Ease in publishing online materials without extensive knowledge of HTML.
Ease in creating quizzes, surveys, and other activities with immediate scoring and feedback without knowledge of programming.
Easy registration for students.
Ease of management of password-protected access to the course.
Ease in creation of asynchronous fora.
Automatic recording of synchronous chats.
Layout consistency throughout the course.
Integrated tracking and monitoring capabilities.
(Rom án-Mendoza, 2001)
Most Frequent Uses of Moodle
Repository of learning materials, pedagogical resources and announcements
Notes and materials written by the teacher
Access to external information (textual, audiovisual, etc.)
Space for students to upload materials
Space for communication and collaboration
Preliminary Pedagogical Issues I
Student technical skills / class size
How familiar are my students with the tool(s) I want to use?
Which skills do my students need for my course? Where can I send them to get those skills?
How much instruction will my students need to master the tool I plan to implement?
How many students are in my class? How many students have Internet access from home? How often do they access the Internet?
Preliminary Pedagogical Issues II
How are online contents going to be related to my class?
Read/comment on something before class.
Read/comment on something after class.
Read/comment on something in the class.
What type of group work is appropriate for my class? What kinds of group projects are appropriate for a web-based (or blended) course?
Preliminary Pedagogical Issues III
Am I going to encourage or require participation in on-line activities?
How often is student participation required?
Do activities promote student-to-student interaction? or
Do activities only promote student-to-teacher interaction?
Preliminary Pedagogical Issues IV
Do I want to spend one class with students showing them how to use the tools?
Are the instructions I am providing students clear enough? Are they too long?
How often am I realistically going to be able to read student postings?
What kind of feedback am I going to give my students?
Am I using the right tool for what I intend to do?
Approaches to Learning
Constructivism and social constructivism
Defensive versus expansive learning
Siemens (2004 and many others)
Downes (see list of publications in his website)
Social constructivism: All cognitive functions originate in, and must therefore be explained as products of, social interactions and [...] learning is not simply the assimilation and accommodation of new knowledge by learners; it is the process by which learners are integrated into a knowledge community. (Vygotsky, 1997, following http ://gsi.berkeley.edu/resources/learning/social.html )
Expansiv: Ich lerne, weil ich das zu Lernende als inhaltlich für mich selbst relevant, nützlich oder wissenswert betrachte und um meine Handlungsmöglichkeiten erweitern zu können. (Woodtli, 2008)
Learning is a process that occurs within nebulous environments of shifting core elements – not entirely under the control of the individual. Learning (defined as actionable knowledge) can reside outside of ourselves (within an organization or a database), is focused on connecting specialized information sets, and the connections that enable us to learn more are more important than our current state of knowing. Siemens (2004)
The knowledge is not in any given individual, but it's a property of the network as a whole. Downes (2007)
E-Language Learning Best Practices
(Source: PICCA best practices model in e-language learning. Chinnery, 2008)
Stages in Moodle Integration Source for this and following slides: Four Stage eLearning Professional Development Plan by Deemor, Dougiamas, Marchant and Meyers. http://eteachingpd.wikispaces.com/ - Uploading of resources and documents - Passive use of forums Stage 1: Survival (Teacher-centred; instructionism)
Stages in Moodle Integration
- Quizzes and assignments that relate with other previous or follow-up activities (preparation for class, homework, etc.) and that result in a better management of face-to-face interactions.
Students contribute with resources and create content via blogs, wikis, etc.
Active use of forums. Students contribute with meaningful comments and postings. Students may act as forum moderators.
Stage 2: On Track (Student-centred; constructivism)
Stages in Moodle Integration
- Combine activities into sequences.
Combine online activities with face-to-face interactions.
Critical thinking activities
Students evaluate learning process formatively and summatively.
