Study skills referencing & citation

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Lesson to learn how to referece and cite appropriately and avoid plagiarism

Lesson to learn how to referece and cite appropriately and avoid plagiarism

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  • Use of other people’s words and ideas without referencing. Like a thief, stealing other people’s ‘intellectual property’ .

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  • 1. Pl ag iar ismSource: Attribution: "Lucky Caco"http://www.flickr.com/photos/21054316@N00/4144325882
  • 2. Blending Borrow other people’s works & ideasSource: Attribution: "cooking session with light - blend"http://www.flickr.com/photos/80378665@N00/4379853232
  • 3. In Text Citation CREDIT Reference List/ BibliographySource: Attribution: "History Essay/My Handwriting"http://www.flickr.com/photos/10531030@N07/4063159127
  • 4. Quotation = “original source”Paraphrasing = TranslationSummarizing = Gist
  • 5. Quotation = “original source” For Example: Tilke (2002) emphasized that “without learning, the library in a school would be nothing.”Authoritative Voice Source: TILKE, A., 2002. Managing your school library & information service: a practical handbook. London: Facet Publishing.
  • 6. Quotation = “original source” DfES (2001) defined information literacy as “the ability to locate pertinent information, evaluate itsreliability, analyse and synthesize the information toconstruct personal meaning and apply it to informeddecision making.” (School Libraries: making a difference) Source: SCHOOL LIBRARIES: MAKING A DIFFERENCE [online] [cited 20 February 2007]<http://www.schoollibrariesadvocacy.org.uk/welcome.asp>
  • 7. Paraphrasing =E xpryou ess r ow nw ide o rd s as in Translation Original Text: In winter, many creatures go into a very energy- efficient state where their heart rate, the activity of their other organs and the chemical processes in their bodies slow dramatically. That way, they can conserve energy while their food sources aren’t available. Source: http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2007/01/05/hibernate.html
  • 8. Paraphrasing = Exp ressyou r ow n wo idea rd s s in Translation Source: CBC. 2007. Warm winter could hurt hibernating animals. [online] [accessed 5 Jan 2007] Available at: http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2007/01/05/hibernate.html According to CBC News, during winter manycreatures enter a very energy-efficient state in whichtheir heart rate, the activity of their other organs andthe chemical processes in their bodies slowdramatically.
  • 9. Reference  Harvard SystemE-Books Place ofAuthor’s Year Publication:Surname & Publisher TitleInitial(s)WEISEL, E. 2002. Night [online] USA: Spark. [Accessed 15 March 2010].Available:http://ecweb.elthamcollege.vic.edu.au/snrlibrary/resources/subjects/english/senior_english_2007/pdf/night.pdf. URL
  • 10. Reference  Harvard SystemE- NewspaperAuthor’s YearSurname & Title of NewspaperInitial(s) Article TitleOLEARY, M. 2010. Wiesel warns against injustice,indifference. New Haven Register, 2 Mar [online] [Accessed 15March 2010]. Available: Datehttp://www.jewishberkshires.org/page.aspx?id=216845 URL
  • 11. Reference  Harvard SystemE- Magazine/ JournalAuthor’s YearSurname & Title of MagazineInitial(s) Article TitleOLEARY, M. 2010. Wiesel warns against injustice,indifference. New Haven Register, 2 Mar [online] [Accessed 15March 2010]. Available: Datehttp://www.jewishberkshires.org/page.aspx?id=216845 URL
  • 12. Reference  Harvard SystemWebsite/ Website ArticlesAuthor’sSurname & Year Title ofInitial(s) / ArticleOrganizationTHE AMERICAN-ISRAELI COOPERATIVE ENTERPRISE.2010. A Definition of Zionism . [online] [Accessed 15 March 2010].Available: http://www.jewishberkshires.org/page.aspx?id=216845 URL
  • 13. Is it PARAPHRASINGor PLAGIARISING?Source: 21st Century Information Fluency. 2007. MicroModule Companions: Plagiarism [online] [Accessed 14 March 2010]. Available at: http://21cif.com/rkitp/challenge/v1n8/plagiarism2.swf
  • 14. Original Source:You Tube is a popular free video sharing website which letsusers upload, view, and share video clips. Videos can be rated;the average rating and the number of times a video has beenwatched are both published.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/YouTubeYouTube is a popular free video sharing website,allowing users to upload, view and share videoclips. Videos can be rated and the average ratingand both the number of times a video has beenwatched are published.
