BUILDING MATERIALS: A building material is a raw material or more often a manufactured product used to consteuct buildings.
TYPES OF BUILDING MATERIALS: There are several types of building materials: -Stony materials. -Binder materials. -Concrete. -Ceramic materials. -Other materials.
STONY MATERIALS: <ul><li>Compact Rocks: blocks of stone like limestone, marble, granite, slate, etc., which are called pavers, slabs, rubble and Silar.
Disintegrated Rocks: son fragmentos de piedra de tamaño variable. There are several types, such as clays and arids. </li></ul>
BINDER MATERIALS: A binder is an ingredient used to bind together two or more other materials in mixtures . Its two principal properties are adhesion and cohesion .
CONCRETE: <ul><li>Concrete is the resulting material mix cement with aggregates (gravel, sand, gravel) and water. The cement with sand and water mixture is called mortar. Cement, mixed with water, becomes a pliable dough with acceding properties. The main structural feature of concrete is that it can be very resists at compression efforts. </li></ul>
CERAMIC MATERIALS: <ul><li>The ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. The earliest ceramics were pottery objects made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials. </li></ul>
METAL MATERIALS: A metal is a chemical element that is a good conductor of both electricity and heat and forms cations and ionic bonds with non-metals .
WOOD MATERIALS: Wood is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression.
WOOD MATERIALS: People have used wood for millennia for many purposes, primarily as a fuel or as a construction material for making houses, tools, weapons, furniture, packaging, artworks, and paper.
PLASTIC MATERIALS: Plastic is the general common term for a wide range of synthetic or semisynthetic organic amorphous solid materials used in the manufacture of industrial products.
GLASS MATERIALS: A glass is an amorphous solid material. Glasses are typically brittle, and often optically transparent. Glass is commonly used for windows,bottles, modern hard drives and eyewear.
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION: Building construction is the process of adding structure to real property.
PHASES: <ul><li>Land preparation: its carry out by demolition, earthmoving and leveling operations.
Foundation pile: is the part situated under the earth and involves the placement of the elements that form the foundation of the building.
Elevation of the structure: is the phase in which the pilars and plates are built to form the floors.
Water coverage: is the placement of the roof of the building. </li></ul>
PHASES: <ul><li>Placement of pavement: is the placement of materials on each floor plate.
Wall lift: in this phases it build the walls and partitions.
Placement of installation: it's prepare the water supply, gas and electicity.
Finishing works: in this final phase the build its conformed to its final use. </li></ul>