Role of Digital Land
Records in Development
of Smart Cities
Shri. Chandrakant Dalvi, IAS
Settlement Commissioner and Direc...
 Rapid Urbanization
 Around 45% population in city area (2011 census)
 India's current urban population is 410 million ...
 City Survey – Carried out in areas with high urban population like
Municipal corporation and Councils and villages where...
eMahabhoomi Projects
eMojanieRegistration
eMutation eRecords
eResurvey
eChawadi
eMaps
eBhulekh
Scanning of Records
(Modern...
eMojani
eMojani – Workflow
(Computerization of Land Records)
Application by citizen
Visit to site for
Mojani
Actual Mojani
Issue o...
eMojani – Journey
(Computerization of Land Records)
Implemented
since 1 Jan 2012
MIS for
monitoring
Recruitment of
more su...
 Real time provision of Surveyor Details along with
date of survey
 Online monitoring of application status to
departmen...
eMutation
eMutation – IT and Network Infrastructure Design
(Computerization of Land Records – Online Mutation)
eMutation – Process Flow
(Computerization of Land Records – Online Mutation)
Registration
Fully Computerized Process
eMutation – Process Flow
(Computerization of Land Records - – Online Mutation)
Non - Registration
eMutation – Hardware Readiness
(Computerization of Land Records)
358 Tehsildar
office
353 Dy. SLR
office and
521 Sub-
Regi...
 Application along with various utility tools have been
developed by NIC, under the guidance of SC&DLR (M.S.),
Pune
 Gol...
 Single source of Record of Right information stored
in a secured Data Center
 Linkage between Registration and Mutation...
eChawadi
eChawadi – The Idea
(Computerization of Land Records)
Physical Registers
Pre
Online
Village
Registers
Post
Form 1
Form 2
F...
Main 5 categories of village registers:
 Area and Land Revenue related forms
 Forms related to person from whom land rev...
eChawadi – The Status
(Computerization of Land Records)
Pilot project
completed –
More than 100
villages
Rolled out all ov...
 Maintenance of village registers in digital format at
secured State Data Center
 Easy access to digital registers anywh...
eRecords
 As per NLRMP, all record rooms should be
modernized by
 Scanning Old Records
 Implementation of Document Management Sy...
eRecords – The Pilot Project
(Modern Record Room)
• 2 pilot talukas – Mulshi and
Haveli taluka in Pune district
• More tha...
eRecords – The Road Ahead - 1
(Modern Record Room)
State-wide RFP floated by the department after rigorous brainstorming a...
eRecords – The Road Ahead-2
(Modern Record Room)
741 record rooms will be covered under this project including Tehsildar a...
 Preservation of old and delicate historical records
stored in record rooms
 Faster citizen service delivery through use...
eMaps
 Cadastral Maps – Maps showing the extent of
ownership of an individual or a group
 Maps were first created in the perio...
Goal
•Digitization of all cadastral maps in the state
Objective
•To provide accurate and digital maps to citizens through ...
eMaps – Pilot Project
(Computerization of Land Records)
More than 20,000 sheets and 2,00,000 polygons
digitized
Pilot proj...
 As per NLRMP guidelines, only tippans and village maps
are to be digitized
 Based on experience of pilot project, follo...
 Preservation of old and delicate cadastral maps
 Digital form of the maps utilized for Resurvey project
 Assistance to...
eResurvey
History of Land Management
1450 – 1545: Mughal Empire
1630 – 1680: Shivaji Maharaj
1798 – 1811: 2nd Bajirao
1818 – 1827: B...
 Achievement of Conclusive Land Titling
 Understanding the ground reality of a particular land
parcel
 Synchronization ...
eResurvey – The Pilot Project
(Resurvey)
 Pirangut
 Mukhaiwadi
 Urawade
 Botarwadi
 Ghotawade
 Godambewadi
 Materew...
 Pure Ground Method: ETS and DGPS
 Hybrid Approach: HRSI + ETS and DGPS
 Ground Control Network
 Primary Control Point...
eResurvey– The Pilot Project
(Resurvey)
HRSI from
NRSA
Ortho
rectification
completed
DTM
generation is
completed in
12 vil...
