განახლებადი ენერგო რესურსები
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განახლებადი ენერგო რესურსები

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განახლებადი ენერგო რესურსები განახლებადი ენერგო რესურსები Presentation Transcript

  • saqarTvelos erovnuli samecniero fondi Georgia National Science Foundation SoTa mesxias zugdidis saxelmwifo saswavlo universiteti Tbilisi 2010
  • ganaxlebadi energo resursebis gamoyenebis ekologiuri aspeqti qeTevan lataria
  • “ energia” berZnuli sityvaa da Zlevamosilebas, Rirsebas da qmediTunarianobas niSnavs.
    • nebismier moqmedebas energia sWirdeba.
    • energiis sxvadasxva forma arsebobs: meqanikuri, siTburi, sinaTlis, eleqtruli, bgeriTi, qimiuri, birTvuli energia.
    • energia SeiZleba erTi formidan meoreSi gadavides.
    • energiis wyaroebs yofen ganaxlebad da araganaxlebad wyaroebad
  • resursi sasargeblo wiaRiseuli gamolevadi uSreti (gamouleveli) GGMmzis, gravitaciuli,M qaris, talRebis energia
  • Eenergiis tradiciuli wyaroebi atomis birTvi birTvis daSlis Sedegad birTvuli energia gamoiyofa. reaqtorebSi birTvuli energia uranis atomis birTvisgan miiReba birTvuli reaqciebis Sedegad sawvavi wiaRiseuli qvanaxSiri, navTobi da bunebrivi airi milionobiT wlis ganmavlobaSi iqmneboda zRvis da xmeleTis mcenareebis da cxovelebis lpobis Sedegad. navTobisgan mzaddeba sxvadasxva sawvavi: benzini, dizeli, parafini, Txevadi airi, saaviacio navTi
  • ra aris ganaxlebadi energia? ganaxlebadi energiis ori tipi arsebobs: tradiciuli araganaxlebadi energia da aratradiciuli ganaxlebadi energia. energiis tradiciuli wyaroebi
    • energiis tradiciul/ araganaxlebad wyaroebs warmoadgens bunebrivi airi, qvanaxSiri, navTobi da birTvuli saTbobi
    organuli saTbobis wvis Sedegad yovel wels msoflioSi daaxloebiT 6 miliardi tona naxSirorJangi gamoiyofa, romlis naxevarze meti ar STainTqmeba biosferoTi da okeanis zedapiriT da atmosferoSi ileqeba. atmosferoSi daleqili CO 2 -is Warbi raodenoba qmnis „garss“ atmosferoSi, rac Tavis mxriv saTburis efeqts da Sesabamisad, globalur daTbobas iwvevs dedamiwaze. bolo 50 wlis manZilze CO 2 -is koncentracia atmosferoSi yovelwliurad 1.7 ppm -iT izrdeba da msoflio ekonomikis ganviTarebis tempebis Semcirebis SemTxvevaSic ki (rac uSualod ukavSirdeba gamoyenebuli organuli saTbobis raodenobis Semcirebas) 2050 wlisaTvis is 500 ppm -s gadaaWarbebs. Sedegad, planetis temperatura savaraudod kidev 1-3,5 gradusiT aiwevs.
  • naxSirwyalbadebis amowurvadoba
    • navTobi da gazi amowurvadi resursebia. bevri specialistis mtkicebiT navTobis mopovebis piki 2005 wels dadga, mis Semdgom mosalodnelia mopovebis TandaTanobiT kleba. amasTan erTad dRes arsebuli rezervebi gaTavsebulia:
    • Znelad misadgom, teqnologiurad urTules regionebSi(arqtika, yinulovani okeane),
    • Rrma wylebSi (barenci, kaspiis samxreTi, Savi zRva, wynari okeane braziliasTan, samxreT CineTis zRva),
    • politikurad arstabilur, arasaimedo qveynebSi, romlebic cdiloben Tavisi TamaSis wesebi ukarnaxon ganviTarebul samyaros da navTobisa da gazis miwodebis sanacvlod politikuri upiratesobebi moipovon ( ruseTi, sparseTis yure, venesuela)
    • politikuri arastabiluroba mompovebel qveynebSi arastabilur garemos qmnis energetikul bazarze da resursebze fasis gaumarTlebel zrdas iwvevs.
  • Gganaxlebadi energiis gamoyenebis aqtualoba
    • naxSirwyalbadebis maragebis Semcireba.
    • energoSemcvelebze fasebis mkveTri da Seuqcevadi zrdis tendencia.
    • energoSemcvelebze moTxovnilebis zrda.
