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e-Governance Initiatives in Gujarat- Diverse Perspectives- Manish Bharadwaj, Census Operations, Gujarat
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e-Governance Initiatives in Gujarat- Diverse Perspectives- Manish Bharadwaj, Census Operations, Gujarat






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e-Governance Initiatives in Gujarat- Diverse Perspectives- Manish Bharadwaj, Census Operations, Gujarat e-Governance Initiatives in Gujarat- Diverse Perspectives- Manish Bharadwaj, Census Operations, Gujarat Presentation Transcript

  • INNOVATIONS IN CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 Manish Bharadwaj,Director of Census Operations, Gujarat Gandhinagar 16 th Dec. 2011 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Contents • Some of the Innovations in Census 2011 • About Data Processing • Data Dissemination • Documentary Film on Census 2011 (13:40 min) Our Census, Our Future eindia.eletsonline.com
  • • Census 2011 is the 15th Census of India since 1872• Census 2011 was held in two phases: • Houselisting & Housing Census (April to September 2010) • Population Enumeration (9th to 28th February 2011 • Reference Date: 0:00 Hours of 1st March 2011 • In Snow Bound areas the Population Enumeration was conducted from 11th to 30th September 2010 • Reference Date: 0:00 Hours of 1st October 2010 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 Number of Administrative Units in Census 2011 States/UTs 35 Districts 640 Sub-districts 5,924 Towns 7,935 Villages 0.6 mn eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Some Facts about Census 2011Cost (in Rs Crore) 2200Cost per person (in Rs) 18.43No. of Census Functionaries 2.7 MnNo. of Languages in which Schedules were 16canvassedNo. of Languages in which Training Manuals 18preparedNo. of Schedules Printed 340 MnNo. of Training Manuals Printed 5.4 MnPaper Utilised 8,000 MTsMaterial Moved 10,500 MTs eindia.eletsonline.com
  • CHALLENGES – DIVERSE & VAST eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Hamari Ginti Ho Gayi !!!!!! eindia.eletsonline.com
  • eindia.eletsonline.com
  • SOME OF THEINNOVATIONS INCENSUS 2011 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Objectives Coverage Complete and Unduplicated Quality State of the Art Techniques Cost Reduce overall cost of operations Time Reduce Time taken to publish results eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Complete Coverage: Harnessing GIS• Digitised boundary of more than 0.6 million villages• Maps of 8000 Towns upto ward level• Notional maps upto street and house level• Satellite based digital maps of 33 Capital Cities upto street and building level• Largest Producer of Thematic Maps in India eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Map preparedfrom Satellite ImagerySimilar mapswere used in 33 capital cities inCensus 2011 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Printing• 5.4 Million Instruction Manuals printed in 18 languages• 340 Million Census Schedules printed in 16 languages• New Features • Bar Codes • Form Numbers • Location Particulars partly pre-printed• High speed digital printing machines used eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Logistics Chain – Innovative Step Schedules Printed Materials supplied At by DCO High-end Presses Charge Officer 20, 000 Enumerator 2.5 million• Database of language wise requirement of Census Schedules in 20,000 locations• Packing according to the database• Dispatch and delivery• Return logistics eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Improving Quality – Training • Training Alliance National Trainers • Training Methodology ( NTs) 90 • Improved inputs • Scientific Training aids Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) 725 Master Trainer (MTs) 54, 000 Enumerators and Supervisors 2.7 Million A serious business !! eindia.eletsonline.com
  • ICT in Training• Instruction Manuals• Training Guides• PowerPoint presentations• e-Learning Module• Internet• Training CDs• Community Radio• SMS/email eindia.eletsonline.com
  • PublicityModes Used Languages • Mass Media • Print Ads in 16 • Outreach Activities languages • Public Relation • TVCs and Radio Spots in 12 • Digital Media languages eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Improvement in Quality: Publicity• Campaign included - • Mass media • Public outreach • Digital media• Special attention to rural areas• Sensitization of critical issues• In local languages• Involve all eindia.eletsonline.com
  • ‘Heroes are ordinarymen and women, who on motivationperform extraordinaryfeats in extraordinary times – Salute to Census Enumerators!’. Census Mascot eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Digital Publicity• New user friendly Census Website • Circulars & Other Instructions • Training microsite • Publicity microsite • Grievances & feedback • In sync with publicity campaign Extensively used SMSs for spreading the message on Census 2011 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Improvement in Quality : WebsiteInteractive and instructiveInternet effectively used for training and governanceFeedback/Dissemination eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Use of Social Networking SitesFacebook… eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Use of Social Networking Sites Facebook…As on 27th Nov 11 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • PhotoContesteindia.eletsonline.com