 Achievement of Conclusive Land Titling
 Availability of exact replica of ground situation
 Match between the textual a...
eBhulekh
eBhulekh
eResurvey
eMaps
eRecords
eBhulekh – The Idea
(Core GIS)
eMojani
eMutation
 Data from various projects
under eMah...
 Single source of information for textual as well as
spatial data
 Facility to view current as well as historic informat...
 Application developed by NIC under the guidance of
SC&DLR (M.S.), Pune
 Pilot testing using data of few villages where
...
Key Achievements
 eMojani – Successfully implemented since 1.1.2012
 eChawadi – Rolled out in the entire state since
1.6.2013
 eMutation...
 More than 2.5 crores Record of Rights computerized and
available through website –
www.mahabhulekh.maharashtra.gov.in
 ...
 Online Access to updated and accurate Record of
Rights
 Access to current and historical land related
information
 Ass...
Thank You
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Smart CITy 2014 - Local empowerment and Accountability: Innovations in Governance - Chandrakant Dalvi, Settlement Commissioner and Director of Land Records, Government of Maharashtra

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Smart CITy 2014 - Local empowerment and Accountability: Innovations in Governance - Chandrakant Dalvi, Settlement Commissioner and Director of Land Records, Government of Maharashtra

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  • Presentation does NOT reflect ground reality. For instance can you locate ANY 7/12 extracts from the mahabhulekh website supposed to house the Record-of-Rights and Property Card details?? EVEN the email Id cited there is a FRAUDULENT one - what Digital India are you claiming and tom-tomming your own "WORKS"? Have you even bothered to check the facts before TALL claims are made? Just BLUFFING by way of SMART and MISLEADING messages is NOT progress - especially in a digitalized and binary world. The facts do not need human cructhes - TRUTH BE TOLD!! This SCAM should be brought to the notice of the Judiciary - it only is going to create NEW markets for MNC (look at the Digital Equipment acquisition wish-list, see the ALARMING amounts being poured out and to top all that local vendors are shown the door by putting them at a disavantage by WIERD CLAUSES. What happened to boosting local talent - Make in India and whatnot? All that IAS babus do is create grandiose plans to benefit their political bosses and NOT the tax-payer who gives him/her the FAT salaries. Perhaps a CBI investigation or Parliamentary Committee will pull out ALL skeletons from the proverbial cupboard. Did you know that despite NUMEROUS GR's(govt resolutions) being issued by the Maharashtra Assembly mandating sale based on Property Cards where City Survey has been completed, the Revenue Department DEFIANTLY continues to execute land sales based on 7/12 extracts even when property cards are issued. This creates a HUGE backlog of litigations for the common man who has to then either compromise under duress or has to run from pillar to post for justice. Being in the hallowed space of Settlement Commissioner and Director of Land Records, it behooves the stature of that office to INSIST rule of law is OBEYED and not to ILLEGALLY maintain the ARCHAIC method of 7/12 sale used by villages in force for cities.
