iResilience - PhD research project

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Collaborative management of geological data for risk prevention and civil protection

Collaborative management of geological data for risk prevention and civil protection

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  • 1. iResiliencetowards a resilient approach to natural hazards analysis & emergency management elena rapisardi | UNITO | 2012
  • 2. About myselfElena RapisardiDoctoral Candidate at Università di Torino -Department of Earth SciencesAssociated at Natrisk CenterRISK & EMERGENCY INFORMATION MANAGEMENTWEB IA & CONTENT CURATORSTORY TELLINGSPEAKERSKAManaged proficiently complex web and researchprojects involving various departments and suppliers.Supervised and co-ordinated working teams at nationaland European level. #Transdisciplinarity,#criticalthinking, #virtualcollaboration,#socialintelligence, #collaboration, #passion,#engagement.
  • 3. EMERGENCY and myself2005 -2009Civil Protection web projects andcommunications2009Volunteering during the AbruzzoEarthquake Emergency2009First web 2.0 tests during the AbruzzoEarthquake Emergency2009Presenting my thoughts and ideas at Web 2.0 Expo in New YorkGov 2.0 session
  • 4. EMERGENCY and myself2010Demo Project: Open Foreste Italiane [Ushahidi]Ushahidi translation team [italian]2011Sala Operativa 2.0 [web 2.0 local civil protection website]Key note speaker on web 2.0 and emergency information management[national and european conference and event]Crisis Camp Italy [organizer]Actively involved as information manager during flash floods emergency2012PhD Programme Earth Science UNITOCrisis Camp Italy [organizer] Smem ManifestoKey note speaker on Social Resilience [national and european conference andevent] - EU project Risk 2.0 [Aston University]Actively involved during the snow emergency and earthquake in Emilia2012 junePublishing «La Resilienza è nei dettagli» [Resilience is in detail]- amazon kindle 50 downloads - collection of articles published on my website from2009 to 2012.
  • 5. My PhD Project
  • 6. FrameworkHyogo Framework for ActionGlobal Platform for DisasterReduction, GENEVAGlobal Risk Forum, DAVOSCitizens as Sensors[Goodchild]“Disaster Relief 2.0”, UNFoundation, VodafoneFoundation, HarvardHumanitarian Initiative, OCHAOnegeologyInternational Conference onEarly Warning
  • 7. Decreasing VulnerabilityFrom ToWar against hazards Preparedness[Wisner et al. 1994]
  • 8. riskschange
  • 9. web changescommunication http://www.flickr.com/photos/photodavid/
  • 10. web changes emergency HAITI EARTHQUAKE 2009
  • 11. Web 2.0 Key Words #sharing #collaboration #communication #cooperation #open [source/data/government] #social [& inclusion] - e.g. #diversity
  • 12. what’s updisaster resilience?
  • 13. natural phenomenon?risk?emergency?
  • 14. natural phenomenon?risk?emergency?
  • 15. Redefining Risk RISK = Hazard x Vulnerability x Exposure Hazard x Vulnerability x Exposure Risk = Resilience or coping capacity cfr. Unisdr - Make your city resilient
  • 16. From Protection to Resilience Collaboration/Shared Knowledge/Openess Rescue/Help Resilience Focus Focus PreparednessVulnerability Fatalism/Emotional Passivity/Protection Knowledge Elites/ Knowledge Divide
  • 17. From Protection to Resilience Collaboration/Shared Knowledge/Openess Rescue/Help Resilience Focus Focus PreparednessVulnerability X Fatalism/Emotional Passivity/Protection Knowledge Elites/ Knowledge Divide
  • 18. Richard Stacy | www.richardstacy.comPOST-GUTEMBERG WORLD ASSETS 100% Controlled by stakeholders/customers Community Conversation Content 100% controlled by you/insititution/organization
  • 19. Resilient Information 2.0 before during after preparedness rescue & relief rebuildOpen Data & Open GeoData Collaborative Management Damage assessmentOpen Knowledge of Geodata stream from Emergency shelterAwarness Raising on Natural different Sources MonitoringHazards and Civil Protection Multichannel Information on Situation Awareness The impact of web 2.0 technology and practices on risk analysis and emergency management differs according to different steps of the disaster cycle.
