Reluctant Readers:1. Read on grade level2.Comprehend on grade level3. Display low motivation to readindependently - "indifference"Reluctant vs. StrugglingStruggling Readers:1. Read below grade level2. Comprehend below gradelevel3. Hesitant about readingindependently - "fear offailure"
Educational research . . .• Reluctant readers require “special literacyattention.”• Reluctant readers require “alternativeteaching practices” and philosophies.• Reluctant readers require “specificmaterials” in classroom and libraries formotivation.• Reluctant readers lack confidence.• Fear of failure is a roadblock for reluctantreaders.
If the student is a struggling reader . . .1.Offer high interest books2.Engage the support of areading specialist orreading teacher to helpguide the process.
Independent Reading ProgramFlexibility is key!We are not advocating any extrinsic readingreward programs, such as AR or SRCUse something personal and meaningful toyour student population
Dont compromiseQuality for Quantityhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Quality_not_quantity.png
Or - The story of Cody . . .Reluctant Readershttp://www.flickr.com/photos/cassandrajowett/3031437851/
Book Blurb Testhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/cassandrajowett/3118170756/
But remember, Cody is reluctant . . .http://www.flickr.com/photos/rcsemk/7911072370/
Cody doesnt know it, but . . .We actually set him up for successlong before he entered the library.http://www.flickr.com/photos/74571262@N08/6710953053/
Keep in mind . . .Cody needs to experience successat a personal pacehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_cyclists_in_pace_line.jpg
Evaluate the goals of the program:Better comprehension?Love of reading?Taking risks when choosing books?Experiencing success?
Fit the program to Codys needs:1. Allow non-fiction and graphic novels2. Allow slower readers to read longer books(this will equal “less” books overall)3. Make sure requirements are tailored to thestudents needs, not to the teacher’s needs.
Relationships matter!1. Work closely with your reading departmentand reading teachers to make theseprograms possible.2. Be willing to go higher to present your case.
Analyze your collection . . .Popular genres (in our experience)1. Post-apocolyptic fiction2. Realistic fiction3. Graphic novels4. Adventure, fast-pacedJon Scieszka calls these "explosion books"
Analzye your collection . . .Popular Authors• Lee J. Ames• Paolo Bacigalupi• Heather Brewer• Sigmund Brouwer• Patrick Carman• Suzanne Collins• James Dashner• Cynthia C. DeFelice• Chris DLacey• Alex Flinn• Margaret PetersonHaddix• Bethany Hamilton• April Henry• Charlie Higson• Peg Kehret• Kazu Kibuishi• Jeff Kinney• Gordon Korman• Diana López• Marie Lu• Mike Lupica• Chris Lynch• Stephenie Meyer• Han Nolan• Christopher Paolini• James Patterson• Gary Paulsen• Rick Riordan• Nicholas Sparks
Reports are your friend!Follett Titlewise Analysis
Add to the collection . . .Hi-lo books from vendors:OrcaCapstone PressScholastic Resource CatalogSaddlebackTownsend Press (free books)
Reluctant Reader Club - Grant1. Grant money - $750 dollarso Orca Bookso Conspiracy 365o Townsend Press2. Reading teachers identified potential students3. Implemented via online platform (Moodle) tocreate discussion groups, polls and projects
Reluctant Reader Club1. "Create Privilege" - students were part of aspecial group2. "Create Demand" - restricted materials tostudents only in that group.3. "Create Community" - students were able toengage, discuss, recommend, review
Add to the collection . . .If you have limited fundsbe honest about what you need.http://www.flickr.com/photos/mhcseattle/2363517834/
WeedingWeed your library every year!http://www.flickr.com/photos/iwona_kellie/4788733540/
Cody finally found a book!http://www.flickr.com/photos/torley/8476803105/
Cody finished his book!What’s next? Create routine of independence,create future success.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AIndependence_Town_Sign.jpg
What if Cody didnt finish that book?http://www.flickr.com/photos/smemon/6062580946/
The Path to SuccessEventually, Cody will find his own path.http://www.flickr.com/photos/clairable_view/8357392283/
Cody is a success story!Cody went from refusing to readto reading novels independently.http://www.flickr.com/photos/addyeddy/4322766974/
Other resources . . .http://www.ala.org/yalsa/booklists/quickpickshttp://www.guysread.com/http://orcabook.com/reluctantreaders/http://www.townsendpress.com/specials/
Selected BibliographyGallagher, Kelly, and Richard L. Allington. Readicide: HowSchools Are Killing Reading and What You Can Do AboutIt. Portland, Me: Stenhouse Publishers, 2009. PrintGear, Adrienne. Nonfiction Reading Power. Portland:Stenhouse Pulishers, 2008.Senn, Nicole. "Effective Approaches to Motivate andEngage Reluctant Boys in Literacy." The ReadingTeacher 66.3 (2012): 211-220.