The average temperatures in Iraq ranges from higher than 48 degree C (120 Fahrenheit) in July and August to below freezing in January. A majority of the rainfall occurs from December through April and is more abundant in the mountainous region and may reach 100 centimeters a year in some places.
It is said that the Tigris and Euphrates rivers are essentially open sewers.
Industrial waste, hospital waste, fertilizer run-off from farming, as well as oil spills plague the two rivers that define the Mesopotamia region and which provide much of the irrigation and drinking water.
The natural environment of Iraq has been devastated by three wars since 1980, and decades of neglect and mismanagement under the Saddam Hussein regime (1979-2003).
Many of those industries were devoted to producing military material, and have been bombed and looted, leaving the country dotted with highly toxic industrial zones. Other contaminated sites belong to the oil and metal industries.
Protecting the environment and improving water quality and sanitation are crucial to bettering health conditions and hastening development in Iraq. Work is underway on six large sewage treatment plants, so that waste is no longer pumped directly into the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Projects underway will improve access to clean water for 14.5 million Iraqis.
History of Iraq The people who make up the government - called the cabinet - were finally approved in May 2006 after a lot of disagreements. The prime minister is called Nouri Maliki. Saddam Hussein was killed by hanging on 30 December, 2006, in the Iraqi capital Baghdad. Saddam was sentenced to death on 5 November 2006. He appealed against the decision but he lost the appeal. Saddam Hussein seized power in 1997. The UK and US supported Saddam because he helped them fight a nabjoring country called Iran. Iraq achieves independence from Britain (Oct. 3). Faisal 1 becomes king of Iraq (Aug.23) Iraq comes under British mandate after the fall of the Ottoman empire in 1918. Known as Mesopotamia, the world's first civilization developed in Sumer, a region now in southeastern Iraq. May 2006 December 2006 November 2006 1979-2003 1932 1921 1920 c. 3500 BCE A new start for Iraq Saddam Hussein’s death Saddam Hussein’s death sentence Saddam Hussein come to rule Independence King Faisal Becomes British mandate The birth of Mesopotamia
He tortured and killed lots of his enemies and persecuted some ethnic groups.
He also used chemical weapons and started wars against two other countries in the region - Kuwait and Iran. Saddam was sentenced to death on 5 November 2006. He appealed against the decision but he lost the appeal.
Saddam Hussein was killed by hanging on 30 December, 2006, in the Iraqi capital Baghdad.
When Saddam was removed from power the US took temporary charge of Iraq. In June 2004, the US gave up control, instead choosing a prime minister and president to take charge of a temporary government.
The Iraqi people finally got to choose their own politicians in December 2005, voting for the people they wanted to be in charge for the next four years.
The people who make up the government - called the cabinet - were finally approved in May 2006 after a lot of disagreements.
Iraq has the world’s second-largest known oil reserves.
Other industries include:
Construction, Mining and Manufacturing. Irrigation from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers supports Iraq's farming sector. Chief crops include barley, dates and other fruit, cotton, rice, vegetables and wheat.
Iraq’s economy has suffered recently because before the war with Iran, Iraq was the worlds second- largest oil exporter. That war and the Persian Gulf War damaged Iraq’s oil industry. Furthermore, the UN places and embargo, or limit on trade, on Iraq. Today, Iraq exports mush less oil than it did in the 1980’s.
Saddam Hussein’s rule and the war also made Iraq's economy suffered. However Iraq is now pumping oil again.