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P R E S E N T E D B Y
D R . F A K H R U D D I N M O H A M M E D
H O N O R A R Y S E C R E T A R Y
M U S L I M E D U C A T ...
OVER VIEW
2
• Education, as a prime mover in facilitating social and
economic development is well understood by all and ne...
3
• For quality improvement in education of mass, every
citizen has to be covered, without any disparity between
the haves...
4
 Although the educational system has undergone a unique
transformation from elitist to an egalitarian and all sections
...
MINORITY EDUCATION
5
 Despite certain measures taken by successive Governments,
minority community consistently been lagg...
CHALLENGES BEING FACED BY MINORITIES
6
 Education : Although Islam encourages Muslims to acquire
knowledge as assiduously...
7
 Educational deprivation of Muslims have both qualitative and
quantitative dimensions. They are at the double
disadvant...
Factors responsible for backwardness in Education
8
The one great factor responsible of the fall of Muslims in
India was t...
..contd..
9
 They failed to observe that knowledge through skill,
wisdom and understanding bestows on man the power to
mo...
..contd..
10
• Another factor acting as the stumbling block in our
progress is our psychology. It is the perception of a
M...
11
• Another important challenge of the Muslim community is
lack of representation in various services under the control
o...
12
 Minority Institutions face stiff challenges in keeping
pace with the rapid changes and opportunities
presented by inf...
13
 The Muslim Managed Schools are far below the ideal or
expected level of institutions. On the whole, they are run by
m...
14
• There has been no comprehensive survey on enrolment,
dropout rate and learning achievement of Muslim
Children in two ...
15
 The major problem being faced by the minority institutions
is due to non release of funds by the government, because
...
16
The Government has taken various steps to improve
socio-economic and educational status of minority
communities in the ...
17
..contd..
The programme is being implemented with the objectives
of:
 enhancing opportunities for education of minorit...
18
.contd..
The steps taken to improve socio-economic and
educational status of minorities are as under:
EDUCATION: For th...
19
..contd…
In addition, the Ministry is implementing
1) Maulana Azad National Fellowship Scheme for students
of M.Phil an...
20
..contd..
Besides, under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, being implemented
by Ministry of Human Resource Development, educational...
21
..contd..
Mid-Day-Meal (MDM) Scheme has been extended to cover
all children studying in classes I-VIII.
Saakshar Bharat...
22
..contd..
Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) to provide Vocational
training to non-literate, neo-literate as well as school ...
23
…
..
Other Education related Schemes are as under :
Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madrasas
(SPQEM)
Rashtriy...
24
…
..contd..
UGC has established Equal Opportunity Cells for
Minorities/SC/St/OBCs
Sub-Mission of Polytechnics, financia...
25
..contd..
SKILL DEVELOPMENT:
For improving employability and economic empowerment
of minorities, various initiatives ha...
26
..contd..
Schemes of National Minorities Development and Finance
Corporation (NMDFC) for extending credit with the help...
27
..contd..
AREA DEVELOPMENT:
The Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing Multi
Sectoral Development Programme (MsDP...
28
..contd..
Ministry of Urban Development and Ministry of Housing
and Urban Poverty Alleviation are also facilitating the...
29
 ..contd..
ACCESS TO CREDIT:
In order to support Minorities the following loans
are provided.
 Credit and Term Loan u...
30
Improving the well-being of Muslims in India begins
with changing their educational and economic futures.
States throug...
31
..contd..
2. Improve Muslims’ economic situations through job Skills
training: Muslim Indians must increase their level...
32
..contd..
4.Providing Hostel facilities at reasonable costs for students
from minorities must be taken up on a priority...
33
..contd..
7.The implementation of existing schemes for minority
welfare must be strictly monitored.
8.Effective steps f...
34
..contd..
11.In the important field of employment, it is necessary for
OBC Muslims to get an adequate share of the rese...
35
..contd..
14.In land reform programmes, in allocation of plots in
residential and industrial areas, shops, stalls, petr...