    • Eenergiis warmoebisa da gamoyenebisas garemoze mavne zemoqmedeba.
  • globaluri daTboba
    • ganviTarebuli samyaros SeSfoTeba globaluri daTbobis fenomenis gamo dafiqsirda 1997 wels kiotos oqmSi, romlis xelmomweri mxareebi aRiareben naxSirwyalebdebis gamoyenebas da mis Sedegad warmoSobili mavne airebis gadamwyvet rols globalur daTbobaSi da valdebulebas iReben Seamciron mavne emisiebi naxSirwyalbadebis TandaTanobiTi CanacvlebiT ganaxlebadi energiiebis ganviTarebiT da sufTa teqnologiebis danergviT
  • ra aris saTburis efeqti? atmosferoSi SemoRweuli mzis sxivebi, romlebsac atarebs haeri, aTbobs dedamiwas. gaTbobis Semdeg dedamiwa da masze arsebuli sagnebi gamoyofen infrawiTel gamosxivebas anu e.w `uxilavi siTbo~, romelsac ukan aRar atarebs atmosferoSi arsebuli 6 saxis airi: CO 2 - naxSirorJangi, N N 2 O O-azotis orJangi, CH4 -meTani, PF PFCs - per floro karbonati, HF HFCs – hidro floro karbonati, SF6 – eqvsvalentiani gogirdis ftoridi . es aris saTburis efeqti. Aam gazebs Soris yvelaze metia CO2- . Tu atmosferoSi saTburis gazebis raodenoba saSualoze metia, igi met siTbos iWers, temperatura izrdeba, es ki iwvevs globalur daTbobas.
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  • es qvanaxSiris eleqtro sadguridan amomavali kvamlia. soflis mosaxleobas, romelic masTan axlos cxovrobs haeris dabinZurebasTan da mJavuri wvimebTan dakavSirebuli respiratoruli daavadebebi awuxebT. es sadguri gamoyofs didi raodenobiT damabinZurebel nivTierebebs, maT Soris naxSirorJangs, rac iwvevs globalur daTbobas
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  • Ywalmcenareebi avseben im wyalsacavs, romelic kanadis gleizeridan ikvebeba, antarqtidaSi.. zogi mecnieri winaswarmetyvelebs naxevari arqtikis dnobas saukunis bolosTvis. Aaseve, Tu grenlandiis yinulis masivebi gadneba moxdeba is rom sRvis done 7 metramde aiwevs
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  • antarqtidis binadari pingvinebis cxovrebaze globaluri daTobis sxvadasxvanair gavlenas axdens, negatiuri gavlena aris is,rom yinulis dnoba aZnelebs maT sakvebis mopovebas, radganac amis gamo maT uwevT ufro meti manZilis gavla. samxreT ubnebSi ki yinuli ufro swarafad dneba, rac maT gazafxulze bevr sakvebs aZlevT, rasac maTi reproduqciis rate-s gazrda moyveba
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  • ganaxlebadi energiis wyaroebis aTviseba evrokavSiris 25 qveyanaSi,hidrogeneraciis gamoklebiT, 1990 wlidan 2005 wlamde. wyaro : [ Eurostat 2006
  • energiis aratradiciuli da tradiciuli ganaxlebadi wyaroebi
    • tradiciuli ganaxlebadi energiebia:
    • mcire hesebis da bioenergia (SeSa, cxoveluri da mcenareuli narCenebi, urbanuli narCenebi).
    • upiratesoba:
    • ar axdens uaryofiT zemoqmedebas garemoze, srulad ganaxlebadia, yvela qveyana Tavad akontrolebs Tavis moxmarebas
    • naklovanebebi:
    • (1) srulad ganaxlebadia, magram raodenoba SezRudulia – garkveuli raodenobis adamianebi, cxovelebi da mcenareebi garkveuli raodenobis narCenebs warmoSoben; gvalvebis dros zogierTi mcire mdinare Sreba da eleqtroenergia ar gamomuSavdeba. (2) ar aris ufaso – SeSis moWra, mogroveba da Senaxva xarjebTan aris dakavSirebuli; xarjebTan aris kavSirSi municipaluri myari narCenebis, nagavsayrelebis, cxoveluri narCenebis Senaxva-gadamuSaveba da mcire hesebis aSeneba-eqspluataciac.
