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SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY   Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune   1
– SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY-• This Subject examines how you can increase your productivity in any  field of activity. A part...
– SCIENCE OF                 PRODUCTIVITY-• The subject matter herein comprises the course material for a day’s  seminar o...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY• The subject of increasing productivity has been dealt with under four  topics.               » Mana...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYI. MANAGEMENT VS SELF-MANAGEMENT.• A person’s productivity involves not only management of material a...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYI. MANAGEMENT VS SELF-MANAGEMENT…• Businessmen and professionals carry their domestic problems to the...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management• Management comprises three basic factors.       • Manager … Individual … ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• Thus the third factor of management is provided for as well.  Corporat...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• A manager is basically an individual.                                 ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• But then, what happens to the manifold roles while an individual plays...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• The solution to this problem lies in being aware of the other roles  w...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual• Self-management relates to an individual’s inner self. The inner self is  constituted...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• The mind functions on likes and dislikes. It produces endless desires.  It lacks di...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• In the world today, everyone’s mind is pressurized by a host of desires  and expect...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• A powerful intellect, however, does not mean mere intelligence. A  person may be ve...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• Modern education aims only at developing the human intelligence.  Teachers communic...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• Thus by a continuous process of study, original thinking and  independent reflectio...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action• The difference between an impulsive and discriminative action li...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action…• A manager who acts impulsively lacks clarity in thinking. He ca...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action…• Management of any field, therefore, requires attention to the i...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYObjectivity In Action• Objectivity is the backbone of productivity. The more objective you  are the m...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity• You lose your objectivity because of your likes and dislikes. Your  powerful att...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• Therefore, as long as you are possessed by likes and dislikes, your  actions wi...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• An ideal envisages something beyond your selfish, egocentric interests  in life...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• To fix an ideal in life you must look beyond that  self-cent red boundary. Try ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative• In modern business administration the accepted jargon for   productivity is ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative …• The actual growth in production arises when workers develop the   initiati...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative …• Ironically, work pampered by incentives causes avarice for more and   more...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConsistency of Purpose• Lack of consistency in a field of activity is another reason for drop in  pro...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success• The whole world longs for success.  People crave for something which  belongs ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Consequently, the action suffers. Success eludes such result-oriented  actio...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY• THE SECRET OF SUCCESS …• The world is made up of numerous fields of  actions. In each of these ther...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• The Law of Karma explains the phenomenon  of life based on the principle of ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• This law is infallible. Yet people attribute success or failure to God.  God...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Confusion arises in the minds of people regarding the Law of Karma.  They do...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Two students appear for an examination. One of them works very  hard during ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action• An ideal action has two essential requisites. The action itself must   generate energy....
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The body needs to act ceaselessly. Action builds up energy and   strength. Inaction w...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …•   The second part of the technique helps you to concentrate on your present    action...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Most people linger in the memories of the past. They let their past   failures and wo...
Increase ProductivityIdeal Action …• The third channel of dissipation is excitement over the present action   itself. Work...
Increase ProductivityIdeal Action …• The range of human activity also falls broadly under three categories  depending upon...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Selfish interests and motives propelled actions in the first category. An   individua...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The second category visualizes a higher and nobler ideal in life. An   ideal which se...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The highest human activity falls under the third classification. Actions   which are ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Renunciation in action is not renunciation of action. It only means   getting rid of ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Take a close look at the general pattern of nature. Learn your lessons   from the sun...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Similarly, let your work be free from the taint of egoism and   selfishness. Follow t...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• People are of the mistaken impression that work suffers when there is   no desire or ...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Hardly anyone recognizes this law of life. People are steeped in   ignorance. You oug...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success• This topic gives helpful directions on your way to success. Certain   practical aids...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• These manifest from your very birth. From an early age you show   distinct inclina...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• It is important that you do not choose a vocation alien to your basic   nature. If...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• Your fundamental duty therefore is to determine your basic nature.   Your innate t...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• Further, to ensure success and progress   all through your life, you must keep   r...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYCo-operative Endeavour• Another positive aid to success lies in developing a spirit of co-  operative...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYCo-operative Endeavour …  For example, the designer of the latest model in the automobile  industry m...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYComplexes• Most people suffer from complexes. They have either superiority or  an inferiority complex...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYComplexes …• Complexes infest this world when there is lack of knowledge. When  people fail to see th...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYPractice Objectivity• In this world you constantly go through joy and sorrow. In business   you exper...
INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYPractice Objectivity …• Examine this axiom. A student fails in his examination. He feels   extreme so...
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SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY

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The subject of increasing productivity has been dealt with under four topics.
Management vs. Self-Management.
Objectivity in Action.
The Secret of Success
Aids to Success
The first topic deals with self-management. Management of one’s own personality. Self-management plays an important role in increasing productivity in the realm of your activity. The second topic highlights objectivity as the essence of productivity. When you maintain objectivity in your actions you become efficient and productive. The third explains how action is related to success. Your present action is the cause that brings about success or failure as its effect in the future. The last topic presents certain practical aids for achieving success.

 Management comprises three basic factors.
Manager … Individual … Subject
Managed … Material and Men … Object
Managing…Function …Relationship between subject and object.
The corporations provide their managers adequate material and human resources for executing the work entrusted to them. The second factor of management is well taken care of. They also make sure they appoint a manager with appropriate academic and technical knowledge to execute his work. They are convinced that his qualification is adequate for him to function at optimum capacity.
Thus the third factor of management is provided for as well. Corporate bodies understand and operate only in these two realms. They do not attend to the first factor at all. They do not relate to the manager as an individual. His inner being. His mental stability. How much of the manager’s mind and intellect is available for him to fulfill his managerial obligation. These factors are not known in management circles. Much less analyzed. And least attended to.
A manager is basically an individual. The individual plays the role of manager in his office. But he has several other roles to play in his life as well. As a citizen of his country. Father of his family, captain of the football team, secretary of the club and others.
But then, what happens to the manifold roles while an individual plays the role of a manager? How does he deal with them? Does he leave them behind? Bring them along with him into his present role? If he does, he will remember his other roles while performing the present one. Then, would not the memory of his other roles interfere with his concentration in the present role? His attention must focus on the present to render his work productive. He cannot afford to dissipate his concentration on other thoughts. But then, can he afford to drop the memory of all other roles, associations and relations? Forget completely that he is a citizen of his country or father of his family while acting as a manager in his company? If he does so, will he not impinge upon his other obligations? Either way, he would face a problem.

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Transcript of "SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY"

  1. 1. SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 1
  2. 2. – SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY-• This Subject examines how you can increase your productivity in any field of activity. A particular aspect of productivity, which has been ignored to a point of fault. It explains your inner constitution and its relation with external action.• A mind disturbed by desires, worries and anxieties affects your efficiency and productivity. Whereas, a mind calm and peaceful enables you to put your best efforts forward. When your mind is calm, your intellect is sharp and alert. You can then handle your business, your home, your society with ease. You become most productive in life. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 2
  3. 3. – SCIENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY-• The subject matter herein comprises the course material for a day’s seminar offered to businessmen and professionals. It starts with an analysis of the individual. Then explains the importance of self- management before attempting any form of external management. An essential aspect of self-management lies in developing and maintaining objectivity in action. Objectivity is the sap that sustains the vitality of action. Paves the way to your success and progress in this world. The subject then turns to the secret of true success. A key that opens the door to success. The final portion gives certain practical aids to success. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 3
  4. 4. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY• The subject of increasing productivity has been dealt with under four topics. » Management vs. Self-Management. » Objectivity in Action. » The Secret of Success » Aids to Success• The first topic deals with self-management. Management of one’s own personality. Self-management plays an important role in increasing productivity in the realm of your activity. The second topic highlights objectivity as the essence of productivity. When you maintain objectivity in your actions you become efficient and productive. The third explains how action is related to success. Your present action is the cause that brings about success or failure as its effect in the future. The last topic presents certain practical aids for achieving success. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 4
  5. 5. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYI. MANAGEMENT VS SELF-MANAGEMENT.• A person’s productivity involves not only management of material and men but the management of his own self as well. One may have adequate education and technical qualification to manage one’s business or profession, yet the output of work suffers because of one’s disturbed state of mind. A common problem which harasses people in the corporate world. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 5