Chinnery, G. M. (2008). Biting the hand that feeds me: The case for e-language learning and teaching. CALICO Journal, 25 (3), 471-482
Deemor, S, Dougiamas, M., Marchant, V. and Meyers, W. (2008). Four Stage eLearning Professional Development Plan. http://eteachingpd.wikispaces.com/
Downes, S. (various dates). Articles. http ://www.downes.ca/me/articles.htm
Grotluschen, A. (2005). Learning: Benefits and Limitations of Subject-Scientific Learning Theory.
Holzkamp, K. (1993). Lernen. Subjektwissenschaftliche Grundlegung . Frankfurt a. M., Nueva York.
Lasic, T. (2008, Sept). What is Moodle explained with Lego. http://www.slideshare.net/moodlefan/what-is-moodle-explained-with-lego-presentation/
Rom án-Mendoza, E. (in print). “RSS and Social Personalized Start Pages: Optimizing E-language Learning through Content Syndication, in Anderson, L & Lord, G . Second Generation CALL .
Rom án-Mendoza, E. “Web-based Instructional Environments: Tools and Techniques for Effective Second Language Acquisition,” in Cantos, P. and Pérez, P. (Eds.): New Trends in Computer Assisted Language Teaching/Learning . International Journal of English Studies. Monograph Issue 11.1. Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia (2002): 33-60.
Siemens, G. (2004). A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in Society. London: Harvard University Press.
Woodtli, M. (2008). MoodleMythen. http://moodle.elearn.ch/mod/resource/view.php?id=5513
If you want to learn more…
Books and manuals
Cole, J. & Foster, H. Using Moodle - Teaching with the Popular Open Source Course Management System. 2 nd Ed. http://download.moodle.org/download.php/docs/en/using_moodle_2e.zip
More manuals: http://docs.moodle.org/en/Moodle_manuals (EN), http://download.moodle.org/docs/es/teacher-manual-es.pdf (ES), http://download.moodle.org/docs/it/teacher-manual-it.pdf (IT)
Blake, R. & Chun, D. (2008). Brave New Digital Classroom: Technology and Foreign Language Learning . Georgetown University Press
Rice, W. (2007). Moodle Teaching Techniques: Creative Ways to Use Moodle for Constructing Online Learning Solutions . Packt Publishing
Rice, W. (2008). Moodle 1.9 E-Learning Course Development: A complete guide to successful learning using Moodle . Packt Publishing (review of this book at http://www.phpclasses.org/reviews/id/1847193536.html )
If you want to learn more…
Introductory articles with examples:
Robb, T. (2004). Moodle: A virtual learning environment for the rest of us. TESL-EJ, 8 (2), 1-8. http://tesl-ej.org/ej30/m2.html
Brandl, K. (2005). Are you ready to Moodle? Language Learning and Technology, 9 (2), 16-23. http://llt.msu.edu/vol9num2/review1/
Hinkelman, D. & Grose, T. (2004). Placement Testing and Audio Quiz-Making with Open Source Software. Proceedings of CLaSIC 2004 . http:// paccall.org/Journal/V-1-1-papers/Hinkelman-Grose-Placement-testing.pdf
Blake, R., Wilson, N., Cetto, M. & Pardo-Ballester, C. (2008). Measuring oral proficiency in distance, face-to-face and blended classrooms. Language Learning and Technology, 12 (3), 114/127. http://llt.msu.edu/vol12num3/blakeetal.pdf
Munoz, K. & Duzer, J. van (2005). Blackboard vs. Moodle A Comparison of Satisfaction with Online Teaching and Learning Tools. http://www.humboldt.edu/~jdv1/moodle/all.htm
If you want to learn more…
By Max Woodtli: http://delicious.com/mwoodtli/moodle (many in German)
Tagged with “moodle” by all Delicious users: http://delicious.com/search?p=moodle&u=&chk=&context=main&fr=del_icio_us&lc=0
The Moodleman Blog. http://www.moodleman.net/
Open Education. http://www.openeducation.net/
Elearnblog. http://www.elearn.ch/blog/ (in German)
Noticiasmoodle. http://www.noticiasmoodle.com/ (in Spanish)
Moodle Schule. http://moodleschule.de/ (in German)