Air Traffic Control Center

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Air Traffic Control Center

  1. 1. Air Traffic Control Emmanuel FUCHS THALES ATM
  2. 2. Air Traffic Management
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Flow Management
  5. 5. Conflict detection     
  6. 6. Communication and Surveillance sensor
  7. 7. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Report points : Pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controller coordination : Controler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectorisation : Air Spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  8. 8. ATC principles : Report Points    
  9. 9. ATC principles : Report Points     VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME NDB NDB
  10. 10. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan  
  11. 11. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Report points : Pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controller coordination : Controler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectorisation : Air Spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  12. 12. ATC principles : Report Points    
  13. 13. Report Points    
  14. 14. Report Points : Controller coordination     Controller Coordination
  15. 15. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Report points : Pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controller coordination : Controler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectorisation : Air Spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  16. 16. Report Points : sectorisation     Controller Coordination Sector 1 Sector 2
  17. 17. Control Sector S1 S2 S3   
  18. 18. Sectors S1 S2 S3   S4  S4  
  19. 19. Sector and ATC centers     Air Traffic Control Center
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  21. 21. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before : Flight filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the flight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  22. 22. Flight Air Traffic Control Center VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME
  23. 23. Flight control ACC VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME NDB NDB
  24. 24. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before : Flight filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the flight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  25. 25. Filling Flight Plan
  26. 26. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before : Flight filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the flight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  27. 27. Tower
  28. 28. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before : Flight filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the flight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  29. 29. AATC
  30. 30. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  31. 31. Air Traffic Control process: big picture Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan  
  32. 32. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  33. 33. RADAR : Primary Secondary Radio Detection And Ranging
  34. 34. RADAR principle D KW pW P t T 2*D = C*T
  35. 35. Secondary Surveillance RADAR W W P t T Transpondeur SSR Code Flight Level
  36. 36. RADAR (2) N A D
  37. 37. RADAR Echo's RADAR Screen
  38. 38. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  39. 39. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADAR Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flight plan Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data coupling/correlation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  40. 40. ATC process : details Adjacent Air Traffic Control Cente r Airports Flight Data Processing METEO Data RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan RADAR Data Tracks Primary and secondary RADAR WAN LAN + - transmetter Receiver HF/VHF
  41. 41. ATC centre Flight Plan Processing controller Working Position controller Working Position RADAR Data Processing LAN controller Working Position controller Working Position RADAR Flight Plan Voice control and communications <ul><li>Intercom </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><li>RADIO A/G </li></ul>~ 50
  42. 42. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADAR Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flight plan Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data coupling/correlation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  43. 43. ATC centre data processing <ul><li>RADAR data : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Actual Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short term conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight data : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium term conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term conflicts </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  45. 45. Information Data Flow RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan Processing HMI HMI HMI HMI
  46. 46. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADAR Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flight plan Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data coupling/correlation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  47. 47. RADAR Information Data Flow : Broadcast RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan Processing HMI HMI HMI HMI
  48. 48. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADAR Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flight plan Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data coupling/correlation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  49. 49. Flight Information Data Flow : Connected RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan Processing Persistence Data Base HMI HMI HMI HMI
  50. 50. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air traffic control center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADAR Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flight plan Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data coupling/correlation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  51. 51. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  52. 52. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  53. 53. RADAR and Flight Information correlations RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan Processing HMI HMI HMI HMI