  6. 6. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYI. MANAGEMENT VS SELF-MANAGEMENT…• Businessmen and professionals carry their domestic problems to their offices and their offices problems to their homes. They do not know how to switch off their domestic concerns while at office. Nor their officials concerns while at home. Their minds are never at rest. This impairs their concentration, efficiency and productivity in their field of activity. Hence self-management is a crucial preliminary to any other form of management in life. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 6
  7. 7. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management• Management comprises three basic factors. • Manager … Individual … Subject • Managed … Material and Men … Object • Managing…Function …Relationship between subject and object.• The corporations provide their managers adequate material and human resources for executing the work entrusted to them. The second factor of management is well taken care of. They also make sure they appoint a manager with appropriate academic and technical knowledge to execute his work. They are convinced that his qualification is adequate for him to function at optimum capacity. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 7
  8. 8. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• Thus the third factor of management is provided for as well. Corporate bodies understand and operate only in these two realms. They do not attend to the first factor at all. They do not relate to the manager as an individual. His inner being. His mental stability. How much of the manager’s mind and intellect is available for him to fulfill his managerial obligation. These factors are not known in management circles. Much less analyzed. And least attended to. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 8
  9. 9. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• A manager is basically an individual. Work allotment, The individual plays the role of quality control Customer’s manager in his office. But he has Pressure several other roles to play in his life Resources as well. As a citizen of his country. Problems Father of his family, captain of the Family Problems football team, secretary of the club and others. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 9
  10. 10. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• But then, what happens to the manifold roles while an individual plays the role of a manager? How does he deal with them? Does he leave them behind? Bring them along with him into his present role? If he does, he will remember his other roles while performing the present one. Then, would not the memory of his other roles interfere with his concentration in the present role? His attention must focus on the present to render his work productive. He cannot afford to dissipate his concentration on other thoughts. But then, can he afford to drop the memory of all other roles, associations and relations? Forget completely that he is a citizen of his country or father of his family while acting as a manager in his company? If he does so, will he not impinge upon his other obligations? Either way, he would face a problem. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 10
  11. 11. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConstituents of Management ….• The solution to this problem lies in being aware of the other roles without allowing them to intrude into the present. Keep them in a background. But let not their memory interfere in any way with the present action. That will help him to maintain objectivity. Increase efficiency in action.• The first component of management, the individual, therefore needs to be well accomplished to optimize productivity in his field of action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 11
  12. 12. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual• Self-management relates to an individual’s inner self. The inner self is constituted of the mind and intellect. The mind comprises impulses, feelings, and emotions. The intellect is constituted of reason, reflection, and judgment. The mind and intellect propel actions of the body. The body by itself cannot act. Actions emanate either from the mind or from the intellect or from a combination of both mind and intellect. Inner self Impulses Reason Feelings Mind Intellect Reflection Emotions Judgment Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 12
  13. 13. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• The mind functions on likes and dislikes. It produces endless desires. It lacks direction or dimension. It can cause you great damage if your intellect does not govern it. Like the case of an alcoholic. His mind is obsessed with drinking. His intellect is not powerful enough to control the tremendous pressure of the mind. Intellect controls mind Intellect unable to control mind Mind Desires Mind Desires Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 13
  14. 14. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• In the world today, everyone’s mind is pressurized by a host of desires and expectations from all walks of life – domestic, official, social. The intellect battles with the mind moment to moment but invariably loses control over it. Consequently the mind remains ever agitated, disturbed, troubled. If a manager has such a disturbed mind he cannot perform his managerial functions normally. His work suffers. His productivity falls. To increase productivity, therefore, the intellect needs to be developed and strengthened. A powerful intellect makes a productive manager. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 14
  15. 15. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• A powerful intellect, however, does not mean mere intelligence. A person may be very intelligent and yet have a poor intellect. Intelligence arises from being well informed on one or more subjects. You may be highly educated in geometry or psychiatry. You become intelligent in the subject. You turn out to be a great geometrician or psychiatrist. That’s about all. Your intellect may still lack control over the demands of your mind. A brilliant scientist may easily yield to his materialistic or sensual desires. To gain proper control over the whims and fancies of the mind you need a strong intellect. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 15