  • 20. Information & EMERGENCY Italy case
  • 21. Actorsinstitutions volunteers s es Ma dn n ag are em ep en Pr Risk t Relief media citizens
  • 22. Exempla Twitter, Facebook [Gli angeli con il fango sullealluvione LG/TOS magliette], youtube, Repubblica Genova, Il Tirreno, Il Secolo XIXGiglio / Concordia Twitter, Il Tirreno Provincia di Bologna, Twiperbole, Aeroporto#boneve di Bologna, Urban Center#terremotoserv Services & Utilities hashtag#romaneve the «fake» Mayor
  • 23. Social Media | Italy PA LOCALI Valore assoluto Penetrazione 1191 Comuni 12.3% Comuni 1250 47 Provincie 34.5% Provincie 12 Regioni 45% Regioni 42.2% Profili PA locali non attivi 52.4%, conversazioni vs 47.6 % broadcasting source: Giovanni Arata - may 2012 http://goo.gl/Z5xyu Protezione Civile (incluse ass. volontariato) 50% Profilo + 6000 30% Gruppo 20% Pagine source: Luca Tempestini - may 2012
  • 24. Social Media | Italy PA Locali % Distribuzione % Penetrazione 82.5 Comuni 1.6 Comuni 11.25 Provincie 16.3 Provincie 160 5.00 Regioni 35.0 Regioni 1.25 Ministeri 8.6 Ministeri source: Giovanni Arata - III 2011 http://goo.gl/LU8uX Protezione Civile (incluse ass. volontariato) 70% RSS + 250 30% Attivi source: Luca Tempestini - may 2012
  • 25. Earthquake Emilia 2012 #terremoto data Full tweet RT tweet First tweet RT % Geotweet Geo % 5/20/2012 56.292 32.018 24.274 56,88% 1272 5,24% 5/21/2012 1.867 686 1.181 36,74% 54 4,57% 5/29/2012 117.026 81.661 35.365 69,78% 1518 4,29% 5/30/2012 32.036 17.882 14.154 55,82% 589 4,16% #terremotoserv data Full tweet RT tweet First tweet RT % Geotweet Geo % 5/20/2012 1.590 1.428 162 3 0,89811 1,85% 5/29/2012 3.115 2.609 506 18 0,83756 3,56% source: Alfonso Crisci - CNR IBIMET
  • 26. INGV | Broadcasting | Q&A
  • 27. buildingresilience
  • 28. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakeness Remake Local Social Ties Reuse (OS)Opportunities Web Community & Networks Weak IT Infrastructures Free Blogging & Social Technology Innovation Connected World Low Scientific Litteracy Risk Knowledge Demand Web Mapping Neogeography Low Budget Free web 2.0 platforms Volunteers Commitment Specialist SW Web 2.0 Community (VTC) OS & web 2.0 platforms Focus on Technology Low Collaboration Focus on Cultural Diversity Resistance / Past DependenciesThreats Low Budget Resilient Local Communities Lack of Collaboration/Coordination Lack of Continuity Crowdsourcing - Social Media Speed of Social Media Tech-hypnosis, Reliability & Validation Slow Insitutional Information Legal Framework High Penetration of “Social” Information Spontaneous Participation Weak Social Penetration of Institutions
  • 29. Resilient Ecosystem [ideal] Collaboration Istituzioni Volontari geosciences geocoding Usability/Plain Language s es Ma Networking dn na are ge ep me Pr Risk nt Relief crowdsourcing open geodata [community] Media CIttadini Training/Communications
  • 30. Resilient Ecosystem [ideal] Collaboration Istituzioni Volontari geosciences geocoding Usability/Plain Language s es Ma Networking dn na are ge ep me Pr Risk nt Relief crowdsourcing open geodata [community] Media CIttadini Training/Communications
  • 31. Engaging Communitiesin the disaster cycle
