CRITICAL IMPORTANCE OF EARLY
YEARS EDUCATION
EDUCATION WORLD CONFERENCE
CALICUT- 2014
?????
• Kindergarten children 100 questions per day.
• Primary children 50 questions per day.
• Secondary children 10 ques...
Traditionally ‘smartness’ was this old, routine style.
Copyright@Podar Jumbo Kids
KIDUCATION ensures kids grow up smarter the
new global way.
Copyright@Podar Jumbo Kids
A new report from the Society for Research in Child Development, Investing in
Our Future: The Evidence Base on Preschool E...
By again including an appeal for support of early childhood education in his
State of the Union message, President Obama h...
SINGAPORE
• Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's annual address to the citizens of
Singapore on August 26, 2012, advocated for...
U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, in a forthcoming interview with
Bloomberg Radio, reiterated his plans for a big p...
• The vast differences in
the early experiences of a
child in the ICDS program
and a private program
make it unlikely that...
• 158.7 million children in the below six years
category (Census 2011)
• 75.7 million children i.e. 48 percent are
reporte...
We need a defined care and education
model.
• “Child care” for
the younger
children
• “Pre-
primary/kindergar
tens” for th...
SINKING QUALITY
• Incorrect selection of unqualified teachers leads to
dissatisfaction both of parents and children which
...
SINKING QUALITY
•Teacher education is non existent or stagnant
and in turn ending up with teachers who do not
understand c...
SINKING QUALITY
•Curriculum for early childhood education
centers is another point of concern as each state
and area defin...
What will boost our early childhood policy?
• A National Quality Framework
• A National Quality Standard consisting of
sev...
Teachers or baby sitters?
ECCE-Teacher Qualification
• Minimum qualification.
• Minimum wages
• Confusion over course
names
• Should daycare teacher...
FEES?
• GOVERNMENT
SUBSIDY
• CHILD CARE FEES
$60 TO $70 PER
DAY.
• THE GOVERNMENT
DOES NOT DICTATE
THE FEES OF
PRIVATE SET...
PARENT EDUCATION?
• PARENT EDUCATION
PROGRAMS
• HOSPITALS RESPONSIBLE
FOR HEALTH CARE
• NATIONAL PARENTING
ASSOCIATION
• D...
1. DEFINE CARE,DEVELOPMENT AND
EDUCATION
2. LEAD MINSITRY FOR CARE AND
EDUCATION
3. AGE TO BE PRENATAL TO 8 YEARS
4. DEFIN...
• When presently the government/private
players and parents are blissfully unaware
and happy with lack of quality curricul...
• Monkeys on an island in Japan would not eat sweet
potato covered in mud
• Baby monkey starts washing the sweet potato in...
• That when only a limited number of people
know of a new way, it may remain the
conscious property of these people.
• But...
• Let quality not be the conscious property of
a few,
• Let the field of early childhood education be
strengthened by this...
OUR OWN 100TH MONKEY SYNDROME
IN ECE…
• LOOK-
Let’s look out for quality
• LISTEN-
Let’s listen to research in
ECE
• TALK-...
CONNECT WITH ME ON-
@swatipopat
swatipopatvatskiducation@blogspot.in
www.eca-india.org
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early C...
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WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early Childhood Association, Director, Podar Jumbo Kids

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WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early Childhood Association, Director, Podar Jumbo Kids

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WES 2014 - Early Childhood Education and Care- Keeping the Child in the Centre of it All - Swati Popat, President, Early Childhood Association, Director, Podar Jumbo Kids

  1. 1. CRITICAL IMPORTANCE OF EARLY YEARS EDUCATION EDUCATION WORLD CONFERENCE CALICUT- 2014
  2. 2. ????? • Kindergarten children 100 questions per day. • Primary children 50 questions per day. • Secondary children 10 questions per day. • Later…..? • They didn't stop asking questions because they lost interest: They lost interest because they stopped asking questions.