  • wylis energia hidroenergia ganaxlebadi energiis yvelaze farTod gavrcelebuli formaa mTels msoflioSi
            • hesebis dadebiTi mxareebi:
    • warmoebuli eleqtroenergia iafia;
    • ar abinZurebs garemos;
    • SesaZloa hqondeT sairigacio, sarekriacio
    • da adgilobrivi mosaxleobisaTvis sxva
    • mniSvnelovani funqciebi
    • uaryofiTi mxareebi:
    • tboravs did farTobs da cvlis landSafts;
    • xels uSlis Tevzebis migracias;
    • aferxebs ra mdinaris Camonatanis (qviSa, RorRi da a.S.) gadaadgilebas, iwvevs sanapiro zolis degradacias.
    hesebis mSeneblobas saqarTveloSi 100 welze meti istoria aqvs. hidroeleqtrosadgurebi saqarTvelos eleqtroenergetikis xerxemals warmoadgens. saqarTveloSi energetikuli TvalsazrisiT 360 mniSvnelovani mdinarea.
  • biomasis energia biomasis mravalferovnebidan SeiZleba gamoiyos Semdegi:
    • SeSa;
    • satyeo meurneobis eqsploataciis narCenebi;
    • xe-tyis industriis narCenebi;
    • soflis meurneobis mosavlis narCenebi;
    • agrogadamamuSavebeli industriis narCenebi;
    • mecxoveleobis narCenebi;
    • gamwmendi mowyobilobebis narCenebi;
    • municipaluri sayofacxovrebo narCenebi
  • saqarTvelos maRali teqnologiebis centrSi damuSavebuli biogazis danadgari, romelic gamoirCeva maRali intensiurobiT (3-4 m3 biogazi dReRameSi 1 m3 bioreaqtoris moculobidan).
  • Bbiomasis energrtikuli potencialis gamoyenebis meTodebi
    • Termoqimiuri
    • pirdapiri wva siTbos misaRebad
    • pirolizi
    • gazifikacia
    • gaTxevadeba Txevadi saTbobis miasRebad
    • bioteqnologiuri
    • meTanuri duRili
    • eTiluri fermentacia
    • anaerobuli fermentacia wyalbadis miRebiT
    • 1 t mSrali merqnis pirolizis Sedegad miiReba:
    • 300 kg xis naxSiri
    • 140 m3 airi
    • 50 litri ZmarmJava
    • 70 litri merqnis zeTi
    • biogazi :
    • CH 4 – 60%
    • CO 2 – 40 %
  • sxvadasxva tipis biomasis energetikuli potenciali 64*106 m3 bun. airi 0.6 900 sayofacxovrebo narCenebi 734*106 m3 bun. airi 6.9 1670 mecxoveleobis da mefrinvele obis narCenebi 112 aTasi t.n.e. 1.3 870 marcvlovani da parkosani kulturebis narCenebi Dyovelwliurad dazogili (Canacvlebuli) wiaRiseuli saTbobi Eenergia (mln kvt*sT/w ) raodenoba aTasi tona Bbiomasis saxeoba
  • sxvadasxva tipis biomasis energetikuli potenciali 1074 aTasi t.n.e. 12.5 4390 jami 200 aTasi t.n.e. 2.7 700 xe-tye da misi narCenebi 100*106 m3 bun. Aairi 1.0 250 q. Tbilisis sakanalizacio wylis da fekaluri masis gamwmendi mowyobilobebidan narCenebi Dyovelwliurad dazogili (Canacvlebuli) wiaRiseuli saTbobi Eenergia (mln kvt*sT/w ) raodenoba aTasi tona Bbiomasis saxeoba
  • biomasis energetikuli potenciali da misi gamoyeneba saqarTveloSi
    • saqarTvelos ZiriTadi biomasis energetikuli potenciali Seadgens 12,5 mlrd. kvtsT-s. SedarebisTvis sainteresoa aRiniSnos, rom amJamad saqarTvelos eleqtroenergetikuli sistemis mier gamomuSavebuli energia ar aRemateba 8 mlrd. kvtsT-s. samwuxarod, biomasis gamoyeneba saqarTveloSi arasasurveli mimarTulebiT mimdinareobs da ZiriTadad SeSis moxmarebis saxiT gvxvdeba, ramac SesaZloa ekologiur katastrofamde migviyvanos. unda aRiniSnos isic, rom SeSis gamoyeneba ZiriTadad xdeba dabali efeqturobis mcire simZlavris saojaxo RumelebSi. saqarTvelosaTvis SedarebiT axli praqtikaa mecxoveleobis narCenebis gadamuSaveba da misgan biogazis warmoeba. Seqmnilia da praqtikulad ganxorcielebulia 400-ze meti biodanadgari. Tumca, es danadgarebi xasiaTdeba muSaobis sezonuri arastabilu-
    • robiT da biogazis warmoebis dabali intensiurobiT.
