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Transformatory Practices in Skills Training and Education  Engineering for the Knowledge Economy- Dr. Shrikant Bansal, giz International Services
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Transformatory Practices in Skills Training and Education Engineering for the Knowledge Economy- Dr. Shrikant Bansal, giz International Services

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  • FICCI: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industries ITI: Industrial Training Institute ITC: Industrial Training Centre
  • Transcript

    • 1. eINDIA 2011 Skills Development- A German Perspective Shrikant Bansal 15 December 2011
    • 2. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
      • As an international cooperation enterprise for sustainable development with worldwide operations, the federally owned GIZ supports the German Government in implementing its development policy objectives.
      • Our corporate objective is to improve people’s living conditions on a sustainable basis.
      • We work on behalf of the German Federal Government and other public and private sector, and national and international bodies.
      • Presence in 121 countries, 20000 experts and turnover of over EUR 2 Billion.
    • 3. Skills Gaps in India
      • Facts
      • India adds about 12.8 Million workers per year out of which:
        • 40% are illiterate
        • 25% have only Primary Education
      • Estimated Skill gap 10 Million per Year (Present training capacity 3.1 Million)
      • Source: FICCI Skill Survey, Jan 2010
      • Challenges
      • Lack of Industry linkages
      • Shortage of trained and qualified teachers
      • No vertical mobility for vocational trained person
      • Exclusive reliance on the traditional training courses
      • Initiatives
      • National Skills Development Corporation- for viability gap funding
          • Massive expansion planned (1600 ITI/Polytechnics, 10000 vocational schools, 50000 skill development centers, quadruple seating capacity to 10 Mio. annually)
      • Modernisation of State run Vocational schools (ITI) in PPP model
      • Sector Skill Councils by apex industry bodies
      DEMAND For employable workforce Supply Mismatch
    • 4. The Development Gap Wherever you look: India is white collar biased, top-heavy, and bottom-weak. The analytical abilities may be brilliant, but lacks in skills. Lacking: the competence, the capacity to act. Level of the individual: How to nourish the skills to act, create and transform? The Prisoners’ Dilemma: Opportunistic pursue of short-term objectives by many leads to short-term gains for some and long-term losses for everybody Skill Development needs collective action Level of the enterprise: How to obtain qualified staff, when and where needed?
      • Demographic pressure: 500 Mio / 10 years
      • imminent structural change in agro sector
      • inclusive growth = job-rich growth
      • massive jobs = massive industrial dev. 2 Revolutions: Industrial + Skill Development
      Level of society: How to create income and employment for the masses of poor youth, entering the labor market?
    • 5. Inspired by the Dual System? Educational System in Germany Lower secondary school Intermediate school Grammar school Primary school Continuing VET Dual system Company/vocational school (approx. 54%) Full-time vocational schools (approx.12 %) Grammar sch. upper sec. ed. (ca. 34%) Lower secondary level from 10 to 15/16 Primary level from 6 to 10 Upper secondary level from 15 to 19 Tertiary level over 19 Continuing education Institutes of higher education
    • 6. Inspired by the Dual System? 1 st decision: Hiring by Company ® Cooperation, Coordination Companies (private) Vocational School (public) Didactic Foundation Vocational Training Regulation
      • Occupational Profile
      • Framework Curriculum
      • Examination Requirements
      • Classroom
      • Training Workshop
      Didactic Foundation
      • Syllabus
      • Timetables
      • Examination Requirements
      Harmonisation Regulated by Vocational Training Act (Bund) Regulated by School Acts (Länder) Designation of Learners: Legal Basis: Vocational School Students The Trainees are: Youths / Adults The training is completed by the final examination Craft / Journeyman ‘s certificate Learning Venues are: Designation of Learners: Apprentices / Trainees Legal Basis: Apprenticeship Contract Learning Venues are:
      • inter-company Vocational Training Establishments
      • Workplace
      • Training Workshop
      with Compulsory Schooling (School Act) Consequence: Selection of school
    • 7. Inspired by the Dual System? good reasons for Indo-German cooperation in vocational training - leading to counselling and training offers
    • 8. 50+ years Indo-German SD
    • 9. 50+ years Indo-German SD What Worked?
      • Active involvement of the industry
      • Training oriented and adapted towards the demand of the labour market
      • Business development services for industries as an integral offer
      • Flexibility due to disconnect from formal education system
      • Combining business with social responsibility (e.g. high tech training for SMEs and training for the underprivileged)
      • Economic target- to increase productivity of SMEs and achieve self sustenance
      • Social target - to increase employment among underprivileged groups (connection to policy of poverty reduction on national, bilateral and international level)
      • The combination of both targets lead to wide reputation and to centres breaking even after just 2-3 years
    • 10.
        • Technical Assistance and Support Services in establishment of 5 training centres in PPP for the tribal youth of Gujarat
        • Setting up of 2 Advanced Training Centers with Government of Karnataka
        • Supporting Government of Karnataka in upgradation of 75 Industrial Training Institutions
        • EC Project- Technical Assistance for support to skills development in India
      GIZ IS is implementing four projects What is being Done?
        • Advising Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation and Setting up 50 skills development centers in the six states in India
        • Supporting Government of Madhya Pradesh in modernizing of 50 ITIs and 20 Polytechnics
      …… ..and pursuing
    • 11.
      • Project Name: Technical Assistance & Support Services to VTCs
      • Project Objective: Setting up VTCs as centers of international excellence, providing employment oriented skill training to tribal youth
      • Project Duration: 3 Years
      • Project Coverage: Five VTCs in PPP mode
      • Project Approach: On-site technical support and capacity building for three years, focus on Industrial linkages and sustainability.
      Gujarat
    • 12.
      • Project Name : Karnataka-German Multi Skills Development Centers
      • Project Objective: Setting up two advanced technology skills training Centers, providing need based skills training and other industrial services
      • Project Duration: 4 Years
      • Project Approach: Setting up advanced technology training centres with a view to attract more investments for Karnataka .
      • Create autonomous governance structures and operate the centre for four years aiming for self sustenance.
      Karnataka
    • 13.
      • Project Name : ITI Upgradation in Karnataka
      • Project Objective: Capacity building of 75 ITIs
      • Project Duration: 4 Years
      • Project Approach: Expediting the ITI upgradation with the cooperation of private sector while focusing on trainer’s training, system development and international linkages.
      Karnataka
    • 14. “ If I were a poet, I could write poetry on the possibilities of the five fingers. Why should you think that the mind is everything and the hands and feet nothing. Those who do not train their hands, who go through the ordinary rut of education, lack the ‘music’ in their life”. - Mahatma Gandhi
    • 15. Thank You Delhi Office: GIZ International Services S 35A, Panchsheel Park New Delhi -17 Ph: 011-47773500 [email_address] www.giz.de
    • 16. Employment in Formal and Informal Sector )in million & %)