  54. 54. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  55. 55. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  56. 56. Controller Working Position : HMI
  57. 57. Controller Working Position : HMI
  58. 58. Control Position
  59. 59. HMI
  60. 60. Controller Working Position : HMI
  61. 61. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter Sector coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  62. 62. Sector sector 1 sector 2 sector 3 sector 4 sector 5 sector 6 Route Corridor Military Area Military Area Military Area
  63. 63. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter Sector coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  64. 64. Inter Sector Coordination . . . . S1 S2 RADAR flight track RADAR Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  65. 65. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter Sector coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  66. 66. Control Position RADARist HMI Organic HMI RADARist HMI Organic HMI Assistant IHM Assistant IHM
  67. 67. Control Position RADARist HMI Organic HMI Assistant IHM
  68. 68. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter Sector coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  69. 69. Track Label AF 125 220 ^ 240 450 Call Sign Flight Level Speed
  70. 70. Tracks
  71. 71. HMI track label
  72. 72. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter Sector coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  73. 73. HMI
  74. 74. OLD HMI
  75. 75. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  76. 76. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  77. 77. ATC center Architecture RADAR Data Processing Flight Plan Processing Supervisory Control Simulator Recording Replay controller Working Position Voice control and communications RADAR Front Processing Dual LAN FDDI AFTN/CIDIN ATFM ADJACENT FIR'S/TWR'S MET Centres RADAR <ul><li>Intercom </li></ul><ul><li>Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><li>RADIO A/G </li></ul>controller Working Position controller Working Position Controller Working Position
  78. 78. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks and Plots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi RADAR tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APR : Automatic Position Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  79. 79. Tracks and Plots Plots Tracks
  80. 80. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks and Plots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi RADAR tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Tracks to System Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APR : Automatic Position Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  81. 81. Multi RADAR Tracking
  82. 82. Multi RADAR Tracking RADAR 3 1 2 3 RADAR 1 RADAR 2
  83. 83. System Track D T t1 t2 t3 R1 R2 R3 T
  84. 84. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks and Plots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi RADAR tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APR : Automatic Position Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  85. 85. Short Term Conflict Detection Speed Vector Cross Checking RADAR Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  86. 86. Tracks Information
  87. 87. Tracks monitoring RDP RADAR Data Processing Tracks Table
  88. 88. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracks and Plots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi RADAR tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APR : Automatic Position Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  89. 89. APR Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan   APR
  90. 90. Summary <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>ATC principles </li></ul><ul><li>Flight phases </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Control : Air traffic control center </li></ul><ul><li>IHM </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Plan Data Processing </li></ul>
  91. 91. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  92. 92. FDP functions <ul><li>Initial flight plan processing. </li></ul><ul><li>SSR code management. </li></ul><ul><li>Trajectory prediction. </li></ul><ul><li>System assisted co-ordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection (MTCD). </li></ul><ul><li>Flight strip printing </li></ul>
  93. 93. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Progress monitoring </li></ul>
  94. 94. Different Phases of the flight Final Approach / Departure Taxiway Apron Gate/ Stand 10 Miles Out 4 Miles Out 2 Miles Out Landing / Take-Off Taxiing Runway En-Route
  95. 95. Strategic and Tactical Phases tactic Strategic Flow management
  96. 96. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Progress monitoring </li></ul>
  97. 97. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not connected </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight monitoring </li></ul>
  98. 98. Flight Route
  99. 99. On line connected
  100. 100. Store and forward : not connected Flight information Network
  101. 101. Inter Center Communications Flight Information Network AREA 1 AREA 2 AREA 3
  102. 102. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  103. 103. FPL message distribution AFTN (Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network) Area Address In the message header
  104. 104. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  105. 105. Before Departure <ul><li>Flight Plan is filled by the pilot or the air line (Repetitive Flight Plan). </li></ul><ul><li>Filled Flight Plan message is transmitted </li></ul>
  106. 106. Filling Flight Plan
  107. 107. Repetitive Flight Plan  t RPL Data Base
  108. 108. Filed Flight Plan : contains <ul><li>Call Sign </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft Type </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Departure Airport, </li></ul><ul><li>Route </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival Airport </li></ul>
  109. 109. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  110. 110. FPL Message Flight information Network FPL FPL/RPL
  111. 111. FPL message contents <ul><li>Call Sign </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft Type </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Route description </li></ul><ul><li>Departure Aerodrome </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival Aerodrome </li></ul>
