Grammar book emilia

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Grammar book emilia

  1. 1. 3. Presente -ar –er –ir4. Stem Changers5. Irregulars –go –zco –yo6. Saber vs conocer7. Reflexives8. ‘se’ impersonal9. Dipthongs10. Verbs like…Uir/guir12. Verbs like…Cer/cir13 Verbs like…Ger/gir14. Hace +__+ que + present/presentente15.Imperfecto
  2. 2.  Los verbos regulares en el presente Ir- Ar- o amos o imos as an Er- es en a o emos eCaminar- Es enCamino Caminamos e Comer- Vivir-Caminas Caminan Como Comemos Vivo VivimosCamina Comes Comen Vives Viven Come Vive
  3. 3.  The verbs change in the root They do not change in the nosotros form or the vosotros E  ie O ue Pensar- Yo nosotros U ue Penso Tú vosotros Pienso El/ella/utd Ellos/Ellas/Utds
  4. 4. Yo – Tengo Yo – Hago Yo - Vengo The “go” “zco” verbs are only in the irregulars in the yo form “go” verbs- caer, decir, oir, puner, hacer, tener, traer, v enir “zco” verbs (cer/cir)- Yo - Conozco conocer, producir, conducir Yo - Produzco Yo - Conduzco y los demás – ser, ir, estar, ver, Ser- Ir-saber, dar Soy Somos Voy Vamos Eres Son Vas Van Es Va
  5. 5.  Both saber y conocer translate to the English verb to know Both “yo” forms are irregularConocer- Saber –Conozco Sé sabemos conocemos SabesConoces saben Conocen SabeConoce
  6. 6.  Brenda se lava- se is reflexive Reflexives also can be added on the end of an infinitive. Such as…- Puedo ver me en el espejo
  7. 7.  pronoun ”se” is in front of verbs to make general statements. ¿cómo se dice man en español? In English it translates to either “you say” or “one says.”
  8. 8.  Dipthongs are the strong or weak vowels in a word next to each other. Strong vowel sounds are a,e,o. Weak vowel sounds are i,u,y. puerto, ciudad, siete, hay. *two strong vowels cannot be in the same syllable
  9. 9. Guir Uir-Yo form only changes from Gu -Nosotros form is the only that doesn’t change.to G -Verbs that end in -uir (not-Conseguir guir) add y before o, e, and aconsigo endingsconsigues -atribuirconsigueconseguimos atribuyoconsiguen atribuyes atribuye atribuimos atribuyen
  10. 10.  Verbs that end in a vowel + cer or cir add z before the c in the yo form only. Verbs that end in a consonant + cer or cir change the c to z in the yo form only. conducir = conduzco ejercer = ejerzo
  11. 11.  Verbs that end in ger and gir change the g to j in the yo form only. coger = cojo fingir = finjo
  12. 12. The yo form is the only irregularHago, haces, hace, hacemos, hacen
  13. 13.  The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past that occurred repeatedly. Yo caminaba todo los días.Ser- Ir- Ver- Ar- Er/Ir-era veía aba ía ibaeras veías abas ías ibasera veía aba ía ibaéramo veíamos ábamos íamo íbamos veían aban s seran iban ían
  14. 14.  “Snapshot” of time. Known beginning and or ending Trigger words: ayer, anoche, aneayer, la semana pasada ect… É Í Aste iste ó ió Amos imos Aron ieron
  15. 15. Car, Gar, Zar Spock CucarachaCar qué Hacer Andar  anduv Snake/ Snakey Estar  estuvGar  qué hice Poder  pud É iste o Stem changers and Zar  cé hiciste Poner  pus O imos Y changers Querer quis * 1st person hizo Saber  sup ieron “j” verbs  Tener  tuv Dormir- only “yo” hicimos Dormi dormimos Venir  vin hicieron Conducir  conduj Dormiste Durmio Durmieron Ir/ser Producir  produj Eron Traducir  traduj Fui Traer  traj Eron Leer- Leí leimos Fuiste Decir  dij Leiste Leyó leyeron Fue Fuimos Fueron Dar/ver d/v - i d/v - iste d/v - io d/v - imos d/v - ieron
  16. 16. Adjective Superlative Translatio Comparative TranslatioJoven younger El/la young Menor que menorViejo older El/la mayor old Mayor queMalo worse El/la peor bad Peor queBueno better El/la mejor good Mejor que
  17. 17. “Will factor” É  Infinitives + Ás Á Emos ÁnDecir- to sayHaber- there to be/to haveHacer- to make doPoder-to be ablePoner- to put,place,restQuerer-to want, love Ir + a + infinitiveSaber- to know (immediate future)Salir- to leave, go outTener-to have vivir = viviréValer- to be worthVenir- to come

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