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Vision 2020 - Reforming the Governance & Education Landscape in India & Strategies for the Future- Veena Raizada, NEXT Education
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Vision 2020 - Reforming the Governance & Education Landscape in India & Strategies for the Future- Veena Raizada, NEXT Education



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  • 1.
    • VISION 2020
    • AND
  • 2. Dr. Abdul Kalam on India Vision 2020
    •   Vision of  FREEDOM ……freedom we must protect and nurture and build on….!
    • Vision for India’s DEVELOPMENT.   …..self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self reliant and self assured….!
    • Vision to STAND UP TO THE WORLD
    • …… .Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. ….!
  • 3. “ On Transforming the nation into a developed country,……
    • To realize the Vision of Developed India focus areas are :
    • Agriculture and food processing  :Agro food processing industry would lead to the prosperity of rural people, food security and speed up the economic growth
    • Infrastructure with reliable and quality electric power  including solar farming for all parts of the country, providing urban amenities in rural areas and interlinking of areas.
    • Education and Healthcare:  To provide social security and eradication of illiteracy and health for all
    • Information and Communication Technology:  can be used for education, medicine and e-governance to promote education in remote areas, healthcare and also transparency in the administration
    • Critical technologies and strategic industries  witnessed the growth in nuclear technology, space technology and defence technology
  • 4. “ On Transforming the vision into a steadfast reality,…
    • Vision without action is merely is a dream ,
    • Action without vision is just passing time
    • but action and vision together can change the world…
    • An integrated action by all for all is the key !
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Challenges of Providing Quality Education to masses !!
  • 8. Population Proportion for Education by Age Group
    • Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
    • (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 9. Education Enrolment by Age Group Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 10. Educational Institutions in India – Schools Level Wise (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 11. No. Enrolled vs. Completing School (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 12. Higher Education Institutions in India (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 13. Enrolment in Higher Education (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 14. Financial Aspect of School Education… (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 15. Expenditure on Post School Education… (Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-06, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of India 2008)
  • 16. India’s tremendous potential- Demographic Dividend
    • By 2020, the average Indian will be only 29 years old, compared with the average age of 37 years in China and the US, 45 in west Europe and 48 in Japan.
    • India only large economy with declining age dependency ratios till 2030.
    • Working age population to comprise over 63 % of the aggregate by 2016
    • A third of India’s population below 15 years of age and 20 % of the population in the 15-24 age groups.
    • Projections indicate the emergence of a young Indian will 800 million in the productive age group by 2015; the comparable no. of China is 600m
    Source: (National Population Policy 2000 ); (BRICS report of Goldman Sachs ), NSSO report
  • 17. Projected Opportunities….
    • The projected growth rates in industry and services sectors are expected to generate 60 millions job opportunities during 2006-12 and 156 million during 2006-16
    • Based on increased targets projected demand sector wise is :
    • Leather Industry by 3 million additional jobs by 2022
    • Automobiles: employment increase to 25million by 2015-16
    • Construction sector to witness boom by an annual growth rate of 30%
    • Biotechnology sector needs 80 % of doctorate and post doctorate scientists.
    • Food processing sector 65 % of refrigeration mechanics, electricians’ etc.
    • Banking and Finance sector -50-80 percent personnel demand.
    • Engineering industry growth will be major requirement of skilled/talented manpower
    • Media and Entertainment. Retail Sector , IT/ BPO,Health ..every sector would need HR
    • Semi-skilled and skilled labour all will be in high demand !
    • Are we ready for all this by education sector is the big Q ?
    • Source: Data compiled from (FICCI report, New Delhi); (NASSCOM); (NASSCOM McKinsey Report 2006); (Press Release, Ministry of Com. & Ind. April 7, 2006); (Presentation made by NMCC to National Advisory Council, February 18, 2006) (IL&FS, 2008)
  • 18.
  • 19. Play School- Pre School Education
    • Issues of concern:
    • Huge disparity among the available set ups in terms of-
    • Infrastructure and facilities
    • Curricula and pedagogy
    • Competency of faculty
    • Quality Teacher Training Institutes for NTT /ECE
    • Admission process in formal schools – Ganguly committee recommendations /Fixation of entry age at 4 yrs yet to stand test of time
    • Strategy for the future :
    • Regulatory framework for running a pre-school ( Minimal reqts be defined)
    • An outline of curricula be defined
    • Norms for appointments of faculty be strictly specified & executed
    • Child counselors should be mandatory as advisors for child welfare
    • Wide spread network in rural areas is need of the hour
    • Laying Foundations for the future for sure needs to be taken care of !
  • 20.