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Smart CITy 2014 - Local empowerment and Accountability: Innovations in Governance - Chandrakant Dalvi, Settlement Commissioner and Director of Land Records, Government of Maharashtra

  1. 1. Role of Digital Land Records in Development of Smart Cities Shri. Chandrakant Dalvi, IAS Settlement Commissioner and Director of Land Records, Maharashtra State, Pune The Maharashtra Case Study
  2. 2.  Rapid Urbanization  Around 45% population in city area (2011 census)  India's current urban population is 410 million people and this will grow to 814 million by 2050*.  Increase in Urban Population Increase in city area  Urbanization and Appreciation in urban land prices lead to  Need for accurate land records  Better land management  Continuous update of records as per current situation Need for Digital Land Records of Cities *(Source: United Nations - World Urbanisation Prospects Report 2014)
  3. 3.  City Survey – Carried out in areas with high urban population like Municipal corporation and Councils and villages where population is more than 2000  Approx. 55 lacs Property Cards maintained by land records department  All such records are maintained in digital format using Property Card Information System (PCIS)  Maps of such city survey are also available in digital format  City Survey done in Municipal Corporations– 25  City Survey done in Municipal Councils - 222 Digital Land Records and Smart City: The Connection Rural Record of Right - 7/12 Urban Record of Right – Property Card
  4. 4. eMahabhoomi Projects eMojanieRegistration eMutation eRecords eResurvey eChawadi eMaps eBhulekh Scanning of Records (Modern Record Room) Digitization of Cadastral Maps Computerization of registration process Computerization of Village officers record Online Mutation Computerization of Process of current measurement cases Re-Survey using latest technologies Core GIS Implemented In Process Pilot Done. State Rollout readiness
  5. 5. eMojani
  6. 6. eMojani – Workflow (Computerization of Land Records) Application by citizen Visit to site for Mojani Actual Mojani Issue of Measurement Maps 1 2 3 4 Record Keeper and Surveyor searches old maps in the record room Using ETS and Plain Table eMojani – Computerization of entire process to handle citizen applications for measurement as well as subdivision of land parcels
  7. 7. eMojani – Journey (Computerization of Land Records) Implemented since 1 Jan 2012 MIS for monitoring Recruitment of more surveyors Version2 release Facility for online application and epayment More than 2.15 lakhs measurement cases are processed through e Mojani. Received Skoch Award in 2013 Received CloudGov Awards in 2014
  8. 8.  Real time provision of Surveyor Details along with date of survey  Online monitoring of application status to department officials as well as applicants  Reduced hassles to applicants  Timely closure of measurement application  Availability of single source of online data accessible from anywhere , anytime to the concerned officials  Effective control on the department officials eMojani - Advantages
  9. 9. eMutation
  10. 10. eMutation – IT and Network Infrastructure Design (Computerization of Land Records – Online Mutation)
  11. 11. eMutation – Process Flow (Computerization of Land Records – Online Mutation) Registration Fully Computerized Process
  12. 12. eMutation – Process Flow (Computerization of Land Records - – Online Mutation) Non - Registration
  13. 13. eMutation – Hardware Readiness (Computerization of Land Records) 358 Tehsildar office 353 Dy. SLR office and 521 Sub- Registrar Offices Digital Signatures (Out of 16000) Procurement : 13,000 Downloaded : 10,000 741 offices provided VPNoBB by BSNL Offices Computers, printers etc. provided to each office Hardware Readiness Network Readiness 30 CTS offices Laptops, printers and data cards also provided to Talathis and Circle Officers Almost 12,000 Talathis and Circle officers have data Card Secured connection like VPN tested on data cards
  14. 14.  Application along with various utility tools have been developed by NIC, under the guidance of SC&DLR (M.S.), Pune  Golu Finder  Data Cleaner  DBA Tool etc.  All Record of Rights have been UNICODE converted, Garbage cleaned; Data Correction and upload at State Data Center is in progress  Rolled out in the entire state  1 taluka in each district will be online within 2 months  Complete state will be online by December,2014 eMutation – Current Status (Computerization of Land Records – Online Mutation)
  15. 15.  Single source of Record of Right information stored in a secured Data Center  Linkage between Registration and Mutation functions  Auto-trigger for mutation on any registration related to land  Assistance in maintenance of village registers under eChawadi project eMutation - Advantages
  16. 16. eChawadi
