A system of biblical hermeneutics to authoritatively live according to the Bible
When only shape:Facts: blue rectangle; dark blue borderInference: a square?Some infer other possibilities that other have not yet thought about.Fact: 2” side; 90 degree angle(Necessary) Inference/Conclusion: the opposite side is also 2”Are the top/bottom sides also 2”?Facts: Top side is 2.1”(Necessary) Inference/Conclusion: the opposite side is also 2.1”(Necessary) Inference/Conclusion: circumference: 8.2”(Necessary) Inference/Conclusion: area is 4.2”Turn the square and notice it is a cube: .5”Volume is now known.Realize there are multiple circumferences depending on what surfaces are measured.
Women: imperativeCovering: teaching (statements of truth) on the matter by an apostleFasting: statement (do we use this as an apostolically approved example?)
Bible Authority by Mitch Davis
Desiring God’s Authority• God’s faithful want to live by it. Col. 3:17• The self-righteous demanded it. Matt. 21:23-27• Considerations:– Did they even have/use a hermeneutical system whenthey asked Jesus this question?– Would it look exactly like what we have today?
1 Peter 4:11a (NKJV)“If anyone speaks,let him speak as theoracles (very words) of God.”
Except He Reveals Himself• We can know some about God through creation.Rom. 1:20-21• But special revelation – His Word – gives us Hismind. 1 Cor. 2 (Rom. 10:14-15)• Without His God-breathed words we would notknow how to live consistent to His good pleasure.2 Tim. 3:16-17; Eph. 2:10; Rom. 12:1-2; etc.
Commands: It’s Imperative• Commandments carry authority from its source.“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations,baptizing them in the name of the Father and of theSon and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them toobserve all things that I have commanded you; andlo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”Matthew 28:19-20
Stating The Obvious…And Then Some• Statements simply is an accounting of facts.• Through statements people make inferences based upontheir contextual understanding.26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed andbroke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this isMy body.” 27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, andgave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.Matthew 26:26-27
CONTEXTUnderstanding Biblical Authority for what we do necessitates context
Who, What, When, Where, Why, How• We ask – and strive to answer – these questions whenwrapping our minds around the context of a Biblepassage/subject.• Through these questions we formulate inferences andopinions that aide in the process of establishingcontext.• The more definitive information revealed to us themore authoritative our conclusion.
Example of Establishing ContextWhat Is It?2”2.1”• Facts(Informationabout thisshape)• Inferencesabout thisshape?.5”Conclusions• Initial Surface:rectangle (not square)• Cubed• Perimeters• Surface Areas• Volume
InferencesWe make inferences (come up with possibleconclusions) based upon the availableinformation revealed (through a variety ofcommands and statements) to understand thecontext of a passage or subject.
Examples• Example are used to illustrate, support, andconfirm what is being taught.• It is practically applicable as a pattern, standard.• Without a point of reference to illustrate, supportor confirm… an example would cease to exist assuch.
PUTTING IT INTO PRACTICEHarder than it seems… but we’ll strive to our utmost in honoring God.
Easy in Theory / Difficult to ApplyMatthew 26:26-27• Is this a binding pattern for the order of the Lord’sSupper?… or, a (incidental) statement of what tookplace during the meal?• Is the “one cup” a binding pattern?… or, a (incidental)statement of what Jesus used to remember Him.• Can we bind one but not the other?
More Examples of Binding Difficulties• (married) Women to be silent? 1 Cor. 14:34-35• Women to wear head covering? 1 Cor. 11:2ff• Are we to fast with our prayers? Acts 13:1-3
Summary of Passages Used• Commands and statements were present.• Inferences (some might say “necessary”) wereemployed.• Some would use these very passages as“examples” to illustrate or confirm their point.
When All Is Said and DonePhilippians 2:12–13 (NASB95) — 12 So then, mybeloved, just as you have always obeyed, not asin my presence only, but now much more in myabsence, work out your salvation with fear andtrembling; 13 for it is God who is at work in you,both to will and to work for His good pleasure.