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Who Rules?


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  • 1. Who Rules? Forms of Government
  • 2. Forms of Government When people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about how their government will look. ing? or K Rule by few or rule by all? de nt i Pres Hol d el ecti ons Where do the rulers get their power? ?
  • 3. Democracy Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives. There are two kinds of Democracies… Direct! Representative!
  • 4. Direct Democracy All citizens participate in government. There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything! All citizens can create public policy if they want to. Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.
  • 5. Representative Democracy  Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens Representatives answer to the people through regular elections Representatives are also usually held accountable by a constitution
  • 6. Fill in the blanks to review DEMOCRACY!
  • 7. The two forms of democracy are __________ direct representative and ___________________.
  • 8. In a democracy, all __________ participate in citizens government.
  • 9. All citizens vote on everything in a direct democracy ______________________.
  • 10. In a direct democracy, there are no representatives ________________ in the government.
  • 11. In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through regular elections ______________________.
  • 12. Now that we’ve talked about DIRECT DEMOCRACY! And REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…
  • 13. Autocracy A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracy… Monarchs! Dictators!
  • 14. Monarchy Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS! Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too. Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.
  • 15. Dictatorship In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political) Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il is considered a dictator
  • 16. What else? We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES… Democracy is… rule by the people!
  • 17. What else? … and AUTOCRACIES… Autocracy is… … rule by one!
  • 18. What else? … but what other forms of government are there? What if, instead of everyone or just one person, a few people got together to rule a nation? Rule by Few!
  • 19. Oligarchy  “Rule by few” Power can be based on several things: Military strength = Military Junta Family power = Aristocracy Religious control = Theocratic Oligarchy Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies)
  • 20. Theocracy “Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power! Leaders (autocratic or oligarchic) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputes Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.
  • 21. Anarchy No government at all… WAIT! es a n d o mak hen wh T s laws? nforce e
  • 22. Anarchy No government at all… In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. think o you h at d W uld be at w o th like?
  • 23. Wow! There are so many forms of government! And remember there are also combinations… What is government ruled by GOD and a FEW people called?
  • 24. WHEW! We had better review… Time for some “A or B!”
  • 25. Democracy A B Rule by everyone Rule by no one
  • 26. Direct Democracy A B Citizens All citizens elect people vote on to vote everything
  • 27. Representative Democracy A B Representatives Representatives are appointed are elected
  • 28. Autocracy A B Rule by one Rule by few
  • 29. Monarchy A B Never have Power is constitutions inherited
  • 30. Dictatorship A B Always Have protect total freedom control of speech
  • 31. Oligarchy A B Power is Come in always many inherited forms
  • 32. Theocracy A B Power Power from taken a higher through being force
  • 33. Anarchy A B Everyone Everyone does what follows the they want laws
  • 34. Now, review your chart along with your teacher!