A MOBILE BASED LEAVE APPLICATION
(M-LA) FOR GOVERNMENT
INSTITUTIONS: THE CASE OF THE
TEACHERS SERVICE COMMISION OF
KENYA
B...
M-LA
 This is a mobile based system that is used
by teachers to apply for leave.
Introduction
 Creation, maintenance and retrieval of
info is important in government
institutions
 E-government and m-go...
Problem Statement
 Slow leave processing (up to 30 days)
 Manual inefficient system used to handle
many users
 Data ana...
Objectives
 Identify the process used byTSC in
managing leave
 Design and develop a mobile app that can
be used to apply...
Literature review
Evolution of government services
Challenges facing adoption of
e-government
 Poor infrastructure especially in rural
areas (computers, internet electricit...
Importance of m-government
 reduction in cost,
 Increased efficiency
 Extra convenience and increased flexibility
 Mor...
Teacher’s Service Commission
 The TSC is an Independent government
Commission established under
the Constitution by an Ac...
TSC functions
 to register trained teachers;
 to recruit and employ registered
teachers;
 to assign teachers employed b...
Procedure for leave application
 An application form obtained from the
TSC’s website is completed in triplicate
and the c...
TSC and M-LA
 With M-LA, communication between the
top management and teachers will be a
two way interaction with the hel...
System design
 This model application was implemented
using, Java Micro Edition for mobile
phones, php/html web applicati...
User interface
Research design
Developed framework
Research findings
distribution by education
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Degree and above Certificate Other
Distribution ...
Number of people who have applied
for leave
80%
20%
Number of People who have applied for leave
Yes No
How teachers apply for leave
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
Manually Electronically
Acceptability of current system
Strongly
agree
Agree Disagree Strongly
Disagree
Total
Procedure used to apply
for leave Fr...
TSC employees with internet
enabled phones
68%
32%
people with internet enabled phones
Yes No
Acceptability of M-LA
acceptability Frequency Percent
Strongly Acceptable 140 53.03
Acceptable 62 23.48
Unacceptable 33 12...
Findings and conclusions
 ManyTSC staff have internet enabled
phones
 Teachers are not happy with the current
system
 T...
Mobile app user screen shots
Login and main menu screens
Leave application
Admin interface
Thank you
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation
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2014 e learning innovations conference benard kipkoech & makhanu m la presentation

  1. 1. A MOBILE BASED LEAVE APPLICATION (M-LA) FOR GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS: THE CASE OF THE TEACHERS SERVICE COMMISION OF KENYA By: Benard Kipkoech Supervisor: Dr. Everlyne Makhanu
  2. 2. M-LA  This is a mobile based system that is used by teachers to apply for leave.
  3. 3. Introduction  Creation, maintenance and retrieval of info is important in government institutions  E-government and m-government adopted to enhance data management and service delivery  Research finds out if a mobile phone can be used for leave management
  4. 4. Problem Statement  Slow leave processing (up to 30 days)  Manual inefficient system used to handle many users  Data analysis is hard  Less access to computers and internet in rural areas to facilitate e-government
  5. 5. Objectives  Identify the process used byTSC in managing leave  Design and develop a mobile app that can be used to apply for leave  Test the effectiveness of M-LA in leave management.
  6. 6. Literature review Evolution of government services
  7. 7. Challenges facing adoption of e-government  Poor infrastructure especially in rural areas (computers, internet electricity)  Skill inadequacy  High cost of setting up a reputable e- government system
  8. 8. Importance of m-government  reduction in cost,  Increased efficiency  Extra convenience and increased flexibility  More reliable services to the citizens and ability to reach a larger number of people
  9. 9. Teacher’s Service Commission  The TSC is an Independent government Commission established under the Constitution by an Act of Parliament (Cap 212) of the Laws of Kenya in 1967
  10. 10. TSC functions  to register trained teachers;  to recruit and employ registered teachers;  to assign teachers employed by the Commission for service in any public school or institution;  to promote and transfer teachers;  to exercise disciplinary control over teachers; and
  11. 11. Procedure for leave application  An application form obtained from the TSC’s website is completed in triplicate and the copies distributed as follows:-  The original copy will be forwarded to TSC byThe County Director.  The duplicate copy will be retained in the office ofThe County Director  The triplicate copy will be retained in the institution
  12. 12. TSC and M-LA  With M-LA, communication between the top management and teachers will be a two way interaction with the help of a mobile phone.Teachers can apply for leave through M-LA and data posted directly to the responsible personnel
  13. 13. System design  This model application was implemented using, Java Micro Edition for mobile phones, php/html web application framework, windows operating system, MySQL as a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
  14. 14. User interface
  15. 15. Research design Developed framework
  16. 16. Research findings distribution by education 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Degree and above Certificate Other Distribution by level of education
  17. 17. Number of people who have applied for leave 80% 20% Number of People who have applied for leave Yes No
  18. 18. How teachers apply for leave 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Manually Electronically
  19. 19. Acceptability of current system Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Procedure used to apply for leave Frequency (N) 39 15 68 142 264 % Frequency 14.77% 5.68% 25.76% 53.79% 100% Speed of processing of leave Frequency (N) 12 24 70 158 264 % Frequency 4.54% 9.09% 26.52% 59.85% 100% Average 25.5 19.5 69 150 264 Percentage 9.66% 7.39% 26.14% 56.82% 100.00%
  20. 20. TSC employees with internet enabled phones 68% 32% people with internet enabled phones Yes No
  21. 21. Acceptability of M-LA acceptability Frequency Percent Strongly Acceptable 140 53.03 Acceptable 62 23.48 Unacceptable 33 12.50 Strongly Unacceptable 29 10.98 Total 264 100.0
  22. 22. Findings and conclusions  ManyTSC staff have internet enabled phones  Teachers are not happy with the current system  Teachers can accept the introduction of M-LA because of; ease of use, speed, cost and availability  M-LA can therefore be introduced inTSC
  23. 23. Mobile app user screen shots
  24. 24. Login and main menu screens
  25. 25. Leave application
  26. 26. Admin interface
  27. 27. Thank you

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