  • biomasis potenciali : emisiebis Semcireba da sufTa energiis warmoeba
    • am grafikidan Cans, rom soflis meurneoba da urbanuli da sxvadasxva narCenebi emisiebis mniSvnelovan wyaros warmoadgens. soflis meurneobis da urbanuli narCenebisgan qveynis gasufTaveba saqarTvelosTvis arCevani ki ara aucileblobaa. miT umetes Tu xelisuflebam qveynis ganviTarebis strategiul mimarTulebad saerTaSoriso turizmi airCia.
    • narCenebisgan qveynis gaTavisufleba xelsayrelia ara mxolod saitaruli da esTeturi TvalsazrisiT, aramed narCenebisgan energiis miRebis da sufTa ganviTarebis meqanizmis gamoyenebiT emisiebiT vaWrobaSi monawileobis TvalsazrisiTac.
  • biomasis gamoyenebas energetikaSi aqvs Semdegi dadebiTi mxareebi:
    • energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroa;
    • gavrcelebulia TiTqmis mTel teritoriaze;
    • mniSvnelovnad amcirebs saTburi efeqtis mqone airebis emisias atmosferoSi;
    • iqmneba damatebiTi samuSao adgilebi regionebSi.
            • biomasis gamoyenebasTan dakavSirebuli problemebi:
    • biomasis warmoqmnisTvis saWiroa miwis didi farTobebi;
    • biomasis, konkretulad ki tyis resursebis intensiurma gamoyenebam SesaZloa ekologiur katastrofamde migviyvanos;
    • biomasa dRevandeli sabazro fasebis gaTvaliswinebiT araganaxlebad (wiaRiseul) sawvavTan SedarebiT ufro ZviradRirebulia
  • torfis gamoyeneba
    • torfis resursuli maragi
    • saqarTveloSi warmoadgens
    • 8 000 000 kub.m.
    • mTlianad saqarTveloSi 11
    • torfis sabadoa, aqedan 10
    • sabado modis dasavleT
    • saqarTveloze.
    • naklovanebebi:
    • (1) ufasoa, magram jerjerobiT naklebad ekonomiuri – moiTxovs did miwis farTobebs da zRvis akvatorias (qaris wisqvili zRvaSi, talRis da mimoqcevis energia, rac zRudavs portebTan midgomas). (2) SesaZloa daamaxinjos peizaJi. (3) didia sxvaoba am energiis miRebis Teoriul, teqnikur, miRwevad da ekonomikur potencialebs Soris.
    energiis aratradiciul/ganaxlebad wyaroebs miekuTvneba: qaris, mzis, talRis, zRvis mimoqcevis, geoTermuli energia, torfis, wyalbadis upiratesoba: srulad ganaxlebadia, ar axdens uaryofiT zemoqmedebas klimatze, TiToeuli qveyana Tavad akontrolebs Tavis moxmarebas.
    • Gganaxlebadi energiis wyaroebis gamoyeneba erT-erTi prioritetuli mimarTulebaa msoflioSi.
    • mas did yuradRebas uTmoben ganviTarebuli qveynebi da saerTaSoriso institutebi:
    • Kklimatis cvlilebis CarCo xelSekruleba, kiotos protokoli, energetikuli qartia, evrokomisia, aSS saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagento, gaeros ganviTarebis programa, msoflio
    • banki, evropis ganviTarebis da rekonstruqciis banki da sxva.
  • mze masSi mimdinare birTvuli reqciebis Sedegad gamoyofil energias asxivebs. dedamiwamde am energiis mxolod mcire nawili aRwevs mzis batarea mzis batarea mzis energias eleqtrul energiad garda- qmnis. mzis batarea gamoiyeneba Tanamgzavrebze, ukacriel adgilebSi ganlagebul meteosadgurebsa da sakomunikacio sadgurebze, sayofacxovrebo daniSnulebiT da sxva.
  • mzis panelebi da wylis gamacxeleblebi
  • mzis gamosxivebis mimRebi sistemebi heliosistema Segeba 2 ZiriTadi kvanZisagan – gamosxivebis mimRebi da siTbos akumulatori. Ggamosxivebis mimRebi warmoadgens specialur rezervuars an milebis sistemas, romelic Sevsebulia wyliT, an wylisa da antifrizis nareviT da Tbeba mzis sxivebis zemoqmedebiT
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  • koncentrirebuli mzis energia espaneTSi
  • mzis energiis potenciali saqarTveloSi
    • cxelwyalmomaragebis mizniT saqarTveloSi SesaZlebelia gamoyenebul iqnes standartuli heliosistemebi 200-300 litri tevadobis rezervuariT da 2,8-5,6 m2 zedapiris mqone koleqtorebiT, romelTa fasebia Sesabamisad 2000-3000 lari.