  112. 112. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  113. 113. FPL message processing <ul><li>Route extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Path computation </li></ul><ul><li>Profile computation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Point of inward boundary crossing </li></ul><ul><li>List of crossed sector </li></ul><ul><li>Point of outward boundary crossing </li></ul>
  114. 114. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  115. 115. Flight Route <ul><li>Path definition : list of over flown points </li></ul><ul><li>Profile computation : altitude and speed for each Path points. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Time of Over flight (ETO) : computation the path points over flight time </li></ul>
  116. 116. Flight Route Path Profile
  117. 117. Flight Route NDB NDB NDB NDB NDB
  118. 118. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  119. 119. Report Points Over flow Estimation 800 km/h Wind 100 km/h Report Point E1 E2 E3 E4 D1 D2 D3
  120. 120. Flight Profile AB BC CD DE EF FG GH HI t t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 t6 t7 t8 s1 s2 s3 s4 s5 s6 s7 s8 W1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 Wind speed Report Point Time Speed Flight Level + + + + = - - - fl1 fl2 fl3 fl4 fl5 fl6 fl7 fl8
  121. 121. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  122. 122. Flight Strip t1 s1 + AB t2 s2 + BC t3 s3 + CD t4 s4 + DE t5 s5 = EF t6 s6 - FG t7 s7 - GH t8 s8 - HI Call Sign Aircraft Type fl1 fl2 fl3 fl4 fl5 fl6 fl7 fl8
  123. 123. Flight plan and strip
  124. 124. Flight Strip Flight strip bays
  125. 125. Flight strip bays
  126. 126. Flight Strip bays
  127. 127. crossed Sector S1 S2 S3   
  128. 128. Electronic Strip Bays
  129. 129. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPL message processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETO (Estimated Time of Over flight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium Term Conflict Detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  130. 130. Constraints, conflict (Medium Term)  
  131. 131. Flight Conflict Probe
  132. 132. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight progess monitoring </li></ul>
  133. 133. Flight States Inactive Preactivated Proposed Coordinated Active Finished Cancelled Creation
  134. 134. Flight States Inactive Preactivated Proposed Coordinated Active Finished Cancelled Creation  t  t FPL/RPL
  135. 135. On Line Exchange AFTN “ Off line” “ On line” Inactive Flight Plan Active Flight Plan
  136. 136. Area and Flight states Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center First Area Second Area Third Area
  137. 137. Area and Flight states First Area Second Area Third Area Active Pre active Pre active Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center
  138. 138. Flight States Inactive Preactivated Proposed Coordinated Active Finished Cancelled Creation  t Proposition Send Proposition Accepted
  139. 139. Area and Flight states: Transfer Protocol First Area Second Area Third Area Active Pre active Pre active Transfer Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Center
  140. 140. Flight States Inactive Preactivated Proposed Coordinated Active Finished Cancelled Creation  t Flight Track Correlation (SSR)
  141. 141. Flight Track Correlation <ul><li>SSR code </li></ul>SSR code Flight Data Base SSR code
  142. 142. Flight Data Processing <ul><li>Flight Phases </li></ul><ul><li>Flight information communication </li></ul><ul><li>AFTN/CIDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Initial processing </li></ul><ul><li>Flight states </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Progress monitoring </li></ul>
  143. 143. Air Traffic Control process Flight Data Processing RADAR Data Processing transmitter Receiver RADAR + - Flight Plan
  144. 144. Flight progress monitoring Air Traffic Control Center Military Flights ETO ATO <ul><li>RAM : Route Adherences Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>CLAM : Cleared Level Adherence Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>DAIW : Danger Area Infringement Warning; </li></ul>RAM CLAM MSAW DAIW <ul><li>MSAW : Minimum Safe Altitude Warning </li></ul><ul><li>STCA: Short Term Conflict Alert </li></ul><ul><li>DFT: Distance From Touch down </li></ul>DFT STCA VOR/DME
  145. 145. Route Adherence Monitoring Delta t = Longitudinal deviation lateral deviation ETO-ATO= Delta t ETO + Delta t ATO as from APR cleared route
  146. 146. Flight information updated and Flight progress monitoring in active state Active Operator Message RADAR (APR) Time Out
  147. 147. Flight progess monitoring RDP FDP RADAR Data Processing Flight Data Processing Network Shared Flight Information Data base Tracks Table
  148. 148. Report Points Over flow Estimation 800 km/h Wind 100 km/h Report Point E1 E2 E3 E4 D1 D2 D3 Timer
  149. 149. Flight Events Timers + - Track FPL Alert + - Track FPL Alert + - Track FPL Alert + - Track FPL Alert
  150. 150. Flight Data Base SSR Code Report Points States Tracks Table
  151. 151. Medium and long term conflict detection Conflict Conflict Conflict No No No Warning Warning Warning Flight Data Base Events ETO
  152. 152. Flight progess monitoring : APR RDP FDP APR APR : Automatic Position Reporting Timer RADAR Data Processing Flight Data Processing
  153. 153. APR <ul><li>APRs are sent: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whenever an aircraft crosses a “significant point” (i.e.: flight planned) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodically (SP), in either level flight, or climbing/descending. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On first leaving the RAM Corridor, when aircraft has deviated from Flight Plan track (either by inaccurate flying or when FDR has not been updated to take account of a re-route) </li></ul></ul>
  154. 154. ATC main evolutions <ul><li>Vertical separation : 1000 foot FL > 290 </li></ul><ul><li>Data link : Air Ground Numeric connection </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite Navigation </li></ul>
  155. 155. That’s All Folks <ul><li>Thank You For Your Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Questions are welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Contacts : </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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