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ICT in Rural Development & e-Panchayat- Opportunities & Challenges-  Ram Kumar, Gujarat State Watershed Management Agency(GSWMA)
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ICT in Rural Development & e-Panchayat- Opportunities & Challenges- Ram Kumar, Gujarat State Watershed Management Agency(GSWMA)

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ICT in Rural Development & e-Panchayat- Opportunities & Challenges- Ram Kumar, Gujarat State Watershed Management Agency(GSWMA) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Gujarat State Watershed Management Agency Rural Development Department Government of Gujarat Participatory Scientific Watershed Management in Gujarat
  • 2. ICT in Rural Development Programmes
    • MGNREGS
      • Scientific planning using GIS based thematic maps
      • eMuster
      • ePayment and electronic Fund Management System
      • GPS enabled Mobile-based monitoring
    • Mission Mangalam
      • SHG Mapping
    • Total Sanitation Campaign
      • GIS mapping of Assets created
    • Watershed Programme
      • Scientific planning, Monitoring & Impact Assessment using different tools
  • 3. Integrated Watershed Management Programme - A Case
  • 4. Background
    • About 60% of net-sown area of India and 70% of Gujarat is under rain-fed agriculture
    • Rain-fed agriculture is complex, diverse, under invested, risky, vulnerable and distress prone
    • Due to climatic changes, frequency of extreme weather events has increased during past 15 years.
    • Watershed management is the best option for integrated management of resources to alleviate poverty, hunger and distress
  • 5. Concept
    • *Watershed - a geo-hydrological unit for an area that drains at a common point.
    Watershed development - Conservation and Management of the entire catchment area of a drainage line through different mechanical and vegetative measures to enhance sustainable livelihoods * Source: Watersheds Processes, Assessment & Management – Paul A. DeBarry, John Wiley Publications (1.0 Introduction: Comprehensive Watershed Assessment & Management)
  • 6. Watershed Development Model
  • 7. State Initiatives and Positive Features
    • GIS based prioritization and planning of watersheds
    • Long term, scientific and need based holistic planning of each micro watershed
    • Mandatory provision for convergence
    • Based on participatory approach integrating modern technology with traditional people’s wisdom
    • Institutional reconfiguration leading to establishment of separate dedicated state, district, project and village watershed units
    • E-connectivity provided at all levels
    • Use of GIS for the purpose of monitoring and evaluation and impact assessment
  • 8. Perspective Planning Project Selection Community Mobilization Participatory Micro Planning Works Implementation Impact Assessment Monitoring & Evaluation Application of GIS Mobile based GIS Software On-line banking operations Remote Sensing DPR Details on GIS Platform Process followed Prioritization DPR Available Online Legend Pre-IWMP processes Technological Inputs IWMP initiatives
  • 9. Courtesy: NRSA/ISRO Tools Deployed by GSWMA GPS RS GIS Hydro Modelling e-Gram Total Turnkey Solution
  • 10. Use of ICT tools at Different stages Incorporating historical development works in Watershed area GIS maps, Satellite Imagery, Spatial & Non-spatial data Thematic Maps, GPS, Hydrological Modeling, Web-GIS system, Mobile embedded Tracking system, eGram Multi-temporal Remote Sensing
  • 11. SCIENTIFIC PRIORITIZATION OF WATERSHEDS
  • 12. Criteria and weightage for prioritization Parameters include components related to Natural Resources and Socio Economic conditions Source : DoLR, GoI S. No Criteria Maximum score Ranges & Scores 1 Poverty Index 10 Above 80% (10) 80 to 50% (7.5) 50 to 20% (5) Below 20% (2.5) 2 % of SC/ST population 10 >40% (10) 20 to 40% (5) <20% (3)   3 Actual Wages 5 <min wages (5) >= min wages (0)     4 % of SF &MF 10 >80% (10) 50 to 80% (5) <50% (3)   5 Ground water Status 15 Over Exploited (15) Critical (10) Subcritical (5) Safe (0) 6 Moisture index 10 DDP block (10) DP Alluvial Plain (5) Non DDP or DPAP (0)  
  • 13. Source : DoLR, GoI Criteria and weightage for prioritization Parameters include components related to Natural Resources and Socio Economic conditions 7 Assured irrigation area 15 <10% (15) 10 to 20% (10) 20 to 30% (5) >30% (reject) 8 Drinking water 10 No source (10) Problematic village (7.5) partially covered (5) fully covered (0) 9 Degraded land 15 >20% (15) 10 to 20% (10) <10% (5)   10 Productivity potential 10 low production & high potent Ial (10) moderate production & moderate potential (5) High production & low potential (0)   11 Contiguity to watershed 10 Contiguous to previous and contiguity within the micro WS (10) Contiguity within microWS but not to previous (5) neither both (0)  
  • 14. Natural Resource Parameters Mini Watersheds Drainage Geomorphology Slope Geological structures Soil Prioritization
  • 15. SC/ST population BPL details Socio-economic Parameters Drinking water availability
  • 16. Final Prioritization
  • 17. eindia.eletsonline.com Major Drainage System – Gujarat (2011-12) Scientific Planning and Prioritization for 18 years upto 14 th Plan
  • 18. Geographical Coverage - GUJARAT S. No. Item Details No. Area (Lakh ha.) 1 Total micro-watersheds (MWS) in the State 13587 196.024 2 Total untreatable MWS (Reserved Forest, Barren Rocky, assured irrigation, etc.) 1005 27.2386 3 Total treatable MWS in the State 12582 168.7854 4 a Total MWS covered under pre-IWMP schemes of DoLR 3895 31.6302 b Total MWS covered under schemes of other Ministries 645 6.07954 c Total MWS covered under IWMP 2009-10 and 2010-11 of DoLR 1507 14.218 d Total of 4 a to d 6047 51.9277 5 Balance micro-watersheds not covered till date 6535 116.858 6 Plan for covering balance micro- watersheds 11 th Plan 2011-12 881 7.12 12 th Plan 1842 39.7477 13 th Plan 1940 37 14 th Plan 1745 33 Total 6535 116.858
  • 19. Systemic changes through scientific initiative S. No. Result Areas Before the implementation of the initiative After the implementation of the initiative 1 Project area selection
    • Subjective and unscientific
    • Selection made on the basis of instinct of the district authorities & externally influenced.