  3. 3. Traditionally ‘smartness’ was this old, routine style. Copyright@Podar Jumbo Kids
  4. 4. KIDUCATION ensures kids grow up smarter the new global way. Copyright@Podar Jumbo Kids
  5. 5. A new report from the Society for Research in Child Development, Investing in Our Future: The Evidence Base on Preschool Education makes a strong case for the value of early childhood education. • Large-scale public preschool programs can have substantial impacts on children's early learning. • Quality preschool education is a profitable investment. • The most important aspects of quality in preschool education are stimulating and supportive interactions between teachers and children and effective use of curricula. • Supporting teachers in their implementation of instructional approaches through coaching or mentoring can yield important benefits for children. • Quality preschool education can benefit middle-class children as well as disadvantaged children; typically developing children as well as children with special needs; and dual language learners as well as native speakers.
  6. 6. By again including an appeal for support of early childhood education in his State of the Union message, President Obama has stimulated quite a debate. • Don't Throw Money at Early Childhood Education "Policymakers are right to be focused on increasing access to high- quality early childhood education, but throwing money at the problem won't get the job done. We need to spend in a way that provides government-funded preschool providers with incentives to meet the needs of families they serve, not those of government bureaucrats." Pre-K, the Great Debate "Against all odds, prekindergarten is gaining ground.... Aside from apple pie, preschool may be the only issue on which voters agree. A poll last year found that 60 percent of Republicans and 84 percent of Democrats support expansion of prekindergarten- for a simple reason: It works."
  7. 7. SINGAPORE • Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's annual address to the citizens of Singapore on August 26, 2012, advocated for the importance of play: "We also need to improve quality of pre-school education.... • "Early years are important for children’s development. Brain is most receptive to learning at that age, especially learning languages. [Children] gain confidence and curiosity about the world around them, pick up positive behaviour, social skills, and learning attitudes. Hence good pre- school education will prepare students to enter P1 and provide many long- term benefits thereafter... "A caution to parents: Pre-school is to teach certain skills which are best learnt at that age, e.g. languages, social skills, basic motor skills. [We] must not bring P1 syllabus down to 5-6 year olds. Education experts and child development experts warn against 'over-teaching' pre-school children. No homework is not a bad thing; it is good for young children to play, and learn through play."
  8. 8. U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, in a forthcoming interview with Bloomberg Radio, reiterated his plans for a big push on early childhood education in the second term, • "We have to continue to invest in early childhood education, That's arguably the most important investment we can make. Access to pre-K is key to leveling the playing field for students of all backgrounds. "If not, we're playing catch-up from the start," he said. "The more we can increase access to early childhood education, make sure it's high quality in reaching those children in communities who historically have been underserved -- that's the best investment we can make." • The challenge, Duncan said, is that early childhood education is a long-term investment -- longer than the terms of most political appointees and elected officials.
  9. 9. • The vast differences in the early experiences of a child in the ICDS program and a private program make it unlikely that the two children will ever perform equivalently in school and later employment arena. Its time to invest in kindergartens- the rich become richer the poor become poorer. The other brain drain-
  10. 10. • 158.7 million children in the below six years category (Census 2011) • 75.7 million children i.e. 48 percent are reported to be covered under the ICDS (MWCD, 2011). • Significant number is also covered by the private sector, besides some limited coverage by the NGO sector for which we have no data. Situation of ECCE in India-
  11. 11. We need a defined care and education model. • “Child care” for the younger children • “Pre- primary/kindergar tens” for the 3- to 6-year-olds.
  12. 12. SINKING QUALITY • Incorrect selection of unqualified teachers leads to dissatisfaction both of parents and children which then results in ‘preschool- daycare hopping’ which further results in emotional and social problems in young children. • Instead of educating parents about the development of the essential five skills (physical, social, emotional, language, cognitive) in the early childhood years these centers end up propagating and promoting rote learning and give a weak foundation to kids for future learning in math and reading.
  13. 13. SINKING QUALITY •Teacher education is non existent or stagnant and in turn ending up with teachers who do not understand children and are unable to handle them thus resulting in negative practices like shouting, threatening and abusing children.
  14. 14. SINKING QUALITY •Curriculum for early childhood education centers is another point of concern as each state and area defines its own curriculum framework and give importance to what they perceive will be required by a child to learn. This results in incorrect topics, incorrect methods of teaching, weak foundation of learning the 3 R’s, lack of readiness activities and learning stress in children.
  15. 15. What will boost our early childhood policy? • A National Quality Framework • A National Quality Standard consisting of seven Quality Areas: • A National quality rating and assessment. • A Regulatory Authority in each state and territory. • A National body.