    • rac Seexaba gaTbobas, saqarTveloSi gaTbobis sezonis xangrZlivobis gaTvaliswinebiT (noemberi, dekemberi, ianvari, Tebervali, marti, aprili) heliosistemis koleqtorebis zedapiris farTobi unda Sedgendes 16-25 m2 saSualo ojaxisTvis. aseTi pirobebis dasakmaofileblad saWiroa 2-3 standartuli heliosistemis erTdrouli gamoyeneba, rac mniSvnelovnad aZvirebs siTburi energiis TviTRirebulebas da Seadgens daaxloebiT 30 TeTri/kvtsT-s heliosistemebis sicocxlis xangrZlivobis gaTvaliswinebiT.
  • mzis energiis potenciali saqarTveloSi
    • 3.5) - saSualo wliuri radiacia
    • 3.5kvt*sT/(m2*d-R)=1278kvt*sT/(m2*w);
    • 3.8) - saSualo wliuri radiacia
    • 3.8kvt*sT/(m2*d-R)=1387kvt*sT/(m2*w);
    • 4.2) - saSualo wliuri radiacia
    • 4.2kvt*sT/(m2*d-R)=1533kvt*sT/(m2*w);
    • 4.5) - saSualo wliuri radiacia
    • 4.5kvt*sT/(m2*d-R)=1643kvt*sT/(m2*w);
    • 5.3) - saSualo wliuri radiacia
    • 5.3kvt*sT/(m2*d-R)=1935 kvt*sT/(m2
  • mzis energia
    • mzis energiis gamoyenebis dadebiTi mxareebi:
    • energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroa;
    • mzis energiis sxva formis energiebad gardaqmnisas adgili ar aqvs garemos dabinZurebas;
    • mzis panelebis dainstalirebis Semdeg miRebuli energia ufasoa
    • mzis energiis gamoyenebasTan dakavSirebuli problemebi:
    • mzis panelebis maRali TviTRirebuleba da Sesabamisad maRali fasi;
    • eleqtroenergiis warmoeba mxolod dRis sinaTlezea SesaZlebeli;
    • mzis energiidan sxvadasxva formis energiis miRebis efeqturoba damokidebulia amindze
    • qari
    • Tu qaris turbinas (frTian borbals)
    • mivaerTebT generatorTan, qaris kinetikuri
    • energia SeiZleba eleqtro energiad gardavqmnaT.
    • aseve SesaZlebelia talRebis energiis gamoyeneba
    • generatoris asamuSaveblad
    qaris energiis ganviTarebas didi mniSvneloba eniWeba msoflioSi. sakmarisia aRiniSnos, rom bolo eqvs weliwadSi qaris eleqtrosadgurebis saerTo simZlavre 4-jer gaizarda da miaRwia 70 000 mgvt-s. qaris eleqtrosadgurebi garda gernmaniisa, espaneTisa, aSS-sa da sxva mowinave qveynebisa, aSenda iseT qveynebSic, rogoricaa egvipte, somxeTi da a.S. germania, romelic dReisaTvis lideria qaris energiis gamoyenebaSi, 2020 wlisaTvis qaris eleqtrosadgurebze gamoimuSavebs mTlianad gamomuSavebuli eleqtroenergiis 20%-s. aseTive tendencia SeiniSneba sxva qveynebSic.
  • qari
  • qaris energetikis ganviTareba msoflios qveynebSi
  • perspeqtiuli qaris eleqtrosadgurebi
    • simZlavre –2000 mgvt
    • gamomuSaveba -5000 mgvt
  • qaris eleqtrosadgurebis savaraudo gamomuSaveba
  • qaris eleqtrosadgurebis savaraudo gamomuSaveba
  • qaris energiis gamoyenebis dadebiTi mxareebi:
    • ar abinZurebs garemos;
    • ganaxlebadi energiis wyaroebs Soris yvelaze iafia.
    uaryofiTi mxareebi:
    • qari arastabiluria;
    • qaris eleqtrosadguri xmauriania;
    • qaris eleqtrosadguri ikavebs did
    • farTobs;
    • qaris eleqtrosadguri zians
    • ayenebs frinvelebs;
    • qaris eleqtrosadguri aferxebs
    • tele da radiosignalebs.
    saqarTveloSi qaris sruli Teoriuli energopotenciali Seadgens 1300 mlrd. kvtsT-s, maSin, rodesac saqarTvelos mdinareebis sruli Teoriuli energopotenciali 135 mlrd. kvtsT-ia. aRsaniSnavia, rom qaris energiis ZiriTadi wili modis zamTris im Tveebze, rodesac hidroeleqtrosadgu- rebi ganicdian wylis resursebis deficits.