36
CONCLUSION:
There is a great need to take initiatives from the
community side to enhance its welfare properties and
peo...
37
1. India minorities
2. Mhrd.gov.in
3. Minority Education
4. NCMEI
5. Ministry of Minority Affairs
REFERENCES
38
THANK YOU
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WES 2014 - Minority Education- Opportunities and Challenges - Dr. Fakhrudheen Muhammed, Secretary, Muslim Educational Social & Cultural Organisation, Hyderabad

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WES 2014 - Minority Education- Opportunities and Challenges - Dr. Fakhrudheen Muhammed, Secretary, Muslim Educational Social & Cultural Organisation, Hyderabad

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Transcript of "WES 2014 - Minority Education- Opportunities and Challenges - Dr. Fakhrudheen Muhammed, Secretary, Muslim Educational Social & Cultural Organisation, Hyderabad"

  1. 1. P R E S E N T E D B Y D R . F A K H R U D D I N M O H A M M E D H O N O R A R Y S E C R E T A R Y M U S L I M E D U C A T I O N A L S O C I A L & C U L T U R A L O R G A N I S A T I O N , ( M E S C O ) H Y D E R A B A D 1 Minority Education : Opportunities and Challenges World Education Summit, 2014 dated : 7th August, 2014 Venue : Hotel Eros, Nehru Place, New Delhi
  2. 2. OVER VIEW 2 • Education, as a prime mover in facilitating social and economic development is well understood by all and needs no further emphasis. • It plays an important role in building of the Nation and is instrumental in bringing about a change in the society as a whole.
  3. 3. 3 • For quality improvement in education of mass, every citizen has to be covered, without any disparity between the haves and the have-nots, the rural and the urban, the linguistic & geographical regions and more importantly between the genders.
  4. 4. 4  Although the educational system has undergone a unique transformation from elitist to an egalitarian and all sections of the population have gained as a result of the enlargement of the education system, the disparities between the disadvantaged groups viz., minorities have continued.
  5. 5. MINORITY EDUCATION 5  Despite certain measures taken by successive Governments, minority community consistently been lagged behind on the front of education, employment, political representation and socio-economic development. Government of India therefore attaches highest importance to all round participatory development and inclusive growth of minority communities of India, particularly Muslims, which share a major portion of minority communities.
  6. 6. CHALLENGES BEING FACED BY MINORITIES 6  Education : Although Islam encourages Muslims to acquire knowledge as assiduously as they can the Muslim world is falling behind many other countries in education, and the data is not pretty. This is an unfortunate turn of events in the knowledge economy because this increasing educational crisis condemns future generations to backwardness and other spiritual, social, economic and political ills.
  7. 7. 7  Educational deprivation of Muslims have both qualitative and quantitative dimensions. They are at the double disadvantages with low level of educ  ation combined with low quality education. This is due to lack of research work, non implementation of recommendations given by previous commission and committees and less commitment of the government towards development of minorities in general and Muslim education in particular.
  8. 8. Factors responsible for backwardness in Education 8 The one great factor responsible of the fall of Muslims in India was their neglect of the right type of education. We have to make the word "right type". It is not that they remained uneducated all through, but they failed to keep pace with the trend of advance else where in the realm of education. They failed to understand that knowledge should not remain knowledge as such, but it should be transformed into skill, wisdom modern terms is technology, and technology in its turn should integrate with culture.
  9. 9. ..contd.. 9  They failed to observe that knowledge through skill, wisdom and understanding bestows on man the power to move towards his destiny which is the quest for higher objectives of life. They forgot the point that unapplied knowledge is knowledge shorn of all meaning and hence it is no knowledge at all.  Therefore, the main issue that is impeding the progress of Muslim is “ education.”
  10. 10. ..contd.. 10 • Another factor acting as the stumbling block in our progress is our psychology. It is the perception of a Muslim that they are being discriminated in all spheres of competitive life against their counterparts. With this feeling they are not able to excel beyond the level of their competitive counterparts and remain at the un- important position where they cannot assert or exercise their authority and skills that have developed.
