CBI investigation and e-governance
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CBI (ECONOMIC OFFENCES WING 1964)
The Economic Offence Wing in CBI was first created vide Resolution No.
24166/64-AVD, dated April 29, 1964 to deal with offences under various
Sections of IPC and Special Acts notified under section 3 of DSPE Act
mainly pertaining to serious frauds in Banks, Stock Exchanges, Financial
institutions, Joint Stock Companies, Public Limited Companies,
misappropriation of public funds, criminal breach of trust, violation of
Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, Customs Act, IMPEX Laws,
counterfeiting of currency, narcotics, drug trafficking, arms peddling and
offences related to antiquities, adulteration, black marketing etc
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Credit Cards frauds
Stock Market Manipulations
Fake Indian Currency Notes/ Counterfeiting
Theft of Antique items
Fake Lottery Frauds
Money Circulation Schemes / Multi-Level Marketing/ Ponzi
NOW ALSO LOOKING INTO
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CYBER CRIMES: ROLE OF CBI
• CCIC created in the year 1999 & commenced functioning from March,
• CCIC earliest in country to start Cyber Crime Investigation.
• Handled more than 5000 Cyber Crime instances.
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CASES OF FOLLOWING TYPE
• Phishing website
• Credit Card Fraud/ Debit Card Fraud
• Lottery fraud/ job fraud
• Fake websites for cheating
• Source code theft
• Domain name theft
• Software piracy
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CASES OF FOLLOWING TYPE
• Data theft case
• Manipulation of stock price case
• Custom duty draw back case
• Cheque truncation fraud
• Fake Income Tax Refund fraud
• Malicious script to Terminal-3
• RTGS Fraud
• Website defacement
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CBI- Nodal Point for Interpol in India
• Information from different countries (Actionable).
• Intelligence from different countries.
• Request of assistance from different countries.
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CBI- Nodal point for Interpol in India
• Member of informal channel G 8- 24x7 for interaction
with 58 member countries
• Member of Cybercrime Technology Information
Network System (CTINS), a network mainly of Asia
• CCIC represent India in various conferences/ trainings
• Forward different request of LEAs for preservation of
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CBI- The Nodal Point
• CBI Nodal point for suggestion of LEAs for Cybercrime
• Maintains close ties with Govt. organisations like CERT-
In and Non-Profit bodies like NASSCOM and DSCI etc.
• Nodal agency for investigation of Defacement of Govt.
• CBI has crack teams based at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai
and Kolkata for cyber crime cases. Every Zone of CBI
has well equipped Technical and Forensic Support units
• High internet connectivity.
• Link person to IP.
• Social Networking sites like facebook, orkut twitter etc.
• All the major servers are based outside India.
• India is yet not the signatory to the convention on cyber security.
• Multiple agencies
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• In one of the case accused, the disgruntled ex- employee,
managed to introduce a malicious script in Common Use
Passenger Processing System (CUPPS) and Baggage
Reconciliation Server (BRS) of Terminal-3, Indira Gandhi
International Airport, New Delhi and thereby these services
were disrupted at the Airport for 12 hrs on 29.06.2011. The case
was investigated, detected successfully and ended in conviction.
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• Investigation of a case established that accused was having two Debit
Card against two of his accounts of a nationalized bank in India.
Though, the accounts don’t have the sufficient balance, he attempted to
withdraw the money using the Debit Card, during his visit to Australia
and became successful. Thereafter, he made 3692 transaction of
amounting around Rs. 3 Crores, using these Debit Cards without having
required balance. Investigation established this could be done due to
faulty response code mapping of Bank Server to Visa Server.
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• CBI successfully investigated 3 different RTGS frauds in a renowned bank, in
which crores of rupees were transferred to different accounts, using ID and
Passwords of different bank officers. The bank had punished the said
employees. One of such case was earlier investigated by Local Police and
two of the bank officers remained in jail for months. CBI investigation
successfully detected the case but not against the bank officers, Identified
and traced the different accused persons who had managed the transfers
from accessing the bank network from outside the bank, by extending the
network of bank through Modem. Accused are in judicial custody for 2 years.
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• CBI has detected two cases of cheque truncation-CTS. In
these cases the bank employees have been found responsible
for sending cheques for clearing, changing the account
numbers from the data being sent for clearing. Due to this
the amount of around Rs. 4 Crores was credited to the
accounts of others-than the genuine account holders. Later
the data was again changed to the genuine one.
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• Income tax refund case. The accused persons managed to
issue income tax refunds in the name of different persons
who were not entitled for the same. For this purpose
accused persons managed hundreds of PAN cards and
accounts in fake/assumed identities and encashed the
refund amount of around 10 crores.
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