  • geoTermuli energia
  • geoTermuli resursebi
    • geoTermuli TvalsazrisiT saqarTvelo warmoadgens zomierad Termul regions, sadac hidroTermuli resursebis temperatura ar aRemateba 110-120 C . hidroTermuli resursebis saprognozo maragi Seadgens 960 000-1 000 000 kubur metrs/dReRameSi. amJamad saaqarTvelos teritoriaze aRricxulia Termuli wylis 250-mde bunebrivi da xelovnuri wyaro. sxvadasxva monacemebiT hidroTermuli resursebis Teoriuli potenciali Sefasebulia, rogorc 245-290 mgvt, teqnikuri potenciali ki 150 mgvt.
  • geoTermuli siTbos mopovebis sami meTodi:
    • bunebrivi hidroTermuli cirkulacia,
    • e.w. xelovnuri gadaxureba
    • mSrali kldovani qanebis (e.w. cxeli mSrali grunti – Hot dry rocks ) gaciveba.
    • mSrali kldovani qanebis gacivebis meTodi iTvaliswinebs Rrma qanebis (5-10 km siRrmeze) gacivebas masSi wylis iZulebiTi gatarebiT. amisaTvis qanebs xsnian e.w. hidravlikuri rRveviT ( Hydraulic fracturing ) da awyoben sacirkulacio konturs damWirxn da mimReb WaburRilebs Soris (konstruirebuli geoTermuli sistemebi – ngineered Geothermal Systems - EGS).
  • geoTermuli resursebis potenciali – 2 miliardi kv/sT wliurad
    • saqarTvelos geoTermuli resursebis potenciali aqvs. es aris saSualo da dabali temperaturis (30 ºC – 108 ºC ) 250 wyaro da WaburRili, romlebic ganTavsebulia Tbilisis da zugdidi/caiSis zonaSi da romelTa warmadoba 160 000 m ³ dReSi. wliuri warmoebis potenciali 350 – 400 aTasi m ³ weliwadSi. arsebuli geoTermuli wylebis temperatura eleqtrogeneraciis saSualebas ar iZleva. am wylebis gamoyeneba mosaxerxebelia mosaxleobisaTvis sanitaruli daniSnulebiT da saTburebisaTvis. geoTermuli wylebis potencialis aTviseba saqarTveloSi 1951 wels daiwyo .
  • geoTermuli energia
    • energiis am formis gamoyenebis dadebiTi mxareebi:
    • mcirea garemoSi mavne nivTierebebis gafrqveva;
    • ar aris damokidebuli amindis cvale- badobaze;
    • iafia tradiciul saTbob-energetikul resursebTan SedarebiT.
    • uaryofiTi mxareebi:
    • geoTermuli sadgurebis mSeneblobam SesaZloa uaryofiTad imoqmedos gruntis stabilurobaze;
  • wyalbadis sawvavad gamoyeneba
    • wyalbadi warmoadgens yvelaze
    • kaloriul sawvavs. 3-jer ufro
    • maRali aqvs Tbounarianoba, vidre
    • benzins.
    • wyalbadi ekologiurad sufTa
    • energiis wyaros warmoadgens
    • yvelaze.
    • wyalbadis miRebis ekologiurad
    • sufTa gza aris wylis eleqtrolizi.
    • wylis dasaSlelad mzis energia iqneba
    • gamoyenebuli
  • ganaxlebadebiT warmoebuli eleqtroenergiis TviTRirebuleba
    • ganxlebadi wyaroebiT warmoebuli eleqtroenergiis TviTRirebuleba gacilebiT maRalia vidre navTobsa da gazze warmoebuli eleqtroenergiis TviTRirebuleba. Tumca zogierT SemTxvevaSi zogierTi ganaxlebadi energia SeiZleba konkurentulic iyo Tu saqme exeba centraluri regionebidan mowyvetil nakleb dasaxlebul mTian regions, romelic ar aris dakavSirebuli centralur eleqtrosistemasTan an gazis milebis infrastruqturasTan da mosaxleobis simciris gamo am sistemebis aSeneba ararentabeluria.
    • navTobis da gazis wvis Sedegad warmoSobil mavne airebs garemoze, globalur daTbobaze zemoqmedebis faqtorebi rom daTvlili iyos da naxSirwyalbadebiT warmoebuli erTeuli energiis fasSi Sediodes ganaxlebadi wyaroebiT warmebuli energia namdvilad konkurentuli iqneboda.
