F.r. timeline a of s. 1

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  • F.r. timeline a of s. 1

    1. 1. The French Revolution
    2. 2. The French Revolution 1780 - Sept 1795
    3. 3. The French Revolution 1780 - Sept 1795
    4. 4. The French Revolution 1780 - Sept 1795
    5. 5. The French Revolution 1780 - Sept 1795
    6. 6. Timeline courtesy of Revolution: France by J. Fenwick & J. Anderson
    7. 7. BACKGROUND: • 1748: Spirit of Laws by Baron de Montesquieu published • 1762: Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau published • 1763: Treatise on Toleration by Voltaire published • 1751-1780: Encyclopedie published (27 volumes of text & 11 volumes of images)
    8. 8. BACKGROUND: • 1748: Spirit of Laws by Baron de Montesquieu published • 1762: Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau published • 1763: Treatise on Toleration by Voltaire published • 1751-1780: Encyclopedie published (27 volumes of text & 11 volumes of images)
    9. 9. BACKGROUND: • 1748: Spirit of Laws by Baron de Montesquieu published • 1762: Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau published • 1763: Treatise on Toleration by Voltaire published • 1751-1780: Encyclopedie published (27 volumes of text & 11 volumes of images)
    10. 10. BACKGROUND: • 1748: Spirit of Laws by Baron de Montesquieu published • 1762: Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau published • 1763: Treatise on Toleration by Voltaire published • 1751-1780: Encyclopedie published (27 volumes of text & 11 volumes of images)
    11. 11. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette
    12. 12. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette • 1774: Accession of Louis XVI
    13. 13. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette • 1774: Accession of Louis XVI
    14. 14. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette • 1774: Accession of Louis XVI • 1778-83: France supported America in War of Independence against Britain
    15. 15. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette • 1774: Accession of Louis XVI • 1778-83: France supported America in War of Independence against Britain
    16. 16. • 1770: Marriage of Louis XVI to Marie Antoinette • 1774: Accession of Louis XVI • 1778-83: France supported America in War of Independence against Britain
    17. 17. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789
    18. 18. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi
    19. 19. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi • 1783: Calonne took office as Controller General
    20. 20. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi • 1783: Calonne took office as Controller General • 1786: Calonne suggested calling Assembly of Notables (A of N)
    21. 21. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi • 1783: Calonne took office as Controller General • 1786: Calonne suggested calling Assembly of Notables (A of N)
    22. 22. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi • 1783: Calonne took office as Controller General • 1786: Calonne suggested calling Assembly of Notables (A of N)
    23. 23. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789 • 1781: Royal Controller General (Minister of Finance), Jacques Necker presented his Compte rendu au roi • 1783: Calonne took office as Controller General • 1786: Calonne suggested calling Assembly of Notables (A of N)
    24. 24. Area of Study 1 1780 - 4 Aug 1789
    25. 25. 1787 -
    26. 26. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened
    27. 27. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne
    28. 28. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed
    29. 29. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed • 15 August: Parlement of Paris exiled
    30. 30. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed • 15 August: Parlement of Paris exiled • Sept: Parlements recalled & Brienne announced an Estates-General (E.G.) for 1792.
    31. 31. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed • 15 August: Parlement of Paris exiled • Sept: Parlements recalled & Brienne announced an Estates-General (E.G.) for 1792.
    32. 32. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed • 15 August: Parlement of Paris exiled • Sept: Parlements recalled & Brienne announced an Estates-General (E.G.) for 1792.
    33. 33. 1787 - • 22 Feb: A of N convened • 1 May: Brienne replaced Calonne • 25 May: A of N dismissed • 15 August: Parlement of Paris exiled • Sept: Parlements recalled & Brienne announced an Estates-General (E.G.) for 1792.
    34. 34. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT...
