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Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Dr. Pawan Kumar - Smart City & Transport
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Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Dr. Pawan Kumar - Smart City & Transport

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Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Dr. Pawan Kumar - Smart City & Transport

Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Dr. Pawan Kumar - Smart City & Transport

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  • 1. 11 Transport in Smart Cities J.B.Kshirsagar, Chief Planner Town & Country Planning Organization Ministry of Urban Development ,Govt. of India, New Delhi
  • 2. Introduction • Smart City : livable with adequate livelihood options and infrastructure provisioning with maximum use of ICT to - deliver better services, - reduce carbon foot print, - create sustainable environment, - have better quality of life . • Smart city is a Sustainable City if it has ability to make development through 3Es: -Economy, -Ecology and -Equity. 2
  • 3. 3 • Economy :Broader economic activities which is self renewing, build local assets and self-reliance. Need of transport hub and its connectivity with parent city. • Ecology : City residents are responsible for protecting and building natural assets. Need of Environmentally sustainable transport (EST). • Equity : Inclusive growth (opportunity for full participation in all activities, benefits, and decision-making of a society). Need of Public Transport.
  • 4. 4 • The National Action Plan on Climatic Change (NAPCC) was released by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 30th June 2008 . • Eight National Missions i. National Solar Mission ii. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency iii. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat iv. National Water Mission v. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem vi. National Mission for a "Green India" vii. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture viii. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
  • 5. 5 • The National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH) is anchored in the Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India. • Aim : To make habitat sustainable through improvements in -Better Urban Planning and Modal Shift to Public Transport, (Making long term transport plans to facilitate the growth of medium and small cities in such a way that ensures efficient and convenient public transport ) -Energy Efficiency in Buildings, -Recycling of Materials and Urban Waste Management .
  • 6. 6 Public Transport and Efficient Space for Movements of other Modes
  • 7. 7 Transport in Smart City I1 : Intelligent I2 : Integrated I3: Interconnected I4: Intermediate ( Role of IPT and NMT ) I5: Infrastructure ( Multi modal infrastructure both digital and physical at interchange points) •Underground transport and utilities lines, if feasible. •Sufficient space for cycling and pedestrians.
  • 8. Requisite of a Smart City Public Transport in Regional Context •For developing of smart city on the outskirt of metropolitan city, multi modal public transport system is required. Smart City Popl< 1 million Smart City Popl. < 1 million Connected by multi modal high speed mass transport
  • 9. Modal Shift for Greenhouse gas Mitigation Significant GHG mitigation can be achieved through : •modal shift by providing all arterial roads more than 25 m right of way to have -minimum of 2.5 m pedestrian path with street furniture and -2.5 m bicycle path preferably in each direction as a mandatory measure. OTHERWISE Provisions of traffic calming measures to reduce the speed of traffic to 30 kmph . Green Travel Habits •Travel whenever it is necessary. •Less Travel causes less pollution and damage to micro environment •If travel is needed, prioritize to use NMT/PT. •For smaller trip length, promotion of walking and cycling can be encouraged. 9
  • 10. 10 Selection of Transport Technology • For smart city, selection of proper transport technologies based on -City size, -urban form, -direction & extent of sprawl, -population density etc which are major determinants for choosing of technologies. Source : Recommendations of Working Group on Urban Transport for 12th Five Year Plan
  • 11. 11 • Personal Rapid Transit System commonly known as PRT (podcar). • It facilitates last–mile connectivity and is a four to six seater battery-powered vehicle without a driver, which uses rubber wheels and usually runs on an elevated guide way. • The stations can be integrated into already existing buildings, facilitating direct entry into malls, hotels and offices. Urban Passenger Rapid Transport (PRT) System in Amritsar, India by the Ultra Fairwood.(Under Progress)
  • 12. 12 Modified Land use Planning - Transport Model •In the case of smart city, transport corridor must be identified first. •Accordingly development should be permitted with the provisions of development controls, restricted property values ( Sell and purchase procedure), premium FAR, etc. 12
  • 13. 13 Priority to NMT •Integration of NMT with MRTS…………need of the hour •Specific budget allocation to create better and safer NMT infrastructure. Road Design of Nanded as Mission City under JnNURM
  • 14. •The development of transport infrastructure is also affected by non-transport factors i.e. -climatic/weather conditions, -economic base of the city, -Land acquisition cost -value in saving in accidents -Improvement in administration, law and order -Improvement in health and education -social displacement cost, etc. •Hence these factors also need considerations in planning and design of transport infrastructure. 14
  • 15. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for Sustainable Transport ( NAMA) In Indian condition: •Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP) •if focused on EST strategies and •Targeting GHG reduction CMP + EST = NAMA 15
  • 16. • Connectivity of new smart city to parent city through high speed rapid rail needs all types of integration in terms of modal, institutional, financial, network, information, etc. • Connectivity between developed city and new city requires a new transport agency which can co-ordinate and maintain the facility. • Development between two cities in terms of real estate, housing, etc requires new policy to maintain inclusive and equitable development along the transit corridor. • In Smart city, it is equally important to assess affordability of public transport for low income commuters and urban poor. • Transport is a State subject and hence there is need to strengthen institutional arrangements for planning and development of transport infrastructure . 16
  • 17. 17