ESL Spokane Regional 2010
th
Happy 20 Anniversary!

Elena Smith, Ph.D.
Intensive American Language Center

Washington Stat...
Challenges and Triumphs
in the ESL Profession
Quiz: Choose the right answer
1. English is a number __?__ native
language spoken in the world.
a.One
b.Two
c.Three
d.Four...
Answer
Quiz: Choose the right answer
2. Which one of the languages listed below is
number 3 in terms of the number of its native
...
Answer
Quiz: Choose the right answer
3. What is the percentage of the GDP (gross
domestic product) for the world’s economy
of the...
Answer
The percentage of the global economy
(GDP) accounted for by world languages
22.8%
CHINESE

#2

2.9%
Italian
#8

5.6%
Japan...
ESL Speakers
• 583,000,000
ESL speakers
in the world

• 36,000,000
ESL speakers
in the U.S.A.
.
According to the
British council over

1,000,000,000
people are currently learning
English world wide.
•5,500,000
ESL students in the USA today
• ESL students are US fastest-growing
population and are expected to make up

one...
Challenges
Three Major Challenges
1. ESL Instructors Work
Conditions
2. The English Language Teaching
Problems
3. The Role of Technol...
ESL Instructors Work Conditions

Elena’s Illusion
ESL Instructors Work Conditions
Challenges
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Job Security
Salary Equity
12-hour/week work load
Paid 60-day a...
The English Language Teaching
Challenges
1. Which English Language to Teach?
2. Which Professional Terminology to Use?
3. ...
Which English Language to
Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect
but Becoming a Norm?

Between you and I.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

I seen that.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

I’ve drove there.
I’ve boughten it.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

Irregardless
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

A large amount of students.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

There’s six new students.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

Ten items or less
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

This room is bigger then that one.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

I borrowed you ten dollars
yesterday.
Which English Language to Teach?
Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm?

An agreement was reached
between several co...
Which English Language to Teach?
• Lack of education?
• Pop culture?
• Regional differences between
oral and written Engli...
Which English Language to Teach?
ESL instructors usually tell their students:

• You’ll hear it a lot, but please don’t sa...
The English Language Challenges
• Terminology
in textbooks
among instructors
on the Internet
Terminology
affirmative sentences vs. positive sentences
Terminology
subject verb agreement vs. subject verb concord
Terminology
bare infinitive vs. “base” form of the verb
Terminology
determiners vs. possessive adjectives
Terminology
hanging participle vs. dangling participle
Which Grammar to Teach? Or Not?

• To teach grammar
or not? If not - how?
• If yes-how much
& how?
Keith False, “Focus on
...
The English Language Challenges
Grammar Instruction Is Vital
Which Grammar to Teach?
• Orient curricula to only vital grammar
points?
• Create grammar books oriented at
students with ...
The English Language Challenges
What Our Students Write:
What Our Students Write
“I love the movie Gone with
the Win. If you win, you not
lose.”
What Our Students Write
“Americans very busy and
never have intercourse.”
What Our Students Write
“Some men are love eating as
same as anything.”
What Our Students Write
“I want to go New York to
see the woman of freedom
with a torture.”
The Use of Technology
The Use of Technology
FOR
AGAINST
1. technology is “stuff”

2. technology is motivating
and educationally effective
3. tec...
Internet Learning Is Fun???
Astrophysicist Clifford Stoll,
"Most learning isn't fun. Learning takes:

Work , Discipline an...
The Use of Technology
• Since teachers often lack the technology use
knowledge needed, students may get stuck
doing meanin...
3D Virtual Avatar Classroom?
Ancient Greek Philosophy
“If we disregard due proportion by giving

anything what is too much for it; too
much canvas to a...
Today’s Triumphs at Workplaces
•
•
•
•
•

Master’s in TESL is required
Full-time jobs
Benefits
Higher salaries
Non-native ...
Our Biggest Triumph Is
Our Students
•
•
•
•