  • grZelvadiani energetikuli proeqtebis RirebulebaSi Sedis
    • kapitalis da mSeneblobis danaxarjebi;
    • sawvavis Rirebuleba;
    • operirebisa da movla/SekeTebis danaxarjebi;
    • demontaJis danaxarjebi
  • grafiki 1 sqematurad asaxavs danaxarjebis struqturas proeqtis vadis ganmavlobaSi
  • grafiki 2: asaxavs ganxlebadi energiebisa da naxSirwyalbadebis proeqtis SedarebiT xarjebs sawyisetapze, proeqtis ganmavlobaSi da misi dasrulebisas
  • ra aris energoefqturoba?
    • energoefeqturoba es aris naklebi energiis da energetikuli momsaxurebis gamoyeneba, rac sayofacxovrebo seqtorSi miiRweva energiis racionalurad moxmarebis kulturis amaRlebiT, xolo ekonomikis sxvadasxva seqtorSi sawarmoo procesebis optimizaciiT.
    • energoefeqturoba ZiriTadad adamianur faqtorTan aris dakavSirebuli da miiRweva energomoxmarebis Cvevebis, saqmianobis sqemebis da operatiuli reJimebis gaumjobesebiT
  • energoefeqturi RonisZiebebi
    • energoefeqturi RonisZiebebis ganxorcieleba SesaZlebelia rogorc sayofacxovrebo, ise samrewvelo seqtorSi.
    • saqarTveloSi arsebuli sacxovrebeli da sazogadoebrivi Senobebi ZiriTadad agebulia sabWoTa periodSi, rodesac energiaze xelovnurad daweuli fasebis gamo saerTod ignorirebuli iyo konstruqciebis siTbosdamcavi RonisZiebebi. aseTi Senobebis Tbomomarageba moiTxovs didi raodenobis Tbur energias. marto Tbilisis sacxovrebeli saxlebis gasaTbobad amJamad weliwadSi 25 820 mgvtsT energiaa saWiro. aqedan TiTqmis naxevari Senobebis Tburi daucvelobis gamo ikargeba.
    • ganviTarebuli qveynebis gamocdileba gviCvenebs, rom Tanamedrove pirobebSi siTbos xarji SenobebSi SesaZlebelia Semcirdes mesamediT da metad, rac amJamindel krizisul viTarebaSi energodazogvis erT-erT umniSvnelovanes rezervs warmoadgens.
  • energoefeqturi teqnologiebi
    • energoefeqtur teqnologiebs miekuTvneba:
    • SenobaTa SemomzRudi konstruqciebis Tboizolacia;
    • siTbosmomxmarebeli sistemebis modernizacia;
    • optimaluri siTbos wyaros SerCeva.
    • efeqturi ganaTeba;
    • SenobebSi siTbo ikargeba fanjrebidan, gare karebebidan, Weridan, kedlebidan da iatakidan. Senobis siTburi balansi mocemulia nax.1. siTbos SesanarCuneblad saWiroa Catardes Senobis SemomzRudi konstruqciebis Tboizolacia, sadac igulisxmeba:
    • kedlebis Tburi izolacia;
    • gadaxurvis da iatakis Tburi izolacia;
    • fanjrebis siTbosdamcavi Tvisebebis gaumjobeseba;
    • RriWeebis dagmanva infiltraciis Semcirebis mizniT
  • energoefeqturi RonisZiebebi
  • energoefeqturi RonisZiebebi
  • detroitSi (aSS) `jeneral motors~-is ofisSi, romelic 5,5 milioni kvadratuli metria, energoefeqturi danadgarebis damontaJebis Sedegad erT weliwadSi daizoga 500 000 aSS dolari eleqtroenergiis gadasaxadebSi.
  • ras niSnavs energiis dazogva? energiis dazogva niSnavs imas, rom erTi da imave muSaobis Sesasruleblad Cven vxarjavT ufro nakleb energias drois erTi da imave periodis ganmavlobaSi
    • ratom unda davzogoT energia?