  16. 16. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• Modern education aims only at developing the human intelligence. Teachers communicate their knowledge, transfer thoughts and ideas to students from an external source. This method can improve a student’s intelligence. Not his intellect.• You cannot strengthen your intellect by merely acquiring other’s knowledge, however wise they are. You develop your intellect through original thinking, independent reflection. That does not mean you discard the wisdom of the past. Your approach to life must be methodic, scientific. To begin with, acquire the knowledge laid down by earlier thinkers. Having acquired the prevailing wisdom, think originally on your part. Use your own power of reasoning. Research further, your way of life must be paved through individual exertion and understanding. Not on mere acceptance of past authorities. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 16
  17. 17. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Individual….• Thus by a continuous process of study, original thinking and independent reflection on various aspects of life you develop a powerful intellect. Such an intellect alone can control the wild nature of the mind. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 17
  18. 18. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action• The difference between an impulsive and discriminative action lies in the use of the intellect. In every action your reason must guide your impulses. Your intellect should direct the mind. Then, that action would be discriminative. If, however, the mind itself propels an action without intellectual direction then it would be impulsive.• Impulsive actions can harm both you and society. An action impelled by impulses is bereft of reason. And acting without reason is like driving a car without a steering wheel. The consequences of such actions could be disastrous. Whereas, actions directed by the intellect are beneficial to one and all. Logic and reason support them. And as the intellect grows, you become more mature. You rise to greater heights of perfection. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 18
  19. 19. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action…• A manager who acts impulsively lacks clarity in thinking. He cannot make quick and proper decisions. His work output suffers. His productivity drops. If his impulses still go unchecked he will deteriorate further. His intellect loses control over them gradually. He becomes less and less objective and more and more impulsive in his behavior. Turns more emotional. If he continues thus, his emotionalism will develop into eccentricity. Eccentricity into hysteria. Finally, hysteria leads to virtual insanity. The minds of executives managing large corporations have deteriorated alarmingly. Yet management gurus and their associations are not even aware of this serious deficiency in self-management. They do not deal with it at all. Ironically they themselves are victims of this grave problem. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 19
  20. 20. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYImpulsive VS. Discriminative Action…• Management of any field, therefore, requires attention to the inner personality primarily. Self-management on the part of the manager. A manager must develop a powerful intellect to govern the impulses of his mind. He will then gain objectivity. Increase productivity in his field of action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 20
  21. 21. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYObjectivity In Action• Objectivity is the backbone of productivity. The more objective you are the more productive you become. Objectivity is measured by your intellect’s control and governance of your mind. The mind yields to the pressures of sensual attractions, emotional attachments, insatiable desires. A well developed intellect alone can control the weaknesses of the mind and direct it to one’s optimum output in life.• The intelligence gained through academic education and practical training qualifies you to work in a particular field of action. But impulses and desires may build up in your mind to cause severe mental agitations. Your intellect then fails to control the mind’s demands. You lose your intellectual alertness in actions. The pressures of the mind destroy your objectivity. Consequently, efficiency and productivity start decreasing in your field of action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 21
  22. 22. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity• You lose your objectivity because of your likes and dislikes. Your powerful attractions and repulsions. You court objects and beings that bring you instant pleasure. You discard those that cause your displeasure. You act mostly by your pleasures. Your actions are led more by your feelings and emotions rather than reason and judgment. The intellect hardly plays its part. Such actions are unproductive, even detrimental. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 22
  23. 23. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• Therefore, as long as you are possessed by likes and dislikes, your actions will suffer. You must ward off the negative influence of impulses and feelings upon your actions. You can achieve this by fixing an ideal in your life. Your ideal will determine your aim, ambition, aspiration in this world; your purpose, goal, mission in life. Your intellect fixes the ideal. Your actions then follow the direction set by the intellect rather than the whims and fancies of the mind. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 23
