Use of Information, communication and technology system (ICTS) in Disaster             Management                         ...
ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA                                                   ...
ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA                                                   ...
Developed countries have reduced the loss of lives during disaster                   by deploying effective disaster warni...
ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA                                                   ...
ICT usage spans across all spectrums of disaster                               management                                 ...
ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA                                                   ...
ICT Systems proposed by GSDMA                                                                   An effective ICT system sh...
Key components of the Gujarat state disaster response                      system                                     Emer...
Incident Management system - OverviewIMS will:                                  Schematic Diagram: Incident• Use browser-b...
Unified Communications System helps in disseminating           information to all the stakeholders in a timely mannerSchem...
GSDMA plans to effectively implement ICTS project through a 5        year BOOT model• GSDMA appointed a multi-faceted comm...
Thank You                                     13            eindia.eletsonline.com
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Public Safety, Security and Disaster Management- Dr.Ranjit Bannerji, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA)

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Transcript of "Public Safety, Security and Disaster Management- Dr.Ranjit Bannerji, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA)"

  1. 1. Use of Information, communication and technology system (ICTS) in Disaster Management GSDMA December, 2011 1 eindia.eletsonline.com
  2. 2. ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA 2 2 eindia.eletsonline.com
  3. 3. ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA 3 3 eindia.eletsonline.com
  4. 4. Developed countries have reduced the loss of lives during disaster by deploying effective disaster warning systems Incident Area Number of lives lost Estimated Financial loss Indian Ocean Tsunami Sri Lanka 30,920 or 38,195 (two US$ 1 billion (December 2004) different official estimates) Northern Pakistan Pakistan 87,350 (official) US$ 5 billion earthquake (October Over 100,000 (unofficial) 2005) Bhuj Earthquake Gujarat, India 13,805 US$ 2.6 billion – US$5 billion Hurricane Katrina New Orleans, USA 1,604 accounted for (both US$ 25 billion – US$100 (August 2005) direct and indirect) billion 2,000 missing Japan 2011 Earthquake Japan 15,214 (dead and missing) US$ 309 billion & Tsunami US$ 122 billion – US$ 235 billion (varying estimates) Natural disasters in developing nations and loss of lives due to themSources:UNDP report, The International Disaster Database, Congressional Research Service report on Japan’s 2011Earthquake & tsunami 4 eindia.eletsonline.com
  5. 5. ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA 5 5 eindia.eletsonline.com
  6. 6. ICT usage spans across all spectrums of disaster management 1 Preparedness ■ Locating and identifying potential problems ■ Evaluation of potential disaster scenarios 1 ■ Support better response planning ■ Provide Disaster Resource network Preparedness 2 Response ■ Support for prompt action in short period of time ■ Provide effective response – by determining2 evacuation routes, logistical planning to provide relief supplies, relief shelter planning, estimation Disaster of the required resources etc Response Management ■ Providing timely information to all the affected people, decision makers, NGOs, communities 3 Recovery 3 ■ Analysing the developments after the disaster, Recovery evaluating the damages ■ Determining infrastructure facilities to be rebuilt ■ Supporting livelihood of the affected people 6 eindia.eletsonline.com
  7. 7. ContentsBackgroundUse of ICT in Disaster ManagementSteps taken by GSDMA 7 7 eindia.eletsonline.com
  8. 8. ICT Systems proposed by GSDMA An effective ICT system should include the following capabilities to provide effective disaster response: • Suitable Alert & warning systems 2 3 to alert people before the disaster Communication strikes Access to with affected affected regions regions • Robust & fail-safe communication systems that can withstand the impact of disaster1 4 • Means of accessing the disaster affected areas for rescue & relief Alert & Warning Disaster Dissemination efforts Response of information systems • Proper sources for dissemination of information about the affected people • Database of Resources available in various regions to coordinate relief and rescue efforts 8 eindia.eletsonline.com
  9. 9. Key components of the Gujarat state disaster response system Emergency Unified communication Response system Vehicles Incident Management System Alert and Warning Call Centre System 9 eindia.eletsonline.com
  10. 10. Incident Management system - OverviewIMS will: Schematic Diagram: Incident• Use browser-based tool, to create, Management System modify situation maps, event logs etc. needed for situational awareness• Issue automated mass (alert and warning) messaging / email notifications• Share visual and textual information on various aspects of disasters• Integrate GIS based static (legacy data) with dynamic information / data transmitted from disaster sites.• Create database on disasters including relief and response for future use 10 eindia.eletsonline.com
  11. 11. Unified Communications System helps in disseminating information to all the stakeholders in a timely mannerSchematic Diagram: Unified Schematic Diagram: UnifiedCommunications System - Interface 1 Communications System - Interface 2 11 eindia.eletsonline.com
  12. 12. GSDMA plans to effectively implement ICTS project through a 5 year BOOT model• GSDMA appointed a multi-faceted committee to prepare the RFP as per the requirements of a DM agency, which included experts from • Disaster Management • Communications • Information Technology and Software applications • BOOT experts and top bureaucrats. • Legal Advisors to draft the Services Agreement PQ Stage RfP Preparation Rfp Issue Evaluation 2 months 6.5 months 2.5 months 2 months The right team with experts from all the fields is essential to implement and use ICTS effectively in Disaster Management 12 eindia.eletsonline.com
  13. 13. Thank You 13 eindia.eletsonline.com

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