Secure IT 2011National Conference on ICT in Public Safety Security
A Presentation on ICT in PolicingSanjay Sahay, IG,Police Computer Wing.Bangalore
09/11Shattered the faith of mankind in theability of the governments to providethem with the luxury of a safe & securelife.This marks the beginning of a newera, a paradigm shift in the thoughtprocess and a watershed in both internal& global security which today arecompletely intertwined.
ICT- The Great EnablerTerrorists are perfectionists in their use ofICT for narcotics trade, moneylaundering, gun running to open acts of terrormaiming innocent citizens at their will in anypart of the globe.The gap in usage of appropriate technologyby the security forces and mandatoryenabling factors decide the quantum ofsuccess in the fight against terrorism.
Presentation StructureIntroduction- Need for ICT OverdoseWhy it means in real terms-ICT in PolicingERP Solution/IntegrationCCTNSPublic Safety/Homeland Security/Safe City
Overview of POLICE ITPolice IT software application has 12 modules, 64roles, 522 screens and 417 reports The core functions of Police IT have three modules namely, Crime, Law & Order and Traffic The Administration side has another three modules namely Administration, Finance and Stores
Overview of POLICE IT Armed Reserve, Motor Transport and Training provide the ancillary support Technical modules are the Wireless and FSL The MIS (Management Information System) module provides inputs for decision making to all senior officers.
POLICE IT- Status Modules Status Date No. of LocationsArmed ReserveMotor Transport Live 6th April 2010 Entire StateForensic Science LabWirelessCrime 392 Police StationsLaw & Order 11 Districts Pilot 1st January 2011Traffic 3 Commissionerates 4 Divisions in B’loreMISFinance Pilot 1st April 2011 All Districts HQsStoresTraining Pilot 5th October 2010 5 training Units
Benefits of Integration Increase in usage because of easier access through a single software. It would lead to increase in critical functionalities of Police IT software. Silos (legacy systems) cannot deliver the functionalities of an integrated software.
Benefits of Integration Merger of few of these systems will lead to better maintenance and usability of that functionality. Centralized server based approach reduces application deployment and configuration costs.
Legacy SystemsThe seven legacy systems proposed forintegration with Police IT ERP are e-BEAT G-CARE e-Khajane e-Procurement GPS based AVLS Traffic Management Center Blackberry
CCTNSOperationality is based on the concept ofbundled Services Costing, Spread and depth Governance Structure Connectivity, CAS, State Customisation Capacity Building Present Status Road Ahead
What is Public Safety?Public safety involves the prevention of andprotection from events that could endanger thesafety of the general public from significantdanger, injury/harm, or damage, such as crimes ordisasters (natural or man-made).
Public SafetyPublic safety in the ICT parlance is beingtalked about only in terms of Command andControl Centers and Safe Cities and missesout of its purview the rural India and nonserious emergency situations related to dayto day Public Order and Security
Homeland SecurityHomeland security is an umbrella term for securityefforts to protect the United States against terroristactivityUnited States Department of HomelandSecurity (DHS), is a new cabinet departmentestablished as a result of the Homeland SecurityAct of 2002.
Homeland SecurityUnited States National Guard,Federal Emergency Management Agency, United States Coast Guard,U.S. Customs and Border Protection,U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement,United States Citizenship and Immigration Services,United States Secret Service,Transportation Security Administration,Civil Air Patrol etc
Homeland SecurityDoes not include the FBI and CIAIt includes Federal Emergency Management AgencyDepartment of Defense and Department of Health andHuman Services play a significant role in certain aspectsof homeland securityHomeland security is coordinated at the White House bythe Homeland Security Council, currently headed by JohnBrennan.
Homeland SecurityHomeland security is officially defined by the NationalStrategy for Homeland Security as “ a concerted national effort to prevent terroristattacks within the United States, reduceAmericas vulnerability to terrorism, andminimize the damage and recover from attacksthat do occur "
The scope of Homeland Security includes Emergency preparedness and response (for both terrorism andnatural disasters), including volunteermedical, police, emergency management, and fire personnelDomestic intelligence activities, largely today within the FBICritical infrastructure and perimeter protectionBorder security, including both land, maritime and countryborders
The scope of Homeland Security includesTransportation security, including aviation andmaritime transportationBiodefenseDetection of radioactive and radiological materialsResearch on next-generation security technologies
Responsive Technological Framework for Safe City ERP Solution for database creation and information processing GIS based Crime Analysis and Research Engine eBeats City based video surveillance system Automatic Vehicle Location System Tetra Radio Network
Responsive technological framework for Safe City Internet interception mechanism Integration of all important databases Command and Control Center Smart City/Safe City Concept in place Implementation of Homeland Security concept
ICT in Prison Administration The Department of Prisons is tasked to hold and manage the prisoners (convicts and under trials) in custody securely and safely in jails on conviction or on remand from the competent courts till their lawful release, handle furlough, leave, remissions, prisoner’s property, visitors, inmates health etc. Efficient handling of all these processes had far reaching impact on the overall crime scenario
ICT in Prison Administration In Bangalore Central Prison, certain administrative procedures were computerized using simple application software developed by a local vendor This system is running parallel with the manual procedures This system works in parts and does not provide any integrated information flow for managerial action
ICT in Prison AdministrationPRISMS is a Web-based application with point andclick access to all functions Build on a user friendly design High level of system-wide integration, redundant data entry eliminated System-wide use of user defined code tables provides uniform data entry and validation Access through user-defined Login ID and Password Organized with a modular design Biometric identification
ICT in Prison AdministrationMODULES OF PRISMS: There are 21 modules in PRISMScovering entire prison operations, touch screen Kiosk andcentral messaging service. Software of Goa Electronics Ltd.Main Modules are Prisoner Info Management Module Admission & Release Module Court Information Management Module Prisoners Medical Management Module Parole and Furlough Management Module Visitor Info Management Module
ICT in Policing- Issues Ownership Quality and Timelines Standard Technologies- Validation, then can used across states and organisations Capacity Building is the real key. 30% of the Project Cost should go for the purpose Assimilation of technology by the end user Technology core to a domain is a domain knowledge
ICT in Policing-Issues Outsourcing or internal human resource building, only internal resources have delivered Long term relationships with companies who have gained and have delivered. Annualised or Project based system of all products/resources/services Desktops should give way to laptops, this would sort out of large number of maintenance and ownership issues Phasing out of completely archaic system- snail mail for routine communication
ICT in Policing- Roadmap Standards Standardisation Uniformity Project Management Zero tolerance on quality and timelines
ICT in Policing- Roadmap Human Resources deployed for e-Gov projects should be deployed on completion of a certified training Technology based certification for different jobs/assignments Strategic Planning which is also dynamic Ability for mid- course corrections Officers handling such projects should have the demonstrated ability to do so