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Lauilefue eleanor final project
HIGHER EUCATION 2000-PRESENT Instructor: Dr. David Hinton Course: EDU 657
Demographics and Diversity the changing profile of students: Post world war changed the way institutions enrolled new students. Students were no longer seventeen years old as an average enrollment age. Universities were building bigger institutions to accommodate the rise of student enrollment
STUDENT PROFILE: “nontraditional students” Thelin (2010) illustrates two end result for campus administrators (pg. 326): 1. campus administrators pay close attention to prospective students and their parents in order to better serve the mass public with their needs but most importantly with curricula. 2. Colleges are beginning to recognize its diverse enrollments; from student of average age, post war veterans, returning, and as well older students
Student profile cont’d: A new era of students: Fred Buining (2008) highlights that students are becoming more and more aware of their own future therefore they are taking control in terms of choosing their career path. Stduents are choosing a diverse path in their career field, thus it is reflecting towards institutions catering to student needs. Fred Buining (2008) mentions three important aspects that universities should approach higher education: 1. Vast practice: education should work as a community to inspire the vast population with pressing issues that are important to higher education such as hosting seminars, conferences, and conventions to help create a mass effect on the community for higher education. 2. Using the community as a role model so that institutions are able to bring in community speakers to help the community become involved within the higher education community. 3. Work in multidisciplinary ways so that institutions are able to create innovative ways to help support issues that are important to institutions, furthermore, pushing across departments issues that are relevant to an institutions.
Fenske and Scott (1978) studentratio: Fenske and Scott (1978) student profile in Student ration 1959- the 20th century included different factors present that has now become a norm in university attendees; they illustrated contributing factors such as white males and 1960 1959 females, poor families were showing increase number in attendees versus a six 1966 2008-2009 percent increase from wealthy population (pg. 15). 2009-2010 Ledermen (2012) illustrated that in the time of economic recession enrollment in higher education took a dip in 2008 but as 8% America slowly recovers so did enrollment in higher education, furthermore, “the data show enrollments growing yet again, but at 30% 14% a somewhat slower pace, with about 21.6 million students enrolled in fall 2010, up 2.8 percent from a shade under 21 million in 2009” (n.a.) 19% 29%
INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS: Intercollegiate sports is no stranger to universities because school spirit along with school colors, and alma mater, are a part of a university’s image to lure in enrollment. Thelin (2010) illustrates that intercollegiate sports became an attraction for the public domain, in addition, “the regional trends in attendance and national championships signaled a redistribution of college sports success” (pg. 208).
Intercollegiate sports cont’d: Will Hunn (2011) illustrates that intercollegiate is important to many institutions regardless the cost because it creates popularity and increase in enrollment, in addition, “Presidents also see indirect benefits stemming from athletics success, including enhancing school spirit and raising the profile of the institution with regard to the general public, public officials, and other university presidents”. More often schools are becoming recognized by their football teams, thus, linking sports to a schools success (Thelin, 2010, pg. 209).
Holding on to school spirit: Garner (1960) wrote about his experience with intercollegiate sports, highlighting, “these things were co- operation; striving for individual excellence; self-discipline; the subordination of self; and best of, winning with the rules” (n.a.). Intercollegiate sports as illustrated by Garner gave students a sense of self- disciplinary, but sports also introduce what Thelin (2010) highlights as, “…limits of acceptable practice” (pg. 209) whereas, many college officials were allowing for coaches run rampant and local businesses were introducing “commercial potential of intercollegiate football” (pg. 2010). In addition many local businesses push for the commercialization of football and not recognizing the damage of the great depression in which, Americans did not have funds to buy tickets for sports, thus by 1935 college football became a booming success once again, but many college officials focused more on promoting big sports success instead of its excesses (Thelin, 2010, pg. 211), which also played as a downfall for many college sports.
Conclusion Higher Education is always evolving because the student interest is different, so as new trends arise so do new institutions, Buining (2008) highlighted this in his segment, also indicating that in order for universities to keep up to speed with such trends, institutions should be assessing their methods from within the institution and branching out to the community so that there is a sense of urgency about higher education, but most importantly a sense of security for higher education. Moyen, Edwards, & Thelin (n.a.) writes, “One theme that pervades higher education in the United States in the second half of the twentieth century is that of a "managerial revolution“…Maintaining and bolstering widespread trust in postsecondary education will be the central determinant in present and future discussions about ways in which Americans support higher education”.
References: Buining, F. (2008). Complex Change in Higher Education. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=slOEbOC89pg Fenske, R., & Scott, C. (1973). The changing profile of college students. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED088393.pdf Jessica , S. (2011, February 10). Jessica schwartz - ut austin - student video profile. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0nOcofvctU Huhn, W. (2011, October 17). [Web log article]. Retrieved from http://www.ohioverticals.com/blogs/akron_law_cafe/2011/10/affordability-of-public-higher- education-1-intercollegiate-athletics/ Gardner, F. (1960). The place of intercollegiate athletics in higher education: Hold that tiger!. The Journal Of Higher Education, 31(7), 364-368. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307 Lederman, D. (2012, March 28). Enrollments grow, but more slowly. Retrieved from http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/03/28/us-data-show-rate-enrollment-growth- slowing- 2009-10 Thelin, J. R. (2011). A history of American higher education (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Thelin, J., Edwards, J., & Moyen, E. (n.d.). Higher education in the united states - historical development, system read more: Higher education in the united states - historical development, system - colleges, institutions, universities, and american - stateuniversity.com http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2044/higher-education- in-united-states.html