Survive
Overcome
Excel
Achieve
Two Pieces of Advice
Bill Bowerman, Legendary University of Oregon Track
Coach and a co-founder of Nike rightfully stated,...
Celebration
Happy 20th Birthday ESL Spokane
Regional!!!
References
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Hughes, Anthony Online English Grammar
http://www.edufind.com/english/grammar/grammar_to...
Thank You
ESL Spokane WA - Keynote Presentation
ESL Spokane WA - Keynote Presentation
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ESL Spokane WA - Keynote Presentation

  1. 1. ESL Spokane Regional 2010 th Happy 20 Anniversary! Elena Smith, Ph.D. Intensive American Language Center Washington State University, Pullman, WA E-mail: essmith@wsu.edu
  2. 2. Challenges and Triumphs in the ESL Profession
  3. 3. Quiz: Choose the right answer 1. English is a number __?__ native language spoken in the world. a.One b.Two c.Three d.Four e.Five
  4. 4. Answer
  5. 5. Quiz: Choose the right answer 2. Which one of the languages listed below is number 3 in terms of the number of its native speakers in the world? a.Mandarin b.Arabic c.Hindu/Urdu d.Spanish e.Russian
  6. 6. Answer
  7. 7. Quiz: Choose the right answer 3. What is the percentage of the GDP (gross domestic product) for the world’s economy of the countries where English is the first language? a.35.5% b. 28.2% c. 22.8% d. 20.2% e. 10.9%
  8. 8. Answer
  9. 9. The percentage of the global economy (GDP) accounted for by world languages 22.8% CHINESE #2 2.9% Italian #8 5.6% Japanes e #3 28.2% ENGLISH 3.4% #1 Portugues e 5.4% Spanish #4 #7 4.2 French #6 4.9% German #5
  10. 10. ESL Speakers • 583,000,000 ESL speakers in the world • 36,000,000 ESL speakers in the U.S.A. .
  11. 11. According to the British council over 1,000,000,000 people are currently learning English world wide.
  12. 12. •5,500,000 ESL students in the USA today • ESL students are US fastest-growing population and are expected to make up one out of every four students by 2025.
  13. 13. Challenges
  14. 14. Three Major Challenges 1. ESL Instructors Work Conditions 2. The English Language Teaching Problems 3. The Role of Technology in ESL Instruction
  15. 15. ESL Instructors Work Conditions Elena’s Illusion
  16. 16. ESL Instructors Work Conditions Challenges 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Job Security Salary Equity 12-hour/week work load Paid 60-day annual vacation Release time to design in-house materials 5. Professional development funding
  17. 17. The English Language Teaching Challenges 1. Which English Language to Teach? 2. Which Professional Terminology to Use? 3. Which Grammar to Teach? Or Not?
  18. 18. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? Between you and I.
  19. 19. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? I seen that.
  20. 20. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? I’ve drove there. I’ve boughten it.
  21. 21. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? Irregardless
  22. 22. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? A large amount of students.
  23. 23. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? There’s six new students.
  24. 24. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? Ten items or less
  25. 25. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? This room is bigger then that one.
  26. 26. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? I borrowed you ten dollars yesterday.
  27. 27. Which English Language to Teach? Grammatically Incorrect but Becoming a Norm? An agreement was reached between several countries.
  28. 28. Which English Language to Teach? • Lack of education? • Pop culture? • Regional differences between oral and written English? • Dialect intermingle? • Foreign language interference? • Electronic language invasion (“Internet English”)?
  29. 29. Which English Language to Teach? ESL instructors usually tell their students: • You’ll hear it a lot, but please don’t say it. • People use it incorrectly, but you must use it correctly. • This is how it is in real WORLD, but this is how you should use it in your TOEFL exam.
  30. 30. The English Language Challenges • Terminology in textbooks among instructors on the Internet
  31. 31. Terminology affirmative sentences vs. positive sentences
  32. 32. Terminology subject verb agreement vs. subject verb concord