  11. 11. 11 • Another important challenge of the Muslim community is lack of representation in various services under the control of govt. of India. Inspite of the fact that the constitution of India provides equal opportunities to all irrespective of any discrimination on the basis of the religion etc., the number of Muslims recruited to various services have never been above 5%.
  12. 12. 12  Minority Institutions face stiff challenges in keeping pace with the rapid changes and opportunities presented by information technology.  The two primary challenges in meeting technology goals by the institutions were limitation in funding and inadequate staffing to maintain and operate information technology. CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY INSTITUTIONS
  13. 13. 13  The Muslim Managed Schools are far below the ideal or expected level of institutions. On the whole, they are run by members of a backward community and in a backward milieu and manner.  There is hardly any data-based research report regarding the physical and academic condition of schools in the localities largely inhabited by Muslims. CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY INSTITUTIONS
  14. 14. 14 • There has been no comprehensive survey on enrolment, dropout rate and learning achievement of Muslim Children in two kinds of schooling systems- Madarsah and Public. • Scant information in published form is available regarding Muslim Youths’ overall access to higher education opportunities, participation in professional education, absorption in the employment market and future life accomplishments. CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY INSTITUTIONS
  15. 15. 15  The major problem being faced by the minority institutions is due to non release of funds by the government, because of which the managements had to face severe resource crunch resulting in withholding of salaries of staff for couple of months. Some managements are reeling under debts.
  16. 16. 16 The Government has taken various steps to improve socio-economic and educational status of minority communities in the country through Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities, which is an overarching programme covering various schemes/initiatives of different Ministries/Departments by either earmarking 15% of targets/outlays for the minorities or specific monitoring of flow of benefits/funds to minorities or areas with substantial minority population. OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATIONAL ADVANCEMENT OF MINORITIES
  17. 17. 17 ..contd.. The programme is being implemented with the objectives of:  enhancing opportunities for education of minorities,  ensuring equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment,  Improving the condition of living of minorities &  Preventing and controlling the communal disharmony.
  18. 18. 18 .contd.. The steps taken to improve socio-economic and educational status of minorities are as under: EDUCATION: For the educational empowerment of minorities, the Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing three scholarship schemes, namely:  Pre-matric  Post-matric  Merit-cum-means Based Scholarship Schemes covering students from Class I to Ph.D.
  19. 19. 19 ..contd… In addition, the Ministry is implementing 1) Maulana Azad National Fellowship Scheme for students of M.Phil and Ph.D 2) Free Coaching and Allied Scheme, Support for students clearing Preliminary exams 3) Schemes of Maulana Azad Education Foundation based on the corpus fund granted by the government
  20. 20. 20 ..contd.. Besides, under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, being implemented by Ministry of Human Resource Development, educational infrastructure has been created by way of opening and constructing new Primary/Upper Primary Schools in Minority Concentration Areas . Residential Schools for minority girls under the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs)
  21. 21. 21 ..contd.. Mid-Day-Meal (MDM) Scheme has been extended to cover all children studying in classes I-VIII. Saakshar Bharat Programme to make literate 70 million adults in the age group of 15 years Maulana Azad Taleem-e-Balighan to promote literacy and life-long learning among adults of Muslim minorities.
  22. 22. 22 ..contd.. Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) to provide Vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate as well as school as school drop-outs The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Teacher Education for strengthening of existing Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs) and opening of new ones.
  23. 23. 23 … .. Other Education related Schemes are as under : Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madrasas (SPQEM) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) Approved a total of 285 Women’s Hostels in Minority Concentrated Districts.
  24. 24. 24 … ..contd.. UGC has established Equal Opportunity Cells for Minorities/SC/St/OBCs Sub-Mission of Polytechnics, financial assistance up to Rs.12.30 crore is provided to State/UT Govts Academies for Professional Development of Urdu Medium Teachers have been set up in three Central Universities.
