The origins of the English language


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The origins of the English language

  1. 1. The origins of the English language
  2. 2. The linguistic geography of Europe By the beginning of theChristian era, the southern part of Europe was a Celtic-speaking place whereas the north was aGermanic speaking place.
  3. 3. Language in BritainCelts, from Central Europe,populated the British Isles.Nowadays, it presents the onlyplace in Europe where Celticheritage (Living languageand living descendantscan be found). 48 BC • Roman ocupation started • Latin hardly influences the dialects spoken in Great Britain • Germanic peoples (Anglo Saxons) arrived to Great5th century Britain carrying Germanic dialects8th century • Arise of great 4 kingdoms
  4. 4. . Mutual caused Military Trade caused Contacts Influence Language ContactNew words came into dialects. The Germanic peoples adopted wine, beer and cheese from Latin (the Roman Empire)
  5. 5. Latin made little contributions to the languagein the Dark Ages yet in the Middle and start ofModern English Periods it played an essentialpart being the language of scholarship.
  6. 6. Early English As there was no such thing as a “Standard English” then, the more dialects prominent a kingdom got, the more prestigious its dialect was Northumbrian EARLY Mercian ENGLISH Kentish DIALECTS West Saxon
  7. 7. EarlyEnglish West Saxon Northumbriandialects Kentish Mercian Standard languageThe dialects of the old kingdoms formed the standard language
  8. 8. The beginnings of written English First records of written English tried to represent English sounds with Latin letters Christianity introduced. Anglo Saxon dialects influenced by LatinGermanic tribes used runes.
  9. 9. • Origins of written English can be tracked down to the 8th century. representedWritten English Power of the Church Firstly, Northumbria No survivingFirst English texts records produced in Second, Mercia Earliest remaining Church gave Literacy records of written infraestructure English Result of Simultaneous translation
  10. 10. The survival of Celtic In the picture we can see the places where the Anglo Saxons settled in Eastern England. Due to their establishment, Celtic peoples had to emigrate to the ends (Ireland, Wales, Scotland), places where Celtic Roots still exist.
  11. 11. The survival of Celtic As political borders moved, the language spread English Firstly NowadaysNorthumbria Mercia Wessex Wales Threatened by English economic power
  12. 12. The survival of Celtic Declared part of England in 1536 Despite itsdeclination due to Welsh and economic Wales English declared equals in 1536 factors, Celtic keeps being and 1543 spoken Translation of the Bible and Prayer Book