  16. 16. Teachers or baby sitters?
  17. 17. ECCE-Teacher Qualification • Minimum qualification. • Minimum wages • Confusion over course names • Should daycare teachers be less qualified than preschool teachers? • Responsibilities- first aid. • Policy draft states- • Adequate trained staff should be appointed What is adequate? Do we want trained or qualified and trained?
  18. 18. FEES? • GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY • CHILD CARE FEES $60 TO $70 PER DAY. • THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT DICTATE THE FEES OF PRIVATE SET UPS. • PARENTS HEADACHE • CHEAPER THE BETTER • GOVERNMENT CONTROL?
  19. 19. PARENT EDUCATION? • PARENT EDUCATION PROGRAMS • HOSPITALS RESPONSIBLE FOR HEALTH CARE • NATIONAL PARENTING ASSOCIATION • DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY OF ECD PARENTING PROGRAMMES. • EXPOSE YOUNG PEOPLE TO PARENTING INFORMATION THROUGH THE HEALTH AND FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION- MINISTRY OF HEALTH • PARENT EDUCATION REGARDING HEALTH AND NUTRITION HAS IMPROVED • NEED TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE ABOUT PARENTHOOD • ONGOING PARENT EDUCATION ABOUT DEVELOPMENT, CARE AND EDUCATION OF YOUNG CHILDREN.
  20. 20. 1. DEFINE CARE,DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION 2. LEAD MINSITRY FOR CARE AND EDUCATION 3. AGE TO BE PRENATAL TO 8 YEARS 4. DEFINE OBJECTIVES 5. RTE GUIDELINES TO BE MATCHED- AGE OF SCHOOL 6 YEAR COMPLETE 6. DEFINE IDEAL QUALITY STANDARDS 7. NO DISTINCTION BETWEEN PRIVATE AND GOVT PROGRAMS IN POLICY 8. MINIMUM TEACHER QUALIFICATION TIED TO MINIMUM WAGES 9. TEACHER-CHILD RATIO TO BE DEFINED WITH MAXIMUM IN GROUP 10. A CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK TO AVOID SCHOOLIFICATION OF ECE 11. BUDGET OF ECCE TO BE INCREASED AND DIVIDED BETWEEN CARE AND EDUCATION 12. PARENT EDUCATION TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE 13. REWORK ICDS MODEL 14. HAVE PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSHIP 15. INVOLVE ALL EARLY CHILDHOOD ASSOCIATIONS AND EXPERTS AT THE BASE STAGE OF POLICY DEVELOPMENT. If we don’t stand up for children, then we don’t stand for much. 15 POINTS TO STRENGTHEN ECCE IN INDIA
  21. 21. • When presently the government/private players and parents are blissfully unaware and happy with lack of quality curriculum and teachers and its long term impact on children? • This is where we need 100 monkeys! And the 100th Monkey syndrome will come to our help So how do we achieve this mammoth task…
  22. 22. • Monkeys on an island in Japan would not eat sweet potato covered in mud • Baby monkey starts washing the sweet potato in water in the lake, other older and younger monkeys watch and imitate • Spreads from monkey to monkey on the island. • One day when 100 monkeys were doing it, it spread across the sea to other islands. • The critical mass required for change was achieved. What is the 100th monkey syndrome?
  23. 23. • That when only a limited number of people know of a new way, it may remain the conscious property of these people. • But there is a point at which if only one more person tunes-in to a new awareness, a field is strengthened so that this awareness is picked up by almost everyone! 100th MONKEY SYNDROME MEANS…
  24. 24. • Let quality not be the conscious property of a few, • Let the field of early childhood education be strengthened by this awareness and every centre, every teacher and every parent to practice, invest in and support QUALITY IN ECE. Let’s bring in the 100th Monkey syndrome in supporting and practicing quality in early childhood education.
  25. 25. OUR OWN 100TH MONKEY SYNDROME IN ECE… • LOOK- Let’s look out for quality • LISTEN- Let’s listen to research in ECE • TALK- Let’s talk about quality and advocate to government/private players and parents.
  26. 26. CONNECT WITH ME ON- @swatipopat swatipopatvatskiducation@blogspot.in www.eca-india.org

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