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Walls in the 20th century



Here are some examples of the walls dividing people for political reasons in different parts of the world

Here are some examples of the walls dividing people for political reasons in different parts of the world



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    Walls in the 20th century Walls in the 20th century Presentation Transcript

    • “ Walls in the 20 th century” Marina Bertuna Carolina Lux Language and Culture II "Instituto Superior Palomar de Caseros“ Teacher Training Programme
    • A separation barrier is a wall or fence constructed to limit the movement of people across a certain line or border, or to separate two populations. These structures vary in placement with regard to international borders and topography .
    • Probably the most famous examples of a separation barrier are:
    • Berlin Wall
      • The Berlin Wall was placed in Berlin, Germany.
      • It was put there to separate East Germany from West Germany .
    • The wall divided East and West Berlin for 28 years, from the day construction began, on August 13th 1961, until it was dismantled in 1989.
    • During the years 1953 to 1989, some people on the Eastern side who lived in houses near the wall spent their nights digging tunnels under the wall from their basements trying to escape to freedom in the West. When the Western side found this out, they placed guards on the wall, and if they saw an escapee, that person would be shot. Friends and even family were separated. People would peer over the wall to see their friends. Even soldiers would cross over the wall.
    • When on 9th November the East German government announced that entering West Berlin would be permitted, crowds of East Germans climbed and crossed the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere.
    • When it began, the wall was just rolls of barbed wire.  Later they added cement walls with guard towers. Many people died trying to escape over or under the Berlin Wall. When the wall came down one section was left in memory of those who died.
    • Belfast Wall
      • This wall was built in order to separate Catholics and Protestants neighbourhoods in Belfast, Derry and elsewhere in Northern Ireland.
    • The barriers themselves consist of iron, brick, and steel walls up to 7.6 m. high, topped with metal netting, or simply a white line painted on the ground similar to a road marking.
    • The first barriers were constructed in the early 1970s, Originally few in number, they have multiplied over the years, from 18 in the early 1990s to 40 today . Most are located in Belfast.
    • In 2008 a public discussion began about how and when the barriers could be removed. Many of the residents who live in the communities have expressed their anger at any suggestion that they will be taken down.
    • The US Mexico border The United States has constructed a separation barrier along 130 kilometers , border with Mexico to prevent unauthorized immigration into the United States and to deter smuggling of contraband, particularly illegal drugs.
    • Due to concerns about environmental impacts,Obama said: "I think that the key is to consult with local communities, whether it's on the commercial interests or the environmental stakes of creating any kind of barrier”. (The New York Times April 16, 2009)
    • There has been legislation in the U.S. Congress on lengthening the barrier, but progress has been slow, both from lobbying and lack of funding.
    • Korean Wall The Korean wall is a concrete barrier that is allegedly built along the length of the DMZ in South Korea
    • The Korean wall is 248 kilometres long and separates North- and South Korea. .
    • The wall itself is 5 to 8 metres high. It was built between 1977 and 1979.  
    • “ The world became a better place to live in after the fall of the Berlin Wall, because each outbreak of freedom stimulated another outbreak” Thomas Friedman (American journalist)
    • “ There are many people in the world who really don’t understand what is the great issue between the free world and the communist world. Let them come to Berlin” J.F.Kennedy (1963)
      • Sources:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_barrier
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States%E2%80%93Mexico_barrier
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Demilitarized_Zone
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall
      • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/images/hist_berlin_wall.jpg
      • http://image.absoluteastronomy.com/images/encyclopediaimages/t/th/the_korean_wall_in_the_dmz.jpg
      • http://www.lindsayfincher.com/gallery/d/893-2/belfast_mural_wall_8_001.jpg
    • Imagine there's no countries It isn't hard to do Nothing to kill or die for And no religion too Imagine all the people Living life in peace... John Lennon (1971)