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Driving LEDs with a Boost Regulator
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Driving LEDs with a Boost Regulator



Introduction of the MCP1650/51/52/53 boost controllers and their applications for driving LEDs

Introduction of the MCP1650/51/52/53 boost controllers and their applications for driving LEDs



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Driving LEDs with a Boost Regulator Driving LEDs with a Boost Regulator Presentation Transcript

  • Driving LEDs with a Boost Regulator
    • Source: Microchip Technology
  • Introduction
    • Purpose
      • This training module introduces the MCP1650/51/52/53 boost controllers and their applications for driving LEDs.
    • Outline
      • Boost regulator basics
      • Overview of MCP1650/51/52/53 devices
      • Key features
      • LED driver applications
    • Content
      • 15 pages
  • Boost Regulator Basics
    • The output voltage of the boost converter must be equal to or greater than the input voltage.
    • A boost regulator is useful for driving a chain of LEDs connected in series.
    Boost Reg
  • MCP165x Boost Controllers
    • Output Power Capability Over 5 Watts.
    • 560/440 Output Current (mA).
    • Output Voltage Capability From 3.3V to Over 100V.
    • 750 kHz Gated Oscillator Switching Frequency.
    • Adaptable Duty Cycle for Battery or Wide-Input, Voltage-Range Applications.
    • Input Voltage Range: 2.0V to 5.5V.
    • Capable of SEPIC® and Fly back Topologies.
    • Shutdown Control with IQ < 0.1 µA (Typical).
    • Low Operating Quiescent Current: IQ = 120 µA.
    • Voltage Feedback Tolerance (0.6%, Typical).
    • Popular MSOP-8 Package.
    • Peak Current Limit Feature.
    • Two Under voltage Lockout (UVLO) Options: 2.0V or 2.55V.
    • Operating Temperature Range: -40°C to +125°C.
  • Block Diagram
  • Pin Descriptions
    • External Gate Drive (EXT)
      • The output pin drives the external N-channel MOSFET on and off during boost operation.
    • Current Sense (CS)
      • Input peak current is sensed on CS through the external current sense resistor.
    • Feedback Input (FB)
      • Connect output voltage of boost converter through external resistor divider to the FB pin for voltage regulation.
    • Shutdown Input (SHDN)
      • The SHDN input is used to turn the boost converter on and off.
  • PIN Descriptions cont’d Low Battery Input (LBI) LBI is the input pin for the low battery comparator. Low Battery Output (LBO) LBO is an active-low, open-drain output capable of sinking 10 mA when the LBI pin is below the threshold voltage. Power Good (PG) PG is an active-high, open-drain output capable of sinking 10 mA when the FB input pin is 15% below its typical value or more than 15% above its typical value, indicating that the output voltage is out of regulation.
  • Low Power Detection (MCP1651 /53)
    • The Low-Battery Detect feature can be used to determine when the LBI input voltage has fallen below a predetermined threshold.
    • The low-battery detect feature compares the low battery input (LBI) pin to the internal 1.22V reference.
      • If the LBI input is below the LBI threshold voltage, the low battery output (LBO) pin will sink current up to 10 mA.
      • If the LBI input voltage is above the LBI threshold, the LBO output pin will be open or high impedance.
    Low Battery Detection (LBI)
  • Power Good Indication (MCP1652 / 53)
    • The Power Good Output feature monitors the divided-down voltage feedback into the FB pin.
    • The power good feature compares the voltage on FB pin to the internal reference (±15%).
      • If the FB pin is more than 15% above or below the power good threshold, the PG output will sink current.
      • If the output of the regulator is within ±15% of the output voltage, the PG pin will be open or high-impedance
    V REF VFB Power Good Indication
  • Other Functionalities
    • Soft-Start Operation
      • When power is first applied to the MCP1650/51/52/53, the internal reference initialization is controlled to slow down the start-up of the boost output voltage.
    • PWM Latch
      • The gated oscillator is self-latched to prevent double and sporadic pulsing.
    • Overcurrent Limit
      • The Current Sense (CS) input pin is used to sense the peak input current of the boost converter.
      • This can be used to limit how high the peak inductor current can reach.
  • Typical Non-Bootstrap Application Circuit (MCP1650/51/52/53)
    • Non-bootstrap applications are typically used when the output voltage is boosted to a voltage that is higher than the rated voltage of the Device.
    • In this application, output voltages of over 100V can be generated.
    3.3V to 12V 100mA Boost Converter
  • Battery Operated Boost LED Driver
    • The MCP1650 Boost Controller is capable of generating output voltages of over 100V.
    • The MCP1650 is configured in the conventional boost topology.
  • High Efficiency LED Smart Driver
    • The MCP1702 directly connected to the 12 volt source creates a 5 volt bias supply.
    • The MCP1652 powered the LEDs, minimizing the current requirements for the 5V power system.
    • A PIC10F202 adds intelligence to the circuit.
  • Driving LEDs with a SEPIC Regulator
    • The SEPIC converter can buck or boost as the input voltage changes.
    • The circuit topology provides inherent short-circuit protection due to the use of a coupling capacitor.
  • Additional Resource
    • For ordering the MCP1650/51/52/53, please click the part list or
    • Call our sales hotline
    • For additional inquires contact our technical service hotline
    • For more product information go to http://www.microchip.com/wwwproducts/Devices.aspx?dDocName=en500061