    35. 35. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT... • 3 May: Parlement of Paris proclaimed Fundamental Laws of Kingdom
    36. 36. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT... • 3 May: Parlement of Paris proclaimed Fundamental Laws of Kingdom • 8 May: New Plenary Courts established, Parlements exiled (again)
    37. 37. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT... • 3 May: Parlement of Paris proclaimed Fundamental Laws of Kingdom • 8 May: New Plenary Courts established, Parlements exiled (again) • 7 June: ‘Day of Tiles’ in Grenoble
    38. 38. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT... • 3 May: Parlement of Paris proclaimed Fundamental Laws of Kingdom • 8 May: New Plenary Courts established, Parlements exiled (again) • 7 June: ‘Day of Tiles’ in Grenoble • PAMPHLET WAR began: more radical - referred to ideas like natural law, inalienable rights,
    39. 39. 1788 - ARISTOCRATIC REVOLT... • 3 May: Parlement of Paris proclaimed Fundamental Laws of Kingdom • 8 May: New Plenary Courts established, Parlements exiled (again) • 7 June: ‘Day of Tiles’ in Grenoble • PAMPHLET WAR began: more radical - referred to ideas like natural law, inalienable rights,
    40. 40. 1788 - continued:
    41. 41. 1788 - continued: • 8 Aug: Government bankrupt - meeting of E.G. brought forward to 1st May 1789
    42. 42. 1788 - continued: • 8 Aug: Government bankrupt - meeting of E.G. brought forward to 1st May 1789 • Brienne resigned
    43. 43. 1788 - continued: • 8 Aug: Government bankrupt - meeting of E.G. brought forward to 1st May 1789 • Brienne resigned • 25 Aug: Necker was re-instated
    44. 44. 1788 - continued: • 8 Aug: Government bankrupt - meeting of E.G. brought forward to 1st May 1789 • Brienne resigned • 25 Aug: Necker was re-instated • Parlement recalled and Plenary Court disbanded
    45. 45. 1788 - continued: • 8 Aug: Government bankrupt - meeting of E.G. brought forward to 1st May 1789 • Brienne resigned • 25 Aug: Necker was re-instated • Parlement recalled and Plenary Court disbanded • P. of Paris declared E.G. must be constituted as it was in 1614... created furore over method of voting
    46. 46. 1788 - continued
    47. 47. 1788 - continued • Nov: Formation of Society of Thirty (later called the ‘Constitutional Club’)
    48. 48. 1788 - continued • Nov: Formation of Society of Thirty (later called the ‘Constitutional Club’) • Dec: Very harsh & cold Winter... wolves entered the streets of Paris
    49. 49. 1788 - continued • Nov: Formation of Society of Thirty (later called the ‘Constitutional Club’) • Dec: Very harsh & cold Winter... wolves entered the streets of Paris • 27 Dec: King publicly ruled that the Third Estate be given double number of Deputies
    50. 50. 1788 - continued • Nov: Formation of Society of Thirty (later called the ‘Constitutional Club’) • Dec: Very harsh & cold Winter... wolves entered the streets of Paris • 27 Dec: King publicly ruled that the Third Estate be given double number of Deputies • Election of Deputies began (indirect) = but ‘most democratic of whole Revolution’!
    51. 51. 1789
    52. 52. 1789 • Jan: Abbe Sieyes published What is the Third Estate?
    53. 53. 1789 • Jan: Abbe Sieyes published What is the Third Estate? • Cahiers drawn up
    54. 54. 1789 • Jan: Abbe Sieyes published What is the Third Estate? • Cahiers drawn up • Price of bread risen to between75-89% of working man’s wage
    55. 55. 1789 • Jan: Abbe Sieyes published What is the Third Estate? • Cahiers drawn up • Price of bread risen to between75-89% of working man’s wage • 28 Apr: Reveillon riots
    56. 56. 1789 • Jan: Abbe Sieyes published What is the Third Estate? • Cahiers drawn up • Price of bread risen to between75-89% of working man’s wage • 28 Apr: Reveillon riots
    57. 57. 1789 - continued •1 May: Formal opening of Estates General •May: Verification of credentials •4 Jun: Death of Dauphin •10 Jun: Third Estate invited privileged orders to join it •12 Jun: Deputies began verification of their credentials - not as Third Estate, but as reps of nation.
    58. 58. 1789 - continued •1 May: Formal opening of Estates General •May: Verification of credentials •4 Jun: Death of Dauphin •10 Jun: Third Estate invited privileged orders to join it •12 Jun: Deputies began verification of their credentials - not as Third Estate, but as reps of nation.