  • 32. Richard Stacy | www.richardstacy.comPOST-GUTEMBERG WORLD ASSETS 100% Controlled by stakeholders/customers Community Conversation Content 100% controlled by you/insititution/organization
  • 33. The Challenge: Citizens as Sensors PersoneUtentiCittadiniVolontariEsperti..... participazione «emozionale» collaborazione proattiva
  • 34. Inspirations http://rainlog.org http://snowcore.uwaterloo.ca/ http://urbanforestmap.org/ http://tomnod.com/geocan/
  • 35. Challenge: Citizens as Sensors “Social Listening” social media mining, e.g. US RED CROSS, ESA-AWTM* The “Did you feel it” Model e.g. USGS, INGV, GIS Corps... “Resilient” Social Feed SMEM Manifesto*** Resilient Communities [trust networks**] e.g. farmers, associations, businesses, local comunities, ....* Cameron, Power, Robinson, Yin, Emergency Situation Awareness from twitter for Crisis Management, SWDM’ 2012 Workshop, **Charles Tilly, Trust and Rule (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) [2005]; **Patrick Meier, Why Bounded Crowdsourcing is Important for Crisis Mapping and Beyond http://goo.gl/o5pyW *** The Smem Manifesto - 2012 - Azzalin, Crisci, Grasso, Rapisardi, Tempestini http://goo.gl/7ak32
  • 36. ExemplaComunità Resiliente The “Did you feel it” Model source: Alfonso Crisci - CNR IBIMET source: INGVSocial Feed “Resiliente” Brodcasting (istituzioni) - Lamma Toscana #terremotoserv source: LAMMA TOSCANA
  • 37. Katsushika Hokusai 1831collaboration
  • 38. Situational AwarenessOctober 2011 Flash Floods - Italy | Data Collection Exercise Cassas Landslide (UNITO-VVF) photo elena rapisardi
  • 39. Data CollectionCitizens Crowdmap
  • 40. Data CollectionScientific Community | Media | Citizens Ushahidi/Crowdmap
  • 41. Data CollectionStudents LAT & LONG Automatically from Mobile GPS Device Shared Photo Map Automatically from Mobile GPS Device - Tablet Android
  • 42. Data CollectionRelief Bodies | COC MulazzoManual Mapping (google map) [Maps set up by Antonio Campus COI Bassa Val di Cecina]
  • 43. Data CollectionScientific Community | Relief Bodies VVF www.epicollect.net
  • 44. Situation AwarenessCollaboration [research project goal] Civil Protection Bodies Citizens Scholars Environmental Monitoring Bodies VTC’s Rescue Teams Civil Protection Vounteers Media
  • 45. Geodata4all | the project goal SHARED MAP & DATA IN REAL TIME INSTITUTIONS: SEND ALERTS AND COMMUNICATIONSCITIZENS AS SENSORS SHARED DEFINITIONSgeolocated reports from the & ANALYSISpopulation; citizens, public SHARED GEO DATA SETadministrators, emergency managerscan better monitor, mining and sharesituational awareness information
  • 46. Geosciences Knowledge Sharing
  • 47. Preparedness: WIKI CollaborationRisks and Natural Harzards Wiki and Thesaurus Hyperispro Civil Protection Wiki Ispro - G. Zamberletti EARTh Environmental Applications Reference Thesaurus CNR Istituto Inquinamento Atmosferico