  • 15. Original Source:You Tube is a popular free video sharing website which letsusers upload, view, and share video clips. Videos can be rated;the average rating and the number of times a video has beenwatched are both published.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/YouTubeYouTube users can upload, view, share and ratevideo clips on this free video sharing site. Amongthe information published on the site is the averageuser rating and the number of times a video hasbeen viewed.Source: WIKIPEDIA. 2007. YouTube [online]. [Accessed on 28 Feb 2007] Available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube/
  • 16. Original Source:You Tube is a popular free video sharing website which letsusers upload, view, and share video clips. Videos can be rated;the average rating and the number of times a video has beenwatched are both published.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/YouTubeAccording to Wikipedia, YouTube is a popular freevideo sharing website. Users can upload, view,share and rate video clips. Published informationincludes the average ratings and the number oftimes a video has been viewed.Source: WIKIPEDIA. 2007. YouTube [online]. [Accessed on 28 Feb 2007] Available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube/
  • 17. Original Source:The rapid increase in atmospheric concentrations of the threemain human-made greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide,methane, and nitrous oxide – is clear from the data sets forthese gases over the last 420, 000 years.Source: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Greenhouse_gas“The rapid increase in atmospheric concentrationsof the three main human-made greenhouse gases– carbon dioxide methane, and nitrous oxide – isclear from the data sets for these gases over thelast 420, 000 years.”Source: Encyclopaedia of Earth
  • 18. Original Source:The rapid increase in atmospheric concentrations of the threemain human-made greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide,methane, and nitrous oxide – is clear from the data sets forthese gases over the last 420, 000 years.Source: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Greenhouse_gasThe rapid increase in atmospheric concentrationsof the three main human-made greenhouse gases– carbon dioxide methane, and nitrous oxide – isclear from the data sets for these gases over thelast 420, 000 years. (Encyclopaedia of Earth, 2007)
  • 19. Original Source:The rapid increase in atmospheric concentrations of the threemain human-made greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide,methane, and nitrous oxide – is clear from the data sets forthese gases over the last 420, 000 years.Source: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Greenhouse_gasAccording to Reay (2007), records from the past420, 000 years show rapid increases in carbondioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, the three maingreenhouse gases.Source: REAY, D. 2007. Greenhouse gas. [online] [Assessed on 23 Feb 2007] Available at:http://www.eoearth.org/article/Greenhouse_gas
  • 20. Original Source:The modern puzzle was invented by an American, HowardGarns, in 1979 and published by Dell Magazines under thename “Number Place”Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SudokuSudoku was invented by an American, HowardGarns, in 1979 and published by Dell Magazinesunder the name “Number Place”. (Wikipedia)Source: WIKIPEDIA. 2007. Sudoku [online] [Accessed 28 Feb 2007] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudoku.
  • 21. Original Source:The modern puzzle was invented by an American, HowardGarns, in 1979 and published by Dell Magazines under thename “Number Place”Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SudokuAccording to Wikipedia, Howard Garns, inventedthe modern version of the puzzle in 1979. It firstappeared in Dell Magazines as “Number Place”.Source: WIKIPEDIA. 2007. Sudoku [online] [Accessed 28 Feb 2007] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudoku.
  • 22. Original Source:The modern puzzle was invented by an American, HowardGarns, in 1979 and published by Dell Magazines under thename “Number Place”Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SudokuAccording to Wikipedia, “the modern puzzle wasinvented by an American, Howard Garns, in 1979and published by Dell Magazines under the name‘Number Place’. ”Source: WIKIPEDIA. 2007. Sudoku [online] [Accessed 28 Feb 2007] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudoku.