Basic Photoshop SkillsHow to use Photoshop and example of using Photoshop on an image
This is the image I am going to be using to edit, I am going to explain how this image (see left) is going to turn into this image (image on the right).I have changed thecolour of her eyes, madeher skin smoother andput a layer of colour onher lips to look like shehas used lip stick.
Edit and Enhance Image I opened the image in Photoshop, then when it came up I duplicated my background layer so I can have a back up and see the before and after effect. Then (on the duplicated layer) I went to the spot healing brush.
Spot Healing Brush When I clicked on the tool and the little circle comes up (you can make it as big or small as you want); this is the tool to work around your image removing any blemishes. The spot healing brush is to remove any blemishes or any defects from the image.
I have used a Gaussian blur because I need to blur the Gaussian background and I need to make her skin blend it without open pores. Blur Tool Then this menu box appears and I choose how blurry I wanted the image to be (by changing the radius). It also shows a preview of how your image is going to look. I chose the radius of 1.7 pixels, this is because I dont wantI went to ‘Filter’ and her skin to look toothen chose ‘Gaussian fake and make itBlur’. look like I have done something to it because I want it to look natural.
Before AfterMy duplicated layer looks like thisbecause I had to then erase parts (butmake sure you are on the duplicatedlayer) which I want to stand out (the eyesto come back out, the mouth, theeyebrows, the hair, the nose piercing andthe earring). I am only trying to heal theskin to make it look flawless, not herfeatures.
Change Eye ColourThen I wanted to change her eye colourto make her eyes stand out more but Iused the colour yellow but looks moregreen. I made a new layer to work on theeyes, then I chose the brush tool so I canmake her eyes change colour. Then Ichose my colour which is yellow; thenwith the pain brush tool, I made twospots over her eyes (which looks likethis). Then I rubbed out (using the eraser)to rub out any edges which is not in linewith her eye. The I changed the layerstyle.
Layer Styles Here are examples of the different layers that I had to use to change my eye colour and lip colour
Layer Style for the Eye ColourBy changing the layer style, this makes the ‘eye layer’ blend in with theactual image rather than looking like she has two spots over her eyes;these are the different layer types. I went through all of them trying tomake it look right and settled on ‘Overlay’ with the opacity on 100%.Normal Soft Light Hard MixDarken Vivid Light SaturationColour Dodge Overlay Here are examples of the different layers but I think overlay looks like the best layer for this image because it blends in best.
Change the Lip ColourTo change the lip colour, you do the same thing like you are doing theeyes but on the lips (same thing with the hair); I settled with red lip colour. I drew over her lips with the brush tool but it looks weird if you leave it like this so I had to change the layer style and I used the eraser to go perfectly around her lips.
Layer Style for the Lip ColourBy changing the layer style, this makes the ‘lip layer’ blend in with theactual image rather than looking like she has smudged lip stick on herlips; these are the different layer types (look to the right). I wentthrough all of them trying to make it look right and settled on ‘Overlay’with the opacity on 25% to blend it in much betterNormal Soft Light Hard MixDarken Vivid Light Saturation Here are examples of theColour Overlay different layers (100% opacity) but I think overlay looks likeDodge the best layer for this image because it blends in best to make it look real.
Final ImageWhen I chose ‘overlay’, I changed the opacity to make it blend even better on theimage. The opacity refers to the amount of transparency a layer has. For example,if a layer’s opacity is set to 100%, then that layer is completely opaque (in otherwords, you can’t see through it). If a layer’s opacity is set to 50%, then it is see-through, or moderately transparent, and layers behind it can show through. Onthe other end of the scale, if a layer’s opacity is set to 0%, then that layer iscompletely transparent (that is, invisible). Therefore I changed the opacity to 25%by adjusting the bar in the opacity menu.Overlay 100% Adjust the barOverlay 25% Final
School Magazine AnalysisComparing two magazines and analyzing the colour, fonts and layout etc.
Cover Lines: It shows what is going to be inLayout: I would First Magazine the newsletter but has different stories foruse the same different genreslayout as this which would appeal tonewsletter as the teenagers? (Music,front picture is Religion)on the left and Masterhead: Thethe writing is on Masterhead is big andthe left. Font: It uses bold but is put at the one font but in bottom rather at the different sizes top. I would put mine at (for the the top rather than the Masterhead). I bottom. would use at Photo/Image: The least two fonts image is in Sepia, it for my front works because if it cover. was in colour it would clash with the frontContents: It doesnt cover lines and titleshow the contents but which means thehas cover lines and whole magazineshows the magazine Colour: It uses two colours (white & would have to change.date. sepia for the image)
Masterhead: TheSecond Magazine masterhead is the schools name butFont: It uses around uses a logo/crest. It isthree fonts but it all in CAPITALS butworks as it is not all in the quote underneathone place on the is in a different font tonewsletter but is space split the title with theout around. Photo/Image: quote. this image is in Layout: I can tell that colour which this is not a does compliment professional the title and the magazine as the magazine. It image is in the shows what the middle rather than school is like and the left side. Normally gives an artistic they use the same feel to it. layout throughout theCover newsletters/magazineLines/contents: it s (left: picture, right:does not use any cover cover lines) but thislines. I would use magazine is verycover lines to attract Colour: It uses blue, white, red and different.my audience. black.