  24. 24. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• An ideal envisages something beyond your selfish, egocentric interests in life. But life generally centers around you and your immediate family. The family, the home, becomes the boundary of your interest in life. All your actions in this world are directed towards the welfare of the family and you. You are disinclined to doing anything beyond this limit. It becomes the boundary of your activities. You operate within that periphery. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 24
  25. 25. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYDevelop Objectivity…• To fix an ideal in life you must look beyond that self-cent red boundary. Try to conceive a goal beyond the precinct of your narrow mind. Your intellect must aim for something higher than the mind’s petty attachments and desires. But take care that you fix a realistic goal. In your enthusiasm you may choose something far beyond your capacity. You may however select as high a goal as you can reach. The higher the goal, the greater your potency in action. Let your actions follow the direction set by your ideal. Such work steps up your efficiency and productivity. You progress in your field of activity. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 25
  26. 26. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative• In modern business administration the accepted jargon for productivity is incentive for action. Management peers advise corporate bodies to use incentives for workers to increase their production. They try to incite workers to action from external sources. Through inflated payments and perks, praises and promotions. Incentives are mere boosters, not builders of action. They do not promote the natural growth of action. They act as chemical fertilizers in agriculture. Fertilizers merely boost the yield. But destroy the food value, even the taste. So do incentives divest actions of their essence and value. Actions lose their real potency and growth. Management counselors do not realise this. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 26
  27. 27. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative …• The actual growth in production arises when workers develop the initiative to work. When they take action on their own. The zeal to work, to serve, comes from within oneself. An attitude which springs from a high ideal. From a goal, purpose, cause, that transcends their self-centred interests. But when they work for incentives they develop a motive for personal reward. Work becomes self-centred. Though incentives boost initial work output they have a diminishing value. They may produce immediate benefits. But the quality and volume of work gradually reduces to naught. Whereas, work backed by an initiative for a higher cause produces a long term benefit. It steadily increases to optimum productivity. Above all such work generates peace and harmony among the workforce, in the work-place. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 27
  28. 28. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIncentive VS Initiative …• Ironically, work pampered by incentives causes avarice for more and more rewards in the minds of workers. It leads to discontentment and disharmony in the end. Workers, therefore must be educated on the fundamental values of life, encouraged to set high ideals at work. Thus develop an initiative to serve and help the community rather than exploit and aggrandise. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 28
  29. 29. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYConsistency of Purpose• Lack of consistency in a field of activity is another reason for drop in productivity. Consistency of purpose is most essential to success and progress. Fixing an ideal in your life sets a direction to your actions. With a firm ideal before you, set your priorities in order. Let your intellect direct your actions toward the determined goal. Thus your actions, following one direction, develop great power and dynamism. Anything focussed in one direction gathers power. For instance, water flowing in one direction develops hydroelectric power. Wind blowing in one direction gains power. So too light focussed to a point. Hence, consistency in your efforts plays a vital role in increasing your productivity in action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 29
  30. 30. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success• The whole world longs for success. People crave for something which belongs to the future. Little do they realize that success is the effect of a cause. That success or failure is a result which is yet to come. And action is the cause which brings about that result. People are more concerned about the effect than the cause. Hardly anyone concentrates on one’s action. The interest and attention is on the result of action rather than the present action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 30
  31. 31. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Consequently, the action suffers. Success eludes such result-oriented actions. Whereas, those who concentrate on their present action, unmindful of its result, execute their actions perfectly. Success is bound to follow such actions. Success, therefore, can be defined as action itself at a future period of time. Today’s action metamorphoses into tomorrow’s success or failure. Just as a child becomes a youth later, and an old man toward the end of his life, so too, the actual structure of one’s present action determines its result in the future. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 31
  32. 32. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY• THE SECRET OF SUCCESS …• The world is made up of numerous fields of actions. In each of these there exists a cause and effect relationship. The cause and effect relationship was engrained in this world from the very beginning. A coconut seed always produces a coconut tree and a coconut tree produces a coconut seed. An egg has been the cause of the hen and a hen the cause of the egg. Man has been the son of his father and father of his son. The phenomenon of this world is just a play of cause and effect. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 32
