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Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Anjum Parwez, Managing Director, Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC)


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Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Anjum Parwez, Managing Director, Bangalore Metropolitan Transport …

Smart CITy 2014 - Sustainable Urban Transportation and Traffic Management: Importance of Networking & Communication Technologies - Anjum Parwez, Managing Director, Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC)

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  • 1. Importance of Technology By Anjum Parwez , I.A.S. Managing Director BMTC , Bangalore 18/07/2014 Sustainable Urban Transportation And
  • 2. “Development that meets the needs of the Present without compromising the ability of Future generations to meet their needs”. Sustainability Sustainability would mean, Developing better transportation systems, Options and expectations consistent with the objective of securing future social and economic development within a sustainable environment that ensures community well-being. In the Context of Transportation Sustainability in transport has two perspective •Mobility and Safety •Local and global environmental issues.
  • 3. Reducing Transportation Need + Reducing Dependence on Car + Improving Traffic Flow (Transportation System Management) Sustainable Transport Reducing Dependence on Fossil Fuel (Energy Management) Encouraging Public Transport, Cycling and Walking (Capacity Management) Minimizing Environmental Impacts (Environmental Management)
  • 4. Travel Condition in Indian Cities • More than 75 per cent of the trips in a city are on account of either employment or education. • Per capita trip rate ranges from 0.72 to 1.79 per day (RITES 1998). • Long-distance commuting is still the norm with as much as 26% public travelling over 90 minutes everyday. • An average commuter in Bangalore, Delhi Mumbai spends around eight hours a week getting from home to work and then back. • A working professionals Mumbaikar spend almost a quarter of his life commuting through the crowded local trains/buses. • The World Bank (2002) estimates that 0.5 million people in developing countries die each year from transport-related air emissions. Transportation is the most serious challenge faced by all cities (matured, transition and emerging)
  • 5. Percentage Growth in Population and Vehicles (1981–2001) in Select Metro Cities
  • 6. Mode Share Across Different Cities Source: Wilbur Smith Report 2009
  • 7. Space Requirement
  • 8. • Increased income levels. • Rise in middle class aspirations to own a vehicle. • Captive public transport riders. The moment captive rider turns into a choice rider, preference shifts to personalized mode of transport. • Easily available attractive credit and financial schemes. • Low-cost motorized two-wheelers. • Social status and prestige. • Inefficient, unreliable, crowded and uncomfortable Public Transport . • Dissatisfied public transport passengers are increasingly turning to the private car. Mushrooming of Personal Motorized Vehicle
  • 9. • Multi-modal well networked mass transit systems such as metro rail, light rail, Bus Rapid Transit and basic bus services with; • Proper integration to be able to effectively serve the overall mobility needs of the city. • Time-bound schedules, • Reliable ser-vices, • Comfort, • Cleanliness, • Competitive travel time, • High frequency of service, • Affordable price, • Pre-trip planning system to facilitate trips based on needs and criteria. • Good driver behavior. • Commuter Safety with special focus on women. • Right information at the right time. The Need of The Hour
  • 10. All these are hardly conceivable and possible without use of Technology specially IT and Geo-Spatial technologies.
  • 11. • Information prior to or during the journey on urban public transport services (WAP, SMS etc.) • Information transmission via portable devices. • Electronic displays showing the time left before an arrival installed in bus, trolley, tram stops or stations etc. • Electronic information desks for retrieving information on routes, ticket prices, timetables, announcements on traffic conditions etc. • On board screens in urban public transport vehicles (vocally announcing stops, showings teletexts and other information etc.) • Tickets vending machines (TVMs). • Electronic tickets, e-ticketing etc. Possible uses of IT and Geo-Spatial Technology in Public Transport
  • 12. • Security systems (security cameras etc.) • Electronic information signs such as illuminated arrows, numbers, pictograms etc. • Other passenger information services.(displaying vehicles location, walk distances between stops, parking information, etc.) • A common Ticket or fare card in a multi modal Transport system. • Monitoring of driving behaviour. • Engine health/performance monitoring. • Preventive maintenance. • Planning and scheduling operations. • Data analysis for decision making. • Efficient fuel utilisation and so on....... Possible uses of IT and Geo-Spatial Tech. in Public Transport Contd…
  • 13. Game Changer
  • 14. Use of IT and Geo-Spatial Technologies in BMTC
  • 15. A Modest Beginning • Voice Announcement System in Buses. • Announces name of next coming stop. • Out of 6887 buses, nearly 3000 buses have this GPS based facility.
  • 16. “” BMTC WebsiteBMTC Website
  • 17. Project Initiated in June 2012 Completed and Implemented in May 2013 Scope  BMTC Needs  Geo-code bus stops, digitize route management & Form IVs , bring in work flows for approval process there by avoid lot of paper work.  Facilitate BMTC to create and publish contents like News, Press releases, Bus rentals etc.  Generate Reports for further planning.  Commuter Needs  Plan their trip looking at the latest route information and view route maps.  Get to know happenings at BMTC.  Provide feedback through public website, get instant acknowledgement.
  • 18. Features  User Management.  Geo-code bus stops, Route management, Work flows for approval process there by avoid lot of paper work.  Master data setup for Divisions, Depots, Bus Stops & Bus Routes.  Create/Curtail Form IV and Issue Traffic Orders.  All Form IV, consisting of the details of each trip and schedule, has been computerised and is being managed online, through the Admin Module of the Website.  Any official change/modification in Form IV is done through the website and it is automatically reflected in Trip Planner or the Timetables.  Provision for Survey data collection.  Generation of reports for further planning.
