He went to school in Aix, forming a close friendship with the novelist Emile Zola . He also studied law there from 1859 to 1861, but at the same time he continued attending drawing classes. In 1861 joined Zola in Paris, where he met Camille Pissarro and came to know others of the impressionist group, with whom he would exhibit in 1874 and 1877. Cézanne, however, remained an outsider to their circle Cézanne was a contemporary of the impressionists, but he went beyond their interests in the individual brushstroke and the fall of light onto objects. Paul Alexis reading to Emile Zola , 1869-1870
1. The dark period, Paris, 1861-1870 His work from this period differs sharply from his earlier watercolours. Among the works of his dark period were paintings such as The Murder , the words antisocial or violent are often used. 2.Impressionist period, Provence and Paris, 1870-1878 Under Pissarro's influence Cézanne began to abandon dark colours and his canvases grew much brighter. Jas de Bouffan , 1876 .
3. Mature period, Provence, 1878-1890 In the early 1880s the Cézanne family stabilized their residence in Provence., The move reflects a new independence from the Paris-centered impressionists and a marked preference for the south. Jas de Bouffan , 1885-1887 . 4. Final period, Provence, 1890-1905 Still Life with Apples and Oranges , 1895-1900. . His paintings became well-known and sought after and he was the object of respect from a new generation of painters. From 1903 to the end of his life, he painted in his own studio.
The Card players , an iconic work by Cézanne (1892). Bathers, (1898-1905). ,
Still Life with a Curtain (1895) illustrates Cezanne's increasing trend towards terse compression of forms and dynamic tension between geometric figures. Cézanne's paintings were shown in the first exhibition of the Salon des Refusés in 1863. Before 1895 Cézanne exhibited twice with the Impressionists. In later years a few individual paintings were shown at various venues. He concentrated on a few subjects and was highly unusual for 19th-century painters in that he was equally proficient in each of these genres: still lifes, portraits, landscapes and studies of bathers.
Still life paintings: Still Life with an Open Drawer, 1877-1879, The Basket of Apples, 1890-1894. Still Life, Drapery, Pitcher, and Fruit Bowl, 1893-1894. Still Life with Cherub, 1895.
Watercolours: Boy with Red Vest, 1890 Self-portrait, 1895 Mill at the River, 1900-1906 River with the Bridge of the Three Sources, 1906
Portraits and Self-portrait: Portrait of Achille Emperaire, 1868 Portrait of Victor Chocquet, 1876-1877 Self-portrait, 1875 Portrait of Gustave Geffroy, 1895
Paul Cezanne was born out of marriage and his son also was illegitimate child. The contemporaries nicknamed his «A hermit from Aix», because he was very rude and gloomy person, unsociable and a lonely workaholic. His studio was always in mess. There were lots of brushes, tubes, muddy plates and saucepans with vermicelli drying on them! Portrait of Paul Cezanne's Son, 1888-1890
Self-portrait, 1879-1882 He died of pneumonia and was buried at the old cemetery in his beloved hometown of Aix-en-Provence.
Self-portrait with Beret, 1898-1900 The French painter Paul C é zanne , who exhibited little in his lifetime and pursued his interests increasingly in artistic isolation, is regarded today as one of the great forerunners of modern painting, both for the way that he evolved of putting down on canvas exactly what his eye saw in nature and for the qualities of pictorial form that he achieved through a unique treatment of space, mass, and color.