  33. 33. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• The Law of Karma explains the phenomenon of life based on the principle of cause and effect relationship. The law states that you are a product of the past and producer of the future. You are what you are because of your past efforts. Your past efforts determine your present state and your present effort will shape your future. Your future, therefore, is a continuity of the past modified in the present. Effort is the underlying factor governing your life. If your efforts are worthy you become a successful person. If not they end in failure. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 33
  34. 34. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• This law is infallible. Yet people attribute success or failure to God. God has nothing to do with your success or failure in life. God is only the substratum of all activities. God relates to persons as petrol to cars. Petrol provides the energy for movement in cars. But it does not determine the nature of the movement. Heedless driving results in an accident. Cautious driving ensures your safety. But the petrol used in both the cars is the same. Petrol has nothing to do with the accident or safety. And yet, without petrol no car ever moves. So does God remain above your activities and their fruits? There is no sense in linking God to your success or failure. He is the Life-spark which energises you to act in whatever way you choose. The quality of your action alone determines your success and progress in life. You get what you deserve, not what you desire. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 34
  35. 35. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Confusion arises in the minds of people regarding the Law of Karma. They do not perceive the cause and effect relation function because they do not have the complete facts. They come to an erroneous conclusion when they fail to relate the entire cause to a particular effect. Consequently, they fall a prey to superstitious beliefs in fate and destiny. A simple example illustrates this truth. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 35
  36. 36. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYThe Secret of Success …• Two students appear for an examination. One of them works very hard during the last two months of study leave. The other relaxes during the same period. The first one, with all the efforts he puts in fails. The second fares brilliantly. People normally attribute this antithesis of their fate. The actual fact remains that the first student wasted practically all the three years of the course and tried to make up in the last two months. Whereas, the successful one as a thoroughly disciplined student who applied himself devotedly to study all through the course. Thus, when you apply the whole cause, you find that the principle of cause and effect, the Law of Karma, works out immaculately. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 36
  37. 37. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action• An ideal action has two essential requisites. The action itself must generate energy. And it must avoid dissipation of the existing energy. This is the technique of right action, which increases its productivity. The first part of the technique which promotes energy comprises three disciplines pertaining to the body, mind and intellect: • Engaging the body in constant action. • Surrendering the mind to a chosen ideal. • Keeping the intellect focussed on the ideal. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 37
  38. 38. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The body needs to act ceaselessly. Action builds up energy and strength. Inaction weakens and ultimately destroys the physical body. The second discipline aims at surrendering your mind to a higher ideal. An ideal represents a nobler, greater purpose in your actions beyond your selfish interests. When you surrender to a high ideal you gain mental stamina to work. The higher the ideal the greater the stamina. Your actions then gain immense energy. The third discipline relates to the intellect. Your intellect is in constant focus upon the ideal. You maintain objectivity in action. Thus the three disciplines help in promoting energy in action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 38
  39. 39. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The second part of the technique helps you to concentrate on your present action by avoiding dissipation of energy. Your existing energy dissipates through three possible channels: • Your worries of the past • Your anxieties for the future • Your feverish excitement over the present. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 39
  40. 40. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Most people linger in the memories of the past. They let their past failures and woes infiltrate into the present and disturb their action.• The second, a common cause of dissipation, lies in the craving for the enjoyment of the fruit of action. The anxiety for the future result while acting in the present. The obsession for acquisition and enjoyment of the fruit mars the proper execution of your present action. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 40
  41. 41. Increase ProductivityIdeal Action …• The third channel of dissipation is excitement over the present action itself. Working oneself into a frenzy over one’s duty and responsibility. Into a fever of doing. You must, therefore, learn to clip the worries of the past and anxieties for the future and plunge into your present activity without the least excitement. That will determine your concentration in action. Through the practice of concentration and consistency your actions will command productivity in any field of application. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 41
  42. 42. Increase ProductivityIdeal Action …• The range of human activity also falls broadly under three categories depending upon the manner in which the actions are performed: • Actions performed with selfish motives, with egocentric desires. • Actions with unselfish motives or desires • Actions without motives or desires. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 42
