Skills for a global market place ashutosh chadha, intel

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  • Sharing Opportunities for Future:Donation for Education
  • A lot more to be done & urgency is perhaps increasingBCG study found that by 2020, developed countries (in Pink) will have net shortage in working age pop. Even Russia and China face shortagesBut developing nations worldwide are forecast to have over 100M surplus working aged people and 88M of them are in the Asia Pacific Region. Creates potential for a ‘demographic dividend’ – low dependency ratios set the stage for more bread-winners, more savings and investmentBut this is a potential dividend, not an endowmentThe difference between a highly positive scenario and an alternative scenario of unemployment and resource shortages is the Education necessary to bring these people into the 21st Century job market.The future doesn’t belong to the country that just has the most working age population, it belongs to the country that best educates its citizens
  • Levy and Murnane show how the composition of the US work force has changed. What they show is that, between 1970 and 2000, (the orange line) work involving routine manual input, the jobs of the typical factory worker, was down significantly. Non-routine manual work, (the red line) things we do with our hands, but in ways that are not so easily put into formal algorithms, was down too, albeit with much less change over recent years – and that is easy to understand because you cannot easily computerise the bus driver or outsource your hairdresser. All that is not surprising, but here is where the interesting story begins: Among the skill categories represented here, routine cognitive input, (the yellow line) that is cognitive work that you can easily put into the form of algorithms and scripts, saw the sharpest decline in demand over the last couple of decades, with a decline by almost 8% in the share of jobs. So those middle class white collar jobs that involve the application of routine knowledge, are the most threatened jobs today. And that is where schools still put a lot of their focus and what we value in multiple choice accountability systems.The main point here is that the skills that are easiest to teach and test are also the skills that are easiest to digitize, automate and outsource. If that is all what we do in school, we are setting our children up for failure, because those are the things computers can do better, faster, and cheaper than humans. If those are the skills we give our kids when we send them into the workforce, they are going to loose before they even get started. So, where are the winners in this process? The winners are those who engage in expert thinking, Non-routine interactive and analytic thinking. Analyzing and synthesizing information, creating new knowledge, and collaborating with, and communicating that knowledge to, others – this is the new literacy of the 21st century.
  • If the objective today is to provide relevant education to the maximum possible people in the shortest possible time, and at an affordable cost then we need see what are the tools which are available to address this.We need to remember the issue is not just about getting kids back to school but keeping them there providing them life skills and enabling them to get out there and become socially productive – or providing the opportunity for thatHow can we bring in true Public Private partnerships to help address the same – where the govt, NGO, pvt sector and general community and society are able to work together What role does technology play not from the perspective of IT for IT sake but how can IT address the areas of equity, accessibility, lack of quality teachers.Khan academy exampleHomework in class and School work at homeThe laborere child who can use this after schoolHumanizing the class room not about jhustetacher std ration To achieve this what is really required is a systemic approach for education transformation and our experience over the years and working in mutltiple countries has shown us that effective transformation requires a systemic addressal of 5 specific components


  • 1. Skills for a global Market Place eAsia December , 2011 Ashutosh Chadha Director Corporate Affairs – South Asia
  • 2. “The creation of an educationalsystem capable of preparing peopleto live in the changing world is one ofthe crucial tasks of modern society.’ Kinelev, 2000”
  • 3. A World in Transformation Growing world marketGlobal Scale Technology & all pervasiveCompetition Knowledge - the new currency
  • 4. Emerging Demographic shift Working age deficit/surplus by 2020 (population M) Germany -3 UK -2 Russia Czech 0 Republic -6 Ireland -1 Turkey Iraq -17 France -3 2 ChinaUS 2 Israel -10 Spain Pakistan -9 -3 -2 0 Iran Japan 3 19 77 Bangladesh Italy 5 4 47 Vietnam Egypt 4Mexico India 5 Philippines 1 Malaysia 3 5 Indonesia Brazil -0.5 Australia Note: Potential surplus is calculated keeping the ratio of working population (age group 15 – 59) to total population constant; Source:U.S. Census Bureau; BCG Analysis What does this mean for us?
  • 5. How the demand for skills has changed Economy-wide measures of routine and non-routine task input (US)Mean task input as percentiles of the 1960 task distribution The New Division of Labor The dilemma of the system: (Levy and Murnane) The skills that are easiest to teach and test are also the ones that are easiest to digitize, automate and outsource.
  • 6. Impact of ICT Automation and redundancyICT Meaning of Scale Lifelong Learning ICT in Biz
  • 7. Race up the Value Chain Source: “Tough Choices or Tough Times” 2007, National center on Education and the Economy
  • 8. The Challenges that need to be addressed Relevance and Equity quality TVET Affordable Access
  • 9. Towards a successful TVET program Demand Responsiveness Standardization Role of Govt & Quality TVET Role of the Equitable Enterprise Access
  • 10. In Conclusion Increased Productivity / Knowledge TVET Education needs to address the issues of Accessibility Affordability Equity Increased Relevance Economic Increased Well being Personal / Business Wealth• Skill development needs to be dynamic• PPP will play a critical role• ICT can help create a level playing field