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globalisation: land use

globalisation: land use

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  • 1. Land use Jens Lindemann, 30th September 2010
  • 2. Definition
    • human use of land
    • modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements
  • 3. Consequences Energy consump-tion Loss of soil and habitats Extinc-tion Loss of agri-cultural land Settle-ment and traffic area Less Bio-diversity Economic conse-quences Develop-ment of land use Eco-logical conse-quences Land use
  • 4. Ecological consequences
    • Buildings, roads, mining areas and storage areas lead to a direct loss of soil and habitats
    • Nesting sites lost
    • Main causes of species extinction
  • 5. Economic consequences
    • declining relative population density
    • higher infrastructure costs
    • longer supply routes
    • loss of agricultural land
    • more traffic, more waste gases
  • 6. The causes
    • socio-economic change
    • settlement structure concepts
    • public funding
  • 7. Socio-economic change
    • Changes in the working world through the use of land-intensive techniques
    • Expansion of educational and cultural institutions
    • Increase in households even with stagnant population (fewer children, more childless couples and single people)
  • 8. Settlement structure concepts
    • "Home in the country" is the area-consuming design and requires at least three times the land area (roads included) to an urban alternative
  • 9. Public funding
    • Trend of surface complex housing and transport forms is supported by the State
  • 10. Countermeasures
    • Many home and garden owners can limit soil sealing to a minimum and provide opportunities for the infiltration of rain water
    • Garden as a natural garden design with native plants