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Subject verb agreement

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Subject Verb Agreement Rules

Subject Verb Agreement Rules

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  • 1. ECCE PREPARATION COURSE Conducted by: Marco A:. Loyola Florián Centro Peruano Americano – El Cultural Trujillo – Perú mloyola@elcultural.com.pe loyolamarco@hotmail.com www.ecceloyola.pbworks.com
  • 2.  A singular subject demands a singular verb; a plural subject demands a plural verb. That is the simple principle behind subject-verb agreement. However, in some case it might be difficult to tell the difference. Explore this presentation to learn more about these cases.
  • 3. 1. Each of the board members _______ to vote. a) need b) needs2. Every candidate in the lists ____equal chances. a) have b) has
  • 4. Nouns preceded by “each” and “every” are always singular — and take a singular verb.1. Each of the board members needs to vote.2. Every candidate in the lists has equal chances.
  • 5. 1. Neither my parents nor my best friend _______ my girlfriend. a) like b) likes2. Either the assessors or the president _______permitted to sign. a) is b) are3. Not only the teacher but also his assistants ______ given a prize. a) was b) were4. The winners or the host _____ going to present the next show. a) is b) are
  • 6. When we have subjects with correlative conjunctions (“neither- nor”,“either-or”, “not only - but also”, or “or”), the noun CLOSER to the verbdetermines its number. 1. Neither my parents nor my best friend likes my girlfriend. 2. Either the assessors or the president is permitted to sign. 3. Not only the teacher but also his assistants were given a prize. 4. The winners or the host is going to present the next show.
  • 7. 1. The mayor of the town, as well as his officials, ____ called to testify in the trial. a) was b) were2. The principal, together with senior teachers, _____ sent to an intensive course in China. a) was b) were3. Karl and Paul, along with the treasurer, _____ to present evidence of their expenses. a) have b) has
  • 8. Pseudo conjunctions, such as “as well as”, “along with”, or “togetherwith” act as modifiers; for instance, they should be ignored whendetermining the verb number. All you have to do is to look at the coreof the subject.1. The mayor of the town, as well as his officials, was called to testify in the trial. 2. The principal, together with senior teachers, was sent to an intensive course in China. 3. Karl and Paul, along with the treasurer, have to present evidence of their expenses.
  • 9. 1.One quarter of my students ____ against capital punishment. a) is b) are2. Two thirds of the population _____affected by the tornado. a) was b) were3. The majority of the members ______ called. a) was b) were4. Some mistakes _________ made. a) was b) were5. A lot of criticism _____ received. a) was b) were
  • 10. All Fractions and the quantifiers which work for both plural and uncountablenouns must be ignored when choosing the verb number. All you have to do is touse the number of noun they modify. 1.One quarter of my students are against capital punishment. 2. Two thirds of the population was affected by the tornado. 3. The majority of the members were called. 4. Some mistakes were made. 5. A lot of criticism was received.
  • 11. 1.Two centuries _______ not been enough to reconstruct the country. a) have b) has2. Six months _______ enough to forget her. a) was b) were3. 1996 and 1997 ________ specially difficult for me. a) was b) were4. 50 minutes ________ the average you have to wait to be attended. a) is b) are5. The past few years ___________ scarce in rain. a) was b) were
  • 12. When a time expression is used to refer to a whole block of time as a unit, it hasto take a singular verb. 1.Two centuries has not been enough to reconstruct the country. 2. Six months was enough to forget her. 3. 1996 and 1997 were specially difficult for me. (Conjunction) 4. 50 minutes is the average you have to wait to be attended.5. The past few years were scarce in rain. (Plural quantifier)
  • 13. 1. The people of Israel _____ rich in terms of history and tradition. a) is b) are2. All the data _______ saved in the hard disk. a) was b) were3. Our staff _______ working on different projects. a) is b) are4. The Police _________ investigating. a) is b) are5. The series _____ going to be won by The Lakers. a) is b) are
  • 14. A Collective noun such as “The Police”, or “The staff” take s a PLURAL verb if it is meant to highlight theactions of discrete individuals who are all doing different things. If the collective noun is acting as a singleunit, use the singular verb.“People” takes a plural verb ,except when it means “Nation”, in this case it is singular (and its plural is“PEOPLES” believe it or not!)“Data” , “Men”, or “Women” always take a plural verb.Be careful with words which are singular but happen to finish in “s”, like “series”, “Logics”, or “Economics”,they are all singular and take singular verbs.1. The people of Israel is rich in terms of history and tradition. 2. All the data were saved in the hard disk. 3. Our staff are working on different projects. 4. The Police are investigating.5. The series is going to be won by The Lakers.
  • 15. Ready for a challenge on subject-verb agreement? Click on the links below! Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3
  • 16. “ECCE Preparation Course” Conducted by: Marco A:. Loyola Florián Centro Peruano Americano – El Cultural Trujillo – Perú loyolamarco@hotmail.com This presentation can be downloaded from www.ecceloyola.pbworks.com