  • Use of Social NetworkingSites – Posts onFacebook Wall… eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Facebook PostsDr. Manmohan Singh The PrimeMinister, Dr. Manmohan Singh and wife of thePrime Minister Smt. Gursharan Kaur beingenumerated for Census 2011 at hisResidence in New Delhi on February 09,Adviser to the PM on PIII, SamPitroda Congratulations on completingCensus 2011! Citizens and planners alikeneed access to timely and reliable data.Looking forward to accessing the data soon.2011. eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Census on the Twitter eindia.eletsonline.com
  • ICT in Census - Call Centre • Redressal of grievances received from public about non-enumeration • In 12 languages • Direct communication with Enumerators in reporting progress and clarifying doubts eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Video Conferencing• Census Commissioner reviewed the progress of census taking using the VC facility directly: • Reached out to all the 640 District Census Officers in the country regularly • Reviewing progress & Addressing their problems • Interacted with officers in the field in remote and difficult districts – very difficult otherwise eindia.eletsonline.com
  • DataProcessing eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Data Processing• Indian Census - Always been in the forefront of using latest technology• 1961 Census – Unit Record machines used• 1971 Census – Key-punching (electrical cum mechanical) machines used – An IBM 1401 computer with IBM card Reader used• 1981 Census – Data Entry made using Key to Disk machines. Processing by HP 1000 CD- Cyber 730 & NEC - 1000 Computer System at NIC eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Capturing Information and Processing Very Large volume of Census Data • 1991 Census - Medha 930 Main Frame Computer System used for Data processing. Unix based dumb terminals used for data entry • 2001 Census – First large country to use image based Automatic Form Processing Technology, High Speed Duplex Scanners used for image capturing • 2011 Census – Using more developed ICR Technology with advanced features. eindia.eletsonline.com
  • System flow at Data Centers Export station Supervisor Export completed Scanning stationbatches as ASCII file for further processing Forms are fed thru scanners batch by batchSupervisors Handle Quality check /Exceptional cases Form IMAGES Recognition stations stored inQC & Exception Network Server DISK Tile/Correction station - Un-recognised Characters are corrected by OPERATORS Tiling & Completion stations Field by field character images are automatically recognised eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Mode for Data Capture & Processing since 1961Census 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 (Expected)Population 439 548 683 846 1028 1210(million)Collection 100 100 100 100 100 100(%)Capture 5 15 25 45 100 100(%)Mode Hand Key Data Data Scanning Improved Punch Punch Entry Entry /ICR Scanning /ICRTime 8 to 9 8 to 9 8 to 9 7 to 8 4 to 5 1 to 2taken(years) eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Processing / RecognitionMost important station Automatically Recognizes data from image Automatic recognition is not 100% accurate Inaccurate data requires human intervention Positive effect on throughput as long as characters incorrectly identified are controlled eindia.eletsonline.com
  • IMAGE BASED FORMS PROCESSING Tile • The unique TILE module optimize data accuracy with a systemized display of characters grouped together to allow easy identification • Possible to identify which characters are correct and which are not and allows to mark as reject. • Makes the completion more accurate eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Completion The Completion module  Receives data from the Tile Station  Enables the operator to correct unrecognized characters The data is completed manually with the help of  Data dictionaries  Rules  Validation functions etc. Modes of display - Page and Field mode eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Data Tabulation• Provisional Population Totals for India and States compiled from Enumerator’s Abstract manually declared within about four weeks• Later, Household Schedules are collected, scanned and processed• Extensive Quality Check and Data Validation undertaken• More than 300 Tables to be published on Census 2011 at India, State, District level. eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Data Dissemination • All reports are uploaded on the Website immediately on release • CensusInfo Dashboard placed at Census Website • Proactive Data Dissemination Strategy followed – Participation in Workshops, Book Fairs, Exhibitions, etc. • Provision to download in mobile devices underway • Updates on Facebook and Twitter • Micro-data Research Station set up at JNU eindia.eletsonline.com
  • CensusInfo Dashboard eindia.eletsonline.com
  • CensusInfo StateComparisons eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Snap ShotArea Profile eindia.eletsonline.com
  • AreaProfile eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Documentary Film on Census of India 2011 eindia.eletsonline.com
  • Visit us at:Censusindia.gov.in Thank you. eindia.eletsonline.com