  • 21.   Annual Status Education Report
    • In 2009, 96% of children in the age group 6 to 14 in rural India are enrolled in school. 73% of these children are enrolled in government schools and 21.8 % are enrolled in private schools.
    • The overall percentage of children (6-14) who are “out of school” has dropped from 4.3% in 2008 to 4% in 2009.
    • “ Out of school” girls in the age group 11 to 14 has dropped from 7.2% in 2008 to 6.8% in 2009.
    • In 2009 as in 2008, well over 50% of 5 year olds are enrolled in school On any given day, the average attendance rate in rural India is around 75%.
    • Overall, the percentage of children in Std 1 who can recognize letters or more has increased from 65.1% in 2008 to 68.8% in 2009.
    • Similarly there is an increase in number recognition, with percentage of children recognizing numbers or more increasing from 65.3% in 2008 to 69.3 in 2009.
    • MHRD release in 2010
  • 22. ASER- Startling revealing…
    • Around 40% of all rural children in Std. 5 in India are at least three grade levels behind based on their level of learning.
    • From 2007 to 2009, for children in government schools in Std 5, the ability to do division problems has actually declined from 41% to 36%.
    • In Government Schools 17.1 % students take private tuitions, and percentage rises to 30.8 by the time they reach standard 8th.
    • In private schools more than 25% students take private tuitions from standard 1 itself !
    • Is Indian education sector really progressing further with higher enrolment rates?
  • 23.
  • 24. Elementary School Education
    • Issues of concern:
    • Drop out check ( 48% ) ( Kerla /HP/Haryana/Goa doing better)
    • Motivation for enrolment ( Raj /Maharashtra/ Delhi /Uttrakhand doing better)
    • Infrastructure and facilities ( 24 % do not have building /8% no water )
    • Teacher Training ( Gujarat /Assam / Chhatisgrah / TN better performers)
    • Regularity of Faculty ( need to check absenteeism )
    • Less than 11% computer adaptability
    • Strategy for the future:
    • Provision of proper infrastructures CR /Water/Restrooms
    • Motivational incentives for reducing drop outs- Financial assistance to join any school, Scholarships to better performers, Sponsorships from others other organizations /parents /industries
    • For quality education improve regularity of teachers.
    • Intensive teacher training to encourage professional growth.
    • ICT to be made compulsory.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. 2010 Year of Educational Reforms ..
    • Path breaking initiatives of govt.
    • Pre-school not before four- Six years old could be admitted to Class I
    • Replacing of traditional X board exams to Grading system
    • Introduction of International Syllabus in CBSE- Freedom to introduce the new syllabus conforming to broad standards of International Baccalaureate (IB)
    • Revolutionary change in taking the educational system of CBSE in conformation to the international standard aptly serves the interest of primary education.
    • All schools in India to have an IT teacher.
    • Building India into a hub of top-class higher education to which the world comes…Education Bill Regulating Entry of Foreign Universities-aiming to allow entry of foreign universities to set up their campuses on Indian shores. However, the bill yet to be ratified by the Parliament to be a law.
  • 28. 2010 Year of Educational Reforms..
    • Punjab made year 2009 an year of education. Shouldn’t the whole of India do it?
    •   MHRD seeks $400 billion from Government to pump in Indian Education System- plans to build over 30,000 colleges and between 800 and 900 universities by 2020.
    • MHRD stressed the need for an education finance corporation, which will help refinancing education with a long-term goal and provide education loans to all needy students.
    • “ There is need for paradigm shift. The government cannot do this. The private sector has to come forward. The government will create appropriate environment for investment by private sector,” Kapil Sibal said. Jan11 2010
    • Azim Premji foundation to Revolutionize Indian Education System –plans to start 1,300 schools across the country-  two per district  – which will be free, impart education in the local language and be affiliated to the state board
    • Vedanta Group has announced a large university near Puri in Orissa.
  • 29. 2010 Year of Educational Reforms..
    • Reliance Foundation to set up world-class university in India
    • Aditya Birla Group is already into education with Sarala Birla Academy in Bangalore and school education
    • India’s initiatives to sign up key MOU’s with the UK with a focus major focus for   skill development, vocational training and teachers’ training.
    • Can We Walk the Talk for Vision 2020 with these kind of reforms !
    • Indian Education Sector(IES)  is by far the largest capitalized space in India with $30bn of government spend (3.7% of GDP; at global average), and a large network of ~1m schools and 18,000 higher education institutes. But,  a  literacy rate of 61%  does not do justice to the government spend, does it?
  • 30.
  • 31. Vocational Educational Training
    • Every year 5.5 million students pass out of Class X, of which 3.3 million go to Class XI, leaving 2.2 million out of the education stream and drop out after Class VIII are approx. 20-21 million.