    dedamiwaze arsebuli energoresursebis maragi droTa ganmavlobaSi mcirdeba da aRdgenas ar eqvemdebareba. es gansakuTrebiT exeba araganaxlebadi energiis wyaroebs (navTobi, qvanaxSiri, bunebrivi airi). es imas niSnavs, rom araganaxlebadi energiis maragi adre Tu gvian gamoileva. amitom Cven unda davzogoT energia. amiT Cven gavufrTxil- debiT bunebriv resursebs. Eenergiis araganaxlebadi wyaroebi warmoiqmna milionobiT wlis win da maTi moxmarebis siCqare naklebia maTi warmoqnis siCqareze, amitom araganaxlebadi energiis maragi adre Tu gvian gamoileva. Mmiuxedavad imisa, rom Znelia energiis araganaxlebadi wyaroebis maragis zusti raodenobis gansazRvra, mecnierebma gamoTvales, rom: qvanaxSiris maragi adamianebs eyofaT kidev 225 wlis ganmavlobaSi; bunebrivi airis maragi - 60 wlis ganmavlobaSi; navTobis maragi - 50 wlis ganmavlobaSi
  • vamcirebT Tu ara garemos dabinZurebasEenergiis dazogviT?
    • energiis sxvadasxva wyaroebis gamoyenebisas garemoSi gamoiyofa mavne nivTierebebi, riTac binZurdeba garemo. es gansakuTrebiT exeba energiis araganaxlebad wyaroebs (navTobi, bunebrivi airi, qvanaxSiri). energiis aRniSnuli wyaroebi Seicaven didi raodenobiT naxSirbads. maTi wvis dros naxSirbadi garemoSi gamoiyofa naxSirorJangis saxiT. naxSirorJangis koncentraciis gazrda garemoSi arRvevs temperaturul balanss Cvens planetaze da iwvevs klimatis Secvlas, rac gamoixateba globaluri daTbobiT, anu e.w. “saTburis efeqtiT”, rac did safrTxes warmoadgens kacobriobisaTvis.
    • qvanaxSiri da navTobi Seicaven gogirds da azots, iseve rogorc naxSirbads. azotisa da gogirdis oqsidebi momwamvleli nivTierebebia, romelTa wyalSi gaxsnis Sedegad warmoiqmneba mJave wvimebi. mJave wvimebi zians ayeneben garemos. gogirdisa da azotis oqsidebi didi raodenobiT warmoiqmneba wiaRiseuli sawvavis (navTobi, qvanaxSiri, bunebrivi airi) wvis Sedegad TboeleqtrosadgurebSi.
    • Mamitom, eleqtroenergiis dazogviT Cven SevamcirebT TboeleqtrosadgurebSi momwamvleli nivTierebebis gamoyofas da aqedan gamomdinare, garemos dabinZurebas.
  • vzogavT Tu ara fuls energiis dazogviT? Tu energias ekonomiurad movixmarT, Cven gadavixdiT nakleb gadasaxadebs. amitom energiis dazogviT Cven fulsac vzogavT.
    • energiis dazogvis yvelaze martiv gzas warmoadgens Cveni qceva yofacxovrebaSi.
    • Eenergias aseve davzogavT, Tu SeviZenT iseT eleqtroxelsawyoebs, romlebic naklebi raodenobis dens moixmaren.
    • Earaganaxlebadi energiis dazogvis mizniT sasurvelia SeZlebisdagvarad CavanacvloT is energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebiT (mzis, qaris, biomasis, hidro da talRis energia). cnobilia, rom energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis gamoyeneba ar abinZurebs garemos da maTi maragi gamudmebiT ivseba bunebrivi procesebis Sedegad.
  • ra igulisxmeba Tqvens qcevaSi?
    • gamoiyeneT energoefeqturi naTurebi. isini 5 - jer nakleb eleqtro energias xarjaven Cveulebriv naTurebTan SedarebiT da 10-jer ufro met xans Zleben.
    • energia SegiZliaT dazogoT saxlis daTbunebiT. amiT Tqven amcirebT siTbos danakargebs da zogavT eleqtroenergias.
    • gamorTeT gasanaTebeli saSualeba roca oTaxidan gadixarT.
    • nu daRvriT uqmad cxel wyals. daketeT onkani moxmarebis Semdeg. amiT Tqven energias dazogavT.
    • SeiZineT iseTi eleqtroxelsawyoebi, romlebic naklebi raodenobis dens moixmaren.
  • SekiTxvebi:
    • daasaxeleT, ra uaryofiT Sedegebs iwvevs qvemoT mocemuli energiis wyaroebis gamoyeneba?
    • qaris energia
    • atomuri energia
    • bunebrivi airi
    • navTobi
    • SeSa
    • mzis energia
    • qvanaxSiri
    • xmauri
    • radiaqtiuli narCenebi
    • suni
    • bunebrivi landSaftebis dazianeba
    • Ddasxiveba
    • Hhaeris dabinZureba
    • mJave wvimebi da saTburis efeqti
  • Q qeTevan lataria mobil: 897 64 00 64 el. fosta [email_address]
  • gmadlobT!