  43. 43. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Selfish interests and motives propelled actions in the first category. An individual merely fulfils his egocentric desires. He looks for mere personal profit or benefit in his actions. He sweats and toils for himself, perhaps his family, for procuring more comforts and pleasures. His interest in life does not extend beyond his personal acquisition and enjoyment. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 43
  44. 44. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The second category visualizes a higher and nobler ideal in life. An ideal which serves a common cause benefiting the society. A person with an ideal no longer confines his actions to mere personal pleasure or profit. The cause for which he works embraces the welfare of the people at large. He strives all his life towards his noble ideal. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 44
  45. 45. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• The highest human activity falls under the third classification. Actions which are free from desires and motives. Merely doing what ought to be done. No desire propelling action. No obsession for fruit. Work undertaken with a perfect sense of detachment. In a spirit of renunciation. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 45
  46. 46. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Renunciation in action is not renunciation of action. It only means getting rid of your selfish ego, banishing all egocentric motives while acting. Working for work’s sake. Your motto in life should be to strive, to struggle, not to succeed. You will then maintain perfect poise and harmony within while you work. The law of life is that your mind should be at rest, peaceful and poised, while your body is constantly engaged in action. Intense work is rest. Your life is enriched by the spirit of selfless action. This is true success. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 46
  47. 47. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Take a close look at the general pattern of nature. Learn your lessons from the sun, moon and stars. They work so tirelessly. So impersonally. Watch, the rivers flow, the earth yields vegetation, cows provide milk, the flowers give fragrance. They have no personal motive, no ego, no selfish desires to fulfill. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 47
  48. 48. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Similarly, let your work be free from the taint of egoism and selfishness. Follow the benevolence of nature. Rise above the idea of the little self, your corroding ego. Banish the thought of I am the doer. The higher you rise above your ego the more glorious will your work turn out. Such work will bring you success, prosperity and peace. If, however, you succumb to your selfish ego, your work will suffer. You will cease to be peaceful and prosperous. That is the law. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 48
  49. 49. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• People are of the mistaken impression that work suffers when there is no desire or motive attached to it. They fear that activity would cease if they lose their desires. But this is far from the truth. Consider the example of a child. A child is one of most active beings on earth. Always effervescing with energy. Bubbling with activity. But the child has no motives or desires, no plans or schemes, no hopes or expectations. Similarly, in your life there need be no craving for success any expectation of fruit. Craving and expecting only impair and impede your activities. Instead, let your intellect set an ideal before you. Then, plunge into action. Do not brood over the dead past or worry about the unborn future but merely act in the living present. Then alone will your work turn beautiful, fruitful, and successful. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 49
  50. 50. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYIdeal Action …• Hardly anyone recognizes this law of life. People are steeped in ignorance. You ought not to fall in line with the ignoramuses. Stand by this sterling law of life. You will gain productivity, prosperity and peace in all your endeavors. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 50
  51. 51. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success• This topic gives helpful directions on your way to success. Certain practical aids while implementing the guidelines laid down in the earlier topics. They prove useful in promoting your efficiency and productivity in the world.• One of the fundamental issues governing success in your endeavors in the choice of the sphere of activity in your life. You must choose a field of activity according to your basic nature. The nature of every individual is constituted of his inherent tendencies and inclinations, his distinct likes and dislikes, his particular choices and preferences. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 51
  52. 52. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• These manifest from your very birth. From an early age you show distinct inclinations towards engineering or medicine, history or philosophy, painting or music. When you grow into an adult you must necessarily choose a vocation in life according to your own nature. That becomes your duty and responsibility. By choosing the right vocation your actions will become most productive. Your personality will blossom. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 52
  53. 53. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• It is important that you do not choose a vocation alien to your basic nature. If you do, you will then become mentally agitated. Your productivity will fall. You will not progress in life. Many parents push their children into a field of activity opposed to the child’s nature and temperament. A typical example is a surgeon forcing his son into the medical profession just because he has built a nursing home and a lucrative practice. Others absorb their offspring into their business ignoring their natural tendencies and talents. Though these arrangements may be very convenient, they will become detrimental in the long run. Sometimes even turn disastrous. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 53