  • 19. Features Contd……  Commuter Needs.  Trip planner o Search based on Origin, Destination. o Search based on Route Number. o Service based time table. o View Route timings, Bus stops & Route map. o View Transit Routes ( if applicable ). o Accurate information about the aerial distance between Origin and Destination is provided besides Fares and approximate journey time.  Option to print Timetable, Bus stops details, Route details and also the Map.  Time Table & Fares. o View Time Table by Service. o Search Fares based on Service Type.
  • 20. Administrative Module
  • 21. •Addition of New Route. •Attaching Bus Stops to Route. •Route Modification. •Addition of Trip Details to Schedule.
  • 22. Technology Used • Open source technology is used in developing the application OS - Linux Web Server - Apache Development Tool - PHP technologies Data Base - MySQL • Drupal 7.0 is used for Content Management
  • 23. Usage : Day wise Trend
  • 25. Vehicle Tracking System & 2 Way Communication • Operations Monitoring • Incident Management • Real Time ETA/D Electronic Ticketing Machines • Revenue Monitoring & Management • Ticket and Smart Card Passenger Information System • Revenue Monitoring & Management • Applications 6500 10000 35 Data & Command Control Centre • Monitoring & Reporting • Communication • Call Centre 1 Depot Management System • Crew Management • Vehicle Management • Scheduling 1 ITS : Intelligent Transport System
  • 26. Bus Depot Bus on the move Communication Tower Communication Tower GPRS/SM S / Voice Data GPRS/SMS / Voice Data Web User Web GPRS/SM S /VoiceData Bus on the move G PS Satellites GPSData Operation Users GPS Data GPS Data Bus Station - PIS Web User Control Room Data Center Depot Apps/ BI/ Reporting Solution Architecture Central Office
  • 27. • Commuter Concerns. • Which bus should I take to reach my destination??? • What is the bus route between my origin & destination? • When is the bus coming??? • When should I reach the bus stop to take my bus?? • Is the next stop my destination? • Management Concerns. • Revenue earned, Target Achievements, Driver/Conductor appraisal. • Providing facilities for commuters, Crew. • Depot management, Scheduling, Fleet Usage. It Will Take Care of
  • 28. • Operations Manager Concerns. • Is any of the bus over-speeding, met with any accident? • What is revenue collection status, are ETM’s online? • Where are the buses, are they on time? • Are there any breakdowns/ Idling/ Bunching? • Crew Concerns. • Control Centre Support for incident management. • Ease of issuing and accounting of tickets. • Driver appraisal, performance based incentives. • Easy reconciliation and end of duty process. • Other Concerns. • Safety of passengers specially women. • Driving pattern of drivers. Accidents by Buses. • Preventive maintenance. Engine health monitoring. • Asset management. Access management. It Takes Care of Contd…
  • 29. Smart Cards
  • 30. Current BMTC Fare Collection System
  • 31. BMTC Smart Card Fare Collection Eco System Stakeholders
  • 32. Operational Model of the BMTC Smart Card Fare Collection Eco System
  • 33. CCTV at Bus Stations
  • 34. iTraMS (intelligent Transport Management System) from Bosch
  • 35. BMTC – iTraMS Pilot: Management Update • BMTC is keenly interested towards improving fleet operations for: – Increased accessibility of the Vehicle. – Increased safety of users. – Reduced operational costs. – Improving efficiency. • Pilot for BMTC – Key functions – Vehicle Performance, Engine Performance, Fuel performance. – Monitoring Driving Behaviour. – Use cases of Vehicle Maintenance. Purpose
  • 36. iTraMS System Overview … BMTC Use Cases  Engine/Vehicle Data Monitoring  Fuel Efficiency  Driver Behaviour  Remote Diagnostics  Integration possibility:  Passenger Info. System  eTicketing, ITS …  Location Information, Point Of Interest, Geo-
  • 37. Capture Engine / Vehicle Data Onboard / Server Analytics Reports / Visualization iTraMS System Overview …
  • 38. How iTraMS can help BMTC fleet operations ? Improved fuel consumption - monitor the behaviors that affect fuel consumption. While a variety of factors, including vehicles, road conditions, weather, and routes Driver Performance Monitoring - Idling, Speeding, Hard braking & Gear usage Safer driving - Live driving feedback, Preventive maintenance, Alerts Operational Efficiency – Optimised Idling time, performance feedback, Offline driver behaviour mentoring & Minimal Vehicle downtime
  • 39. Passenger Information Kiosk
  • 40. Kiosk based Leave Management System
  • 43. MIS Dashboard
  • 44. MIS Dashboard • Web based application. • Data fed everyday at depot level. • Provide information on various parameters. • Operated Schedule. • Traffic Revenue • Operated Kms. • Earning per Km. • Mileage. • Break downs. • Provide information for different time period based on selection. • Provide reports at depot level, division level and central office level. • Controlled access at various levels.
  • 45. Objectives • Precise planning & scheduling bus services -moving from manual process to a more automated process • To produce regular Services adapted to real time traffic conditions and Citizens transport demand in order to increase ridership • To optimize scheduling based on a variety of relevant parameters such as frequency, load factor, vehicle & crew utilization and others in order to improve the efficiency of BMTC’s operations. Planning and Scheduling Application
  • 46. Constant optimization Reliable Services Adapted to the Demand Optimized Resources Performance Monitoring
  • 47. Key Features • Demand analysis based on revenue database. • Understand citizens demand and adapt the schedules (where and when needed). • Automatic scheduling based on various factors (frequencies, load factor, revenue…). • Ergonomic manual fine-tuning. • International standard.
  • 48. • Statistical travel times analysis for each routes and sections • Depending on hour of the day, day of the week, special days… • Simulate scheduling scenarios before to implement and visualize results • Project Key Performance Indicators Key Features