    • Enabled the identification of most needy areas in the initial years
    • Generation of trust
    • Confidence and ownership among people
    • Excluding external influence in project selection
    2 Location of the intervention
    • Inconsistencies in site selection & location for construction of physical structures
    • Technically appropriate selection & location of physical interventions
    • Use of village composite maps and hydrologic modeling (as and when required) for interventions; approx. 35000 and feeding co-ordinates of interventions with GPS generating 1048 action plan maps
  • 20. Systemic changes through scientific initiative (contd…) Sr. No. Result Areas Before the implementation of the initiative After the implementation of the initiative 3 Planning process
    • Short-term
    • Haphazard and
    • Less participatory
    • Preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) was not more than a formality,
    • No convergence
        • State Perspective & Strategic Plan prepared for 18 Years
        • Net planning using thematic maps (1:3000-17000) for 2.3 lakh land parcels (survey number-wise) for 2009-10 projects
        • Convergence made mandatory
    4 Standardization of Processes
    • Minimal and not state specific
    • State Perspective & Strategic Plan
    • Technical Manual
    • Operational Guidelines
  • 21. Output of scientific prioritization S. No. Item 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 1 State Perspective & Strategic Plan for 18 Years 1 2 District Priority Maps 26 3 Preliminary Project Reports (PPRs) 151 141 138 4 Area planned (in L. Ha.) 7.08 7.14 7.12 5 Baseline Maps 1048 1109 1135
  • 22. Participatory Micro Planning through Scientific Approach
  • 23. IWMP-1 Jetpurpavi eindia.eletsonline.com
  • 24.  
  • 25. Baseline Survey & PRA Exercises
  • 26. Net Planning with villagers for draft action Plan Technical Survey for Final Planning
  • 27. Action Plan Map – Village Bandi eindia.eletsonline.com
  • 28. GIS Based Action Plan Map used by Villagers
  • 29. Systemic changes through Participatory Micro planning Sr. No. Result Areas Before the implementation of the initiative After the implementation of the initiative 1 Community participation
    • Minimal
    • Only Preliminary village meeting
    • Intensive Socio-economic & Bio-physical survey
    • Holistic Participatory Rural Appraisal
    • Problem analysis
    • Need-based PNP
    2 Inclusion of the Marginalized
    • Uninstitutionalized and arbitrary
    • Inclusion of landless and asset less with 9% livelihood funds ear-marked
    • Inclusion of SC/ST member in executive committee for day-to-day decision making
    3 Gender Inclusion
    • Informal and inadequate
    • Institutionalised with mandatory inclusion of women members in the executive committee for day-to-day decision making
  • 30. Systemic changes through Participatory Micro planning Sr. No. Result Areas Before the implementation of the initiative After the implementation of the initiative 4 Convergence Nil
    • Mandatory converged planning for each village
    5 Transparency and awareness Lack of transparency and communication gap
    • Transparency across board , DPR available online and given to Village Watershed Committees in Gujarati
    6 Standardization of Processes Negligible and not state specific
    • Uniform operational guidelines
  • 31. Output of Participatory Micro Planning S. No. Item 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 1 Detailed Project Reports 151 141 (Under Progress) 138 (Under Progress) 2 Villages covered 1048 1109 1135 3 Annual Action Plan 1048 1109 (Under Progress) 1135 (Under Progress) 4 Action Plan Maps generated 1048 Under Progress 5 Entry Point Activities 4252 6 Interventions 34016 7 Total cost of Net Planning (Rs. in Crores) 1213.12 8 Total Cost for IWMP (Rs. in Crores) 930.10 927.38 919.81 9 Convergence amount (Rs. in Crores) 283.02 Under Progress
  • 32. MONITORING, EVALUATION & IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  • 33. Integrated Monitoring & Evaluation System
      • Monitoring before, during and post implementation process with the help of web-based GIS system
        • Timely updating the database through eGram by Village Watershed Committee
        • Analysis of the work in progress by PIA (and higher supervisory levels)
        • Specific and timely corrective measures
      • Summarised and specialized reports for different hierarchies
      • Mobile-based tracking with the help of customized software as a part of the web based GIS
      • Mandatory provision for Social Audit in Gram Sabha
  • 34. Bridging the Websites by linking village census code Web-GIS MIS Monitoring & Evaluation System Generation of Hierarchical Reports Mobile Device transmitted the data through the sms GSM Modem Central Server at State Data Center, Gandhinagar Access to public domain
  • 35. Impact Assessment & Feedback Mechanism
      • Annual satellite images to assess the impact
      • Validation of physical status by independent assessors
      • Output of the assessment will become input data for the next project.
