Call Cab, Computer Basics Lesson One


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Lesson One-Hardware

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  • Call Cab, Computer Basics Lesson One

    1. 1. CallCAB, Inc. Guide to Basic Computer Use What you need to know about computers to get ready for going back to college
    2. 2. Guide to Basic Computer Use <ul><li>This curriculum has several Lessons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to work with windows (not Microsoft Windows, but the screens that appear on your monitor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troubleshooting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessing and navigating the internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search engines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Performance-based Objective One <ul><li>Be able to point out and explain the functions of all hardware parts of a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to read and understand this objective-you will be assessed on it later- </li></ul>
    4. 4. Performance Based Objective Two <ul><li>Perform a shutdown/restart sequence with 100% accuracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember-you will be assessed on this later- </li></ul>
    5. 5. Lesson One-Hardware <ul><li>Computers are made of 4 basic parts </li></ul>Monitor or screen Keyboard Mouse Drive Tower and CPU (central processing unit) Laptops or Notebooks have all these combined into 1 unit.
    6. 6. Using a mouse Left mouse Wheel for scrolling Right mouse Left mouse click- moves cursor to that location Left mouse click and drag- selects multiple objects Left mouse double click- quick double click ‘opens’ a file or software application Wheel scrolls up or down through a page or website Right click-opens a menu with options for formatting
    7. 7. The Keyboard Esc F1 PrtSc Pause Break Enter Shift Ctrl Alt Del Ins
    8. 8. The monitor This is a Flat screen LCD monitor This is a CRT Monitor
    9. 9. The tower <ul><li>The tower components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On/off switch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD/DVD drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headphone and/ or speaker jacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USB port (s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital card port (for photo upload) </li></ul></ul>v
    10. 10. The Motherboard
    11. 11. <ul><li>RAM </li></ul><ul><li>stands for Random Access Memory </li></ul><ul><li>ROM </li></ul><ul><li>stands for Read Only Memory </li></ul>RAM, ROM and roll! kilobyte megabyte GIGABYTE
    12. 12. Peripheral equipment
    13. 13. Hardware Review <ul><li>The main computer hardware components are: </li></ul><ul><li>mouse keyboard, monitor, tower </li></ul><ul><li>The mouse has three sections: </li></ul><ul><li>left, middle wheel, right </li></ul><ul><li>The keyboard differs from a regular keyboard: </li></ul><ul><li>because of the specialized keys </li></ul><ul><li>The tower contains: </li></ul><ul><li>the operating hardware and the drives </li></ul>
    14. 14. Hardware Review <ul><li>Two kinds of storage in a computer are: </li></ul><ul><li>RAM and ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Storage is expressed in terms of: </li></ul><ul><li>Bits, byts, megabytes, kilbytes, and gigabytes </li></ul><ul><li>The motherboard contains: </li></ul><ul><li>CPU, expansion slots, USB ports, Serial ports </li></ul><ul><li>Peripheral devices are used to: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the experience of the computer user! </li></ul>
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