  • 48. WIKI Collaboration | WIREFRAME UNITO - Department of Earth Sciences - NatRisk | ISPRO | CNR - IIA Risks and Natural Harzards Wiki and ThesaurusHOME | Cosa è | Ultime modifiche | Una pagina a caso | Aiuto | Cosa è un Wiki | Contatti | Vuoi Collaborare ? search Rischio Sismico THESAURUS Integer pretium vehicula nibh, sed pulvinar ligula consectetur ut. Sed semper, est eu dignissim iaculis, nunc metus interdum massa, nec gravida diam purus vel est. Phasellus sed ornare augue. Ut velit sapien, ornare at rutrum nec, aliquam a diam. Etiam pellentesque sapien nec nisl tincidunt luctus. Terremoto Morbi venenatis consequat aliquet. Morbi convallis semper justo in elementum. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Nulla vel ante non ante scelerisque tempor. Etiam fermentum gravida augue, sed suscipit leo aliquet non. Curabitur non hendrerit mauris. Broader term Fusce luctus auctor enim. Aliquam erat volutpat. Donec quis tortor consequat metus molestie faucibus ut ut ligula. Donec ut porttitor nulla. Fusce pellentesque, velit sit amet cursus faucibus, dui metus dictum felis, vitae adipiscing nulla neque non lacus. Phasellus diam Improvviso movimento o frattura della dui, porttitor ut fringilla vel, dignissim ut lacus. Vivamus sit amet quam et mauris malesuada dapibus nec quis elit. Cras pharetra lectus dapibus sem litosfera terrestre, seguito in superficie venenatis non dignissim diam scelerisque. Etiam id sapien turpis. Phasellus at ipsum vestibulum odio interdum lobortis sed eu ante. In diam leo, sagittis da una serie di scosse generate da et eleifend ultrices, gravida tincidunt sapien. questo movimento. I terremoti sono Cras quis vehicula tortor. Pellentesque ipsum justo, sodales id vestibulum eu, laoreet eget erat. Praesent eget purus nisl. Mauris vitae tellus tellus. Phasellus porttitor tempor nunc, egestas faucibus quam aliquet vel. Mauris tincidunt eros eget lorem posuere non tincidunt sapien dapibus. Nulla a lacus causati da tensioni che si accumulano elit, eget convallis turpis. Fusce feugiat justo a lorem vehicula dictum. Proin eget hendrerit libero. Pellentesque dignissim mauris in dolor ultrices ac lacinia allinterno delle rocce finché lacus luctus. Phasellus sagittis mi vitae quam vestibulum tempor. Sed quam libero, tincidunt quis laoreet eu, sollicitudin at mi. raggiungono un punto oltre il quale le Nulla lacinia, massa ac pulvinar blandit, augue magna ornare quam, vel laoreet dui erat a risus. Aliquam vel erat vitae dui auctor vehicula ullamcorper nec rocce si frantumano. neque. Etiam volutpat dictum felis, eget blandit odio mollis cursus. Nam sed nisl quis elit hendrerit lacinia. Curabitur tempor bibendum mauris sed (Fonte Gunn) semper. Sed odio est, mollis quis vulputate vitae, fringilla ac dolor. Sed convallis sodales odio, vel elementum arcu vehicula eget. In pharetra convallis laoreet. In orci lacus, dignissim eu vestibulum id, elementum lacinia massa. Cras eu dapibus arcu. Pellentesque eu nisl congue nulla convallis sagittis. Ut sodales auctor enim vel viverra. Suspendisse vel metus et odio viverra venenatis. Sed auctor eleifend felis, sit amet pulvinar diam ornare ut. Sed a lorem vitae eros porta auctor eget vitae nisl. Nam interdum, odio id hendrerit consectetur, nunc leo dapibus mauris, in varius libero urna Narrower term vel tellus. Phasellus lacinia massa nec felis volutpat vestibulum. Aenean venenatis neque nec lacus dignissim dapibus. sisma a fuoco profondo G- terremoto storico G- terremoti indotti sisma a fuoco intermedio sisma a fuoco superficiale sisma vulcanico Relations
  • 49. Do you «Resilience»?Elena Rapisardie.rapisardi@gmail.com Università di Torino@erapisardi NatRisk