  33. 33. Terminology bare infinitive vs. “base” form of the verb
  34. 34. Terminology determiners vs. possessive adjectives
  35. 35. Terminology hanging participle vs. dangling participle
  36. 36. Which Grammar to Teach? Or Not? • To teach grammar or not? If not - how? • If yes-how much & how? Keith False, “Focus on only critically vital grammar points.”
  37. 37. The English Language Challenges Grammar Instruction Is Vital
  38. 38. Which Grammar to Teach? • Orient curricula to only vital grammar points? • Create grammar books oriented at students with different language backgrounds? (Ex: “articles” for Spanish speakers and Russian speakers)? • Standardize ESL grammar terminology?
  39. 39. The English Language Challenges What Our Students Write:
  40. 40. What Our Students Write “I love the movie Gone with the Win. If you win, you not lose.”
  41. 41. What Our Students Write “Americans very busy and never have intercourse.”
  42. 42. What Our Students Write “Some men are love eating as same as anything.”
  43. 43. What Our Students Write “I want to go New York to see the woman of freedom with a torture.”
  44. 44. The Use of Technology
  45. 45. The Use of Technology FOR AGAINST 1. technology is “stuff” 2. technology is motivating and educationally effective 3. technology-based teaching is superior to traditional teaching 4. learning through technology is fun 1. technology is 5% “stuff” and 95% “what to do with stuff?” 2. technology is expensive, fragile and stupid 3. the principles of effective teaching are timeless regardless of the medium 4. learning is hard work Keith Hopper, 1999
  46. 46. Internet Learning Is Fun??? Astrophysicist Clifford Stoll, "Most learning isn't fun. Learning takes: Work , Discipline and Responsibility I’d rather see a student learn how Shakespeare processed words than how Microsoft does." (The Great Technology Mania, 1999.)
  47. 47. The Use of Technology • Since teachers often lack the technology use knowledge needed, students may get stuck doing meaningless exercises. Apparently, these machines can become a waste of time, if not in the hands of the right user. (Jessy Norman, Negative Effects of Computers in Classrooms, 2000)
  48. 48. 3D Virtual Avatar Classroom?
  49. 49. Ancient Greek Philosophy “If we disregard due proportion by giving anything what is too much for it; too much canvas to a boat, too much nutriment to a body, too much authority to a soul, the consequence is always shipwreck.” Plato
  50. 50. Today’s Triumphs at Workplaces • • • • • Master’s in TESL is required Full-time jobs Benefits Higher salaries Non-native English speakers - instructors • Technology improvement
  51. 51. Our Biggest Triumph Is Our Students • • • • Survive Overcome Excel Achieve
  52. 52. Two Pieces of Advice Bill Bowerman, Legendary University of Oregon Track Coach and a co-founder of Nike rightfully stated, “A teacher is never too smart to learn from his pupils.” I’d like to add: “A teacher is never too smart to learn from his/her peers.”
  53. 53. Celebration Happy 20th Birthday ESL Spokane Regional!!!
  54. 54. References • • • • • • • • • • • Hughes, Anthony Online English Grammar http://www.edufind.com/english/grammar/grammar_topics. Bowerman, William J High-performance training for track and field. Champaign, Ill.: Leisure Press (1991). Cahill, Thomas & Nan A. Talese Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea, Why the Greeks Matter, An Imprint of Doubleday, NY, 2003. False, Keith Great Writing: Less Grading, Smarter Grammar, More Vocabulary, WAESOL 2009, Des Moines, WA Hamilton, Edith The Greek Way, W. W. Norton & Co., NY, 1993. Hopper, Keith Mastering the Invisible Technologies in Education: Who are the Real Technology Prodigies Among College Teachers? Educational Technology Magazine, January-February 1999, p. 50 Norman, Jessy Negative Effects of Computers in Classrooms http://courses.wcupa.edu/fletcher/.htm http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/terms.htm http://www.englishlab.net/teflblog/category/statistics/eslstatistics/http://esl.about.com/od/englishlearningresources/f/f_eslmarket.htm http://www.britishcouncil.org/learning-research-english-next.pdf http://www.ivstatic.com/files/et/imagecache/636/files/blog_articles/avatar-for-women-LIST_0.jpg
  55. 55. Thank You
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