Comparing and Contrasts Comparing: Contrasts:• Use different fonts • No cover lines (S)• Use date • One uses a• Uses a range of fonts logo/crest (S)• Uses a quote • Layout is different• Uses a range of • Different colour colours images (front image)
My School Magazine AnalysisPrint Screens of my school magazine developing, changes and Feedback
After: I had to flip over my image because their would be no room to putBefore my kickers and it would overlap the main image.
I added a TITLE because the audience needs to know which magazine they are reading and if they wanted to buy it again they need to know what the name is.Added a MAIN STORY to dowith past exam stories. Ichose to do this because Ithought that the main thingsixth form is about is exams.I thought the audience wouldprobably not be as focusedon their exams becausethey would think it would beeasy like GCSE but to behonest, hearing the storiesfrom the above year it is verydifferent and I think theyshould be aware of that.
TITLEANOTHER STORY: This storywould help students in sixth formhow to revise so when they goback to their notes, they wouldknow where their notes are andwould understand them. I thinkthis story would help them a lotthroughout their time in sixthform. MAIN COVER STORY ANOTHER STORY: This story is a interview with a celebrity from outside school becoming a teacher for a few days and their experience in St Marylebone.
TITLE DATE, ISSUE NO & SELL LINE: I have added a date and issue number so that it looks more skilled and looks like a real magazine. Also if I had made a few issues through out the school year, they would know which magazine was the first issue and so on.ANOTHER STORY MAIN COVER STORY ANOTHER STORY
TITLE DATE, ISSUE NO & SELL LINE ANOTHER STORYMAIN COVER STORY BARCODE: I have added a barcode to make it look more professional and make it look like a real magazine. ANOTHER STORY
Feedback from DebbieWhat I like• I really like the professionalism of the magazine. The barcode and the issue number make it look authentic. The structure is very clear and everything is bold and readable.Constructive Criticism• Maybe add a price for the magazine.• The first ‘e’ in ‘Level’ blends with the colour of the green folder• The ‘s’ in ‘experiences’ looks slightly bigger than the rest of the letters in the word
Any feedback from Me• The ‘S’ in experiences is like that because of the font I have chosen to use in my magazine. NORMAL ‘S’ IN CAPITAL ‘S’ IN THIS FONT THIS FONT• I am going to add a price above my barcode and change the font of the explanatory text.
Changes• Even though I can’t change the ‘S’ I have found a way how to by copying and pasting an ‘S’ in another word to make it look right. I COPIED THE ‘S’ AND PASTED IT AT THE END OF ‘EXPERIENCES’
Before and After Magazine
ChoicesWHEN I CHANGED MADE ASHADOW FOR THE MAIN STORYLINE, I HAD TO MAKE A CHOICEWITHER I WANTED THE SHADOWTO BE GREEN AND THE MAINTEXT TO BE WHITE OR THEOTHER WAY AROUND BUT ICHOSE A GREEN SHADOW ANDWHITE TEXT BACUSE IT LOOKSMORE ENHANCED. WHITE TEXT AND GREEN SHADOW GREEN TEXT AND WHITE SHADOW
After Magazine I HAVE CHANGED THE EXPLANOTORY TEXT FONT TO ‘LineaEF’ BECAUSE THE KICKER’S FONT IS MENT TO BE DISSIMILAR I HAVE CHANGED THE COLOUR BECAUSE FROM THE FEEDBACK, SHE SAID THAT THE ‘E’ IN ‘LEVEL’ BLENDS IN WITH THE GREEN FROM THE FOLDER SO I HAD TO BOLD THE WHOLE TEXT.I HAVE ADDED A PRICE ABOVETHE BARCODE SO THEAUDIENCE KNOWS HOW MUCHTHE MAGAZINE IS
Tools UsedTHIS ALLOWS YOU TO SELECTANYTHING ON YOURDOCUMENT AND ALLOWS YOUTO MOVE OBJECTS AROUNDTHE PAGEI USED THIS TOOL AT THE BEGINNINGTO REMOVE ANY DEFECTS (SPOTS)FROM MY IMAGEI USED THIS TOOL TO ERASE MYDUPLICATE LAYER BECAUSE I MADE A‘GAUSSIAN’ BLUR TO BLUR OUT THEBACKGROUND AND CLEAR MYMODELS FACEI USED THIS TEXT TOOL BECAUSE INEEDED TO ADD MY STORIES, TITLE,PRICE AND ANY OTHER TEXTS.
How I Made a Gaussian Blur: ExampleTo make a Gaussian blur, youhave to go to ‘FILTER’ and Then this box appears and you choosechoose the blur. (change the radius) how blurry you would like it to be and it shows a preview of how your image is going to look.
ContinuedThen Make sureyou you are onchose the rightthe layer andrubber then rubtool. to show what you FINISHED IMAGE want to appear on your document