      • Only 11% of unemployed in 15-29 yrs group were in formal vocational training . Only 2 % above 15 had any type of technical degrees/ diplomas/ certificates. Only 1% in the rural areas and 5 % in the urban.
      • About 95% of the world youth (15 - 35 yrs) age learn any type of vocation / skill / trade, with a choice of 3000 vocational streams.
    • In India we have identified only about 170 trades and only 2-3% of the youth (15-29 yrs) goes in for formal vocational training.
    • Only 40 % of the 55,000 instructors have undergone a full instructor-training course” (Urgent need to look into training of trainers) (Planning Commission).
    • The ITI system needs to be revamped to fill up this gap
    • Source: Data compiled from Planning Commission Reports, NSSO, Times of India, The Economic Times
  • 32. Educated Unemployed…..
    • Unemployed in Rural Areas: 57%
    • Unemployed in Urban Areas: 65%
    • TOTAL SKILLED labour force:
      • RURAL - only 8.3 %
      • URBAN - 15.6 %
    • Only 45 millions actually registered with employment exchange
    • Of all new employment generated
        • Govt. – 1%
        • Organized Sector – 2%
        • Unorganized Sector – 97%
        • The unemployment rate of India's graduates are still 17. 2% than the overall unemployment rate of 10.1%. (2.5 million graduate every year)
    • Source: (Employment & Unemployment situation in India, Jan-June 2004, NSS, Govt. of India, 2005); (i Watch); (Times of India, 22nd june 2005)
  • 33. Strategies for future…
    • Essential : Specific policy pertaining to level of education/area /problem /regional aspect is the need of the hour as one policy is not going to fit in for all
    • Challenge is to Create -An Integrated Education System that provides
    • Access to Quality education that is Practical /Relevant/ Customized & Effective
    • Innovative ways ( Tech Based ) to provide Faster Expansion of opportunities of education to all
    • Bridges the Gap between Education and Employability
    • Promotes Social Equality /Economical Viability
  • 34. Suggested Actions…..
    • Redefining Education Landscape for Vision 2020:
    • Integration of vocational education at the school level to impart the basic technical skills
    • Professional career counseling
    • Special orientation for the school drop-outs
    • Extensive use of ICT in skill training
    • Creation of large scale infrastructure and skill development opportunities
    • Skill Mapping to identify precise skill requirement for the growth of industry-ready manpower
    • Affordability and Informal System to be valued.
    • An integrated model of skill building through Optimum utilization of available existing resources
  • 35.
      • Private share in education market is : 7 % in Primary , 21 % in Upper Primary and 32 % in secondary.
      • Facilitating Participation at every level will help:
      • Setting of schools with proper infrastructures
      • Teacher Training Institutes /Universities /Colleges
      • Develop quality ITI’s and Polytechnics with skill development courses in association with industry
      • Institutionalize and establish coordination between the private sector and the government run institutions for skill development.
      • Rules & regulations can be appropriately framed by the Government for regulation. Independent Autonomous Regulating Agency may be set up.
      • KEY INDUSTRIES INTO EDUCATION… E learning / Goverence /SMS solutions companies will play a huge role to bridge gaps of education sector in almost all areas. Potential can be and should be exploited fully.
    Private Participation …
  • 36.
    • ( Market Oriented Approach )
    • Course Curriculum development and Training :
      • Flexible Curricula to be revised periodically with specific outcome rather than necessary part
      • Specialized VEC at University & Higher Institution level.
      • Industry oriented courses for employment
      • Short duration courses in banking, insurance, IT, finance, even in carpentry, plumbing, masonry, tile makers, painters, electricians etc. with focus on imparting incremental skills
      • Certification and Standard of VET courses jointly with the Government institution and certified bodies or Industry certification would make these attractive options.
      • Creating Awareness about type of courses, trades, institutions and opportunities in VET
      • A central agency be created for refining norms might help.
      • .
    Rural Area Specific Strategy
  • 37.
      • Bank Loans
      • Long term borrowing with Income-contingent repayments for efficiency and equity reasons to promote access.
      • To support self employment and create small entrepreneurs
      • For setting up Industrial Training Centers and Vocational Training Institutes.
      • Media support for awareness of education initiatives and support programs is a must.
      • Financial Assistance ..
  • 38.
    • We give them roots, we give them wings
    • And great joys from, little things,
    • A hope that they will soar ,
    • A hope that they will try,
    • We are sure that soon,
    • Our children will learn to fly !
    • Our education system must aim at creating enterprising personas…entrepreneurs for self–reliant ,self assured independent youth ….!
    • A Progressive Nation- India Vision 2020 !
  • 39.