07 grande arche de la defensePresentation Transcript
Grande Arche de la Defense Marina Garza Joseph High
There was a design competition that launched in 1982 , Danish architect Johann Otto von Spreckelsen and Danish engineer Erik Reitzel designed a winning entry to be the 20 th century version of the Arc de Triomphe. Its construction in 1985 and it was completed in 1989.
La Grande Arche was inaugurated in July 1989, with grand military parade, it completed the line of monuments that forms the Axe Historique running through Paris. The Arche is turned at an angle of 6.33° on this axis. The most important reason for this turn was technical: With a Metro station, an RER station, and a motorway all situated directly underneath the Arche , the angle was the only way to accommodate the structure's giant foundation. the turn emphasizes the depth of the monument, and is similar to the turn of the Louvre at the other end of the Axe historique.
The two sides of the Arche house government offices. The roof section, is an exhibition centre. The vertical structure visible in the photograph is the lift scaffolding. Views of Paris are to be had from the lifts taking visitors to the roof. After a non-injury accident in the elevators in April of 2010, the Department of Ecology, owner of the roof of the Grande Arche, has decided to permanently close the computer museum, restaurant, and viewing deck. Access to the roof is still possible via the elevators in the north and south walls, but they are closed to the public .