  17. 17. eChawadi – The Idea (Computerization of Land Records) Physical Registers Pre Online Village Registers Post Form 1 Form 2 Form 3 Form 4 Form 1 Form 7 Form 12 Form 8 Talathi – Village level revenue official Chawadi – Office of Talathi Central - State Data CenterScattered – Village level RegistersmaintainedbyTalathis
  18. 18. Main 5 categories of village registers:  Area and Land Revenue related forms  Forms related to person from whom land revenue is to be recovered  Recovery and Verification related forms  General Administration Information related forms  Miscellaneous forms and registers Categories of Village Registers (Computerization of Land Records)
  19. 19. eChawadi – The Status (Computerization of Land Records) Pilot project completed – More than 100 villages Rolled out all over Maharashtra and execution in progress
  20. 20.  Maintenance of village registers in digital format at secured State Data Center  Easy access to digital registers anywhere, anytime to Talathis, using laptop and data cards  Availability of information of previous financial years on the click of a button  Single location for maintenance of all registers handled by the Talathis eChawadi - Advantages
  21. 21. eRecords
  22. 22.  As per NLRMP, all record rooms should be modernized by  Scanning Old Records  Implementation of Document Management System  Improving the physical infrastructure for storage of records  Old land records are scanned to preserve them and use for citizen service delivery, department functions  Records are scanned, metadata tagged and stored in pdf/a format eRecords – The Project
  23. 23. eRecords – The Pilot Project (Modern Record Room) • 2 pilot talukas – Mulshi and Haveli taluka in Pune district • More than 40 lacs documents scanned • Department owned Document Management System developed by NIC, under the guidance of SC&DLR (M.S.), Pune • Lessons learned used to rollout state wide project
  24. 24. eRecords – The Road Ahead - 1 (Modern Record Room) State-wide RFP floated by the department after rigorous brainstorming and deliberations Work Order and all contractual process to be done by the District Collector SC&DLR (M.S.), Pune has provided all necessary information to the Collector • eRecords Project Manual • Draft Contractual documents • Necessary Guidelines 3 vendors were selected using competitive bidding process 2 Vendors selected for each division • 1st Vendor - all districts except 2nd highest volume • 2nd Vendor – District with 2nd highest volume
  25. 25. eRecords – The Road Ahead-2 (Modern Record Room) 741 record rooms will be covered under this project including Tehsildar and Dy.SLR, CTSO Record Rooms More than 26 crore documents of various page size like A4, A3, Ao etc. to be scanned Extensive training and handholding provided by the department to district level offices Massive Machinery to deploy the project including District collectors to Record Room Keepers has been created Procurement of Compactors and Physical Improvement of Record Rooms to be done next
  26. 26.  Preservation of old and delicate historical records stored in record rooms  Faster citizen service delivery through use of Document management system  Increase longevity of the existing records, which deteriorate constantly  Integration with spatial records for provision of complete information related to a land parcel eRecords - Advantages
  27. 27. eMaps
  28. 28.  Cadastral Maps – Maps showing the extent of ownership of an individual or a group  Maps were first created in the period 1830’s  Various map sheets are maintained in Maharashtra like  Survey/ Block Number  Phalni / Sub-Division  Gat Book  LAQ and NA measurement sheets etc. Cadastral Maps – An Introduction
  29. 29. Goal •Digitization of all cadastral maps in the state Objective •To provide accurate and digital maps to citizens through web as well as record rooms •To assist department in conducting resurvey by providing digital understanding of old land parcels Mode •Pilot as well as State-wide rollout eMaps (Computerization of Land Records)
  30. 30. eMaps – Pilot Project (Computerization of Land Records) More than 20,000 sheets and 2,00,000 polygons digitized Pilot project completed in a time bound manner Pilot project done in Mulshi taluka in Pune district Various types of map sheets apart from FMBs and Village maps scanned and digitized Various outputs tested like tiff (raster image), dwg (vectorized output), shp (GIS format), pdf ( Citizen delivery)
  31. 31.  As per NLRMP guidelines, only tippans and village maps are to be digitized  Based on experience of pilot project, following approvals have been asked from GoI  Inclusion of various other map types like phalni, kate phalni, gat book etc. for digitization  Unit for cost realization to be changed to polygons instead of FMBs  Modification in the unit rate for digitization project eMaps – The Road Ahead (Computerization of Land Records) Department ready for state wide rollout, post approval from GoI on the above mentioned points
