIVER” • • “l’espace SCHENGEN americain” Distinctions entre le B-1 et le Visa Waiver (WB): – – – – avantages, critères, procédures, cas pratiques et exemples. 80
  • 80. VIII Les Prochaines Etapes et les Stratégies 81
  • 81. La procedure législative: juinoctobre • • • • • • what happens next? House of Representatives Future of their « Gang of Seven »? Congressional Budget Office Conference Committee If signed, timing of implementation 82
  • 82. Guiding Principles • L’importance de faire un bon choix de visa en faisant une évaluation approfondie des avantages/inconvenients de chacun ; et en adoptant une approche individualisée-salarié, fonction et structure de l’organisation. • Evitez la répétition de la formule de l’année dernière! 83
  • 83. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Dernières Considérations Flexibility Big suprise: make early and effective use of Green Cards to bypass H-1B and L-1 headaches and complications E-2 accelerated visa program (if your company meets criteria) : extra benefit of French ownership Stay with Treaty or State Dept. Visas over Congressional Visas: TN, E-2, B-1, J-1 When use H-1B or L-1, carefully review candidate qualifications Portability: employment agreements will be of added importance (confidentiality, non-compete) More use possible of short term visas for productive work without establishing U.S. Offices Collaboration? 84 le problème de l’abus
  • 84. 8 Collaboration. • • • • • • • Dans la préparation de la demande, il faut de la collaboration parmi: l’avocat et son cabinet, l’entreprise et le salarié Information sur les opérations en FRANCE et les ETATS-UNIS, Problèmes à éviter avant le dépôt du dossier, Ouverture d’un bureau : cas spécifique, Le rôle de votre entreprise et votre avocat Les « DEADLINES ». Le salarié et son « travel schedule » 85
  • 85. 9. L’abus UNE BONNE UTILISATION DU VISA • les visiteurs d’affaires commerciales, • Quand le “business visa” n’existe pas, • L’abus de la procédure: – Les complications et la perte des privilèges de “Visa Waiver” – La barrière de 3 ans et 10 ans 86
  • 86. Nos Services Sous le Régime Actuel 87
  • 87. Il est plus facile à un chameau de passer par le chas d'une aiguille que pour certaine visiteurs de passer par la douane américaine . 88
  • 88. 89
  • 89. 90
  • 90. Sous La Grande Réforme: « plutôt du planning stratégique » 91
  • 91. Questions et Coordonnées Eliot Norman enorman@williamsmullen.com Williams Mullen 1666 K Street NW Suite 1200 Washington DC 20006 Direct Dial: 804.420.6482 En France (juin-juillet 2013) 001.804.564.1619 www.williamsmullen.com 92
  • 92. VOS CAS SP CIAUX OU P E ROB E AT L M IQUE S? 93