  54. 54. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• Your fundamental duty therefore is to determine your basic nature. Your innate traits and tendencies. Your attractions and repulsions. Having found it choose a particular field of activity to suit your own nature. You will then flourish in that field. Your productivity and progress is assured.• Having chosen the field of activity according to your basic nature, your intellect, not your mind, must guide your actions in that field. You must perform every action thereafter through reason and not by mere impulse. Such discriminative actions performed in a compatible field will optimize your productivity. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 54
  55. 55. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYAids to Success …• Further, to ensure success and progress all through your life, you must keep raising your ideal gradually. To begin with, fix a realistic ideal which you can reach with a certain amount of strain and struggle. Pursue the ideal diligently. You will then find the pursuit comfortable. At that stage you may raise your goal a little to feel a similar strain. Struggle with the renewed goal until you feel comfortable again. Repeat this process by stepping up your ideal each time. Your activities will ultimately gain perfection. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 55
  56. 56. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYCo-operative Endeavour• Another positive aid to success lies in developing a spirit of co- operative endeavor. To feel a sense of belonging to the whole in any field of activity. To drop your self-centred attitude. To consider yourself just a spoke in the wheel. No I am the doer arrogance. No ego. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 56
  57. 57. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYCo-operative Endeavour … For example, the designer of the latest model in the automobile industry must not arrogate all the work in his sleek model to himself. He must realize that millions of thinkers, technocrats and technicians have contributed their share towards his modern car. He must dissolve the self-arrogating ego and function as a member of a team. He will then increase his efficiency and productivity in the unit in which he functions. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 57
  58. 58. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYComplexes• Most people suffer from complexes. They have either superiority or an inferiority complex. Rare indeed is one who is free from them both. Complexes create mental agitations. They tell upon the productivity of your action. In business, a manager feels himself superior to his employees and an employee feels inferior to him. Sometimes, vice versa. At home, the wife feels herself superior to her husband and the husband inferior to her. Or vice versa. Thus people are inflicted with this disease of complexes everywhere. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 58
  59. 59. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYComplexes …• Complexes infest this world when there is lack of knowledge. When people fail to see the beauty and grandeur of the cosmos with its multi-faceted glories. Every object and being has its place in this universe. None is superior or inferior. Nature is designed beautifully and meticulously to cater to all aspects of life. Nothing is left out. Earth produces vegetation. Vegetation sustains beings. The sun, moon and stars, the flora and fauna, the mountains and rivers all play their part to perfection to form a harmonious whole. In this magnificent creation no object or being can assume a superior or inferior position, with this understanding play your role in life to the best of your ability. You will then be far more productive in whatever you do. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 59
  60. 60. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYPractice Objectivity• In this world you constantly go through joy and sorrow. In business you experience profit and loss. These fluctuations go on endlessly. They are a part and parcel of life. People tend to identify with them, get involved in them and suffer the pangs of these fluctuations. To get over this unnecessary suffering you must learn to become objective. Learn to view life totally, not egocentrically.• Looking at these fluctuations from an egocentric, personal angle your mind becomes disturbed when you meet anything unpleasant. But if you view the same thing as one happening against the backdrop of your entire life it sinks into insignificance. Again, viewing the same as one of the infinite events in the whole world, you see the absurdity of your complaint. Everything turns into a drop in the ocean of events not only at the present moment but in all periods of life. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 60
  61. 61. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITYPractice Objectivity …• Examine this axiom. A student fails in his examination. He feels extreme sorrow at that time. The same person looks at this failure as a mere incident in the latter part of his life. If, however, he learns the art of looking at the failure, even at that time, as only one little incident in his total life he becomes objective. The failure will not upset his mental equilibrium. Furthermore, look at his failure against the background of infinite failures of people at over the world. With that broad view his sorrow will not stand out any more. It becomes insignificant. Similarly, a businessman must look at his profit or loss against the backdrop of his life’s experiences and also against the total profit or loss experienced by the entire business world. Instantly, his personal sorrow loses its sting. Confidential to SoftTech Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Pune 61

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