  32. 32.  Preservation of old and delicate cadastral maps  Digital form of the maps utilized for Resurvey project  Assistance to the department in carrying out daily operations like measurement etc.  Faster delivery of copies of the maps to citizens, as per their request  Increase longevity of the cadastral maps eMaps - Advantages
  33. 33. eResurvey
  34. 34. History of Land Management 1450 – 1545: Mughal Empire 1630 – 1680: Shivaji Maharaj 1798 – 1811: 2nd Bajirao 1818 – 1827: British Empire 1549 – 1626: Malik Ambar
  35. 35.  Achievement of Conclusive Land Titling  Understanding the ground reality of a particular land parcel  Synchronization between reality, existing textual and spatial records  No state-wide resurvey post 1930  More than 35 lacs sub-divisions and change in the nature of land (not correctly reflected in the current RoR) has taken place Need for Resurvey
  36. 36. eResurvey – The Pilot Project (Resurvey)  Pirangut  Mukhaiwadi  Urawade  Botarwadi  Ghotawade  Godambewadi  Materewadi  Amlewadi  Bhegadewadi  Abarvet  Kasar Amboli  Bhare District: Pune Taluka: Mulshi Villages: 12 Area: 6735 hectares Terrain: Plain land, mountains, rivers, urban, rural, industrial etc. Methodology: Pure Ground Survey and Hybdird Methodology B R I E F
  37. 37.  Pure Ground Method: ETS and DGPS  Hybrid Approach: HRSI + ETS and DGPS  Ground Control Network  Primary Control Points: 16 x 16 km  Secondary Control Points: 4 x 4 km  Tertiary Control Points : 1 x 1 km  Auxiliary: As required  Detailed study prior to initiating pilot work in the state eResurvey -Technical Aspects (Resurvey)
  38. 38. eResurvey– The Pilot Project (Resurvey) HRSI from NRSA Ortho rectification completed DTM generation is completed in 12 villages Resurvey of 6 villages using ETS completed Private Agencies for survey and image processsing Pilot 12 villages MRSAC (Technical Advisors) 176 GCN established Verification – Department officials Resurvey of 6 villages using Hybrid method completed
  39. 39.  Achievement of Conclusive Land Titling  Availability of exact replica of ground situation  Match between the textual and spatial records  Reduction in future litigations due to availability of accurate and updated records  Textual as well as spatial records in digital format, leading to faster changes in them as per the need eResurvey - Advantages
  40. 40. eBhulekh
  41. 41. eBhulekh eResurvey eMaps eRecords eBhulekh – The Idea (Core GIS) eMojani eMutation  Data from various projects under eMahabhoomi to be shown through a single window application  eRecords  eMaps  eResurvey  eMutation  eMojani  All land related Information in chronological order for a particular land parcel
  42. 42.  Single source of information for textual as well as spatial data  Facility to view current as well as historic information  Provision to view all pertinent information regarding a land parcel in a chronological order  Record of Rights  Other registers like mutation etc.  Maps  Registered Deeds and others eBhulekh – Advantages (Core GIS)
  43. 43.  Application developed by NIC under the guidance of SC&DLR (M.S.), Pune  Pilot testing using data of few villages where eRecords, eMaps, eMojani, eChawadi and eResurvey is completed  Modification of the application based on stakeholder feedback is currently going on  State-wide rollout by end of FY 2014-15 eBhulekh – The Status (Core GIS)
  44. 44. Key Achievements
  45. 45.  eMojani – Successfully implemented since 1.1.2012  eChawadi – Rolled out in the entire state since 1.6.2013  eMutation – Rolled out in the entire state since 1.6.2013  eRecords – Rolled out in the entire state since 1.7.2014  eMaps and eResurvey - Pilot project implemented successfully and ready for state- wide rollout Key Achievements
  46. 46.  More than 2.5 crores Record of Rights computerized and available through website – www.mahabhulekh.maharashtra.gov.in  Revamped department website available for citizens - www.bhumiabhilekh.maharashtra.gov.in  Online Provision of more than 55 lacs computerized Property Cards (urban RoR)  More than 10 lacs Record of Rights given per month, through various citizen service points like CSCs, Setu kendras etc.  Approx. 15,000 measurement applications handled per month, through eMojani application Key Achievements
  47. 47.  Online Access to updated and accurate Record of Rights  Access to current and historical land related information  Assistance in creation of Town Planning Scheme  Assistance to Govt./Semi Govt./ Individual/ Group to obtain necessary permissions and implementing projects in a short time  GIS based planning of various facilities like roads and different utilities Digital Land Records in Smart Cities
  48. 48. Thank You

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