        • Effective Planning
        • Documentation and development of knowledge base
        • Research Protocol
  • 36. DISTRICT: SABARKANTHA TALUKA : IDAR Mini Watershed : 5F2D4b4 Project Name : IWDP Project Year - 2002; Impact Assessment Indian Remote Sensing satellite image January, 2001 Indian Remote Sensing satellite image January, 2009
  • 37. Systemic changes – Monitoring, Evaluation and Impact Assessment Sr. No. Result Areas Before the implementation of the initiative After the implementation of the initiative 1 Monitoring & evaluation Minimal and subjective
      • Concurrent monitoring
      • Third party evaluation
      • Provision for social audit
      • Generation of Dynamic maps integrated with mobile software to monitor the progress,
      • Quick and Near-Real Time corrective measures
    2 Impact assessment Empirical and subjective
      • Scientific assessment with input application of remote sensing
  • 38. Works Carried Out
  • 39. Kutch Project Name : IWMP 4 Lakhapat Name of the Work: Deepening of Village Pond Village :Punrajar Expenditure: 2,99,000 GPS Location: 23'46'01.2'' N 68'44'52.4'' E
  • 40. EPA, Banaskatha. Pre Photo Post Photo Activities Name : Protection Wall Village Name : Kundaliya Project Name : IWMP – 4, Kundaliya GPS Coordinator : N. 24º33'03.8&quot; E. 071º21'12.4&quot;
  • 41. EPA, Banaskatha. Pre Photo Post Photo Activities Name : Under Ground Sump Village Name : Kundaliya Project Name : IWMP – 4, Kundaliya GPS Coordinator : N. 24º32'54.0&quot; E. 071º20'49.2&quot;
  • 42. Name Of Village : Sankoi Name of Activity : Protection wall GPS Coordinate N - 21˚37'867&quot; E - 073˚25'343&quot; Survey No. : Gamtal Date of Completion : 20-01-2011
  • 43. Name of work :- New pond Village :- Anadhara Survey No :- 274 N - 21˚39 ΄49˝ E -73˚15 ΄15˝
  • 44.  
  • 45. Name of Activity : Well Repairing Village Name- Ghotan ( IWMP- 4) Survey No: 80 GPS Point : N20 23 34.2 E73 20 38.6 Size: Dia-6 met Depth- 12 met Cost: 0.6458 Lakh
  • 46. Horticulture plot with Drip Irrigation at Bhinda , Jamnagar (IWMP-3)
  • 47. Recognitions
    • Received the e-Governance award for the year 2010-11.
    • Government of India reference to all states to follow Gujarat model viz., letter vide No. Z-11011/20/2010-PPC Dated: 7th September 2010
    • Following states have visited for field study at the ground level:
    State Watershed Villages Visited Andhra Pradesh Village Rajpar, Taluka Jhagadhia, Distrit Bharuch Rajasthan Village Eval, Taluka Santalpur, Distrit Patan Maharashtra 1. Village Mespar, Taluka Gondal, District Rajkot 2. Village Jhangvad, Taluka Jasdan, District Rajkot 3. Village Sarwal, Taluka Dhandhuka, District Ahmedabad Madhya Pradesh Village Simaliyabujarg, Taluka Garbala, District Dahod Himachal Pradesh Village Jadakheriya, Taluka Limkheda, District Dahod Tripura 1.Villlage Barimohda, Taluka, Naswadi, District Vadodara 2. Village Jamali, Taluka Naswadi, District Vadodara 3. Village Dugdha, Taluka Naswadi, District Vadodara Tamilnadu
    • Village – Garda, Taluka Dediapada, District Narmada
    • Village – Patdi, Taluka Dediapada, District Narmada
  • 48. Thanks