    59. 59. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
    60. 60. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners
    61. 61. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established.
    62. 62. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established. •22 Jun: 150 clerical deputies headed by 2 archbishops & a few nobles joined the N. A.
    63. 63. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established. •22 Jun: 150 clerical deputies headed by 2 archbishops & a few nobles joined the N. A. •23 Jun: Royal Session - King ordered Estates to meet separately - the new N.A. (exhorted by Mirabeau to uphold TCO) refused to disband.
    64. 64. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established. •22 Jun: 150 clerical deputies headed by 2 archbishops & a few nobles joined the N. A. •23 Jun: Royal Session - King ordered Estates to meet separately - the new N.A. (exhorted by Mirabeau to uphold TCO) refused to disband. •24 Jun: Soldiers (sent to enforce King’s wishes) supported N.A. - We, too, are citizens.
    65. 65. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established. •22 Jun: 150 clerical deputies headed by 2 archbishops & a few nobles joined the N. A. •23 Jun: Royal Session - King ordered Estates to meet separately - the new N.A. (exhorted by Mirabeau to uphold TCO) refused to disband. •24 Jun: Soldiers (sent to enforce King’s wishes) supported N.A. - We, too, are citizens. •27 Jun: King capitulated
    66. 66. •17 Jun: Third Estate & a few lower clergy took momentous & revolutionary step: declared itself the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY •19 Jun: Clergy voted to join commoners •20 Jun: TENNIS COURT OATH - We take a solemn oath not to separate ... until the constitution of the Kingdom is established. •22 Jun: 150 clerical deputies headed by 2 archbishops & a few nobles joined the N. A. •23 Jun: Royal Session - King ordered Estates to meet separately - the new N.A. (exhorted by Mirabeau to uphold TCO) refused to disband. •24 Jun: Soldiers (sent to enforce King’s wishes) supported N.A. - We, too, are citizens. •27 Jun: King capitulated
    67. 67. • 7 Jul: N.A. becomes National Constituent Assembly • Build up of royal troops around Paris = 18,000 • 11 Jul: King dismissed Necker • Royal troops now numbered 30,000 • Parisian attacked hated custom barriers around Paris. Crowd began to arm itself. • 13 Jul: Electors of Paris decided to form new municipal government = Paris Commune at Town Hall. Aim - restore order.
    68. 68. •14 Jul: Fall of the Bastille = the first revolutionary journee
    69. 69. •14 Jul: Fall of the Bastille = the first revolutionary journee •15 Jul: La Fayette appointed commander of new National Guard, answerable to Paris Commune
    70. 70. •14 Jul: Fall of the Bastille = the first revolutionary journee •15 Jul: La Fayette appointed commander of new National Guard, answerable to Paris Commune •16 Jul: Comte d’Artois fled Paris; 20,00 emigres were to follow him in net 2 months.
    71. 71. •14 Jul: Fall of the Bastille = the first revolutionary journee •15 Jul: La Fayette appointed commander of new National Guard, answerable to Paris Commune •16 Jul: Comte d’Artois fled Paris; 20,00 emigres were to follow him in net 2 months. •17 Jul: Lafayette escorted King into Paris where he acknowledged crowd and donned revolutionary cockade
    72. 72. •14 Jul: Fall of the Bastille = the first revolutionary journee •15 Jul: La Fayette appointed commander of new National Guard, answerable to Paris Commune •16 Jul: Comte d’Artois fled Paris; 20,00 emigres were to follow him in net 2 months. •17 Jul: Lafayette escorted King into Paris where he acknowledged crowd and donned revolutionary cockade
    73. 73. Jul-Aug: •Municipal Revolution •Rural Revolt •20 Jul-6 Aug: ‘The Great Fear
    74. 74. • 4 Aug: Abolition of feudal privileges: the Night of Self-Dispossession - The National Assembly met throughout the night, and, in great excitement, abolished feudalism and many of the other hereditary privileges held by the First & Second Estates... • = final demise of the Old Regime! • END OF AREA STUDY 1

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