  25. 25. 25 ..contd.. SKILL DEVELOPMENT: For improving employability and economic empowerment of minorities, various initiatives have been taken. Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing “Seekho aur Kamao” Scheme for Skill Development of Minorities.
  26. 26. 26 ..contd.. Schemes of National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC) for extending credit with the help of equity share capital released by the Government Scheme for Grant-in-aid to State Channelising Agencies of NMDFC. Besides, 60Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) located in the minority concentration areas are also upgraded into “Centre of Excellence.”
  27. 27. 27 ..contd.. AREA DEVELOPMENT: The Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing Multi Sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) for creating socio-economic infrastructure and proving basic amenities in the areas with substantial minority population.
  28. 28. 28 ..contd.. Ministry of Urban Development and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation are also facilitating the flow of funds to towns and cities, having a substantial concentration of minority population, under the different components of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) namely:  Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG),  Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT),  Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP)  Basic Services for Urban Poor (BSUP)
  29. 29. 29  ..contd.. ACCESS TO CREDIT: In order to support Minorities the following loans are provided.  Credit and Term Loan under Priority Sector Lending Scheme of Ministry of Finance  Scheme of Micro-Credit & Term Loan of National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC)
  30. 30. 30 Improving the well-being of Muslims in India begins with changing their educational and economic futures. States throughout the country must take measures to improve the lives and livelihoods of their Muslim Populations. 1. Improve Muslim Educational Attainment: Education is essential to lifting a population out of poverty. The country needs an educated workforce to fill the skilled jobs created as India’s economy grows. RECOMMENDATIONS
  31. 31. 31 ..contd.. 2. Improve Muslims’ economic situations through job Skills training: Muslim Indians must increase their level of education to be considered for what the country plans to be an increase of thousands of jobs in skilled sectors. 3. Take advantage of opinions shared by Muslims and others to improve communal Harmony: To lessen the perceived divide between Muslims and other Indians, leaders at the State and Country level must secure reliable, regular data to measure these opinions, share the information and use it to foster a more cohesive populace.
  32. 32. 32 ..contd.. 4.Providing Hostel facilities at reasonable costs for students from minorities must be taken up on a priority basis. 5.Teacher training should be compulsory ensuring in its curriculum the components which introduce the importance of diversity and plurality 6.The teachers should be sensitized towards the needs and aspiration of Muslims and other marginalized communities.
  33. 33. 33 ..contd.. 7.The implementation of existing schemes for minority welfare must be strictly monitored. 8.Effective steps for protection of Wakf properties and proper utilization of these properties for the welfare, educational and social development of the community. 9. In Muslim Populated Villages and Municipal wards, it is found that often there are no primary health centers. These must be ensured. 10.Special schemes to ensure housing for poorer sections of the community must be ensured.
  34. 34. 34 ..contd.. 11.In the important field of employment, it is necessary for OBC Muslims to get an adequate share of the reserved quota for OBCs. Access to OBC certificates must be simplified. 12.In recruitments for State and Central security forces, Muslims must get adequate representation. 13.Since large numbers of the Muslim community, including Muslim women, are engaged in traditional work as artisans and self-employed, it is essential to make easy credit available to them.
  35. 35. 35 ..contd.. 14.In land reform programmes, in allocation of plots in residential and industrial areas, shops, stalls, petrol/gas dealerships, opportunities for Muslims should be ensured. 15.Efforts should be made to introduce and encourage scientific and job oriented education in Madarsas. 16.Special programmes should be undertaken to establish vocational training institutes, polytechnics and colleges in Muslim-dominated areas. A monitoring mechanism can be set up in different States to check the progress on the above front.
  36. 36. 36 CONCLUSION: There is a great need to take initiatives from the community side to enhance its welfare properties and people of the community should participate in democratic processes more actively. It will definitely help the community to enhance its Socio- Economic and Educational condition as well as will contribute in the development of the Nation.
  37. 37. 37 1. India minorities 2. Mhrd.gov.in 3. Minority Education 4. NCMEI 5. Ministry of Minority Affairs REFERENCES
  38. 38. 38 THANK YOU

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